powell

Today's core PCE the next key signpost ahead of next weeks Fed meeting
By Michael Hewson (Chief Market Analyst at CMC Markets UK)
 
European markets managed to eke out a small gain yesterday after the ECB kept rates unchanged but left the door ajar to the prospect of a rate cut before the summer.
ECB President Christine Lagarde did push back strongly on speculation that policymakers had discussed anything like that insisting that such talk was premature, echoing her comments made earlier this month. It was noteworthy however that the possibility of a cut before June wasn't ruled out completely, and it was that markets reacted to yesterday as yields declined sharply, which does keep the prospect of an earlier move on the table given how poor this week's economic data has been.
 
US markets also managed to finish the day higher with the S&P500 and Nasdaq 100 putting in new record closes, after US Q4 GDP came in well above expectations at 3.3%.
The core PCE price index also remai

Fed And BoE Ahead Of Interest Rates Decisions. Having A Look At Nasdaq, S&P 500 and Dow Jones Charts

Fed's Jerome Powell Testimony, OPEC Meeting And Bitcoin (BTC) As A "Risky" Safe Heaven

Swissquote Bank Swissquote Bank 03.03.2022 11:11
The possibility of another round of discussion between Russia and Ukraine and Jerome Powell’s more dovish than expected testimony saved the day for equity investors yesterday. The S&P500 rallied 1.86%, while Nasdaq gained 1.62% on Wednesday, but the 50-DMA finally crossed below the 200-DMA confirming a long-awaited death cross formation on Nasdaq’s daily chart. Elsewhere, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence, the short interest against the energy stocks has peaked to the highest levels in more than a year, as the latest rally in global energy stocks ‘may be petering out, even with oil prices surging to their highest levels since 2014’. But US and Brent crude continue their jaw-dropping advance this morning as OPEC+ decided to maintain its production target unchanged at 400’000 extra barrels per day from April. Among safe havens, demand in US dollar remains strong. Gold performs well, but Bitcoin becomes a risky safe haven as the latest news suggests that the US Department of Justice announced a new task force broadly designed to enforce sanctions, which will also target efforts to use cryptocurrency to evade US sanctions. Watch the full episode to find out more! 0:00 Intro 0:28 Powell cheers up investors 2:38 Market update 3:40 Short bets against energy stocks increase, as oil rallies 8:34 Bitcoin risks sanctions from the West, as well Ipek Ozkardeskaya has begun her financial career in 2010 in the structured products desk of the Swiss Banque Cantonale Vaudoise. She worked at HSBC Private Bank in Geneva in relation to high and ultra-high net worth clients. In 2012, she started as FX Strategist at Swissquote Bank. She worked as a Senior Market Analyst in London Capital Group in London and in Shanghai. She returned to Swissquote Bank as Senior Analyst in 2020.
Fighting Continues: Good for Ukraine... And Gold

Fighting Continues: Good for Ukraine... And Gold

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 03.03.2022 16:10
  Kherson fell, but Ukrainians are still fighting fiercely. In the face of war, gold also shows courage – to move steadily up. The battle of Ukraine is still going on. Russian troops took control of Kherson, a city of about 300,000 in the south of Ukraine, but other main cities haven’t been captured yet. Ukrainian soldiers even managed to conduct some counter-offensive actions near the country’s capital. There is a large Russian column advancing on Kyiv, but its progress has been very slow over the last few days due to the staunch Ukrainian resistance and Russian forces’ problems with equipment, tactics, and supplies, including fuel and food. David is still bravely fighting Goliath! Of course, Russian forces still have an advantage and are progressing. However, the pace of the invasion is much slower than Vladimir Putin and his generals expected. The Ukrainians’ defense is much fiercer, while Russia’s losses are more severe. The Russian defense ministry admitted that 498 Russian soldiers have already been killed and 1,597 wounded, but the real number is probably much higher. Even if Russia takes control of other cities, it’s unclear whether it will be able to hold them. What’s more, although the West didn’t engage directly in the war, the response of the West was much stronger than Putin could probably have expected. The US and its allies supplied Ukraine with weapons and imposed severe sanctions against Putin and the Russian governing elite, as well as on Russia’s economy and financial system. For instance, the West decided to exclude several Russian banks from SWIFT and also to freeze most of Russian central bank’s foreign currency reserve assets. Additionally, many international companies are moving out of Russia or exporting their products to this country, adding to the economic pressure. The ruble plummeted, as the chart below shows.   Implications for Gold What does the ongoing war in Ukraine mean for the precious metals market? Well, the continuous heroic stance of President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Ukrainian defenders is not only heating up the hearts of all freedom-lovers, but also gold prices. As the chart below shows, the price of the yellow metal has soared to about $1,930, the highest level since January 2021. As a reminder, until recently, gold was unable to surpass $1,800. Thus, the recent rally is noteworthy. The war is clearly boosting the safe-haven demand for gold. Another bullish driver is rising inflation. According to early estimates, euro area annual inflation soared from 5.1% in January to 5.8%, and the war is likely to add to the inflationary pressure due to rising energy prices. Both Brent and WTI oil prices have surged above $110 per barrel. Last but not least, I have to mention Powell’s appearance before Congress. In the prepared testimony, he said that the Fed would hike the federal funds rate this month, despite the war in Ukraine: Our monetary policy has been adapting to the evolving economic environment, and it will continue to do so. We have phased out our net asset purchases. With inflation well above 2 percent and a strong labor market, we expect it will be appropriate to raise the target range for the federal funds rate at our meeting later this month. This sounds rather hawkish and, thus, bearish for gold. However, Powell acknowledged that the implications of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine for the U.S. economy are highly uncertain. The near-term effects on the U.S. economy of the invasion of Ukraine, the ongoing war, the sanctions, and of events to come, remain highly uncertain. Making appropriate monetary policy in this environment requires a recognition that the economy evolves in unexpected ways. We will need to be nimble in responding to incoming data and the evolving outlook. Hence, the war in Eastern Europe could make the Fed more dovish than expected at a time when inflation could be higher than forecasted before the war outbreak. Such an environment should be bullish for the gold market. However, there is one important caveat. The detailed analysis of gold prices shows that they declined around the first and second rounds of negotiations between Russian and Ukrainian diplomats in anticipation of the end of the conflict. However, when it became apparent that the talks ended in a stalemate, gold resumed its upward move. The implication should be clear: as long as the war continues, the yellow metal may shine, but when the ceasefire or truce is agreed, we could see a correction in the gold market. It doesn’t have to be a great plunge, but a large part of the geopolitical premium will disappear. Having said that, the war may take a while. I pray that I’m wrong, but the slow progress of the Russian invasion could prompt Vladimir Putin to adopt a “whatever it takes” stance. According to some experts, he is already more emotional than usual, and when faced with the prospects of failure, he could become even more brutal or irrational. We already see that Russian troops, unable to break the Ukrainian defense in open combat, siege the cities and bomb civilians. Hence, the continuation or escalation of Russia’s military actions could provide support for gold prices. If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
The US Has Again Benefited From Military Conflicts In Other Parts Of The World, The Capital From Europe And Other Regions Goes To The US

Fed's Powell Power Supports USD And Yields. Alibaba Gets Back In The Game

Marc Chandler Marc Chandler 22.03.2022 12:12
March 22, 2022  $USD, Brazil, Covid, Currency Movement, FOMC, India, Japan, UK Overview:  Hawkish comments by Fed Chair Powell stoked a jump in yields and lit the dollar.  News that Alibaba was boosting its share buyback program to $25 bln from $15 bln helped lift HK shares, while the weaker yen favored Japanese exporters.  Most equity markets in the region advanced.  European bourses are showing a modest upside bias with US futures and are little changed.  The US 10-year Treasury yield is pushing five basis points higher to 2.34%.  European yields are also 3-5 basis point higher.  The dollar is rising against most currencies today.  The Antipodean currencies are the most resilient, while the yen and Norwegian krone are taking it on the chin.  The dollar, which began last week near JPY117.30, is knocking on JPY121 today.  Emerging market currencies are also mostly softer, led by the central European complex.  Hungary is expected to hike its base rate 100 bp to 4.4% today, while the key rate (one-week deposit rate) is expected to be raised by 30 bp to 6.15% later this week.  Turning to the commodities, gold is consolidating inside yesterday’s range.  The higher yields appear to be sapping demand.  May WTI is reversing lower after completing a (61.8%) retracement near $113.35.  US natural gas prices are also pulling back from better levels earlier today. Europe's benchmark is firm.  Iron ore slipped by 2.5% after a 1.6% loss yesterday.  Copper is recouping most of yesterday's loss, the first decline in four sessions.  May wheat is up about 3%, adding to yesterday's 5.2% gain and soy has fully recouped last week's 1.4% decline.   Asia Pacific Japan has lifted some Covid restrictions in Tokyo and outlying areas.  This will help set the stage for a recovery in Q2.  The earthquake earlier this month and the Covid restrictions hobbled the world's third-largest economy.  As we have been tracking, Prime Minister Kishida is reportedly cobbling together a supplemental budget of around JPY10 trillion (~$83.5 bln).  Meanwhile, with inflation set to jump starting next month (cell phone charges fell sharply a year ago) and global yields tugging the JGBs, the Bank of Japan may be forced again to defend its Yield Curve Control cap of 0.25% on the 10-year bond.  The yield is pushing above 0.20%.  India, which is a member of the Quad (along with Japan, Australia, and the US) to ostensibly check China, has a more nuanced relationship with Russia.  It bought the same air defense system from Russia as Turkey did without the fanfare.  As we noted last week, India is exercising options to buy Russian oil at a discount.  Indian officials hinted that three-days of the country's oil needs are being secured.  That is about 15 mln barrels over the next 3-4 months.  Last year, India reportedly bought about 33 mln barrels from Russia.  The amount is not so much.  After all, consider that according to reports, about 9 mln barrels of Russian oil is headed to the US this month and another 1 mln at least next month.  Businesses were given a 45-day wind-down grace period.  Rather what is more interesting is the that some reports indicate that India could pay rupee for the oil, but the payment might be benchmarked to the US dollar. The dollar extended its recent gains against the yen and is testing the JPY120.50 area.  Such lofty levels have not been seen for 6-7 years.  The next important chart point is not seen until closer to JPY121.50, but a move toward JPY125 over the slightly longer-term cannot be ruled out.  The dollar's ascent pushed it through the upper Bollinger Band (two standard deviations above the 20-day moving average) repeatedly last week.  It comes in near JPY120.30 today.  As we noted, the exchange rate is more correlated to rising US yields than as a safe haven (when it is inversely correlated to equities). The JPY120 area, which was "resistance" may now offer support.   The Australian dollar is trading inside yesterday's range (~$0.7375-$0.7425).  The high from earlier this month was near $0.7440, and the upper Bollinger Band is found slightly above it.  A break of $0.7360 would weaken the technical tone. After a few larger than normal moves, the dollar-yuan was confined to a narrow range today (~CNY6.3590-CNY6.3660).  It has remained within yesterday's range, which was itself within the pre-weekend range.  Recall that in the first part of March, the dollar was in a CNY6.3070-CNY6.3270 range.  It jumped to a higher range, roughly CNY6.3400-CNY6.3670.  The PBOC set the dollar's reference rate at CNY6.3664 today compared with projections for CNY6.3660 (seen in the Bloomberg survey).  Note that the China's premium over the US of 10-year yields is about 50 bp, the least in three years.   Europe Russia's invasion of Ukraine is a watershed in a way that Moscow's 2008 invasion of Georgia or the war with Ukraine when it took Crimea was not.  It is not only because of the widespread sanctions, but as many noted, it is spurring German (and others) military spending.  While a monetary and banking union is not complete, a common defense policy is strengthening.  Europe is on the verge of establishing a rapid response force that could be ready for joint exercises as early as next year. Meanwhile, the debate about whether the EU can ban Russian oil imports continues and is one of the drivers of oil prices.   Tomorrow is an important day for the UK.  February inflation is expected to have accelerated. The swaps market is pricing in another 25 bp hike at the next BOE meeting (May 5).  Chancellor of the Exchequer Sunak will deliver his Spring Statement.  Today's data seems to give him more room to maneuver.  The deficit in the first 11 months of the fiscal year is about GBP26 bln smaller than projected.  Sunak is expected to offer some relief from the jump in food and energy prices, while going forward with the tax increase next month for the National Health Service.  Still, on balance, given the great uncertainty, and the political considerations, Sunak is expected to be restrained in new commitments.   The euro fell to a four-day low near $1.0960 in late Asian turnover before recovering to almost $1.1015 in the European morning.  Nearby resistance is seen in the $1.1020-$1.1040 area.  Note two sets of option expirations today.  The first is at $1.10 for about 935 mln euros and the second is for nearly 680 mln euros at $1.1025.  The intraday momentum indicators are stretched, and North American participants may be inclined to buy dollars, for which they are increasingly paid to do.  A break of $1.0960 could see $1.0930 tested.  Sterling is faring a bit better, but it remains for the third consecutive session in the range forged on March 17 (~$1.3090-$1.3210).  It has flirted with $1.32, which we identified at a possible neckline of a bottoming pattern.  It has yet to close above it, but if it does, it would still seem to target $1.34.  The euro has been sold from nearly GBP0.8460 on March 17 to almost GBP0.8340 today, almost a two-week low. A break of GBP0.8330 would target GBP0.8280-GBP0.8300.  America Federal Reserve Chair Powell sharpened his hawkish message yesterday and reiterated that the central bank is prepared to move further and faster.  The market responded as one might imagine and boosted the risk of a 50 bp move at the next meeting (May 4).  The market has a little more than 190 bp of tightening discounted for the remainder of the year.  There are six meetings left.  This means that the market is leaning toward two 50 bp hikes.  Powell's remarks were conditioned with "if necessary" and "if appropriate."  Some observers think it is necessary, and was so last week, though were disappointed that Governor Waller did not join his former boss, St. Louis Fed President Bullard in dissenting in favor of a 50 bp move.   While different parts of the US curve are flattening or, like the 5-10-year curve turning inverted, Powell played it down.  The Chair cited Fed staff research that found that the 18-month curve to be more important and it has steepened not flattened as the market prices in a more aggressive tightening path. What can challenge this trajectory?  Disappointing economic data.  The February durable goods orders due Thursday may not be it, as the series is volatile in any event.  However, the preliminary PMI is due the same day.  It is expected to have slipped, but a composite lower than expected and edging back toward the 50 boom/bust level would be a yellow flag.  The March employment data is due on April 1. A significant disappointment there could temper the rate hike fever.  Separately, we note that supply chain disruptions are hitting the auto sector and share prices have fallen to reflect it.  That is in addition to surging oil and metal prices.   It is a light economic calendar for North America today.  The Fed's Mester, Daly, and Williams speak.  Mester is a voting member of the FOMC, and Williams, the President of the NY Fed, has a permanent vote.  Williams is part of the Fed's leadership, and we will see how much he echoes Powell.  He had expressed doubts about a 50 bp move before this month's meeting, well ahead of Powell's endorsement of a 25 bp hike before Congress.      The US dollar is recovering from the dip to CAD1.2565 yesterday, its lowest level since late January.  It is pushing back above CAD1.26 in the European morning.  A move above CAD1.2650 would likely confirm that a near-term low is in place, with initial potential toward CAD1.2700.  The greenback recovered after dipping below MXN20.27 yesterday, its low here in March, but has been turned back from MXN20.42, just shy of the 200-day moving average. Banixco is expected to hike its overnight target by 50 bp to 6.50% in a couple of days.  Still, this month, the peso has gained almost 0.75% and is lagging behind the Brazilian real (~4.4%) and the Colombian peso (~3.2%). Strong demand for Brazilian equities has been reported.  Yesterday, the dollar fell to almost BRL4.93, which has not been seen since mid-2020.  The next major chart point is near BRK4.82 and the 200-day moving average close to BRL4.71.         Disclaimer
Dollar falls to one-week low as Powell pushes back against 75 bp hike

Dollar (USD) falls to one-week low as Powell pushes back against 75 bp hike

Ed Moya Ed Moya 05.05.2022 16:04
Fed hikes by a half-point A historic Fed decision is in the books and Fed Chair Powell did not disappoint. The Fed delivered the first-rate hike in 22 years and signaled more rate increases are appropriate and that the balance sheet runoff will begin in June.  Growth is cooling and that could get a lot worse as the Ukraine invasion will continue to drive upward pressure on prices.  Wall Street still believes the Fed will be able to deliver a soft landing and that is good news for equities.  The key takeaway from the Fed is that they are not ready to consider larger rate hikes.  Risky assets got a boost after Fed Chair Powell said, ““So a 75 basis point increase is not something that the committee is actively considering.”  Inflation is not slowing down anytime soon, but that is not scaring Powell as his confidence grows that he can remove the option of Volcker-type rate hikes. US stocks surged after Fed Chair Powell signaled he can slow inflation without triggering a recession. It seems risky assets can rally now that Wall Street has fully priced in the rest of the year’s rate hikes by the Fed.      Cryptos ApeCoin, the token used for the Bored Ape Yacht Club network, surged after Elon Musk changed his Twitter profile picture to an image showing several avatars.  The crypto market continues to react to anything that Elon Musk does, but the lack of a Bored Ape endorsement and a tweet that said “seems kinda fungible” made ApeCoin give back most of its gains.  Bitcoin rallied after Fed Chair Powell ruled out larger interest rate hikes.   This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.
📈 Tech Giants Soar, 💵 Dollar Plummets! Disney-Charter Truce, Wall Street's AI Warning!

Wow! S&P 500 Gained Over 1.40%, Nasdaq Added 1.67%!

ING Economics ING Economics 26.08.2022 08:28
Prelude to Powell uniformly hawkish... Source: shutterstock Macro Outlook Global Markets: US equities seem to be betting on the Fed’s Powell providing a lifeline, which seems like an optimistic point of view.  The S&P500 opened up and had a strong start before fading and then rallying hard into the close to finish up 1.41% on the day. The NASDAQ closed 1.67% higher. Equity futures are hedging this optimism a bit, indicating small declines at the open today. The latest optimism could reflect a slightly lower bond yield environment, but it seems outsized if that is indeed the case. 2Y US Treasury yields backed off only 2.4bp yesterday to take them to 3.366%. There was a bit more action at the back end of the curve, where 10Y UST yields fell 7.8bp, taking them to 3.026%. What caused that? Well, it wasn’t other Fed speakers in the run-up to Powell’s speech at Jackson Hole today. James Bullard, for example, noted that he favoured “front-loading”, and a year-end Fed funds rate of 3.75%-4%. Esther George noted that rates may have to go above 4%, and hadn’t moved into a restrictive range yet. Raphael Bostic said it was too soon to call peak inflation and was keeping an open mind on 50bp to 75bp next month, and Patrick Harker said rates needed to become restrictive (implying that they currently aren’t). So it is a fair bet that the Powell speech will take a similar turn today. If so, the most likely market reaction would be a rise in yields at both the front and back of the yield curve, a sell-off in equities and dollar strength as markets seem to have been positioning themselves for a more supportive set of comments.  In currency space, EURUSD had another go at moving higher, pushing up in the direction of 1.004 before retreating back below parity to finish almost unchanged from this time yesterday at 0.9970.  The AUD has made further gains though, rising to 0.6982 vs the dollar before settling a bit lower at 0.6972. Cable is looking a little stronger today too, and is up to 1.1829 now, while the JPY has pulled back down to below 137 and is now 136.57. The rest of the Asian FX pack also gained, led by the THB (helped by the passing of a budget yesterday) and the KRW (lifted by the BoK’s 25bp rate hike). G-7 Macro: It really all boils down to what Jerome Powell says today, and his speech will eclipse any of the other macro releases in all likelihood. We have already had some Tokyo CPI data this morning for August, and this shows annual inflation for the Japanese capital running at 2.9%, up from 2.5% in July. This suggests a similar  0.4pp increase in national headline inflation, which would take it to 3.0%YoY if so. The rise in the core rate of inflation excluding fresh food and energy was more muted, however, rising only 0.2pp to 1.4%YoY, which should provide the BoJ with the comfort it needs to leave policy settings unchanged. PCE inflation data from the US for July are out today. Look in particular at the core measure which the Fed is thought to be taking a bit more interest in than the headline. The current rate of PCE inflation is 6.8%YoY. It is 4.8% for the core rate. The core rate is expected to fall 0.1pp today. A flat reading would be a disappointment. University of Michigan consumer sentiment and inflation expectations close out the macro calendar for the G-7 today.   What to look out for: Powell's speech at Jackson Hole Japan Tokyo CPI inflation (26 August) Singapore industrial production (26 August)  Thailand trade balance (26 August) Malaysia CPI inflation (26 August) Powell speech at Jackson Hole symposium (26 August) US University of Michigan sentiment and core PCE (26 August) Read this article on THINK TagsEmerging Markets Asia Pacific Asia Markets Asia Economics Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
Challenges Ahead for Austria's Competitiveness and Economic Outlook

Fed Signals Rate Pause as UK GDP Aims for April Rebound

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 14.06.2023 08:30
Fed set for a rate pause; UK GDP set to rebound in April    European markets closed higher for the second day in a row, after the latest US inflation numbers for May came in at a 2-year low, and speculation about further Chinese stimulus measures boosted sentiment.   US markets followed suit although the enthusiasm and gains were tempered ahead of today's Fed meeting as caution set in ahead of the rate announcement.   Having seen US CPI for May come in at a two year low of 4%, in numbers released yesterday, market expectations are for the US central bank to take a pause today with a view to looking at a hike in July. Of course, this will be predicated on how the economic data plays out over the next 6-7 weeks but nonetheless the idea that you would commit to a hike in July begs the question why not hike now and keep your options open regarding July, ensuring that financial conditions don't loosen too much.   Today's May PPI numbers are only likely to reinforce this more dovish tilt, if as expected we see further evidence of slowing prices, with core prices set to fall below 3% for the first time in over 3 years. Headline PPI is expected to slow to 1.5%, down from 2.3%.       When Fed officials set out the "skip" mindset in their numerous briefings since the May decision when the decision was taken to remove the line that signalled more rate hikes were coming, there was always a risk that this sort of pre-commitment might turn out to be problematic.   So, while markets are fully expecting the Fed to announce no change today, Powell's biggest challenge will be in keeping the prospect of a July rate hike a credible outcome, while at the same time as outlining the Fed's economic projections for the rest of the year, as well as for 2024.   In their previous projections they expect unemployment to rise to a median target of 4.5% by the end of this year. Is that even remotely credible now given we are currently at 3.7%, while its core PCE inflation target is 3.6%, and median GDP is at 0.4%.     Before we get to the Fed meeting the focus shifts back to the UK economy after yesterday's unexpectedly solid April jobs data, as well as the sharp surge in wages growth, which prompted UK 2-year gilt yields to surge to their highest levels since 2008, up almost 25bps on the day.   While unemployment slipped back to 3.8% as more people returned to the work force, wage growth also rose sharply to 7.2%, showing once again the resilience of the UK labour market, and once again underlining the policy failures of the Bank of England in looking to contain an inflation genie that has got away from them.   This failure now has markets pricing in the prospect that we could see bank rate as high as 6% in the coming months, from its current 4.5%. The risk is now the Bank of England, stung by the fierce and deserved criticism coming its way, will now overreact at a time when inflation could well start to come down sharply in the second half of this year.   So far this year the UK economy has held up reasonably well, defying the doomsters that were predicting a 2-year recession at the end of last year. As things stand, we aren't there yet, unlike Germany and the EU who are both in technical recessions.   Sharp falls in energy prices have helped in this regard, and economic activity has held up well, with PMI activity showing a lot of resilience, however the biggest test is set to come given that most mortgage holders have been on fixed rates these past two years which are about to roll off.     As we look to today's UK April GDP numbers, we've just come off a March contraction of -0.3% which acted as a drag on Q1's 0.1% expansion. The reason for the poor performance in March was due to various public sector strike action from healthcare and transport, which weighed heavily on the services sector which saw a contraction of -0.5%.     The performance would have been worse but for a significant rebound in construction and manufacturing activity which saw strong rebounds of 0.7%.     This isn't expected to be repeated in today's April numbers, however there was still widespread strike action which is likely to have impacted on public services output.   The strong performance from manufacturing is also unlikely to be repeated with some modest declines, however services should rebound to the tune of 0.3%, although the poor March number is likely to drag the rolling 3M/3M reading down from 0.1% to -0.1%.       EUR/USD – failed at the main resistance at the 1.0820/30 area, which needs to break to kick on higher towards 1.0920. We still have support back at the recent lows at 1.0635.     GBP/USD – finding resistance at trend line resistance from the 2021 highs currently at 1.2630. This, along with the May highs at 1.2680 is a key barrier for a move towards the 1.3000 area. We have support at 1.2450.      EUR/GBP – has slipped back from the 0.8615 area yesterday, however while above the 0.8540 10-month lows, the key day reversal scenario just about remains intact. A break below 0.8530 targets a move towards 0. 8350.     USD/JPY – looks set to retest the recent highs at 140.95, with the potential to move up towards 142.50.  Upside remains intact while above 138.30.      FTSE100 is expected to open 10 points lower at 7,585     DAX is expected to open 15 points lower at 16,215     CAC40 is expected to open 3 points lower at 7,288
Global Market Insights: PBoC's Stand Against Speculators, Chinese FDI Trends, and Indian Inflation

Fed's Hawkish Pause and Focus Shifts to ECB: Market Reactions and Outlook

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 15.06.2023 08:48
As Fed delivers a "hawkish" pause, attention turns to the ECB  European markets closed the day higher yesterday, with the DAX making a new record high, ahead of last night's Fed decision, while US markets closed the session mixed after a choppy session, which saw the Fed deliver a hawkish pause to their rating hiking cycle.     Asia markets were mixed with the latest Chinese retail sales data for May coming in below expectations, rising by 12.7%, along with industrial production which gained 3.5%. The last few weeks have delivered plenty of evidence that headline inflation is slowing sharply, and while core prices are probably stickier than the Fed would like, the direction of travel with respect to PPI suggests that in a couple of months we could be looking at a very different outlook.   Having indicated that they would be looking to hike in July, after removing the line that signalled more rate hikes were coming at the May meeting, there was always a risk that this sort of pre-commitment might turn out to be problematic. So, it has proved, with many suggesting that they would be better off hiking today, and then playing a game of wait and see.   In any case with the Federal Reserve unwilling to step back from its commitment to a pause this month, and delivering on an expectation to keep rates unchanged, they compensated for that by raising their expectation this year for at least 2 more rate hikes, putting the terminal rate at 5.6%, with 12 Fed officials, projecting such a move.    This unexpected hawkish shift saw US 2-year yields spike sharply as the market priced out the prospect of rate cuts later this year, which was never likely anyway, however we also saw the US central bank change their forecasts for unemployment to rise to 4.1% by the end of this year, down from 4.6%, while tweaking its PCE forecast to 3.2% from 3.3%.     Unsurprisingly, the US dollar which had been in retreat, rebounded strongly and stock markets dropped back sharply, over concerns that the US central bank could be on the cusp of a policy mistake.  Once Powell started his press conference the initial moves started to unwind and markets attempted to absorb the message from last night's events, and whether the two more hikes guidance, was based on any type of empirical evidence, or merely a mechanism to steer market expectations, and keep last night's decision unanimous.   The tone of Powell's press conference suggests it was the latter While yesterday's post decision reaction shows that markets were caught the wrong side of last night's decision, the bigger test will be in the economic data. If inflation continues to slow and jobs growth remains steady, the question needs to be asked as to whether the Fed will really pull the trigger on more rate hikes? It seems unlikely.     Moving on from last night's decision, attention will now shift towards today's ECB rate decision.   There appears to be little doubt that we will probably see another 25bps rate hike from the European Central Bank at today's rate meeting.   Nonetheless this would be a notable shift from some of the recent narrative that has accompanied recent discussions about the likely rate path for the ECB. The change of emphasis appears to have come about because of recent sharp falls in the headline rate of CPI, as well as evidence that core prices may well have also seen a peak.   In the latest flash CPI numbers for May, headline inflation fell to 6.1%, a sharp fall from the 7% we saw in April, as well as the 9.2% we were seeing at the end of last year. The big concern in recent months has been core prices which hit a record high of 5.7% in March and fell to 5.3% in the most recent numbers released earlier this month. Based on these numbers alone one can understand the ECB's reluctance to stop hiking, however there are already risks emerging that might suggest the ECB could be close to its own pause moment.       These risks are sharp slowdowns in PPI, which tends to act as a leading indicator for future inflation trends with German PPI now in negative territory. The German economy is also in recession, along with the rest of the eurozone, and yet various ECB policymakers are still calling for several more rate rises, including the likes of Joachim Nagel head of the German Bundesbank, due to still high levels of CPI inflation.     This comes across as particularly risky at a time when we are starting to see increasing signs of deflation across the global economy. Whatever the ECB does today, and a hike is priced in, it is what comes next which is very much up for debate, where ECB President Christine Lagarde will need to tread carefully.     Will the hawks on the ECB maintain their hawkish narrative or will see those claws start to get reined in until we get a better idea of the cumulative effect that the current spate of rate hikes has had. Coming so soon after last nights Fed decision we get US retail sales for May and weekly jobless claims.   Retail sales for May are expected to decline by -0.2%, down from 0.4% in April, while weekly jobless claims which spiked up to 261k last week are expected to slip back to 245k.     The last time we spiked above 260k a few weeks ago it was revised away. Will the same thing happen today?   EUR/USD – pushed above the 1.0820/30 area yesterday and closing in on the 50-day SMA at 1.0880, with resistance now at 1.0920. We still have support back at the recent lows at 1.0635.     GBP/USD – broke above trend line resistance from the 2021 highs at 1.2630 and testing above 1.2680 with the next resistance at 1.2760, which is a key barrier for a move towards the 1.3000 area. We have support at 1.2450.      EUR/GBP – still looking soft despite the key day reversal day earlier this week, but still above 0.8540 support. A break below 0.8530 targets a move towards 0.8350. Resistance at 0.8620.     USD/JPY – still trying to move through the 140.30 area with resistance behind that at the recent highs at 140.95.  Upside remains intact while above 138.30.      FTSE100 is expected to open 10 points lower at 7,592     DAX is expected to open 12 points lower at 16,298     CAC40 is expected to open 15 points lower at 7,313  
Unlocking the Future: Reforms in Korea's FX Market Amid Demographic Shifts

Amidst Rising Inflation Concerns And Gold Consolidates Amid Hawkish Central Bank Actions

Matt Weller CFA Matt Weller CFA 16.06.2023 08:50
In the ever-evolving landscape of financial markets, decisions made by major central banks have a significant impact on shaping trends. We recently had the opportunity to speak with Matthew Weller, an analyst at StoneX, to gain insights into the current state of affairs.   Read more   The European Central Bank (ECB) recently made headlines with its "Hawkish Hike," raising its key interest rate by 25 basis points to 3.5%. This move aims to combat the escalating inflation in the eurozone, marking the eighth consecutive rate hike since July 2022. The ECB's determination to bring inflation down from its current 6.1% to its target of 2% is evident. ECB President Christine Lagarde has hinted at the possibility of further rate hikes at the next meeting in July, emphasizing the need to tackle inflation head-on. Lagarde made it clear that the ECB has no plans to pause its rate hikes. While the ECB focuses on inflation control, other central banks, such as the US Federal Reserve, have taken a pause in their rate hikes to assess their impact on economic growth and employment. However, the Fed's projections indicate the potential for two more rate hikes this year. Similarly, central banks in Australia and Canada have resumed rate increases after a temporary pause, underscoring the global challenge of high inflation. The ECB's decision to raise rates comes at a time of economic uncertainty, influenced by factors such as the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine and potential wage agreements that may further fuel inflationary pressures. The ECB acknowledges that short-term economic growth may remain subdued, but it expects improvements as inflation subsides and supply disruptions ease. While concerns persist regarding the potential negative impact of higher rates on the economy and the risk of a recession, the ECB remains committed to addressing inflation as a top priority   FXMAG.COM: Could you give as your point of view about how the gold prices would behave in next weeks? Is there a chance that there will be new ATH? Gold Consolidates Amid Hawkish Central Bank Actions   With major central banks continuing to tighten monetary policy and inflation still receding (if more gradually than before) gold prices are likely to remain on the back foot in the near term. As of writing, the yellow metal is trading in the mid-$1900s, where it has spent the last three weeks consolidating. Bulls will be looking for a break above the June high near $1990 to signal a potential retest of the record highs near $2075 as we move into July, whereas a confirmed break below $1930 could open the door for a retest of the 200-day EMA near $1900 next.
Italian Inflation Continues to Decelerate in August, Reaffirming 6.4% Forecast for 2023

UK inflation expected to fall to 8.4%, BoE rate hike likely, Powell's testimony, GBP/USD lower

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 21.06.2023 08:47
UK inflation expected to fall to 8.4% on Wednesday BoE likely to raise rates on Thursday Fed Chair Powell to testify before House committee on Wednesday The British pound is lower on Tuesday. In the European session, GBP/USD is trading at 1.2739, down 0.41%.   UK inflation expected to ease The UK releases the May inflation report on Wednesday and BoE policy makers will be hoping that inflation continues to trend lower. Inflation dropped in April to 8.7%, decelerating for a second straight month. The consensus stands at 8.4%, and the good news is that those awful readings above 10% appear to be over. On a monthly basis, inflation is expected to fall to 0.5% in May, down from 1.2% in April. Inflation appears to have peaked and is heading lower, but nobody at the Bank of England is smiling. The UK is expected to have one of the highest inflation rates in the G-20 this year at 6.9% and the BoE’s 2% target is miles away. Finance Minister Sunak has set a goal of lowering inflation to 5% by the end of the year, which seems feasible if inflation continues to downtrend in the coming months. The BoE will be in the spotlight on Thursday when it makes its rate announcement. The markets have priced in a 25-basis point hike at 70%, with a 30% chance of an oversize 50-bp increase. If inflation falls as expected to 8.4% or lower, the MPC should be able to proceed with the 25-bp hike, although central banks have a tendency of surprising the money markets. In the US, it’s an unusually light data calendar this week. There are no tier-1 releases on Tuesday, and the markets are looking ahead to Wednesday, with Jerome Powell testifying before the House Financial Services Committee. Powell will have to clarify to lawmakers the Fed’s interest rate path, as the Fed paused last week after ten straight hikes but expects to renew hiking in July. . GBP/USD Technical 1.2719 is under pressure in support. Next, there is support at 1.2589 There is resistance at 1.2848 and 1.2950  
Euro Gets a Boost from ECB's Inflation Forecasts

Rates Spark: The Concern of Curve Inversion and Central Bank Impact on Market Sentiment

ING Economics ING Economics 21.06.2023 09:51
Rates Spark: The worry about curve inversion Hawkish central banks and low market growth expectations have kept rates in a range. This has largely benefitted risk appetite but is also resulting in a more inverted curve, hardly an encouraging macro signal.   Powell and Schnabel might accelerate the curve inversion trend today We tend to be sceptical of the overall impact central bank comments can have on day-to-day market rate movements. One reason is the abundance of central bank communication. The other is their data-dependent setting (see yesterday’s note) which put economic releases firmly in the driving seat of market moves. Unfortunately, today is, like yesterday, much heavier on central bank communication than on economic data. This means the signal to noise ratio is likely to remain low. Still, today’s headliner, Fed chair Jerome Powell, is probably the world’s most watched central banker, so his testimony will carry weight with investors. Similarly, we think Isabel Schnabel’s interventions are amongst the most listened to out of the European Central Bank (ECB).   This year in rates has been characterised by a tug-of-war between hawkish central banks and pessimistic markets, at least when it comes to growth. A hawkish tone in the face of sticky core inflation makes sense but central banks have hurt their credibility by reinforcing their message with overly upbeat growth forecasts.    This makes sense up to a point, as markets are much more likely to believe a hawkish central bank if economic growth allows it to tighten policy further. However it seems markets collectively disagree with central banks’ forecasts, by pricing subsequent rate cuts. In short, central banks’ sphere of influence doesn’t extend much beyond the front-end of the curve.
EUR/USD Faces Resistance at 1.0774 Amid Inflation and Stagflation Concerns

Dollar Dips Following 3-Day Rally; Powell Stays Hawkish as Inflation Battle Persists; Fed Signals Higher Chance of July Rate Hike

Ed Moya Ed Moya 22.06.2023 08:21
Dollar drops after 3-day rally Powell remains hawkish; bringing down inflation has a long way to go Fed swaps price in a 69.2% chance of a hike at the July 26th FOMC meeting   US stocks declined as Fed Chair Powell’s testimony to the House affirmed the Fed’s threat of higher rates to combat inflation.  Wall Street should not have been surprised by Fed Chair Powell’s commitment to vanquish inflation, but swap futures are still only pricing in one more rate hike.  Powell reiterated that the economy is strong but that inflation remains elevated.  The Fed is clearly not nearing the end of its tightening cycle and if other central banks seem poised to deliver more than a couple rate hikes, that might make it easier for the Fed to remain aggressive with tightening.  Powell said lowering inflation has a long way to go and that could very well mean that they won’t stop until the fall.    Oil WTI crude prices are finally stabilizing above the $70 level as energy traders anticipate the start of summer should keep demand steady over the next few months. Oil got a boost from a weaker dollar and optimism that the economy will remain strong throughout the summer. Oil was getting near the bottom of its recent trading range and it could continue rebounding if the headlines for China remain upbeat.  The oil market is going to remain tight thanks to OPEC, so that should make trading a little easier for energy traders.  Most energy analysts envision $80 oil at some point this year, so any bullish headline could get us there.  Hurricane season is also here, and we might be getting our first taste of it with Tropical Storm Bret.
Energy and Metals Decline, Wheat Rallies Amid Disappointing Chinese Growth

Central Bank Surprises: BoE Hikes, SNB and Norges Bank Follow Suit - Analysis and Outlook

Ipek Ozkardeskaya Ipek Ozkardeskaya 23.06.2023 11:36
Keeping up with the central banks.  There were three major surprises from three central banks yesterday.     BoE hikes 50bp, peak rate seen unchanged past 6%.  The Bank of England's (BoE) decision to step up the pace of rate hikes at the 13th meeting since the start of the tightening policy has been broadly unwelcomed from households, to bond and stock investors, and to FX traders.   The 2-year gilt yield stabilized above the 5% mark, yet didn't take a lift on doubt that the BoE could hike by another full percentage point without wreaking havoc across the British economy, especially in the property market. The 10-year yield fell on the morose economic outlook. At this point, it would be a miracle for Britain to avoid recession, and even a property crisis.   The FTSE 100 slumped below its 200-DMA, and tipped a toe below the 7500 mark. Trend and momentum indicators are negative, and the index is now approaching oversold conditions. It is worth noting that falling energy and commodity prices due to a softish Chinese reopening didn't play in favour of the British big caps this year. The rising rates step up the bearish pressure. The outlook remains neutral to negative until we see a rebound in global energy prices - which is not happening for now.   The pound fell as a reaction to the 50bp hike. You would've normally expected the opposite reaction, but the bears remained in charge of the market, pricing the fact that the dark clouds that are gathering over Britain will destroy more value than the higher rates could create.   In summary, it was a disastrous week for Britain. But at least one person didn't get discouraged by the data and the BoE hike, and it was Rishi Sunak who said that the British economy is 'going to be ok' and that he is '100% on it'.     He is not scared of being ridiculous.  Moving forward, the Gilt market will likely remain under pressure, the longer end of the yield curve will do better than the shorter end. The British property market will be put at a tougher test, and could crack under the pressure at any time, in which case the economic implications would go far beyond the most pessimistic forecast. And any government help package to help people go through higher mortgage costs would further fuel inflation and require more rate hikes. The outlook for pound weakens and the FTSE100's performance is much dependent on China, which is struggling with low inflation and sluggish growth on the flip side of the world. Long story short, there is not much optimism on the UK front.  Elsewhere, the Swiss National Bank (SNB) raised by 25bp as expected, Norges Bank surprised with a 50bp hike, said that there will be another rate hike in August, while Turkey hiked from 8.5% to 15% vs 20% expected, raising worries that Turkey's new central bank team could not shrug off the low-rate-obsessed goventment influence. The dollar-try spiked above the 25 level, the highest on record, but not the highest on horizon.       Consume less!  The US existing home sales came in better than expected, adding to the optimism that the US real estate market could be doing better after months of negative pressure. The surprising and unexpected progress in US home data is welcomed for the sake of the economic health, but a strong housing market, along with an unbeatable jobs market hint that the Federal Reserve (Fed) will keep hiking rates. Powell confirmed that there could be two more rate hikes in the US before a pause at his semiannual testimony before the Congress, while Janet Yellen said she sees lower recession risks, but that consumer spending should slow.   The US dollar rebounded on hawkish Fed expectations. 
Gold Market Sentiment and Analyst Forecasts: Bond Yields and China's Impact

Navigating Central Banks and Inflation: Tightening, Yield Curves, and Market Expectations

ING Economics ING Economics 23.06.2023 11:39
Rates Spark: Whatever it takes, until it breaks The Bank of England showed that central banks will not be shy to tighten more if disinflationary dynamics don't materialize. A reaction function more geared to current data than to being forward looking biases yield curves flatter - until something breaks.   Deeper curve inversions highlight potential costs of tightening too far The initial market reaction to the Bank of England increasing key rates by a larger than anticipated 50bp increment to 5% was revealing. Yield curves twisted flatter, with outright drops in the 10y rate as the more aggressive approach by central banks is seen as coming with an increasing economic cost. Curves staked out new post-March lows although the move lower in long end rates later faded. What sticks is the sense that central banks will remain hawkish and won’t be shy to increase rates further should the lack of disinflationary dynamic warrant it. In any case markets think the BoE has shifted to a more aggressive reaction function, with an even greater focus on current inflation dynamics. After yesterday’s 50bp hike, another 50bp in August is seen as more likely than not. In total, a further 110bp of tightening is discounted in forwards, implying expectations that the BoE will take the terminal rate above 6% before year end. This is a view that our economist does not share, seeing only two more 25bp hikes eventually being realised.      The question remains how far central banks can credibly take the tightening, with record curve inversions pointing to stretched levels. Macro indicators such as, in the US, the Conference Board’s Leading Index are also signalling recession. Today’s release of the June PMI  flash estimates could also serve to highlight the growing discrepancy between the central banks' own optimistic macro outlooks and the softening data indicators, but they alone are unlikely to resolve the disconnect.    More front-loaded tightening seen after the BoE's hawkish surprise   Next week offers key inflation data Sticky core inflation could remain the key theme for next week. Even if there were some positive surprise, central banks have made it clear they want to see a trend for the better in inflation data. By definition that will take a couple of releases at least, but it won’t keep forward-looking markets from extrapolating any incoming data points. That difference can still keep a curve flattening bias in play.   In the US the key release to watch is the PCE inflation data at the end of the week. The headline rate is seen lower, but the consensus is looking for both the monthly and yearly core readings to remain unchanged, at 0.4% and 4.7%, respectively, after their upward surprise last month. Stickier core inflation could still validate the Fed’s hawkish case, but with a lower headline that might not be enough for markets to endorse the two more hikes implied by the FOMC's latest "dot plot". In the eurozone markets will be closely following first the individual country inflation data before we get the June CPI estimate for the block on Friday. The market eyes a decrease in the headline rate to 5.6% year on year, while our economists have pointed out that within core, services inflation continues to see some upside risk for the months ahead. Ahead of the these key releases central banks will have plenty of opportunity to lay out their current reaction function, with the ECB’s central banking forum in Sintra kicking off on Monday. The main event will be a policy panel attended by the ECB’s Lagarde, Fed’s Powell, BoE’s Bailey and BoJ’s Ueda.   Gilt yields higher, but Treasuries and Bunds still appear capped for now   Today's events and market views Through all the key central bank meetings of the last few weeks, it is notable that the trading ranges for longer-dated EUR and USD rates have held, resulting in the overall curve flattening move. The diffrence to the UK is that that, inflation-wise, things have been moving in the right direction, even if only slowly. Still, it does look as if there is a stronger will to test the upside and we would not exclude that 10Y UST yields hit 4% again before going lower.   For now, an eventful week will be capped off by the release of the June PMI flash estimates.  In the eurozone last month brought a pretty bleak report as the PMI indicated that services experienced slower growth and manufacturing experienced a sharper contraction. Consensus is looking for services growth to slow further, but the manufacturing slowdown to at least stabilise. Last month’s main upside was around fading inflation expectations. Central banks will want to rely on the actual inflation readings, where the UK has shown that in the current circumstances, one reading disappointing to the upside can make quite a difference. The next key inflation releases out of the US and eurozone are what markets can look forward to towards the end of next week.  
Navigating Australia's Disinflationary Path: RBA Rates, Labor Market, and Inflation Outlook

Asia Morning Bites: Central Banks, Global Markets, and Key Economic Data

ING Economics ING Economics 26.06.2023 07:58
Asia Morning Bites Markets are still digesting the more hawkish central bank backdrop and events in Russia over the weekend. More central bank flavour will come this week from the Sintra ECB event, where Powell, Lagarde, Bailey and Ueda will be speaking. US PCE data rounds off the week.   Global Macro and Markets Global markets: Equities finished in the red on Friday. There was not much upside. Bourses opened down and then stayed down for most of the session. The S&P 500 fell 0.77%, and the NASDAQ fell 1.01%. Digesting the Fed’s recent comments about further rate hikes, and also the similar noises coming from the ECB and the Bank of England's surprise 50bp hike, together with anxiety about the unfurling events in Russia would all have weighed on sentiment. US equity futures are looking a bit brighter this morning. China was still on holiday at the end of last week. US Treasury yields dropped last Friday. The 2Y US Treasury yield fell 5bp to 4.741%. 10Y UST yields fell 6bp to 3.735%. EURUSD moved lower on Friday, falling to 1.0845 intraday before recovering to just above 1.09. The AUD was also weaker against the USD, falling to 0.668. Sterling was steadier, but Cable also lost ground to 1.2728, and the JPY was also weaker, rising to 143.521. Friday was a poor day for Asian FX, with declines across the board except where markets were closed for public holidays. The KRW, SGD, THB and MYR all lost 0.5% or more.   G-7 macro: US PMI data showed some signs of weakness on Friday. The Manufacturing PMI slid further into contraction territory, dropping to 46.3 from 48.4, while the service sector PMI softened to 54.1 from 54.9, though remains in expansion mode. Germany’s Ifo survey is about all we have to get excited about today. The ECB’s Central Bank forum in Sintra kicks off today.  The end of the week will be more interesting, with another dose of PCE data from the US.   Singapore:  Industrial production data will be released later this afternoon.  The market consensus points to another month of contraction (-7.1%YoY) as production tracks the struggles on the trade front.  We can expect this trend to continue in the near term given the outlook for global trade.    Philippines: President Marcos appointed former Monetary Board Member Remolona to take over as Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Governor next week.  We are not expecting any major shifts in policy thinking from incumbent BSP Governor Medalla and we expect the BSP to match any moves by the Fed in the coming months.      What to look out for: Singapore industrial production and Powell's comments later in the week Singapore industrial production (26 June) Taiwan industrial production (26 June) Japan leading index (27 June) Hong Kong trade balance (27 June) US durable goods orders, new home sales and Conference Board consumer confidence (27 June) Australia CPI inflation (28 June) Philippines bank lending (28 June) US MBA mortgage applications and wholesale inventories (28 June) Fed’s Powell speaks (28 June) Japan retail sales (29 June) Australia retail sales (29 June) US initial jobless claims and pending home sales (29 June) Fed’s Powell and Bostic speak (29 June) South Korea industrial production (30 June) Japan labour market data (30 June) China PMI manufacturing (30 June) US personal spending and Univ of Michigan sentiment (30 June)
ECB Bank Forum: Ueda and Powell's Insights on Rate Policy and USD/JPY

ECB Bank Forum: Ueda and Powell's Insights on Rate Policy and USD/JPY

Ed Moya Ed Moya 29.06.2023 08:26
Ueda, Powell participating in panel at ECB Bank Forum Japanese yen slips below 144 US consumer confidence surges higher USD/JPY continues to push higher and is closing in on the 145 line. In the North American session, the yen is trading at 144.60, up 0.37%.   Will Ueda provide any clues at ECB Bank Forum? It’s a quiet day on the data calendar, with no important US releases. In Japan, retail sales are expected to improve to 5.4%, up from 5.0%. Today’s highlight is the ECB Bank Forum in Sintra, with the heads of the major central banks taking part in a panel on policy. Bank of Japan Governor Ueda and Fed Chair Powell will participate and any hints about rate policy could move USD/JPY. The Fed and the BoJ are in very different situations, which could make the ECB event all the more interesting. The Fed is close to its tightening cycle, in which it has raised rates by some 500 points. Fed Chair Powell has hinted at a couple of more rates this year, but if inflation continues to fall, the Fed could start chopping rates early in 2023. The BoJ has maintained its ultra-loose policy, even as all the other major banks have raised rates in order to curb inflation. The BoJ has insisted that inflation is temporary, even though it remains above the Bank’s target of 2%. The BoJ isn’t looking at raising interest rates anytime soon, although it could tweak its yield curve control policy in order to prop up the ailing Japanese yen, which has plunged 3.7% in the month of June.  
SEK Update: Encouraging Data Offers Relief Amid Growth Concerns

Sintra's Hawkish Message: Impact on Major Central Banks and FX Market

ING Economics ING Economics 29.06.2023 09:13
FX Daily: How “contagious” are Sintra's hawks? The ECB’s message in Sintra has been firmly hawkish and has helped the euro. Today, a panel with Lagarde, Powell, Bailey and the BoJ’s Ueda will tell us if other major central banks will follow such hawkish rhetoric. It should be the case for Powell (backed by strong data) and Bailey (too early to push back against hike bets), but is Ueda ready to talk up the yen?   USD: Room for rebound The dollar has traded on the soft side since the start of the week, but US data has come in on the strong side, which makes us reluctant to think the dollar has much further to fall in the second half of the week and ahead of today’s Sintra speech by Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell.   Yesterday, all US data releases beat consensus. Durable goods orders rose in May despite expectations for a drop and the S&P Case Shiller US house price index rose for a third month in a row in April as tight supply keeps prices supported despite weak buyer demand in response to surging mortgage rates. Home sales also rose more than expected and consumer confidence jumped to 109.7, the highest since January 2022 (despite being considerably below pre-pandemic levels). Today, the US data calendar is lighter: MBA mortgage applications and wholesale inventories.   While those are not the set of data points either the markets or the Fed primarily focus on, they surely point to some resilience in key parts of the US economy and would underpin a reiteration of a hawkish message by Powell today. That would probably take the shape of a further endorsement of dot plot rate hike projections (two more before the peak) with potentially an additional pushback against rate cuts.   Markets continue to price only another 28bp of tightening and a 73% implied probability of a July hike, so there is still ample room for a hawkish repricing in the USD curve. We’d be cautious when jumping on a dollar bear trend before the data gives a more solid basis to justify the market's dot plot gap.
CHF/JPY Hits Fresh All-Time High in Strong Bullish Uptrend

Fed Set to Raise Rates to a 22-Year High Amidst Cautiously Positive Market Sentiment

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 26.07.2023 08:18
Fed set to raise rates to a 22 year high   European markets have seen a cautiously positive start to the week, buoyed by hopes of further stimulus measures from Chinese authorities in the wake of recent poor economic data. The FTSE100 has been a key beneficiary of this, putting in a two-month high yesterday.   The modest improvement in sentiment has also been helped in some part by the recent retreat in short term yields which is being driven by the hope that central banks won't have to hike rates as aggressively as thought a few weeks ago. Both German and UK 2-year yields have fallen sharply from their highs this month on this basis, helped by inflation which appears to be slowing more quickly than expected.     US markets have also put together a strong run of gains with the Dow and S&P500 hitting their highest levels since April 2022, on the back of optimism that the start of this week's earnings numbers will live up to the high expectations place on them.   Last night's initial reaction to the numbers from Microsoft, and Google owner Alphabet would suggest that optimism might be justified against a backdrop of a still resilient US economy, and a Federal Reserve that looks set to be close to the end of its rate hiking cycle.           Today's expected 25bps Fed rate hike, after last month's pause, looks set to be the last rate rise this year, whatever Fed policymakers would have you believe.   We may hear officials try and make the case for at least one more between now and the end of the year but given recent trends around US inflation its quite likely that PPI will go negative in July.   While Powell will try and make the case for further rate hikes, his time would be better spent in making the case for rates remaining higher for longer, and projecting when the FOMC expected the 2% target to be met. Core prices remain too high even with headline CPI at 3%, and it is here that the Fed will likely focus its and the market's attention.     If headline CPI continues to fall in the way, it has been doing the Fed will struggle to convince the markets that it would continue hiking rates against such a backdrop.   As things stand markets are already pricing in the prospect that this will be the last rate rise in the current hiking cycle given recent declines in the US dollar and US yields. With the next Fed meeting coming in September the market will have to absorb two more inflation reports and two more jobs' reports. Nonetheless the Fed will be keen to prevent the market pricing in rate cuts which was one of the key challenges earlier this year.   With inflation slowing and the jobs market resilient the US economy is currently in a bit of a goldilocks moment. This will be the challenge for Powell today, as he tries to steer the market into believing that the Fed could hike rates some more. We also shouldn't forget that we will get fresh messaging at the end of August at the Jackson Hole annual symposium.     EUR/USD – retreated from the 1.1275 area which is 61.8% retracement of the 1.2350/0.9535 down move, with the next key support at the 1.0980 level.  Currently have resistance at the 1.1120 area.   GBP/USD – appears to have found a base at 1.2795/00, breaking a run of 7 daily losses. While above the 50-day SMA the uptrend from the March lows remains intact with the next resistance at the 1.3020 area.     EUR/GBP – last week's failure at the 0.8700 area has seen the euro slip back, with the risk that we could revisit the recent lows at 0.8500/10.   USD/JPY – the rebound from the 200-day SMA at 137.20, appears to have run out of steam at the 142.00 area, however the bias remains for a move lower while below the recent highs of 145.00.   FTSE100 is expected to open 10 points lower at 7,681   DAX is expected to open 25 points higher at 16,236   CAC40 is expected to open 35 points lower at 7,380  
Euro-dollar Support Tested Amidst Rate Concerns and Labor Strikes

FX Analysis: Dollar Index Holds Above 200-DMA, EURUSD on Bearish Path, Energy Market Remains Uncertain, Nvidia Earnings Awaited

Ipek Ozkardeskaya Ipek Ozkardeskaya 23.08.2023 10:08
In the FX  The dollar index remains bid above its 200-DMA – though we see a slowing positive trend, and weakening trend and momentum indicators. While I believe that there is room for further USD recovery, we could well see a temporary downside correction in the next few days, depending on what Powell will say, and how the markets will react. The EURUSD is still on a decidedly bearish path. Trend and momentum indicators remain comfortably bearish, and the pair is not yet at the oversold market conditions; the actual selloff could extend toward the 200-DMA, near the 1.08 mark. The USDJPY is steady a touch above the 145 mark, as the possibility of a direct FX intervention holds many traders back from topping up their short yen positions. Cable on the other hand sees resistance at its 50-DMA, a touch below the 1.28 mark.  In energy, the US crude remains close to the $80pb psychological mark, lacking a clear short-term direction. Therefore, this week's US inventories report could help traders decide whether they want to play the slow China demand rhetoric or continue backing the supply tightness narrative. In both cases, we shall see range-bound trading within the $75/85 range, including the 200-DMA and the August peak.     Nvidia goes to the earnings confessional!  Today, all eyes are on Nvidia earnings due after the closing bell. Investors will focus on whether Nvidia's Q2 sales meet the $11bn estimate. Anything less than absolutely fantastic could trigger a sharp downside correction in Nvidia's stock price which rallied 345% since the October dip.      
Asia Morning Bites: Key Comments from Bank of Japan and Upcoming Global Economic Data

EUR/USD Currency Pair Analysis: Dominant Trend, Rate Hikes, and Monetary Policy Outlook

InstaForex Analysis InstaForex Analysis 23.08.2023 13:09
  Yesterday, the EUR/USD currency pair rose to its moving average line but almost immediately rebounded and began a stronger decline. This decline eloquently demonstrated who currently dominates the market. Traders shouldn't be misled by the movement toward and potentially beyond the moving average – this line is close to the price (due to low volatility) and can touch it almost daily. However, as we can see, the first attempt to rise above the moving average failed. Importantly, this cannot be blamed on strong macroeconomic data for the dollar or the fundamental backdrop. Technically, nothing has changed. The pair updated its local minimum yesterday, meaning the downward trend remains.   Thus, expecting the European currency to fall is the most logical under the current circumstances. As we have repeatedly stated, there have been no reasons for the euro to grow for a long time. The ECB increasingly signals a potential pause in tightening, and some experts do not anticipate more than one rate hike in 2023. This means the ECB rate will remain much lower than the Federal Reserve. Demand for the dollar will increase since, at present, one can earn much more from bank deposits and treasury bonds in the US than from similar instruments in the European Union. Additionally, inflation in the EU is higher, while it has already dropped to 3.2% in the US. Besides, it should be noted that the Federal Reserve can also raise its rate again.   It has far better opportunities for tightening than the European Union. However, we mentioned several months ago that the ECB is constrained in its monetary moves as it needs to consider the interests of all 27 member countries, some of which are economically weak and cannot withstand overly strict monetary policies. Lagarde is unlikely to protect the euro from falling. At this time, the macroeconomic background is irrelevant. It might lift the euro, but we advocate continuing the pair's decline. On Friday, speeches from Christine Lagarde and Jerome Powell are scheduled. If we are mistaken in our assessment of rate changes in the US and EU, the chairpersons of both central banks can convey the true information to the market. However, the symposium in Jackson Hole is not where Lagarde and Powell will be candid and make sensational announcements. However, a few hints might suffice for the market. The Fed's position is now even less critical than the ECB. If the Fed's rate doesn't increase in September, it will in November. On the other hand, if the ECB pauses in September, it will find itself in a much less favorable position since its rate is significantly lower than the Fed. Hence, ultra-hawkish rhetoric is required from Lagarde for the European currency to start growing again. On the 24-hour TF (Time Frame), the price has settled below the Ichimoku cloud, but this isn't the case. We are looking at the Senkou Span B line at the 1.0862 level, and there needs to be a clear and confident consolidation below this level. Nonetheless, we also didn't witness a strong upward recoil after this level was tested, meaning the quote decline might continue at a moderate pace.     The average volatility of the EUR/USD currency pair over the last five trading days as of August 23 is 64 points and is characterized as "average." Consequently, we expect the pair to move between the levels of 1.0794 and 1.0922 on Wednesday. A reversal of the Heiken Ashi indicator upwards will indicate a new upward correction phase. Near Support Levels: S1 – 1.0803 S2 – 1.0742 S3 – 1.0681   Near Resistance Levels: R1 – 1.0864 R2 – 1.0925 R3 – 1.0986   Trading Recommendations: The EUR/USD pair currently maintains a downward trend. For now, staying in short positions with targets at 1.0803 and 1.0794 is advisable until the Heiken Ashi indicator turns upwards. Long positions can be considered if the price consolidates above the moving average, with targets at 1.0986 and 1.1047.   Illustration Explanations: Linear regression channels help determine the current trend. The current trend is strong if both are pointing in the same direction. Moving average line (settings 20.0, smoothed) determines the short-term trend and the direction in which trading should proceed. Murray levels are target levels for movements and corrections. Volatility levels (red lines) are the probable price channel in which the pair will operate over the next day, based on current volatility indicators. CCI Indicator – Its entry into the oversold area (below -250) or the overbought area (above +250) indicates an impending trend reversal in the opposite direction.  
Persistent Stagnation: German Economy Confirms Second Quarter Contraction

Analyzing Powell's Jackson Hole Speech and Lagarde's ECB Insights: Market Insights by Michael Hewson

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 25.08.2023 09:07
All ears on Powell and Lagarde at Jackson Hole today   By Michael Hewson (Chief Market Analyst at CMC Markets UK)     After an initially positive start to the day yesterday, only the FTSE100 managed to eke out any sort of gains, after a rebound in yields and the fading of the Nvidia sugar rush saw European markets slip into negative territory.   US markets, having started very much in a positive vein with the Nasdaq 100 leading the way higher, also turned tail as bond yields pushed higher, along with the US dollar, finishing the day sharply lower. As we look towards today's European open, the rise in yields and weak finish in the US, as well as weakness in Asia this morning, is set to see European markets open lower this morning. Much of the narrative for this month was supposed to be centred around what Fed chair Jay Powell would likely say at Jackson Hole today with respect to the prospect of another pause in the rate hiking cycle when the FOMC meets next month.   This week's poor economic data out of Germany and France has shifted the spotlight a touch when it comes to central bank policy towards the European Central Bank and Christine Lagarde's speech, at 8pm tonight, after Powell who is due to speak at 3:05pm.   While this year's Symposium is titled "Structural Shifts in the Global Economy" it won't be just Jay Powell whose words will be closely scrutinised for clues about rate pauses next month it will also be the Bank of England and the Bank of Japan where markets will be looking for important insights into the risks facing central banks in terms of the risks in over tightening monetary policy at a time when the challenges facing the global economy are numerous.   This week's PMIs have highlighted the challenges quite clearly to the point that it appears the ECB may well also look at a rate pause next month, alongside the Federal Reserve, although the reasons for an ECB pause are less about inflation falling back to target, than they are about a tanking economy.   The latest German PMIs suggest the prospect of another quarter of contraction in Q3, while the Bank of England has a similar problem, although the bar for a pause next month is slightly higher given how much higher UK CPI is relative to its peers.   Before we hear from ECB President Christine Lagarde, Powell will set the scene just after US markets open, and his tone is likely to be slightly less hawkish than he was a year ago.  When Powell spoke last year, he made it plain that there was more pain ahead for US households and that this wouldn't deter the central bank in acting to bring down inflation, even if it meant pushing unemployment up. While Powell is unlikely to be anywhere near as hawkish, as he was last year, he won't want to declare victory either. As we already know from recent comments from various Fed officials it is clear the Fed believes the fight against inflation is far from over, and in that context it's unlikely he will deliver any dovish surprises.   This belief of a slightly hawkish Powell is likely to have been behind yesterday's sharp declines in US markets, which were driven by rising yields as investors continued to price in higher rates for longer. Not even a set of blow-out earnings from Nvidia was enough to keep markets in the black, with the shares opening at a new record high above $500, before sliding back to finish on the lows of the day, closing unchanged. The inability to hold onto any of the early gains suggests that the recent enthusiasm for this $1trn chipmaker may be due a pause. While investors will be focussing on Powell, the focus today returns to the German economy and in the wake of this week's poor PMIs we'll be getting the latest snapshot of the business sentiment in Europe's largest, but also sickest economy, as well as the final reading of Q2 GDP.   The most recent German IFO business climate survey showed sentiment falling to its lowest level since October last year in July at 87.3 and is expected to slow further to 86.8. Expectations also slipped back to 83.5 suggesting the economy could remain in recession in Q3.   Any thoughts that we might see an improvement in August are likely to have been dealt a blow by the sharp rise in oil prices seen in the last few weeks, as well as this week's PMIs. With recent economic data out of China also suggesting a struggling economy, German exporters are likely to continue to find life difficult.        EUR/USD – sinking below the 200-day SMA at 1.0800 with support just below that at trend line support from the March lows at 1.0750. Still feelsrange bound with resistance at the 1.1030 area.   GBP/USD – slipped below the 1.2600 area which could well open up a move towards 1.2400 and the 200-day SMA.  We still have resistance at the 1.2800 area and 50-day SMA.       EUR/GBP – the rebound off this week's 11-month low at 0.8490 looks set to retest the 0.8600 area. We also have resistance at the 0.8620/30 area.   USD/JPY – rebounded off the 144.50 area with resistance at the highs this week at the 146.50 area, with resistance also at 147.50.   FTSE100 is expected to open 5 points lower at 7,328   DAX is expected to open 39 points lower at 15,582   CAC40 is expected to open 16 points lower at 7,198    
FX Daily: Lagarde and Powell Address Jackson Hole – Hawkish Expectations and Eurozone Concerns

FX Daily: Lagarde and Powell Address Jackson Hole – Hawkish Expectations and Eurozone Concerns

ING Economics ING Economics 25.08.2023 09:27
FX Daily: Lagarde faces a harder test than Powell The world’s two most prominent central bankers are both speaking at Jackson Hole today. The dollar has strengthened into the risk event and we think a hawkish tone by Powell is now largely priced in. Lagarde has to deal with a worsening economic outlook in the eurozone, but we suspect she will stick to data dependency and a hawkish tone. EUR/USD can rebound.   USD: Powell hawkishness looks largely in the price Some Fed speakers laid the groundwork for today’s keynote speech by Fed Chair Jerome Powell at the Jackson Hole Symposium. This bulk of Fedspeak comes after a rather quiet summer in central bank communication. A couple of standouts from yesterday’s remarks: Patrick Harker (2023 voter) leaned on the dovish side and said that the Fed has “probably done enough” on policy tightening. Susan Collins (non-voter) also suggested the Fed may have to hold for some time but refrained from signalling where the peak is. We also heard from former Saint Louis Fed President James Bullard, who stuck to his usual hawkish rhetoric. Bullard’s successor is still to be named, but the St. Louis seat is not going to be voted for until 2025, so the impact shouldn’t be imminent. So, what’s on the agenda for Powell today? Arguably, the backdrop has not changed dramatically since the FOMC rate announcement a month ago. The disinflation process has progressed in line with expectations, while key activity indicators have continued to prove resilient. Surely, the rather substantial revision in payrolls suggests a less rosy picture for employment than originally indicated, but we doubt that could be enough to trigger a change in the overall policy communication. Powell will once again have to deal with his own Committee’s projections that see rates being raised one last time this year: he will probably reiterate the Fed is open to such a possibility and retains a data-dependent approach. Markets will hardly be surprised by that, or by any restatement that rate cuts are still a long way out. The recent rise in US rates is surely complementing the monetary-policy-induced tightening of financial conditions, but given the stabilisation in the bond market following the July-August big sell-offs, we don’t think Powell will be overly concerned about prompting fresh UST weakness. The recent firmness in the dollar probably factors in some of the markets’ expectations for a hawkish tone by Powell, so we don’t expect another USD rally today. Christine Lagarde’s speech may have a greater impact on the euro (as discussed below) and cause a DXY correction.
Tokyo Core CPI Falls Short at 2.8%, Powell and Ueda Address Jackson Hole Symposium, USD/JPY Sees Modest Gains

Tokyo Core CPI Falls Short at 2.8%, Powell and Ueda Address Jackson Hole Symposium, USD/JPY Sees Modest Gains

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 28.08.2023 09:22
Tokyo Core CPI gains 2.8%, less than expected Powell and Ueda to speak at Jackson Hole symposium USD/JPY has posted small gains on Friday, enough to push above the symbolic 146 line. On the data calendar, Tokyo Core CPI dipped lower and Fed Chair Powell addresses the Jackson Hole Symposium later today.   Tokyo Core CPI eases to 2.8% Japan released the Tokyo Core CPI earlier today. This is the first inflation release of the month, making it a key event. In August, Tokyo Core CPI rose 2.8% y/y, down from 3.0% in July and just under the consensus estimate of 2.9%. Despite the drop in inflation, the indicator has remained above the Bank of Japan’s 2% target for some fifteen months. Earlier in the month, the so-called “core-core index”, which excludes fresh food and energy, remained at 4.0%. This points to broad inflationary pressure and raises questions about the BoJ’s insistence that inflation is transient. The BoJ has said it will not exit its ultra-loose monetary policy until wage growth rises enough to keep inflation sustainable around 2%. Still, the markets have been burned before by the BoJ making unexpected moves and are on guard for the BoJ tightening policy, especially with the yen at very low levels. The markets are keeping a close eye on the Jackson Hole symposium, with Fed Chair Powell and BoJ Governor Ueda both attending. Powell delivers a key speech on Friday and Ueda will participate in a panel discussion on Saturday. If either one provides insights into future rate policy, it could mean some volatility from USD/JPY on Monday. What does the Fed have planned? That depends on which Fed member is addressing the media. Philadelphia Fed President Patrick Harker said on Thursday that he didn’t see a need to raise rates further, absent any unexpectedly poor data, but added that the Fed wouldn’t be lowering rates anytime soon.  However, Boston Fed President Susan Collins said that rate increases might still be necessary. The Fed is likely to pause at the September meeting, but what happens after that is unclear.       USD/JPY Technical USD/JPY is facing resistance at 146.41, followed by 147.44 There is support at 145.54 and 144.51  
Declining Bank Lending and Negative Money Growth Raise Concerns for Eurozone Economy

Euro Slides Below 1.08 Mark for First Time Since June, Fed's Harker Suggests Peak in Interest Rates

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 28.08.2023 09:24
Euro falls below 1.08 for first time since June Fed’s Harker says interest rates may have peaked The euro has extended its losses for a second straight day. In the European session, EUR/USD is trading at 1.0785, down 0.23% and falling below the 1.08 line for the first time since June. Later today, Germany’s Business Climate is expected to ease for a fourth straight month. It has been a nasty slide for the euro, which has been unable to find its footing and has plunged a staggering 500 points over the past six weeks. EUR/USD is down 0.80% this week, in large part due to soft eurozone manufacturing and services PMI readings on Wednesday. The eurozone economy has been damaged by the war in Ukraine and Germany, known as the locomotive of Europe, is in trouble as well. The deterioration of China’s economy is more bad news for the eurozone’s export sector. The ECB’s rate-tightening cycle, aimed at curbing high inflation, has also dampened economic activity. Lagarde & Co. have a tricky task in charting out a rate path. If rates remain too low, inflation will remain well above the 2% target. However, too much tightening raises the risk of tipping the weak eurozone economy into a recession. Lagarde has a difficult decision to make and the markets are uncertain as well – ECB rate odds for the September meeting are around 50-50 between a hike or a pause. Harker says Fed could be done Investors are anxiously awaiting Jerome Powell’s speech at Jackson Hole later today. Meanwhile, Philadelphia Federal Reserve Harker made headlines on Thursday when he said that the Fed may have reached the end of its current rate-tightening cycle. Harker said that he didn’t see a need to raise rates further “absent any alarming new data between now and mid-September”.   At the same time, Harker stressed that he expected rates to remain at high levels for “a while” and ruled out rate cuts anytime soon. This was a pointed message to the markets not to assume that rate cuts are just around the corner.  I expect Fed Chair Powell to be even more cautious in today’s speech, perhaps with a reminder that inflation remains above target and that the door is still open to further tightening.   EUR/USD Technical There is resistance at 1.0893 and 1.0940 EUR/USD has support at 1.0825 and 1.0778    
Fed's Watchful Eye on Inflation Expectations Amid Rising Energy Prices

Fed's Watchful Eye on Inflation Expectations Amid Rising Energy Prices

FXMAG Team FXMAG Team 14.09.2023 09:05
Fed to focus on core, but sustained higher energy prices could jeopardize inflation expectations: A jump in gasoline prices over August should drive headline CPI to its highest m/m print since June 2022’s blowout 1.2% gain. Given our house forecast for WTI oil at USD77/barrel by year-end and USD81/barrel by end-2024, we do not envisage significant further upside in gasoline prices. That said, Fed officials will keep close watch on inflation expectations amid energy- and gasoline-price increases. As Powell has stated in the past, as long as inflation remains high, price expectations remain at risk. At the moment, medium- and longer-run inflation expectations have generally stayed anchored, albeit at the upper ends of their recent ranges.   Risks tilted to upside on less scope for “revenge spending” price declines: Of 61 forecasts for August CPI, 45 economists expect a core print of 0.2% m/m, versus 14 at 0.3% and 1 each for 0.1% and 0.4%. We agree that the risks to the core forecast likely tilt to the upside – indeed, our core CPI forecast on an unrounded basis stands at 0.24% m/m. The skew of risks in our view comes by virtue of less scope for downside from several “revenge spending” categories that comprise non-housing services. For example, we think it is unlikely that airfares will post a third consecutive 8% m/m decline, particularly with jet fuel prices increasing for the month (indeed, we pencil in a small rise here)  
EUR/USD Rejected at 1.1000: Anticipating Rangebound Trading and Assessing ECB Dovish Bets

US Dollar Rises as Bond Market Ignites: A Look at Dollar's Resurgence

ING Economics ING Economics 10.11.2023 10:03
FX Daily: Bond bears give new energy to the dollar A very soft 30-year Treasury auction and hawkish comments by Powell triggered a rebound in US yields and the dollar yesterday. Dynamics in the rates market will remain key while awaiting market-moving US data. In the UK, growth numbers in line with expectations, while in Norway, inflation surprised to the upside. USD: Auction and Powell trigger dollar rebound The dollar chased the spike in US yields yesterday following a big tailing in the 30-year Treasury auction and hawkish comments by Fed Chair Jerome Powell. Speaking at the IMF conference, Powell warned against reading too much into the softer inflation figures and cautioned that the inflation battle remains long, with another hike still possible. If we look at the Fed Funds future curve, it is clear that markets remain highly doubtful another hike will be delivered at all, but Powell’s remarks probably represent the culmination of a pushback against the recent dovish repricing. Remember that in last week’s FOMC announcement, the admission that financial conditions had tightened came with the caveat that the impact on the economy and inflation would have depended on how long rates would have been kept elevated. The hawkish rhetoric pushed by Powell suggests that the Fed still prefers higher Treasury yields doing the tightening rather than hiking again, and that is exactly what markets are interpreting. The soft auction for long-dated Treasuries also signals the post-NFP correction in rates may well have been overdone and could set a new floor for yields unless data point to a worsening US outlook. Today’s highlights in the US calendar are the University of Michigan surveys. Particular focus will be on the 1-year inflation gauge, which is expected to fall from 4.2% to 4.0%. On the Fed side, we’ll hear from Lorie Logan, Raphael Bostic and Mary Daly. Dynamics across the US yield curve will have a big say in whether the dollar can hold on to its new gains. Anyway, we had called for a recovery in DXY to 106.00 as the Fed would have likely pushed back against the dovish repricing. The rebound in yields should put a floor under the dollar, but we suspect some reassurances from the data side will be needed for another big jump in the greenback.
Crude Oil Eyes 200-DMA Amidst Positive Growth Signals and Inflation Concerns

Treading Cautiously: Markets Await Today's Core PCE Data for Fed Insight

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 26.01.2024 14:13
Today's core PCE the next key signpost ahead of next weeks Fed meeting By Michael Hewson (Chief Market Analyst at CMC Markets UK)   European markets managed to eke out a small gain yesterday after the ECB kept rates unchanged but left the door ajar to the prospect of a rate cut before the summer. ECB President Christine Lagarde did push back strongly on speculation that policymakers had discussed anything like that insisting that such talk was premature, echoing her comments made earlier this month. It was noteworthy however that the possibility of a cut before June wasn't ruled out completely, and it was that markets reacted to yesterday as yields declined sharply, which does keep the prospect of an earlier move on the table given how poor this week's economic data has been.   US markets also managed to finish the day higher with the S&P500 and Nasdaq 100 putting in new record closes, after US Q4 GDP came in well above expectations at 3.3%. The core PCE price index also remained steady at 2% for the second quarter in succession, and in line with the Federal Reserve's inflation target, thus keeping faint hopes of a US rate cut in March alive. It also places much greater importance on today's December core PCE deflator inflation numbers which aren't expected to vary much from what we saw in the November numbers. At the moment markets seem convinced that the Fed might spring a surprise in March and slip in an early rate cut if inflation shows further signs of slowing. That might make sense if the US economy was struggling but this week's economic numbers clearly suggest it isn't, and if anything is still growing at a decent clip. There is a danger that in cutting rates in March they drive market expectations of further cuts into overdrive, something they have been keen to push back on with recent commentary.   In any case with the Federal Reserve due to meet next week markets are continuing to try and finesses the timing of when the first rate cut is likely to occur, after Powell's surprisingly dovish shift when the central bank last met just before Christmas. That means today PCE numbers are likely to be a key waypoint for markets and the central bank, after the PCE core deflator slowed to 3.2% in November, slipping from 3.4% in October, and the lowest level since April 2021. A further slowdown to 3% or even lower, which appears to be the consensus could see markets continue to build on the prospect of a rate cut in March, which took hold back in December. The bigger concern for some Fed officials is that headline CPI appears to be ticking higher again, which may make the last yards to 2% much trickier. This will be the Fed's key concern over an early cut as it could reignite the inflationary pressures that have taken so long to get under control. This caution would suggest that March is too early for a US rate cut, and that the market is getting ahead of itself, with policymakers also likely to pay attention to consumer demand. This means personal spending is also likely to be a key indicator for the FOMC and here we are expecting to see a pickup to 0.5% from 0.2%. With the US consumer still looking resilient the Fed is likely to be extra cautious if inflation starts ticking higher again as it already has with headline CPI.   It was also interesting to note that while yields fell sharply yesterday, the US dollar didn't, it actually finished the day higher and well off the lows of the week.       EUR/USD – slipped back towards the 200-day SMA at 1.0820/30 yesterday, with a break below 1.0800 targeting a potential move towards 1.0720. Resistance at the highs this week at 1.0930 and behind that at 1.1000.  GBP/USD – while the pound has struggled to push higher this week, we've managed to consistently hold above the support at the 50-day SMA as well as the 1.2590 area. We need to get above 1.2800 to maintain upside momentum. EUR/GBP – finally slipped to support at the 0.8520 area, which needs to hold to prevent a move towards the August lows at 0.8490. Resistance at the 0.8620/25 area and the highs last week. USD/JPY – currently finding resistance at the 148.80 area which has held over the last week or so which could see a move back towards the 146.25 area. A fall through 146.00 could delay a move towards 150 and argue for a move towards 144.00. FTSE100 is expected to open 30 points higher at 7,559 DAX is expected to open 50 points lower at 16,857 CAC40 is expected to open 28 points higher at 7,492.

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