rate increase

  • New Zealand’s central bank takes a pause after 12 consecutive hikes
  • New Zealand Manufacturing PMI expected to show manufacturing is stalled
  • US inflation expected to decline to 3.1%

The New Zealand dollar showed some gains after the Reserve Bank of New Zealand paused rates, but has given up most of those gains. In the European session, NZD/USD is trading at 0.6206, up 0.14%.


RBNZ takes a breather

There was no dramatic surprise from the RBNZ, which kept interest rates on hold at Wednesday’s meeting, as expected. The central bank has been aggressive, raising rates 12 straight times since August 2021 until Wednesday’s meeting. This leaves the cash rate at 5.50%.

The RBNZ had signalled that it would take a break, with Deputy Governor Hawkesby stating last month that there would be a “high bar” for the RBNZ to continue raising rates. Today’s rate statement said that interest rates were constraining inflation “as anticipated and required”, adding that “the Comm

ECB's Decision and its Implications for European Financial Markets: A Conversation with Petr Ševčík from BITMarkets

ECB's Decision and its Implications for European Financial Markets: A Conversation with Petr Ševčík from BITMarkets

FXMAG Team FXMAG Team 16.06.2023 09:02
The European Central Bank (ECB) has recently made a surprising shift in its approach towards financial stability, signaling a departure from its historically dovish stance. This decision, prompted by the challenges posed by inflation, has significant implications for both the performance of individual economies and the overall prosperity of the European Union.   In this article, we had the opportunity to discuss the ECB's decision with Petr Ševčík, an analyst from BITMarkets, who shared valuable insights into the repercussions of this move. BITMarkets, a platform that has been closely monitoring the rise of cryptocurrency trading in Europe, has observed increased trading activity in this sector since the beginning of the year. Cryptocurrencies, known for their volatility, have gained attention as a potential refuge in times of economic uncertainty and hardship. As inflationary pressures continue to burden traditional industries such as housing and banking, some investors are turning to alternative assets like cryptocurrencies.   The impact of the ECB's decision is already being felt across various sectors, with construction and materials stocks experiencing a 0.8% drop and bank stocks dwindling by 0.7%. These developments are a natural consequence of higher borrowing costs, leading to a slowdown in loan growth. However, amidst these challenges, there are signs of resilience in certain areas. Media stocks, for instance, enjoyed a 0.7% upside following the news, indicating that the markets may begin to respond more favorably to individual performance rather than being solely influenced by widespread conditions.    FXMAG.COM: Could you please comment on the ECB decision?   It's crystal clear that the reluctant ECB is that of the past. Historically known for adopting a very dovish approach towards financial stability of the bloc by avoiding sharp interest hikes, its decision to bump rates again highlights the struggles caused by inflation which are burdening the performance of individual economies and corporations and the livelihood of individuals; on a macro scale, this has been hindering the prosperity of the European Union for a daunting lengthy period. BITmarkets has witnessed the rise of crypto trading since the start of the year, and a notable portion of increased trading activity has stemmed from Europe. Cryptocurrency assets are volatile and always have been, but they have been regarded as refuge by some in times of economic uncertainty and hardship. What's apparent is that the housing industry and the banking sector are among the industries which are being damaged the most, with construction and materials stocks dropping 0.8% and bank stocks dwindling 0.7% following the news. From a wider perspective, this is only natural as borrowing costs increased which attributes the slowdown of growth in loans.  While the news was not taken very lightly as the continent's most popular indices shed their prices, I don't project much more dismay for Europe with regards to economic stability. Media stocks enjoyed a 0.7% upside and that speaks a thousand words. Inflation is cooling down and markets may begin to behave based on performance rather than being continuously-succumbed to widespread conditions. The European financial market has been a victim of calamitous market conditions for years, but the latest ECB move is one that can ultimately bring the EU out of its shell.
Unlocking the Future: Reforms in Korea's FX Market Amid Demographic Shifts

Amidst Rising Inflation Concerns And Gold Consolidates Amid Hawkish Central Bank Actions

Matt Weller CFA Matt Weller CFA 16.06.2023 08:50
In the ever-evolving landscape of financial markets, decisions made by major central banks have a significant impact on shaping trends. We recently had the opportunity to speak with Matthew Weller, an analyst at StoneX, to gain insights into the current state of affairs.   Read more   The European Central Bank (ECB) recently made headlines with its "Hawkish Hike," raising its key interest rate by 25 basis points to 3.5%. This move aims to combat the escalating inflation in the eurozone, marking the eighth consecutive rate hike since July 2022. The ECB's determination to bring inflation down from its current 6.1% to its target of 2% is evident. ECB President Christine Lagarde has hinted at the possibility of further rate hikes at the next meeting in July, emphasizing the need to tackle inflation head-on. Lagarde made it clear that the ECB has no plans to pause its rate hikes. While the ECB focuses on inflation control, other central banks, such as the US Federal Reserve, have taken a pause in their rate hikes to assess their impact on economic growth and employment. However, the Fed's projections indicate the potential for two more rate hikes this year. Similarly, central banks in Australia and Canada have resumed rate increases after a temporary pause, underscoring the global challenge of high inflation. The ECB's decision to raise rates comes at a time of economic uncertainty, influenced by factors such as the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine and potential wage agreements that may further fuel inflationary pressures. The ECB acknowledges that short-term economic growth may remain subdued, but it expects improvements as inflation subsides and supply disruptions ease. While concerns persist regarding the potential negative impact of higher rates on the economy and the risk of a recession, the ECB remains committed to addressing inflation as a top priority   FXMAG.COM: Could you give as your point of view about how the gold prices would behave in next weeks? Is there a chance that there will be new ATH? Gold Consolidates Amid Hawkish Central Bank Actions   With major central banks continuing to tighten monetary policy and inflation still receding (if more gradually than before) gold prices are likely to remain on the back foot in the near term. As of writing, the yellow metal is trading in the mid-$1900s, where it has spent the last three weeks consolidating. Bulls will be looking for a break above the June high near $1990 to signal a potential retest of the record highs near $2075 as we move into July, whereas a confirmed break below $1930 could open the door for a retest of the 200-day EMA near $1900 next.
Challenges Loom Over Eurozone's Economic Outlook: Inflation, Interest Rates, and Uncertainty Ahead

Canada's Inflation Eases as US Durable Goods Orders Accelerate, Impacting CAD/USD Exchange Rate

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 28.06.2023 08:46
Canada’s inflation rate eases US Durable Goods Orders accelerate The Canadian dollar spiked and gained 50 points after Canada released the May inflation report but has pared these gains. USD/CAD is unchanged at 1.3158.   Canadian inflation heads lower Canada’s inflation rate fell sharply in May to 3.4%, down from 4.4% in April. As expected, much of that decline was due to lower gasoline prices. Still, this is the lowest inflation rate since June 2021.The core rate, which is comprised of three indicators, fell to an average of 3.8% in May, down from 4.2% a month earlier. The decline should please policy makers at the Bank of Canada, as inflation slowly but surely moves closer to the 2% target. The BoC cited the surprise upswing in inflation in April as one reason for its decision to hike rates earlier this month. With headline and core inflation falling in May, will that be enough to prevent another rate increase in July? Not so fast. The BoC has said its rate decisions will be data-dependent, and there is the GDP on Friday and employment next week, both of which will factor in the rate decision. The US released a host of releases today, giving the markets plenty to digest. Durable Goods Orders jumped 1.7% in June, up from an upwardly revised 1.2% in May and crushing the consensus of -1%. The core rate rebounded with a 0.6% gain, up from -0.6% and above the consensus of -0.1%. Later today, the US publishes the Conference Board Consumer Confidence and New Home Sales. Wednesday is a light day on the data calendar, with the Fed will in the spotlight. Fed Chair Jerome Powell will participate in a “policy panel” at the ECB Banking Forum in Sintra, Portugal, and investors will be looking for some insights into Fed rate policy. As well, the Fed releases its annual “stress tests” for major lenders, which assess the ability of lenders to survive a severe economic crisis. The stress tests will attract more attention than in previous years, due to the recent banking crisis which saw Silicon Valley Bank and two other banks collapse.   USD/CAD Technical There is resistance at 1.3197 and 1.3254 1.3123 and 1.3066 are providing support  
Yen's Rapid Weakening: Japan's Warning and Potential Currency Intervention

Yen's Rapid Weakening: Japan's Warning and Potential Currency Intervention

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 29.06.2023 08:28
Earlier this week, Japan’s top currency diplomat, Masota Kanda warned that the yen’s weakening was “rapid and one-sided”. Kanda said he would not rule out any options, including currency intervention.   The markets have become accustomed to verbal intervention when the yen drops sharply, but Tokyo followed its bark with a bite late last year, when it intervened in the currency markets after the yen fell below 151. As the yen continues to depreciate, currency intervention becomes a stronger possibility.   On Tuesday, the US posted solid releases, an indication that the economy remains resilient despite the Fed’s aggressive tightening. Durable Goods Orders and New Home Sales were higher and beat expectations, and Conference Board Consumer Confidence jumped in June from 102.5 to 109.7, its highest level since January 2022. The strong numbers provide support for a Fed hike in July, with the markets pricing rate increase at 79%, according to FedWatch.     USD/JPY Technical USD/JPY is testing resistance at 144.65. The next resistance line is 145.36 There is support at 142.94 and 142.00       US Data MBA mortgage applications in the US rose for a third straight week, despite surging rates as housing demand remains healthy. The effects of the tightening of lending conditions are being reflected in the data, as the credit jumbo rate(expensive homes) rose to 6.91%, which is well above the Average 30 year fixed rate of 6.75%. The housing market isn’t weakening yet despite rising costs because demand is still growing and supplies remain tight.    
Turbulent Times Ahead: ECB's Tough Decision Amid Soaring Oil Prices

Inflation Numbers Take Center Stage as Quarter Comes to a Close

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 30.06.2023 09:50
Inflation numbers a key focus as we round off the quarter       European markets continued their recent patchy performance, as we come to the end of the week, month, quarter, and half year, with the FTSE100 sliding back while the likes of the DAX and CAC40 were slightly more resilient, after German inflation came in slightly higher than expected in June.   US markets were slightly more positive, but even here the Nasdaq 100 struggled after a sizeable upward revision to Q1 GDP to 2%, and better than expected weekly jobless claims numbers sent US yields sharply higher to their highest levels since March, while the US dollar also hit a 2-week high.   The surprising resilience of US economic data this week has made it an absolute certainty that we will see another rate increase in July, but also raised the possibility that we might see another 2 more rate increases after that.   The resilience of the labour market, along with the fact that core inflation remains sticky also means that it makes the Federal Reserve's job of timing another pause much more difficult to time. Today's core PCE Deflator and personal spending numbers for May could go some way to making that job somewhat easier.   Core PCE Deflator is forecast to remain unchanged at 4.7%, while personal spending is expected to slow from 0.8% to 0.2%. While the Federal Reserve isn't the only central bank facing a sticky inflation problem, there is evidence that it is having slightly more success in dealing with it, unlike the European Central Bank which is seeing much more elevated levels of headline and core prices. Yesterday, we saw CPI in Germany edge higher from 6.3% in May to 6.8%, while in Spain core prices rose more than expected by 5.9%, even as headline CPI fell below 2% for the first time in over 2 years.   Today's French CPI numbers are expected to show similar slowdowns on the headline rate, from 5.1% to 4.6%, but it is on the core measure that the ECB is increasingly focussing its attention. Today's EU flash CPI for June is forecast to see a fall to 5.6% from 6.1%, however core prices are expected to edge back up to 5.5% after dropping to 5.3% in May. Compounding the ECB's and other central banks dilemma when it comes to raising rates is that PPI price pressures are falling like a stone and have been since the start of the year, in Germany and Italy. In April French PPI plunged -5.1% on a monthly basis, even as the year-on-year rate slowed to 7% from 12.8%.   If this trend continues today then it might suggest that a wave of deflation is heading our way and could hit sometime towards the end of the year, however while core prices remain so resilient central banks are faced with the problem of having to look in two different directions, while at the same time managing a soft landing. The Bank of England has an even bigger problem in getting inflation back to target, although it really only has itself to blame for that, having consistently ignored regular warnings over the past 18 months that it was behind the curve. The risk now is over tightening just as prices start to fall sharply.   Today's Q1 GDP numbers are set to confirm that the UK economy managed to avoid a contraction after posting Q1 growth of 0.1%, although it was a little touch and go after a disappointing economic performance in March, which saw a monthly contraction of -0.3% which acted as a drag on the quarter overall.   The reason for the poor performance in March was due to various public sector strike action from healthcare and transport, which weighed heavily on the services sector which saw a contraction of -0.5%. The performance would have been worse but for a significant rebound in construction and manufacturing activity which saw strong rebounds of 0.7%.   There is a risk that this modest expansion could get revised away this morning, however recent PMI numbers have shown that, despite rising costs, business is holding up, even if economic confidence remains quite fragile.     One thing we do know is that with the recent increase in gilt yields is that the second half of this year is likely to be even more challenging than the first half, and that the UK will do well to avoid a recession over the next two quarters.       EUR/USD – slid back towards and below the 50-day SMA, with a break below the 1.0850 area, potentially opening up a move towards 1.0780. Still have resistance just above the 1.1000 area.     GBP/USD – continues to come under pressure as we slip towards the 50-day SMA at 1.2540. If this holds, the bias remains for a move back to the 1.3000 area. Currently have resistance at 1.2770.       EUR/GBP – currently being capped by resistance at the 50-day SMA at 0.8673, which is the next resistance area. Behind that we have 0.8720. Support comes in at the 0.8580 area.     USD/JPY – briefly pushed above 145.00 with the November highs of 147.50 beyond that.  Support remains at the 142.50 area, which was the 61.8% retracement of the 151.95/127.20 down move. A fall below this support area could see a deeper fall towards 140.20/30.    FTSE100 is expected to open 18 points higher at 7,489     DAX is expected to open 12 points higher at 15,958   CAC40 is expected to open 8 points higher at 7,320      
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GBP/USD Holds Strong in Face of Weak Statistics: Assessing Volatility, Rate Hikes, and Market Reactions User

InstaForex Analysis InstaForex Analysis 05.07.2023 09:03
The GBP/USD currency pair was traded with low volatility on Tuesday but still managed to move upwards, while the euro currency stood still and decreased more than it grew. Thus, even on a completely empty Tuesday, the pound sterling found reasons to start moving north again.   The price has re-fixed above the moving average and is still very close to its local maximums, which also coincide with the annual maximums. The British currency still cannot correct down properly, which is especially visible in the 24-hour timeframe. Occasionally, there are downward corrections on the 4-hour timeframe, but in most cases, they are purely formal.   The logic of the movements needs to be improved. Two weeks ago, when the Bank of England unexpectedly raised the rate by 0.5% for many, the pound did not grow. But yesterday, when it was a holiday in the States, it added about 40-50 points. The British economy is still weak and is holding out with the last of its strength not to slide into a recession.   US GDP exceeds forecasts by 0.7% and shows a value of +2% q/q. The Bank of England's rate continues to rise but is still lower than the Fed's. The British regulator can raise the rate several times but will likely stay within the Fed's rate. All this suggests that even if the dollar doesn't have strong reasons to grow now, it certainly has no reasons to fall. However, in most cases, we continue to observe the pair's growth. Only business activity indices in the manufacturing sectors can be highlighted for the first two days of the week. In the US and UK, the indices fell synchronously for June and have long been below the "waterline" of 50.0. Again, the pound did not have an advantage over the dollar due to macroeconomic statistics.     Thursday and Friday promise to be "stormy"! The week's most important events are concentrated in its last two days. Today, of course, the Fed's minutes will be published. In the European Union and Britain, the second estimates of business activity indices for June will become known, but all these are secondary data. It is unlikely that the Fed's minutes will surprise traders who are already confident in a rate hike in July, as well as after Jerome Powell's five speeches over the past weeks, in which he laid everything out. Therefore, the main movements are planned for Thursday and Friday, when the ISM, ADP, unemployment benefit claims, the number of job openings, NonFarm Payrolls, and the unemployment rate will be released in the US.   As we can see, almost all reports are related to the labor market, which the Fed continues to monitor closely, and which has a priority for the regulator and the market. However, even if the reports are disastrous (which is currently hard to believe), the Fed will not change its plans to raise the rate.   And for the GBP/USD pair, it doesn't matter at all. The pound grows for a reason and without. If statistics from overseas turn out to be weak, it will merely get a new reason to grow against the dollar. If the statistics from the US turn out to be strong, we will see a new pullback down, a maximum of 100 points, and the Fed's position on the rate will not change. Thus, the market's local reaction could be significant.   In the medium term, these reports will not affect the situation in the market. The average volatility of the GBP/USD pair over the last 5 trading days is 94 points. For the pound/dollar pair, this value is "medium." Therefore, on Wednesday, July 5, we expect movement within the range limited by levels 1.2612 and 1.2800. The Heiken Ashi indicator's reversal down signals a possible new downward movement wave.    
Market Sentiment and Fed Policy Uncertainty: Impact on August Performance

New Zealand Central Bank Hits Pause After 12 Consecutive Rate Hikes: Manufacturing Stalls and Inflation Expected to Decline

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 12.07.2023 13:23
New Zealand’s central bank takes a pause after 12 consecutive hikes New Zealand Manufacturing PMI expected to show manufacturing is stalled US inflation expected to decline to 3.1% The New Zealand dollar showed some gains after the Reserve Bank of New Zealand paused rates, but has given up most of those gains. In the European session, NZD/USD is trading at 0.6206, up 0.14%.   RBNZ takes a breather There was no dramatic surprise from the RBNZ, which kept interest rates on hold at Wednesday’s meeting, as expected. The central bank has been aggressive, raising rates 12 straight times since August 2021 until Wednesday’s meeting. This leaves the cash rate at 5.50%. The RBNZ had signalled that it would take a break, with Deputy Governor Hawkesby stating last month that there would be a “high bar” for the RBNZ to continue raising rates. Today’s rate statement said that interest rates were constraining inflation “as anticipated and required”, adding that “the Committee is confident that with interest rates remaining at a restrictive level for some time, consumer price inflation will return to within its target range.” The RBNZ did not issue any updated forecasts or a press conference with Governor Orr, which might have resulted in some volatility from the New Zealand dollar. The central bank has tightened rates by some 525 basis points, which has dampened the economy and chilled consumer spending. Is this current rate-tightening cycle done? The central bank would like to think so, but that will depend to a large extent on whether inflation continues to move lower toward the Bank’s inflation target of 1-3%. The pause will provide policymakers with some time to monitor the direction of the economy and particularly inflation. If inflation proves to be more persistent than expected, there’s every reason to expect the aggressive RBNZ to deliver another rate hike later in the year. New Zealand releases Manufacturing PMI for June on Wednesday after the rate decision. The manufacturing sector has contracted for three straight months, with readings below the 50.0 line, which separates contraction from expansion. The PMI is expected to rise from 48.9 to 49.8, which would point to almost no change in manufacturing activity. The US will release the June inflation report later in the day. Headline inflation is expected to fall from 4.0% to 3.1%, but core CPI is expected to rise to 5.3%, up from 5.0%. If core CPI does accelerate, that could raise market expectations for a September rate hike. A rate increase is all but a given at the July 27th meeting, with the probability of a rate hike at 92%, according to the CME FedWatch tool.   NZD/USD Technical 0.6184 is a weak support level. Below, there is support at 0.6148 0.6260 and 0.6383 are the next resistance lines  

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