monetary policy

The National Bank of Hungary repeated its “whatever it takes” stance at its last rate setting meeting in 2022. Moreover, it added a bit more hawkish flavour to its forward guidance, possibly due to the upgraded 2023 inflation outlook. The reinforced hawkishness might help EUR/HUF to visit sub-400 area in 2023 The National Bank of Hungary in Budapest "Whatever it takes" stance remains with a hawkish twist The National Bank of Hungary decided to maintain the monetary setup as it is when it gathered for the last time in 2022. This means no change in the regular overnight deposit rate at 12.50%, the base rate at 13% and the overnight repo rate at 25%. According to the Monetary Council’s assessment, maintaining the current level of the base rate for a prolonged period is consistent with the achievement of the price stability objective over the monetary policy horizon. Although the policy setup behind the central bank’s “whatever it t

UK inflation reaches 30 year high

UK inflation reaches 30 year high

Walid Koudmani Walid Koudmani 19.01.2022 12:08
While the government and Bank of England have attempted to deal with the rise in prices and creeping inflation, today's figures continue to show that the path forward may be longer than expected. While a slight adjustment in monetary policy may contribute, today’s data showed the highest level in 30 years as the economy is still recovering from the pandemic and could take a significant amount of time to return to normal levels. Ultimately, this situation continues to impact everyday consumers who may see some very noticeable changes to their lifestyle and expenses if the ongoing trend continues. Crypto markets retreat as investors worry about increased regulation and central bank decisions Crypto markets along with other traditional risk assets continue to feel the pressure of incoming fiscal and monetary policy changes from central banks which is due to remove some of the excess liquidity from markets after the unprecedented support received by them, However, crypto is currently dealing a wide variety of negative news and potential increases in regulations which have contributed to the recent pullback across assets as Ethereum continues to hover above the key $3000 psychological level. While fundamental factors may have changed slightly, the second biggest coin is trading at the lowest level in several months and as traders await a catalyst, the situation remains potentially quite volatile. Activision Blizzard acquisition by Microsoft could be a game changer This $68,7 Billion deal could prove to be a turning point for Activision Blizzard, who has seen its share price drop more than 44% in the last year on the back of disappointing results and a number of corporate as well as internal issues. Microsoft announced it will be offering as many Activision Blizzard games as possible within Xbox Game Pass and PC Game Pass, which just reached 25 million subscribers, and might provide the much needed boost in player base. Furthermore, a more direct input in general operations decisions could aim to rectify decisional issues and bring a more united direction for the company moving forward. Investors already reacted to this news favourably with Activision Blizzard stock price gaining over 30% on Tuesday while Sony stock actually fell as shareholders consider the risks associated with this acquisition.  
Gold: Technical Analysis, Fundamental Analysis, Macro Influences - The Latest "As Good As Gold" Is Here!

Russian Bear and Inflationary Hydra Sent Gold to $1,840

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 20.01.2022 17:24
  Gold soared as investors got scared by reports of an allegedly impending military conflict. Was it worth reacting sharply to geopolitical factors? Gold has been performing quite nicely in January. As the chart below shows, its price increased from $1,806 at the end of December to around $1,820 this week, strengthening its position above $1,800. Yesterday (January 19, 2022), gold prices went sharply higher, jumping above $1,840, as one can see in the chart below. What happened? Investors got scared of the Russian bear and inflationary hydra. President Biden predicted that Russia would move into Ukraine. The threat of invasion and renewal of a conflict weakened risk appetite among investors. To complete the geopolitical picture, this week, North Korea fired missiles again (on Monday, the country conducted its fourth missile test of the year), while terrorists attacked the United Arab Emirates with drones. The heightened risk aversion could spur some demand for safe-haven assets such as gold. The yellow metal tends to benefit from greater uncertainty. However, investors should remember that geopolitical risks usually cause only a short-lived reaction. Investors also recalled the ongoing global inflationary crisis. Some news helped them wake up. In the U.K., inflation surged 5.4% in December, the highest since March 1992. Meanwhile, in Canada, inflation jumped 4.8%, also the fastest pace in 30 years. Additionally, crude oil prices have jumped to around $86.5 per barrel, the highest value since 2014, as the chart below shows. The timing couldn’t be worse, as inflation is already elevated, while higher oil implies higher CPI in the future. Gold should, therefore, welcome the rise in oil prices. On the other hand, it could prompt the Fed to react more forcefully and aggressively to tighten its monetary policy.   Implications for Gold What does the recent mini-rally imply for the gold market? Well, it’s never a good idea to draw far-reaching conclusions from short-term moves, especially those caused by geopolitical factors. Risk-offs and risk-on sentiments come and go. However, let’s do justice to gold. It hit a two-months high, more and more boldly settling in above $1,800. All this happened despite rising bond yields. As the chart below shows, the long-term real interest rates have increased from about -1.0% at the end of 2021 to about -0.6%. Gold’s resilience in the face of rising interest rates is praiseworthy. Having said that, investors shouldn’t forget that 2022 will be a year of the Fed’s tightening cycle, rising interest rates, and also a certain moderation in inflation. All these factors could be important headwinds for gold this year. However, investors may underestimate how the Fed’s monetary policy will impact market conditions. After all, the Fed’s hawkish stance also entails some risks for the financial markets and the overall economy. Practically, each tightening cycle in the past has led to an economic crisis. As a reminder, after four hikes in 2018, the Fed had to reverse its stance and cut them in 2019. The Fed signaled not only a few hikes this year, but also a reduction of its balance sheet. Given the enormous indebtedness of the economy and Wall Street’s addiction to easy money, it might be too much to swallow. Importantly, when the Fed is focused on fighting inflation, its ability to help the markets will be limited. I thought that such worries would arise later this year, supporting gold, but maybe the gold market has already started to price in the possibility of economic turbulence triggered by the Fed’s tightening cycle. Anyway, next week, the FOMC will gather for the first time in 2022, and it could be an important, insightful event for the gold market. Stay tuned! If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
NASDAQ: NFLX Stock Price Decreased, Crypto Market Changed

NASDAQ: NFLX Stock Price Decreased, Crypto Market Changed

Walid Koudmani Walid Koudmani 21.01.2022 12:35
Yesterday’s Q4 earnings report from Netflix was seen as a major disappointment with forecasts pointing to weaker subscriber growth amid rising competition, particularly when compared to the first part of 2021. While the company referred to increased competition as a major cause of this uncertainty, rising prices of plans may also be deterring some customers who now have access to a wide range of streaming services including Disney+ and HBO Max. The company’s stock dropped around 20% in after hours trading and could be set to begin today's trading in the $400 area - the lowest level since May 2020. Despite there being a general risk-off mood in markets, which has seen many other stocks also retreat, it remains to be seen if Netflix will manage to rebound or if it will continue heading lower. Crypto markets tank as risk-off moods dominate While it may appear that the crypto market has taken a big hit today, with the majority of top 100 coins down by around 10%, it is important to note that the general sentiment across markets is quite negative when relating to risk assets. This is in part due to the increasing prospects of fiscal and monetary policy changes from central banks, in particular the FED, which would remove a significant amount of liquidity from the market and that ultimately could lead to a significant fund reallocation. Furthermore, while we have seen major cryptos like Ethereum and Bitcoin drop below key levels like $3000 and $40,000, and reach the lowest level in several months they are both testing key support areas which previously preceded significant upward moves. While the global situation may be slightly different, it is worth keeping in mind that recent negative performance is not limited to the cryptocurrency market but is being seen across many different types of asset classes, albeit on a somewhat smaller scale. UK Retails sales decline and worry investors The 3,7% decline in retail sales illustrated by today’s report continues to indicate rising prices and economic uncertainty as some of the key reasons for the slowing down of sales. Despite Non-food stores sales falling noticeably in December, food store sales managed to only drop by 1% and retail sales as a whole were able to remain above pre pandemic levels. As the situation grows more uncertain and as inflation continues to be a key factor, it remains unclear whether central banks and governments will decide to take action or if they will wait and see if things improve naturally.
Price of Gold Chart seems to Feel Good Despite The General Investors' Situation

Price of Gold Chart seems to Feel Good Despite The General Investors' Situation

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 25.01.2022 08:59
Gold is trading near $1840, adding 3.2% from the Jan 7 lows, as a hedge against increased financial market volatility. By comparison, the S&P500 has experienced its worst start to a year in history, losing more than 12% in that time in response to the harsh tone of US monetary policy comments. At a point like this, we often see a divergence in the dynamics of gold and equities, which revives talk of a safe haven. However, investors should not forget that increased equity market volatility, if it lasts long enough, at some point triggers a capitulation of gold buyers. The critical question for investors now is when there is a switch between a favourable decline for gold and a real fear triggering a circular sell-off in all assets. We are looking at the performance of the yen and the franc. Both currencies are relatively protected from geopolitical risks on the Eurozone sidelines. So far, these currencies have moderately slid against the dollar, which suggests that we have not yet reached the point of reducing leverage. This means that a relatively positive background also remains for gold, which allows us to talk about a continuation of the positive trend of the last two months for the time being. The next central resistance area looks at $1870-1905, between the last two peaks. Among other factors, gold may be hampered by further declines in the stock indices if yesterday's bounce attempt does not materialize today. A move above $1900 would signal the end of a long-term correction in gold and start a new momentum of growth above $2500, which would last for up to two years. The opposite is also true. A pullback under $1800 would end the long upside attempt and the long consolidation. The main near-term unknown is the outcome of Wednesday evening's Fed meeting. The central bank's statements and comments could determine the other trend of gold, supporting or, conversely, reversing the latest upside attempts.
(ADA) Cardano Price - ADA To USD Chart Shows It's a Little Above $1

(ADA) Cardano Price - ADA To USD Chart Shows It's a Little Above $1

FXStreet News FXStreet News 24.01.2022 16:12
Cardano's price action is slipping below the monthly S1 and crucial historical support. Once broken below this vital support, an area of 30% losses could be triggered. Expect bulls to await the FED meeting later this week before engaging in the market. Cardano (ADA) price action is not seeing the turn in sentiment that was expected with the start of a new trading week. Geopolitical talks are ramping up again this Monday regarding Russia, and investors are awaiting details of monetary tightening by the FED later this week, making investors an absent party in the cryptocurrency market for the first few days of the week. As $1.01 is under fire, expect a break below to open the next leg lower towards $0.69, shedding another 30% of the price value for the altcoin. Cardano price sees investors absent in the build up to the FED rate decision Cardano participants seem to be split in half, with only sellers and bears present in the market, while bulls and investors remain on the sideline. The biggest reasons for this are the political rhetoric on Russia that is ramping up again this morning after statements that NATO and the US would send in more military material and troops. Financial markets, meanwhile, are awaiting the outcome of the FED monetary policy meeting Wednesday. These two tail risks keep price action muted or further to the downside, with investors sidelined. ADA this morning is drilling down on the monthly S1 support level and the historical $1.01 level that goes back to March 05. Once this breaks, expect not much support to be present until $0.69 where the monthly S2 support level kicks in at around $0.75, but the most significant historical level is at $0.69 from February 06. Expect buyers to come in there as that would mean that ADA price action is back at 0% on a Year-To-Date (YTD) performance. ADA/USD daily chart As the FED holds the keys for a turn in sentiment short-term, expect a pop higher to unfold very quickly. A knee jerk reaction would wash out many short positions and bring price action quickly back towards $1.40, at the level of the monthly pivot and the green ascending trend line. Should the message from the FED by Wednesday be very dovish and in favour of risk-on sentiment, expect a possible test of $1.68 further to the upside for this week.
Will FOMC Moves Let Us Prepare Kind of Gold Price Prediction?

Will FOMC Moves Let Us Prepare Kind of Gold Price Prediction?

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 25.01.2022 16:28
  The World Gold Council believes that gold may face similar dynamics in 2022 to those of last year. Well, I’m not so sure about it. Have you ever had the feeling that all of this has already happened and you are in a time loop, repeating Groundhog Day? I have. For instance, I’m pretty sure that I have already written the Fundamental Gold Report with a reference to pop-culture before… Anyway, I’m asking you this, because the World Gold Council warns us against the whole groundhog year for the gold market. In its “Gold Outlook 2022,” the gold industry organization writes that “gold may face similar dynamics in 2022 to those of last year.” The reason is that in 2021, gold was under the influence of two competing forces. These factors were the increasing interest rates and rising inflation, especially strong in operation in the second half of the year, which resulted in the sideways trend in the gold market, as the chart below shows. The WGC sees a similar tug of war in 2022: the hikes in the federal funds rate could create downward pressure for gold, but at the same time, elevated inflation will likely create a tailwind for gold. The WGC acknowledges that the ongoing tightening of monetary policy can be an important headwind for gold. However, it notes two important caveats. First, the Fed has a clear dovish bias and often overpromises when it comes to hawkish actions. For example, in the previous tightening cycle, “the Fed has tended not to tighten monetary policy as aggressively as members of the committee had initially expected.” Second, financial market expectations are more important for gold prices than actual events. As a result, “gold has historically underperformed in the months leading up to a Fed tightening cycle, only to significantly outperform in the months following the first rate hike.” I totally agree. I emphasized many times the Fed’s dovish bias and that the actual interest rate hikes could be actually better for gold than their prospects. After all, gold bottomed out in December 2015, when the Fed raised interest rates for the first time since the Great Recession. I also concur with the WGC that inflation may linger this year. Expectations that inflation will quickly dissipate are clearly too optimistic. As China is trying right now to contain the spread of the Omicron variant of the coronavirus, supply chain disruptions may worsen, contributing to elevated inflation. However, although I expect inflation to remain high, I believe that it will cool down in 2022. If so, the real interest rates are likely to increase, creating a downward pressure on gold prices. I also believe that the WGC is too optimistic when it comes to the real interest rates and their impact on the yellow metal. According to the report, despite the rate hikes, the real interest rates will stay low from a historical perspective, supporting gold prices. Although true, investors should remember that changes in economic variables are usually more important than their levels. Hence, the rebound in interest rates may still be harmful for the precious metals.   Implications for Gold What should be expected for gold in 2022? Will this year be similar to 2021? Well, just like last year, gold will find itself caught between a hawkish Fed and high inflation. Hence, some similarities are possible. However, in reality, we are not in a time loop and don’t have to report on Groundhog Day (phew, what a relief!). The arrow of time continues its inexorable movement into the future. Thus, market conditions evolve and history never repeats itself, but only rhymes. Thus, I bet that 2022 will be different than 2021 for gold, and we will see more volatility this year. In our particular situation, the mere expectations of a more hawkish Fed are evolving into actual actions. This is good news for the gold market, although the likely peak in inflation and normalization of real interest rates could be an important headwind for gold this year. Tomorrow, we will get to know the FOMC’s first decision on monetary policy this year, which could shake the gold market but also provide more clues for the future. Stay tuned! If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
Polkadot (DOT) Explained - A Pinch Of Origins And History

Polkadot Price +2.3%, LUNA Price -7.4%, ETH Price 1.1% and BTC -0.6%

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 26.01.2022 09:33
Bitcoin decreased 0.6% on Tuesday, ending the day around $36,600 while Ethereum lost 1.1%. Other leading altcoins from the top ten showed mixed dynamics: from a 7.4% decline of Terra to a 2.3% rise of Polkadot. According to CoinGecko, the total capitalization of the crypto market sank 1.1% to $1.74 trillion over the past day. In total, the crypto market broke the recent days' decline after bitcoin hit lows of the last six months on Monday, dropping below $33,000. This was followed by a sharp rebound upwards to $37,500. The US market was the reason. Throughout January, stocks are falling in anticipation of the Fed's monetary policy tightening. The decline in risky assets also had a negative impact on bitcoin, which has already lost about 20% since the beginning of the month. A correlation between the benchmark cryptocurrency and Nasdaq has reached a new all-time high, according to Bloomberg. On Wednesday, all the attention will be riveted to the FOMC meeting. If the regulator tightens its rhetoric and announces the upcoming rate hike as early as March, all risky assets, including cryptocurrencies, could suffer significantly. Meanwhile, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has urged El Salvador to move away from bitcoin as a legal currency. MicroStrategy has stated that it would continue to buy BTC despite its decline in recent months. Its worth noting that a week ago, crypto funds recorded the first inflow of funds into their assets in the last six weeks.
Considering Portfolios In Times Of, Among Others, Inflation...

EUR To GBP and EURUSD Will Go Down If Dollar Strengthens?

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 26.01.2022 09:39
The US dollar has been gaining steadily against the developed countries' currencies since the beginning of the year. By the way, the yen was an exception: it has been adding 1.8% over the past 11 days after the stock market entered the turbulence zone due to a reassessment of the monetary policy outlook. According to historical data, the Fed often finds itself at the forefront of the monetary policy cycle. That is used to be translating into a stronger USD in the months before and after the first tightening. So the question is in what currency pairs it is most profitable to buy the dollar now. Among the developed and liquid currencies, three scenarios can be considered. The first way is to sell EURUSD. The euro is weaker than the dollar due to the ECB being on several steps behind the Fed. That means that the EU rates will remain lower for a longer period of time, and the balance of bond yields will be shifted towards the dollar. Given the pace the Fed intends to take in tightening monetary policy, this yield gap promises to widen further. Another way is to bet that monetary tightening is stressing the declining markets drag the pound down. We should keep in mind that the Bank of England has already approved its first tightening policy step, and in this case it's not far behind the Fed. At the same time, it's closely correlated with falling market indices. Need to mention that GBPUSD is still far from being oversold with a wide room for further decline. The third way is often more obvious. Traders may consider selling the currencies of developing countries, which are much more sensitive to the Fed monetary policy changes. However, EMs have been raising rates for almost a year, so selling them now is a bet on market volatility in the near term. For the longer perspective, higher interest rates promise to level out short-term gains. In this case, the dollar's down turn may be faster than in the euro.
Gold Plunged but Didn’t Knuckle Under to the Hawkish Fed

Gold Plunged but Didn’t Knuckle Under to the Hawkish Fed

Finance Press Release Finance Press Release 27.01.2022 14:17
The FOMC set the stage for a March interest rate hike, which was an aggressive signal. Gold got it and fell – but hasn't capitulated yet.The Battlecruiser Hawk is moving full steam ahead! The FOMC issued yesterday (January 26, 2022) its newest statement on monetary policy in which it strengthened its hawkish stance. First of all, the Fed admitted that it would start hiking interest rates “soon”:With inflation well above 2 percent and a strong labor market, the Committee expects it will soon be appropriate to raise the target range for the federal funds rate.Previously, the US central bank conditioned its tightening cycle on the situation in the labor market. The relevant part of the statement was as follows in December:With inflation having exceeded 2 percent for some time, the Committee expects it will be appropriate to maintain this target range until labor market conditions have reached levels consistent with the Committee's assessments of maximum employment.The alteration implies that, in the Fed’s view, the US economy has reached maximum employment and is ready to lift the federal funds rate. Indeed, Powell reaffirmed it, saying:There’s quite a bit of room to raise interests without threatening the labor market. This is by so many measures a historically tight labor market — record levels of job openings, quits, wages are moving up at the highest pace they have in decades.Powell also clarified the timing, stating that “the Committee is of the mind to raise the federal funds rate at the March meeting.” This is not completely unexpected, but does mark a significant hawkish change in the Fed’s communication, which is negative for gold.Second, the FOMC reaffirmed its plan, announced in December, to end quantitative easing in early March. It means that in February, the Fed will buy only $20 billion of Treasuries and $10 billion of agency mortgage-backed securities, instead of the $40 and $20 purchased in January:The Committee decided to continue to reduce the monthly pace of its net asset purchases, bringing them to an end in early March. Beginning in February, the Committee will increase its holdings of Treasury securities by at least $20 billion per month and of agency mortgage‑backed securities by at least $10 billion per month.Third, the FOMC is preparing for quantitative tightening. Together with the statement on monetary policy, it published “Principles for Reducing the Size of the Federal Reserve's Balance Sheet”. The Fed hasn’t yet determined the timing and pace of reducing the size of its mammoth balance sheet. However, we know that it will happen after the first hike in interest rates, so probably as soon as May or June. After all, as Powell admitted during his press conference, “the balance sheet is substantially larger than it needs to be (...). There’s a substantial amount of shrinkage in the balance sheet to be done.”Implications for GoldWhat does the recent FOMC statement imply for the gold market? The end of QE, the start of the hiking cycle, and then of QT – all packed within just a few months – is a big hawkish wave that could sink the gold bulls. The Fed hasn’t been so aggressive for years.Of course, maybe it’s just a great bluff, and the Fed will retreat to its traditional dovish stance soon when tightening monetary and financial conditions hit Wall Street and the real economy. However, with CPI inflation above 7%, mounting political pressure, and public outrage at costs of living, the US central bank has no choice but to tighten monetary policy, at least for the time being.It seems that gold got the message. The price of the yellow metal plunged more than $30 yesterday, as the chart below shows. Interestingly, gold started its decline before the statement was published, which may indicate more structural weakness. What is also disturbing is that gold was hit even though the FOMC statement came largely as expected.On the other hand, gold didn’t collapse, but it dropped only by thirty-some dollars, or about 1.6%. Given the importance and hawkishness of the FOMC meeting, it could have been worse. Yes, the hawkish message was expected, and some analysts even forecasted more aggressive actions, but gold clearly didn’t capitulate. Thus, there is hope (and turbulence in the stock market can also help here), although the upcoming weeks may be challenging for gold, which would have to deal with rising bond yields.If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today!Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
XRP (-0.9%), LUNA (-8.3%), ETH (-2.5%). Bitcoin decrased by 0.4%

XRP (-0.9%), LUNA (-8.3%), ETH (-2.5%). Bitcoin decrased by 0.4%

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 28.01.2022 09:07
On Thursday, Bitcoin lost 0.4%, ending the day around $36,200, and Ethereum fell 2.5%. The other leading altcoins in the top ten also mostly saw declines, from XRP down 0.9% to Terra with -8.3%. According to CoinGecko, the total capitalization of the crypto market sank by 2.3% per day, to $1.72 trillion. Bitcoin tried to strengthen on Thursday morning but began to decline in the American session along with US stock indices. The US stock market fell following the results of trading on Thursday, although it opened with growth. The high-tech Nasdaq suffered particularly heavy losses. Investors continue to withdraw from US stocks amid the expected tightening of the US Federal Reserve's monetary policy. The day before, the central bank, following its meeting, signalled that it would start raising interest rates in March, curtailing the entire stimulus program at the beginning of the month. In the future, the regulator will begin to reduce the Fed's balance sheet. In such circumstances, investors will continue to reduce their positions on risky assets, and Cryptocurrencies may be hit first. Meanwhile, bitcoin is trying to stay above the $35,000 mark, taking advantage of some slowdown in the fall of the stock markets. However, if the fall in stocks accelerates, the crypto market will also accelerate its decline. The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has rejected Fidelity's application to launch a bitcoin ETF. Fidelity itself warned investors that bitcoin was in a “liquidity storm” due to high volatility in the stock market.
DXY Hits Level of July, 2020 and Affects EURUSD

DXY Hits Level of July, 2020 and Affects EURUSD

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 28.01.2022 10:26
The US dollar rewrote its 1.5-year highs on Thursday, sending EURUSD under 1.1150. After the FOMC meeting, the pair fell in total by 1.5%, leaving a two-month consolidation with a sharp movement. Friday's small rollback from extremes is likely a local profit fixation by the end of the week and month. History suggests that the US currency begins to add about 2-3 quarters before the first rate hike and continues to be in positive territory for about the same time after. We believe that this long story should be adjusted to the new reality in which interest rates are the starting point. Namely, the first point of tightening monetary conditions is now the beginning of the curtailment of purchases on the balance sheet and not the first increase. The start of the dollar's growth last year was the beginning of a public discussion of curtailment. And now, seven months later, the dollar is halfway up with an 8.5% increase from the area of last year's lows. The second half of this wave is unlikely to be as powerful. We only assume that the dollar has a 3-4% growth potential in the area of 100.3-101 due to monetary policy changes. This will return the US currency to the area of steady highs in 2020, excluding two weeks of the most violent market crash. The EURUSD rate in this scenario may fall to 1.07-1.08 before finding a more substantial base of buyers. However, investors and traders should also remember that monetary policy is far from the only driver for currencies. The markets' attention can quickly switch to the debt sustainability of the Eurozone countries and the pace of economic recovery in the world.
Many Factors to Affect XAU This Year. What About The Past?

Many Factors to Affect XAU This Year. What About The Past?

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 28.01.2022 10:38
  Gold’s fate in 2021 will be determined mainly by inflation and the Fed’s reaction to it. In the epic struggle between chaos and order, chaos has an easier task, as there is usually only one proper method to do a job – the job that you can screw up in many ways. Thus, although economists see a strong economic expansion with cooling prices and normalization in monetary policies in 2022, many things could go wrong. The Omicron strain of coronavirus or its new variants could become more contagious and deadly, pushing the world into the Great Lockdown again. The real estate crisis in China could lead the country into recession, with serious economic consequences for the global economy. Oh, by the way, we could see an escalation between China and Taiwan, or between China and the US, especially after the recent test of hypersonic missiles by the former country. Having said that, I believe that the major forces affecting the gold market in 2022 will be – similarly to last year’s – inflation and the Fed’s response to it. Considering things in isolation, high inflation should be supportive of gold prices. The problem here is that gold prefers high and rising inflation. Although the inflation rate should continue its upward move for a while, it’s likely to peak this year. Indeed, based on very simple monetarist reasoning, I expect the peak to be somewhere in the first quarter of 2022. This is because the lag between the acceleration in money supply growth (March 2020) and CPI growth (March 2021) was a year. The peak in the former occurred in February 2021, as the chart below shows. You can do the math (by the way, this is the exercise that turned out to be too difficult for Jerome Powell and his “smart” colleagues from the Fed). This is – as I’ve said – very uncomplicated thinking that assumes the stability of the lag between monetary impulses and price reactions. However, given the Fed’s passive reaction to inflation and the fact that the pace of money supply growth didn’t return to the pre-pandemic level, but stayed at twice as high, the peak in inflation may occur later. In other words, more persistent inflation is the major risk for the economy that many economists still downplay. The consensus expectation is that inflation returns to a level close to the Fed’s target by the end of the year. For 2021, the forecasts were similar. Instead, inflation has risen to about 7%. Thus, never underestimate the power of the inflation dragon, especially if the beast is left unchecked! As everyone knows, dragons love gold – and this feeling is mutual. The Saxo Bank, in its annual “Outrageous Predictions”, sees the potential for US consumer prices to rise 15% in 2022, as “companies bid up wages in an effort to find willing and qualified workers, triggering a wage-price spiral unlike anything seen since the 1970’s”. Actually, given the fact that millions of Americans left the labor market – which the Fed doesn’t understand and still expects that they will come back – this prediction is not as extreme as one could expect. I still hope that inflationary pressure will moderate this year, but I’m afraid that the fall may not be substantial. On the other hand, we have the Fed with its hawkish rhetoric and tapering of quantitative easing. The US central bank is expected to start a tightening cycle, hiking the federal funds rate at least twice this year. It doesn’t sound good for gold, does it? A hawkish Fed implies a stronger greenback and rising real interest rates, which is negative for the yellow metal. As the chart below shows, the normalization of monetary policy after the Great Recession, with the infamous “taper tantrum”, was very supportive of the US dollar but lethal for gold. However, the price of gold bottomed in December 2015, exactly when the Fed hiked the interest rates for the first time after the global financial crisis. Markets are always future-oriented, so they often react more to expected rather than actual events. Another thing is that the Fed’s tightening cycle of 2015-2018 was dovish and the federal funds rate (and the Fed’s balance sheet) never returned to pre-crisis levels. The same applies to the current situation: despite all the hawkish reactions, the Fed is terribly behind the curve. Last but not least, history teaches us that a tightening Fed spells trouble for markets. As a reminder, the last tightening cycle led to the reversal of the yield curve in 2019 and the repo crisis, which forced the US central bank to cut interest rates, even before anyone has heard of covid-19. Hence, the Fed is in a very difficult situation. It either stays behind the curve, which risks letting inflation get out of control, or tightens its monetary policy in a decisive manner, just like Paul Volcker did in the 1980s, which risks a correction of already-elevated asset prices and the next economic crisis. Such expectations have boosted gold prices since December 2015, and they could support the yellow metal today as well. Thank you for reading today’s free analysis. We hope you enjoyed it. If so, we would like to invite you to sign up for our free gold newsletter. Once you sign up, you’ll also get 7-day no-obligation trial of all our premium gold services, including our Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care.
Unforced Errors - 31.01.2022

Unforced Errors - 31.01.2022

David Merkel David Merkel 09.11.2021 04:40
Photo Credit: Paul Kagame || Hail Emperor Xi, the greatest since Qin Shi Huang! Ready for a cold winter? Much of the world is not. Many places have discouraged using hydrocarbons to produce power, ostensibly for environmental goals, whether those are valid or not. Whether by the fiat of the Chinese Communist Party, or because some Eurocrats push a green agenda, many people are facing a winter where power/heat may be limited. And even if there may not be absolute shortages everywhere, higher prices for all forms of energy, will pinch the budgets of many in the lower middle class and below this winter in the Northern Hemisphere. Part of this stems from central planning. China is the easiest example. Xi Jinping has arrogated to himself more and more power over time, changing the dynamics of the Communist Party, which once at least had some factions, to a unitary party that has only one leader, Emperor President Xi. Some of it came about by eliminating corrupt rivals, but the rest from instilling fear within the Party. Almost every evening, my wife and I read the Bible together. Recently we have been going through the post-exilic portions of the Old Testament where the Jews live under the rule of the Babylonian and Medo-Persian Empires. Those rulers were typically absolute monarchs: do what I say or die! In going through Esther, my wife commented that it was stupid to have laws that cannot be altered. (The same thing is stated in the Book of Daniel.) My comment back to her was if you were an absolute monarch in that era, you were God walking on earth, and could never be wrong. Thus no decree of an Emperor could be wrong. And so it is for President Xi: everything he says is right. He may be an atheist, but to the Chinese in Red China, he is “God walking on Earth” in at least the Hegelian sense. As such, he makes a decree, and those serving him are scared to do anything more or less than he wants. But with vague directives, what does he want? Unilateral authority is particularly vulnerable to making mistakes. In the intermediate-term, China is likely to get weaker because of the increasing concentration of power of President Xi. That’s not to say that capitalist democracies can’t run off the rails, but typically with enough dissenting voices, the worst outcomes don’t usually take place. There are exceptions though. The first exception is regulators with too much discretionary authority. By pursuing one limited goal in the short-run, such as long-term environmental objectives, they may harm the interests of ordinary people in developed markets by making it hard to get food, fuel/energy, and other necessities. And applying the same rules in foreign policy, they may well condemn the developing world to permanent poverty. The developing world thinks the developed world doesn’t care. They are right, and they will ignore what their current leaders have promised in order to curry temporary favor with the developed world. Now where there is the ability to self-correct, eventually societies will remove regulators, politicians, etc. That said, some things are more entrenched than others. I speak of the cult of stimulus. What is more untouchable than the central banks? It’s hard to think of anything more unaccountable. They may technically be beholden to the local parliament, but practically, no one ever messes with them aside from despots pursuing hyperinflation (Venezuela, Turkey, Lebanon, etc.). What gores me is that the unaccountable central banks never ‘fess up to errors. Listen to this: “Asset prices remain vulnerable to significant declines should investor risk sentiment deteriorate, progress on containing the virus disappoint, or the economic recovery stall,” the Fed said in its twice-yearly Financial Stability Report released Monday.Fed Warns of Peril in Run-Up of Risky Asset Prices, Stablecoins That serial blower of bubbles, the Fed, warns us about the height of risky asset prices. Fed policy works via encouraging economic actors to borrow less or more. They have been running a more aggressive monetary policy than they ever needed to, and in the process have inflated housing prices, stocks, bonds of all sorts, private equity, etc. This is not just true of the Fed in the US, but in most developed country central banks. This was an unforced error. Monetary policy could have been tightened in mid-2020, and I mean raising the Fed funds rate, not just stopping QE. When the equity markets race to new highs so rapidly, why should any stimulus exist at all? We don’t need stimulus from Congress either. When demand is so strong that supply chains creak, buckle, and seize up, it is not time to stimulate more, rather, it is time to balance the budget. I would like to think that supply-chain troubles, inflation, and growth are all transitory. But if in an effort to force growth higher than it should be in the short-run, the growth will still be transitory, but the supply-chain troubles and inflation will persist. Beware the experts that say they run things for your good; they likely don’t know what they are doing. ============= Ending note: one more thing, beware the inflation numbers, particularly on items in short supply. If the economists reduce the weights on those things in short supply, it will artificially understate inflation.
Estimating Future Stock Returns, September 2021 Update - 31.01.2022

Estimating Future Stock Returns, September 2021 Update - 31.01.2022

David Merkel David Merkel 16.12.2021 04:35
Image credit: All images belong to Aleph Blog This should be a brief post. At the end of the third quarter, the S&P 500 was poised to nominally return -0.64%/year over the next 10 years. As of the close today, that figure was -1.83%/year, slightly more than the -1.84%/year at the record high last Friday. The only period compares with this valuation-wise is the dot-com bubble. We are above dot-com level valuations. And if you view the 10-year returns from the worst time of the dot-com bubble to now, you can see that the results they obtained are milder than what I forecast here. Of course, a lot of what will happen in nominal terms will rely on the actions of the Fed. Will the Fed: Allow a real recession to clear away dud assets that are on life support from low rates? (Collapsing the current asset bubble)Change the terms of monetary policy, and start directly monetizing US Treasury debt? (Risking high inflation)Continue to dither with financial repression, leaving rates low, not caring about moderate inflation, with real growth zero-like. (Zombie economy — this is the most likely outcome for now) In some ways the markets are playing around with something I call “the last arbitrage.” Bonds versus Stocks. The concept of TINA (There is no alternative [to stocks]) relies on the idea that the Fed will be the lapdog of the equity markets. If stocks are high, the Fed is happy. Phrased another way, if the Fed maximizes wealth inequality, it is happy. And the Fed will be happy. They live to employ thousands of macroeconomists who would have a hard time finding real employment. These economists live to corrupt our understanding f the macroeconomy, justifying the actions of the Fed. The Fed just wants to scrape enough seigniorage to pay the staff, and keep Congress and the Administration mollified. All taken out of the hides of those who save. So with the last arbitrage… interest rates have to stay low to keep the stock market high, even if it means slow growth, and moderate and growing inflation. The likely change promulgated by the Fed today, raising the short rate by 0.75% in 2022 will likely flatten the yield curve, leading to a crisis of some sort, and push them back into QE and near-zero short rates. The stock market will have a pullback and a rally, but what of inflation? How will people act when there is no way to save for the short-run, without inflation eating away value? Brave new world. The Fed is stuck, and we are stuck with them. Gold does nothing, and would be a kinder mistress than the Fed. Better to live within strict limits, than the folly of an elastic currency. But as is true with all things in America, we are going to have to learn this the hard way. PS — As for me, I am living with value stocks, small stocks, and international stocks. Very little in the S&P 500 here.
XAU Stays Strong, But Went Below The "Iconic" Value

XAU Stays Strong, But Went Below The "Iconic" Value

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 01.02.2022 16:30
  Gold fought valiantly, gold fought nobly, gold fought honorably. Despite all this sacrifice, it lost the battle. How will it handle the next clashes? Have you ever felt trapped in the tyranny of the status quo? Have you ever felt constrained by some invisible yet powerful forces trying to thwart the fullest realization of your potential? I guess this is what gold would feel like right now – if metals could feel anything, of course. Please take a look at the chart below. As you can see, January looked to be quite good for the yellow metal. Its price surpassed the key level of $1,800 at the end of 2021, rallying from $1,793 to $1,847 on January 25, 2022. Then the evil FOMC published its hawkish statement on monetary policy. In its initial response, gold slid. That’s true, but it bravely defended its positions above $1,800 during both Wednesday and Thursday. There was still hope. However, on Friday, the metal capitulated and plunged to $1,788. Here we are again – below the level of $1,800 that gold hasn’t been able to exceed for more than several days since mid-2021, as the chart below shows. Am I disappointed? A bit. Naughty goldie! Am I surprised? Not at all. Although I cheered the recent rally, I was unconvinced about its sustainability in the current macroeconomic context, i.e., economic recovery with tightening of monetary policy (the surprisingly positive report on GDP in the fourth quarter of 2021 didn’t probably help gold), rising interest rates, and possibly a not-distant peak in inflation. In the previous edition of the Fundamental Gold Report, I described the Fed’s actions as “a big hawkish wave that could sink the gold bulls” and pointed out that “gold started its decline before the statement was published, which may indicate more structural weakness.” I added that it was also disturbing that “gold was hit even though the FOMC statement came largely as expected.” Last but not least, I concluded my report with a warning that “the upcoming weeks may be challenging for gold, which would have to deal with rising bond yields.” My warning came true very quickly. Of course, we cannot exclude a relatively swift rebound. After all, gold can be quite volatile in the short-term, and this year could be particularly turbulent for the yellow metal. However, I’m afraid that the balance of risks for gold is the downside. Next month (oh boy, it’s February already!), we will see the end of quantitative easing and the first hike in the federal funds rate, followed soon by the beginning of quantitative tightening and further rate hikes. Using its secret magic, the Fed has convinced the markets that it has become a congregation of hawks, or even a cult of the Great Hawk. According to the CME Fed Tool, future traders have started to price in five 25-basis-point raises this year, while some investors believe that the Fed will lift interest rates by 50 basis points in March. All these clearly hawkish expectations led to the rise in bond yields (see the chart below), creating downward pressure on gold.   Implications for Gold What does the recent plunge in gold prices imply for investors? Well, in a sense, nothing, as short-term price movements shouldn’t affect long-term investments. Trading and investing should be kept separate. However, gold’s return below $1,800 can disappoint even the biggest optimists. The yellow metal failed again. Not the first and not the last time, though. In my view, gold may struggle by March, as all these hawkish expectations will exert downward pressure on the yellow metal. In 2015, the first hike in the tightening cycle coincided with the bottom of the gold market. It may be similar this time, as the actual hike could ease some of the worst expectations and also push markets to think beyond their tightening horizon. If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
(FB) Meta Shares Decreases by 20%, Netflix (NFLX) Shares Goes Down As Well (-30%)

(FB) Meta Shares Decreases by 20%, Netflix (NFLX) Shares Goes Down As Well (-30%)

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 03.02.2022 14:47
Meta (FB) shares lost around 20% post-market, which appears to be an overreaction and shows how wary buyers have become of the former growth leaders, the so-called FAANG stocks. The sharp declines of former crowd favourites could result from a reassessment of the medium-term outlook, for example, due to changes in monetary policy. But they could also be the next domino effect in an impending bear market. Netflix shares lost more than 30% in a few days following a disappointing report late last month and fell 50% from their peak in late November before fumbling for support from bargain hunters. PayPal was not technically in the FAANG big league but was punished just as much, losing around 25% intraday yesterday. After Facebook, Snap (-15%) and Twitter (-7%) also took a tangential hit. In our view, these are not isolated corporate stories but manifestations of broader underline currents. And in the coming days, we will have to determine whether we see a change in the bull market leaders or the first signals of a prolonged bearish trend. In a bear market, the weakest stars are the first to fall, and then the vortex of decline attracts more and more strong participants. The first domino is meme stocks, which had fallen methodically since June when the first signals emerged that the Fed was starting to prepare the markets for a wind-down. Then we saw a peak in many high-tech stocks in November when the Fed started cutting back on buying. By this logic, the downward spiral could pull more strong stocks into a downward spiral by the time interest rates rise, which is expected in March. Looking more broadly at the Nasdaq100 index, there is a rather worrying tech analysis picture. It is once again below its 200-day moving average. The high-tech-filled Meta retreated 2.4% after the report. The S&P500 and DJIA, however, look noticeably stronger on the technical analysis side. But it is worth watching closely how the trading will go this week and whether the buyers will reverse the negative trend of the former Nasdaq favourites. If so, we see a change in the leaders in the form of a rotation in value stocks and other names affected by the pandemic. But fears that the Fed is preparing to take money out of the financial system could force market players to take money off the table by selling blue chips.
Gold Ended January Glued to $1,800. Will It Ever Detach?

Gold Ended January Glued to $1,800. Will It Ever Detach?

Finance Press Release Finance Press Release 03.02.2022 16:57
  Gold didn’t shine in January. The struggle could continue, although the more distant future looks more optimistic for the yellow metal. That was quick! January has already ended. Welcome to February! I hope that this year has started well for you. For gold, the first month of 2022 wasn’t particularly good. As the chart below shows, the yellow metal lost about $11 of its value, or less than 1%, during January. This is the bad side of the story. The ugly side is that gold wasn’t able to maintain its position above $1,800, even though geopolitical risks intensified, while inflation soared to the highest level in 40 years! The yellow metal surpassed the key level in early January and stayed above this level for most of the time, even rallying above $1,840 in the second half of the month. But gold couldn’t hold out and plunged at the end of January, triggered by a hawkish FOMC meeting. However, there is also a good side. Gold is still hovering around $1,800 despite the upcoming Fed’s tightening cycle and all the hawkish expectations about the US monetary policy in 2022. The Fed signaled the end of tapering of quantitative easing by March, the first hike in the federal funds rate in the same month, and the start of quantitative tightening later this year. Meanwhile, in the last few weeks, the markets went from predicting two interest rate hikes to five. Even more intriguing, and perhaps encouraging as well, is that the real interest rates have increased last month, rising from -1% to -0.6%. Gold is usually negatively correlated with the TIPS yields, but this time it stayed afloat amid rising rates.   Implications for Gold What does gold’s behavior in January imply for its 2022 outlook? Well, I must admit that I expected gold’s performance to be worse. Last month showed that gold simply don’t want to either go down (or up), but it still prefers to go sideways, glued to the $1,800 level. The fact that strengthening expectations of the Fed’s tightening cycle and rising real interest rates didn’t plunge gold prices makes me somewhat more optimistic about gold’s future. However, I still see some important threats to gold. First of all, some investors are still underpricing how hawkish the Fed could become to combat inflation. Hence, the day of reckoning could still be ahead of us. You see, just today, the Bank of England hiked its policy rate by 25 basis points, although almost half of the policymakers wanted to raise interest rates by half a percentage point. Second, the market seems to be biased downward, with lower and lower peaks since August 2020. Having said that, investors should remember that what the Fed says it will do and what it ends up doing are often very different. When the Fed says it will be dovish, it will be dovish. But when the Fed says it will be hawkish, it says so. This is because a monetary tightening could be painful for asset valuations and all the debtors, including Uncle Sam. The US stock market already saw significant losses in January. As the chart below shows, the S&P 500 Index lost a few hundred points last month, marking the worst decline since the beginning of the pandemic. Thus, the Fed won’t risk recession in its fight with inflation, especially if it peaks this year, and would try to engineer a soft-landing. Hence, the Fed could reverse its stance relatively soon, especially that it’s terribly late with its tightening. However, as long as the focus is on monetary policy tightening, gold is likely to struggle within its tight range. Some policymakers and economists have argued that the emergence from the COVID-19 pandemic is more like a postwar demobilization and conversion to a civilian industry than a normal business cycle. White House economists have compared the current picture to the rapid increases in 1947, caused by the end of price controls in conjunction with supply chain problems and pent-up demand after the war (“Historical Parallels to Today’s Inflationary Episode”, Council of Economic Advisers, July 6, 2021). The problem with this analogy is that it is only one instance from more than 70 years ago. More recent and more frequent inflation episodes have generally been ended by a recession or a mid-cycle slowdown. Price pressures have an internal momentum of their own and tend to intensify rather than lessen as the business cycle becomes more mature and the margin of spare capacity shrinks in all markets. If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
Price Of Gold Update By GoldViewFX

How the Fed Will Affect Gold? Let's Take A Look Back...

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 04.02.2022 14:47
  Beware, the Fed’s tightening of monetary policy could lift real interest rates! For gold, this poses a risk of prices wildly rolling down. The first FOMC meeting in 2022 is behind us. What can we expect from the US central bank this year and how will it affect the price of gold? Well, this year’s episode of Fed Street will be sponsored by the letter “T”, which stands for “tightening”. It will consist of three elements. First, quantitative easing tapering. The asset purchases are going to end by early March. To be clear, during tapering, the Fed is still buying securities, so it remains accommodative, but less and less. Tapering has been very gradual and well-telegraphed to the markets, so it’s probably already priced in gold. Thus, the infamous taper tantrum shouldn’t replay. Second, quantitative tightening. Soon after the end of asset purchases, the Fed will begin shrinking its mammoth balance sheet. As the chart below shows, it has more than doubled since the start of the pandemic, reaching about $9 trillion, or about 36% of the country’s GDP. It’s so gigantic that even Powell admitted during his January press conference that “the balance sheet is substantially larger than it needs to be.” Captain Obvious attacked again! In contrast to tapering, which just reduces additions to the Fed’s holdings, quantitative tightening will shrink the balance sheet. How much? It’s hard to say. Last time, during QT from 2017 to 2019, the Fed started unloading $10 billion in assets per month, gradually lifting the cap to $50 billion. Given that inflation is now much higher, and the Fed has greater confidence in the economic recovery, the scale of reduction would probably be higher. The QT will create upward pressure on interest rates, which could be negative for the gold market. However, QT will be a very gradual and orderly process. Instead of selling assets directly, the US central bank will stop reinvestment of proceeds as securities run off. As we can read in “Principles for Reducing the Size of the Federal Reserve's Balance Sheet”, The Committee intends to reduce the Federal Reserve's securities holdings over time in a predictable manner primarily by adjusting the amounts reinvested of principal payments received from securities held in the System Open Market Account. What’s more, the previous case of QT wasn’t detrimental to gold, as the chart below shows. The price of gold started to rally in late 2018 and especially later in mid-2019. Third, the hiking cycle. In March, the Fed is going to start increasing the federal funds rate. According to the financial markets, the US central bank will enact five interest rate hikes this year, raising the federal funds rate to the range of 1.25-1.50%. Now, there are two narratives about American monetary policy in 2022. According to the first, we are witnessing a hawkish revolution within the Fed, as it would shift its monetary stance in a relatively short time. The central bank will “double tighten” (i.e., it will shrink its balance sheet at the same time as hiking rates), and it will do it in a much more aggressive way than after the Great Recession. Such decisive moves will significantly raise the bond yields, which will hit gold prices. However, in this scenario, the Fed’s aggressive actions will eventually lead to the inversion of the yield curve and later to recession, which should support the precious metals market. On the other hand, some analysts point out that central bankers are all talk and – given their dovish bias – act less aggressively than they promise, chickening out in the face of the first stock market turbulence. They also claim that all the Fed’s actions won’t be enough to combat inflation and that monetary conditions will remain relatively loose. For example, Stephen Roach argues that “the Fed is so far behind [the curve] that it can’t even see the curve.” Indeed, the real federal funds rate is deeply negative (around -7%), as the chart below shows; and even if inflation moderates to 3.5% while the Fed conducts four hikes, it will remain well below zero (about -2%), providing some support for gold prices. Which narrative is correct? Well, there are grains of truth in both of them. However, I would like to remind you that what really matters for the markets is the change or direction, not the level of a variable. Hence, the fact that real interest rates are to stay extremely low doesn’t guarantee that gold prices won’t decline in a response to the hiking cycle. Actually, as the chart above shows, the upward reversal in the real interest rates usually plunges gold prices. Given that real rates are at a record low, a normalization is still ahead of us. Hence, unless inflation continues to rise, bond yields are likely to move up, while gold – to move down. Thank you for reading today’s free analysis. We hope you enjoyed it. If so, we would like to invite you to sign up for our free gold newsletter. Once you sign up, you’ll also get 7-day no-obligation trial of all our premium gold services, including our Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care.
Bitcoin is gaining momentum

Bitcoin is gaining momentum

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 07.02.2022 08:52
Bitcoin is up 9% over the past week, ending at around $41,700. Ethereum is up 15%. Altcoins also woke up from hibernation and grew stronger than the market: from 5.8% (Binance Coin) to 17.3% (Solana).Over the same period, the total capitalization of the crypto market, according to CoinGecko, grew by 11.2%, up to $1.99 trillion.The primary growth of the crypto market last week came on Friday when bitcoin at the end of the day soared by 10% in a few hours. The increase was not prevented even by strong data on the US labor market, which came out a couple of hours before the jump.It is worth noting that the Nonfarm Payrolls can force the Fed to move faster to tighten monetary policy. Against this background, the yield of 10-year Treasuries jumped above 1.93%, hitting new two-year highs, and this could soon lead to sales in the stock market. If cryptocurrencies manage to resist and continue to grow, this will be a serious trend reversal order. Just like on Friday, when investors decided to buy BTC in order to protect investments from inflation.Since then, Bitcoin has already added 17%, moving into a phase of an active uptrend. Technically, the first cryptocurrency broke the resistance of the descending corridor. Accelerating growth and steady buying throughout the weekend indicate a strong bullish momentum. Cautious investors are now looking at the test of the 50-day moving average. Previously, repeatedly fixing above this line preceded a multi-month uptrend.Potentially, this will also be lost now. Therefore, some players consider this impulse as an important first signal of a recovery in demand for risky assets, despite fears of a rate increase.Meanwhile, billionaire Ray Dalio has warned that a number of governments could outlaw cryptocurrencies. The government of the Russian Federation is considering introducing a tax on miners of at least 15%. According to the authorities, the tax on all participants in the crypto market can bring up to 1 trillion rubles to the treasury. In the meantime, the Fed has presented the Digital Dollar White Paper, but the issue of its future launch has not yet been resolved.
The Fed gave the dollar a head start

The Fed gave the dollar a head start

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 07.02.2022 09:27
Friday's US labour market report raised the chances of a sharper Fed rate hike, placing USD on a solid footing.Employment growth of 467K in January was well above forecasts. In addition, there was a noticeable upward revision to the job gains of the previous couple of months. Furthermore, wage growth accelerated to 5.7% y/y, marking the unwinding of the inflationary spiral.The markets are applying a 33% chance of a 50-point key rate hike by the Fed in March, leaving a 67% chance of a standard move of 25 points. This is a dramatic reassessment of the outlook, as just a month ago, rate futures were leaving a 24% chance that there would be no rate hike in March.Hawkish comments from Europe and England has added fuel to the fire. Last week, the Bank of England minutes 4 out of 9 MPC members voted for a 50 point rate hike. The ECB is warming to a rate hike this year and potentially twice, although they rejected the idea back in December.In our view, Friday's labour market report showed that the US still has a head start on the pace of economic recovery, which will allow for more monetary policy tightening.This is potentially positive news for the dollar, which found ground late last week after correcting by 2.3% from its peak in late January. If the Fed strengthens its signals of willingness to hike the rate by 50 points in mid-March in the coming weeks, it will be grounds for stronger dollar buying.History suggests that the momentum of the appreciation of the US currency against major competitors is exhausted a few months after a rate hike. Usually, it becomes clear that other central banks have already moved on to the pace of Fed rate hikes and are often even prepared to act more decisively.But we are not yet in this phase, and the Fed's policy, as well as the US economic indicators, provide the dollar with a head start for the foreseeable future. As early as February, the dollar index could rewrite the January highs near 97.5 against the current 95.56 and take the DXY into the 100-103 area by mid-year.
Are You Thinking the Dollar Will Collapse? That’s False Hope

Are You Thinking the Dollar Will Collapse? That’s False Hope

Przemysław Radomski Przemysław Radomski 07.02.2022 15:49
  Gold’s latest feats increased investors’ appetite. The outlook for the dollar, however, remains healthy. That can only mean one thing. As volatility erupts across the financial markets, gold and silver prices are being pulled in conflicting directions. For example, with the USD Index suffering a short-term decline, the outcome is fundamentally bullish for the precious metals. However, with U.S. Treasury yields rallying, the outcome is fundamentally bearish for gold and silver prices. Then, with panic selling and panic buying confronting the general stock market, the PMs are dealing with those crosscurrents. However, with QE on its deathbed and the Fed poised to raise the Federal Funds Rate in the coming months, the common denominator is rising real interest rates. To explain, the euro’s recent popularity has impacted the USD Index. For context, the EUR/USD accounts for nearly 58% of the dollar basket’s movement. Thus, if real interest rates rise and the U.S. dollar falls, what will happen to the PMs? Well, the reality is that rising real interest rates are bullish for the USD Index, and the euro’s recent ECB-induced rally is far from a surprise. With investors often buying the EUR/USD in anticipation of a hawkish shift from the ECB, another ‘hopeful’ upswing occurred. However, the central bank disappointed investors time and time again in 2021, and the currency pair continued to make new lows. As a result, we expect the downtrend to resume over the medium term.  Supporting our expectations, I wrote the following about financial conditions and the USD Index on Feb. 2: To explain, the blue line above tracks Goldman Sachs' Financial Conditions Index (FCI). For context, the index is calculated as a "weighted average of riskless interest rates, the exchange rate, equity valuations, and credit spreads, with weights that correspond to the direct impact of each variable on GDP." In a nutshell: when interest rates increase alongside credit spreads, it's more expensive to borrow money and financial conditions tighten. To that point, if you analyze the right side of the chart, you can see that the FCI has surpassed its pre-COVID-19 high (January 2020). Moreover, the FCI bottomed in January 2021 and has been seeking higher ground ever since. In the process, it's no coincidence that the PMs have suffered mightily since January 2021. To that point, with the Fed poised to raise interest rates at its March monetary policy meeting, the FCI should continue its ascent. As a result, the PMs' relief rallies should fall flat like in 2021.  Likewise, while the USD Index has come down from its recent high, it's no coincidence that the dollar basket bottomed with the FCI in January 2021 and hit a new high with the FCI in January 2022. Thus, while the recent consolidation may seem troubling, the medium-term fundamentals supporting the greenback remain robust. Furthermore, tighter financial conditions are often a function of rising real interest rates. As mentioned, the USD Index bottomed with the FCI and surged to new highs with the FCI. As a result, the fundamentals support a stronger, not weaker USD Index. As evidence, the U.S. 10-Year real yield, the FCI, and the USD Index have traveled similar paths since January 2020. Please see below: To explain, the green line above tracks the USD Index since January 2020, while the red line above tracks the U.S. 10-Year real yield. While the latter didn’t bottom in January 2021 like the USD Index and the FCI (though it was close), all three surged in late 2021 and hit new highs in 2022. Moreover, the U.S. 10-Year Treasury nominal and real yields hit new 2022 highs on Feb. 4.  In addition, if you compare the two charts, you can see that all three metrics spiked higher when the coronavirus crisis struck in March 2020. As such, the trio often follows in each other’s footsteps. Furthermore, with the Fed likely to raise interest rates at its March monetary policy meeting, this realization supports a higher U.S. 10-Year real yield, and a higher FCI. As a result, the fundamentals underpinning the USD Index remain robust, and short-term sentiment is likely to be responsible for the recent weakness.  Likewise, as the Omicron variant slows U.S. economic activity, the ‘bad news is good news’ camp has renewed hopes for a dovish Fed. However, the latest strain is unlikely to affect the Fed’s reaction function. A case in point: after ADP’s private payrolls declined by 301,000 in January (data released on Feb. 2), concern spread across Wall Street. However, after U.S. nonfarm payrolls (government data) came in at 467,000 versus 150,000 expected on Feb. 4, the U.S. labor market remains extremely healthy.  Please see below: Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) On top of that, the BLS revealed that “the over-the-month employment change for November and December 2021 combined is 709,000 higher than previously reported, while the over-the-month employment change for June and July 2021 combined is 807,000 lower. Overall, the 2021 over-the-year change is 217,000 higher than previously reported.”  Thus, the U.S. added more than 700,000 combined jobs in November and December than previously reported, and the net gain in 2021 was more than 200,000. Please see below: Source: BLS As for wage inflation, the BLS also revealed: “In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 23 cents to $31.63. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 5.7 percent.” As a reminder, while investors speculate on the prospect of a hawkish ECB, the latest release out of Europe shows that wage inflation is much weaker than in the U.S. To explain, I wrote on Feb. 1: Eurozone hourly labor costs rose by 2.5% YoY on Dec. 16 (the latest release). Moreover, the report revealed that “the costs of wages & salaries per hour worked increased by 2.3%, while the non-wage component rose by 3.0% in the third quarter of 2021, compared with the same quarter of the previous year.”  As a result, non-wage labor costs – like insurance, healthcare, unemployment premiums, etc. – did the bulk of the heavy lifting. In contrast, wage and salary inflation are nowhere near the ECB’s danger zone. Please see below: And why is wage inflation so critical? Well, ECB Chief Economist Philip Lane said on Jan. 25: Source: ECB As a result, when the ECB’s Chief Economist tells you that wage inflation needs to hit 3% YoY to be “consistent” with the ECB’s 2% overall annual inflation target, a wage print of 2.3% YoY is far from troublesome. Thus, while euro bulls hope that the ECB will mirror the Fed and perform a hawkish 180, the data suggests otherwise.  In addition, while U.S. nonfarm payrolls materially outperformed on Feb. 4, I noted on Feb. 2 that there are now 4.606 million more job openings in the U.S. than citizens unemployed. Please see below: To explain, the green line above subtracts the number of unemployed U.S. citizens from the number of U.S. job openings. If you analyze the right side of the chart, you can see that the epic collapse has completely reversed and the green line is now at an all-time high. Thus, with more jobs available than people looking for work, the economic environment supports normalization by the Fed. Thus, if we piece the puzzle together, the U.S. labor market remains healthy and U.S. inflation is materially outperforming the Eurozone. As a result, the Fed should stay ahead of the ECB, and the hawkish outperformance supports a weaker EUR/USD and a stronger USD Index. Moreover, the dynamic also supports a higher FCI and a higher U.S. 10-Year real yield. As we’ve seen since January 2021, these fundamental outcomes are extremely unkind to the PMs. Finally, while the Omicron variant has depressed economic sentiment, I noted previously that the disruptions should be short-lived. For example, with Americans’ anxiety about COVID-19 decelerating, renewed economic strength should keep the pressure on the Fed. Please see below: To explain, the light brown line above tracks the net percentage of Americans concerned about COVID-19, while the dark brown line above tracks the change in flight search trends on Kayak. In a nutshell: the more concern over COVID-19 (a high light brown line), the more Americans hunker down and avoid travel (a low dark brown line). However, if you analyze the right side of the chart, you can see that the light brown line has rolled over and the dark brown line has materially risen. Moreover, with the trend poised to persist as the warmer weather arrives, increased mobility should uplift sentiment, support economic growth, and keep the Fed’s rate hike cycle on schedule. The bottom line? The USD Index’s fundamentals remain extremely healthy, and while short-term sentiment has been unkind, rising real yields and a hawkish Fed should remain supportive over the medium term. Moreover, with the PMs often moving inversely to the U.S. dollar, more downside should confront gold, silver, and mining stocks over the next few months. In conclusion, the PMs rallied on Feb. 4, despite the spike in U.S. Treasury yields. However, with so much volatility confronting the general stock market recently, sentiment has pulled the PMs in many directions. However, the important point is that the medium-term thesis remains intact: the USD Index and U.S. Treasury yields should seek higher ground, and the realization is profoundly bearish for the precious metals sector. Thank you for reading our free analysis today. Please note that the above is just a small fraction of today’s all-encompassing Gold & Silver Trading Alert. The latter includes multiple premium details such as the targets for gold and mining stocks that could be reached in the next few weeks. If you’d like to read those premium details, we have good news for you. As soon as you sign up for our free gold newsletter, you’ll get a free 7-day no-obligation trial access to our premium Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. It’s really free – sign up today. Przemyslaw Radomski, CFAFounder, Editor-in-chiefSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care * * * * * All essays, research and information found above represent analyses and opinions of Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and Sunshine Profits' associates only. As such, it may prove wrong and be subject to change without notice. Opinions and analyses are based on data available to authors of respective essays at the time of writing. Although the information provided above is based on careful research and sources that are deemed to be accurate, Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and his associates do not guarantee the accuracy or thoroughness of the data or information reported. The opinions published above are neither an offer nor a recommendation to purchase or sell any securities. Mr. Radomski is not a Registered Securities Advisor. By reading Przemyslaw Radomski's, CFA reports you fully agree that he will not be held responsible or liable for any decisions you make regarding any information provided in these reports. Investing, trading and speculation in any financial markets may involve high risk of loss. Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA, Sunshine Profits' employees and affiliates as well as members of their families may have a short or long position in any securities, including those mentioned in any of the reports or essays, and may make additional purchases and/or sales of those securities without notice.
DJI (Dow Jones) And SPX (S&P 500) Are Likely To Recover Slowly

DJI (Dow Jones) And SPX (S&P 500) Are Likely To Recover Slowly

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 09.02.2022 09:26
Stock markets continue their shaky recovery. On Tuesday, intraday trading patterns in US equities point to a buying trend on declines. The S&P500 and Dow Jones indices rebounded from their 200-day simple moving average. Both indices were below those levels in the second half of January. Still, by the beginning of February, they managed to get back above them on the substantial buying activity of the retail investors. Yesterday's stock market dynamics slightly reduced the tension. Increased buying at the end of the session indicates a buying mood for professional market participants. There have been increasing reports from US investment banks that markets have already priced in a tight monetary policy scenario and will not press equity prices further. Moreover, BlackRock recently noted that markets had priced in overly hawkish expectations. The bond market also looks oversold, declining in previous weeks at the fastest pace since 2008. This is a good reason, at least for a technical rebound. In addition, buyers are supported by strong economic and wage growth, promising corporate earnings stability for the foreseeable future. The switch to a monetary tightening phase turns the market into a more frequent and deeper corrective pullback mode but does not trigger a bear market before a rate hike even begins. Strong fundamentals support a bullish technical picture, with a recovery from the strongest oversold S&P500 RSI and the ability to pop above the 200-day average. From this perspective, the January drawdown has cleared the way for growth, recharging buyers. On an equity level, we can see stabilisation and sharp upward moves in stocks that have been weak since June and shone in the pandemic before that: Peloton, Netflix, GameStop. In theory, this could be a dead cat bounce, but it reduces the selling pressure in blue-chip stocks such as Apple, Amazon, Microsoft, Google and straightens out the overall market sentiment.
Brent (Crude Oil) Has Gained 20% Since The Beginning Of The Year. The Brent Price For Today  - The 7-year High

Brent (Crude Oil) Has Gained 20% Since The Beginning Of The Year. The Brent Price For Today - The 7-year High

Walid Koudmani Walid Koudmani 09.02.2022 12:30
While Oil prices have seen significant movements in recent times, with Brent gaining over 20% from the start of 2022 and reaching the highest level since october 2014, we are beginning to see a slight pullback despite an unexpected inventory drop shown in yesterday's API report. Talks surrounding the Iran nuclear deal, which could bring around 2 mpd supply into the markets, have helped prices retreat while easing of tensions surrounding the Russia-Ukraine situation have also boosted sentiment. On the other hand, while these are positive signs the situation remains uncertain as any further escalation could see supply significantly disrupted and as the Iran deal remains slightly out of reach for the time being. OPEC appears to be nearing production capacity and optimistic forecasts point to a rise in demand throughout the year so unless some progress is made among other producers, those supply concerns could translate into record prices and subsequent impacts on a variety of sectors. Today’s EIA inventory report could prove to be important for short term price action as a confirmation of the API report could potentially increase concerns regarding short term price stability.   Stock markets continue to recover as investors await earning reports from Uber and Disney European stock markets are extending the upward move after a positive Asian session and following a higher close of US indices despite some general uncertainty seen across markets. Stock prices have been increasingly volatile on the back of recent geopolitical tensions and some surprising earnings reports released during this earning season. Fiscal and monetary policy has also greatly impacted investor sentiment but many appear to be reassured for the time being as we see a continuation of the recent rebound across global markets while investors await today’s key earnings announcements from major companies like Uber technologies and Disney among others. While it remains to be seen whether these will manage to meet expectations, the situation remains quite fragile with many markets experiencing significant volatility and as several central bankers are also due to speak today.   Barratt Developments strong results boost investor confidence Barratt Developments report exceeded expectations and pointed to a stronger recovery from covid levels with over 18,000 home constructions and strong revenue figures. The company expects this positive performance to continue throughout 2022 and despite some uncertainty surrounding the global economic environment, the general market situation appears to favor such optimistic performance. It remains to be seen if the company will manage to successfully implement its strategy or if it will encounter issues driven by record inflation and potential supply chain disruptions.
The Question Is How Will Price Of Gold Act In Times Of ECB Meeting

The Question Is How Will Price Of Gold Act In Times Of ECB Meeting

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 10.02.2022 16:22
  Lagarde opened the door to an interest rate hike, which gave the European Central Bank a hawkish demeanor. Does it also imply more bullish gold? The ECB has awoken from its ultra-dovish lethargy. In December 2021, the central bank of the Eurozone announced that its Pandemic Emergency Purchase Program would end in March 2022. Although this won’t also mean the end of quantitative easing as the ECB continues to buy assets under the APP program, the central bank will be scaling down the pace of purchases this year. Christine Lagarde, the ECB’s President, admitted it during her press conference held last week. She said: “We will stop the Pandemic Emergency Programme net asset purchases in March and then we will look at the net asset purchases under the APP.” She also left the door open for the interest rates to be raised. Of course, Lagarde did not directly signal the rate hikes. Instead, she pointed out the upside risk of inflation and acknowledged that the macroeconomic conditions have changed: We are going to use all instruments, all optionalities in order to respond to the situation – but the situation has indeed changed. You will have noticed that in the monetary policy statement that I just read, we do refer to the upside risk to inflation in our projection. So the situation having changed, we need to continue to monitor it very carefully. We need to assess the situation on the basis of the data, and then we will have to take a judgement. What’s more, Lagarde didn’t repeat her December phrase that raising interest rates in 2022 is “very unlikely”. When asked about that, she replied: as I said, I don’t make pledges without conditionalities and I did make those statements at our last press conference on the basis of the assessment, on the basis of the data that we had. It was, as all pledges of that nature, conditional. So what I am saying here now is that come March, when we have additional data, when we’ve been able to integrate in our analytical work the numbers that we have received in the last few days, we will be in a position to make a thorough assessment again on the basis of data. I cannot prejudge what that will be, but we are only a few weeks away from the closing time at which we provide the analytical work, prepare the projections for the Governing Council, and then come with some recommendations and make our decisions. It sounds very innocent, but it’s worth remembering that Lagarde is probably the most dovish central banker in the world (let’s exclude Turkish central bankers who cut interest rates amid high inflation, but they are under political pressure from Erdogan). After all, global monetary policy is tightening. For example, last week, the Bank of England hiked its main policy rate by 25 basis points and started quantitative tightening. Even the Fed will probably end quantitative easing and start raising the federal funds rate in March. In such a company, the ECB seems to be a reckless laggard. Hence, even very shy comments mean something in the case of this central bank. The markets were so impressed that they started to price in 50 basis points of rate hikes this year, probably in an exaggerated reaction.   Implications for Gold What does the latest ECB monetary policy meeting mean for the gold market? Well, maybe it wasn’t an outright revolution, but the ECB is slowly reducing its massive monetary stimulus. Although the euro area does not face the inflationary pressure of the same kind as the US, with inflation that soared to 5% in December and to 5.1% in January (according to the initial estimate), the ECB simply has no choice. As the chart below shows, inflation in the Eurozone is the highest in the whole history of euro. Additionally, in the last quarter of 2021, the GDP of the euro area finally reached its pre-pandemic level, two quarters later than in the case of the US. Europe is back in the game. The economic recovery strengthens the hawkish camp within the ECB. All of this is fundamentally bullish for gold prices. To be clear, don’t expect that Christine Lagarde will turn into Paul Volcker and hike interest rates in a rush. Given the structural problems of the euro area, the ECB will lag behind the Fed and remain relatively more dovish. However, German bond yields have recently risen, and there is still room for further increases. If the market interest rates go up more in Europe than across the pond, which is likely given the financial tightening that has already occurred in the US, the spread between American and German interest rates could narrow further (see the chart below). The narrowing divergence between monetary policies and interest rates in the US and in the Eurozone should strengthen the euro against the greenback – and it should be supportive of gold. As the chart above shows, when the spread was widening in 2012-2018, gold was in the bear market. The yellow metal started its rally at the end of 2018, just around the peak of the spread. On the other hand, if the divergence intensifies, gold will suffer. Given that Powell is expected to hike rates as soon as March, while Lagarde may only start thinking about the tightening cycle, we may have to wait a while for the spread to peak. One thing is certain: it can get hot in March! If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
Bank of America Doesn't Approve Bitcoin, Which By The Way Decreased By 1.3% Yesterday

Bank of America Doesn't Approve Bitcoin, Which By The Way Decreased By 1.3% Yesterday

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 11.02.2022 08:53
Cryptocurrencies were under the pressure of strong data on inflation in the United States on Thursday, which has updated 40-year highs. Such values can force the Fed to raise interest rates faster, which is negative for all risky assets, including cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin showed high volatility during trading, updating early January highs above $45,800 under the influence of a weakening dollar. However, towards the end of the day, the first cryptocurrency began to decline along with stock indices: the S&P500 lost 1.8%, the high-tech Nasdaq fell 2.1%. The crypto-currency index of fear and greed for the second day is exactly in the middle of the scale, at around 50 (neutral). However, now the stock markets are having an increased impact on the dynamics of Bitcoin and Ethereum, in which the prospects for monetary policy are being reassessed. The corresponding index is now in the fear territory, near the 37 mark. Meanwhile, Bitcoin is being bought back on dips towards the 50-day average, which keeps the picture bullish. However, in the event of a prolonged sale of shares, the first cryptocurrency will not hold and risks pulling the entire market with it. Fitch has downgraded El Salvador due to its acceptance of bitcoin as legal tender. In March, the country will issue the first $1 billion bitcoin bonds. There is interesting news from America as well. The largest investment company BlackRock is going to launch a cryptocurrency trading service. Bank Of America refuses to recognize Bitcoin as a safe-haven asset, pointing to the strengthening of the correlation between BTC and the S&P500 stock index. And at JPMorgan, they currently consider the “fair” quote for bitcoin to be $38,000. In Russia, the government has completed the drafting of a bill on the circulation of digital currencies. The Ministry of Finance proposed establishing a transitional period for individuals before introducing a tax on income from crypto assets. Overall, Bitcoin lost 1.3% on Thursday, ending the day around $44,100. Ethereum fell 4.3%, while other top ten altcoins declined from 0.5% (Avalanche) to 6.2% (Solana and Polkadot). The total capitalization of the crypto market sank by 2.8% over the day, to $2.08 trillion. Altcoins showed a leading decline, which led to an increase in the Bitcoin dominance index by 0.5%, to 40.1%
Crypto Market News: Hungary And Russia Take Crypto Into Consideration, ETH Decreased By 5.1%

Crypto Market News: Hungary And Russia Take Crypto Into Consideration, ETH Decreased By 5.1%

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 14.02.2022 08:48
Bitcoin strengthened in the first half of the week and the middle, having managed to test the highs of early January above $45,800. The situation changed on Thursday after the release of US inflation data, which updated the maximum levels for 40 years, and US stock indices fell. This had a negative impact, among other things, on cryptocurrencies, which showed a significant correlation with other risky assets. Late last week, the Fed announced an unscheduled meeting to be held today, February 14th. As a result of the meeting, the regulator may well raise rates without waiting til March. Moreover, even a double increase is possible, by 0.50%. Tightening monetary policy can hit all risky assets, including cryptocurrencies. On February 12th, the bitcoin network hashrate updated all-time highs above 248 EH/s. The indicator indicates the strengthening of the position of the blockchain and the development of its infrastructure. Kathy Wood, head of investment company ARK Invest, actively sold shares of the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust backed by bitcoin throughout February. Note that these securities were purchased in July last year, at the time of the BTC reversal upwards. The Central Bank of Hungary has now called on EU countries to ban cryptocurrency trading and mining. The Bank of Russia announced its desire to reduce the involvement of citizens in the crypto market. For example, the Ministry of Finance proposed limiting the list of cryptocurrencies traded in Russia. In general, Bitcoin rose by 1.6% over the past week, ending it at around $42,200. Ethereum lost 5.1%, other leading altcoins from the top ten also mostly sank: from 4.3% (Binance Coin) to 19% (Solana) for a week. The exception was the XRP token, which showed a 20% increase. The total capitalization of the crypto market, according to CoinGecko, decreased by 1.5% over the week to $1.96 trillion. The Bitcoin Dominance Index rose by 1% to 40.7% due to the weakening of altcoins.
Central Banks Diversifies Investors' Considerations

Central Banks Diversifies Investors' Considerations

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 14.02.2022 08:42
It is widely believed that in March-April 2020, retail investors actively bought stock market declines while institutional investors sold. The market's rapid reversal to growth has formed a reflex for retail investors to buy stocks on downturns. However, we note a significant change in market fundamentals. With the onset of the pandemic, central banks were on the side of retail investors, dramatically easing monetary conditions, and governments handed out money and benefits but prohibited going out and spending money. It is correct to say that investors then did not fight institutions but followed a "don't fight the Central Bank" strategy. With the unprecedented injections into the financial system, the pendulum of the markets swung in the upward direction. But in recent weeks, the Fed, having received a surprise in the form of strong employment and rising wages and yesterday with accelerating inflation, must now move to the side of equity and bond sellers. Short-term traders should keep a close eye on how monetary policy expectations change. A month ago, the assumptions of 7 Fed rate hikes in 2022 or a 50-point step in March looked marginal. Yesterday the latter option was almost entirely in the price of rate futures. There is talk of a possible start of active selling from the Fed's balance sheet, and there is also talk of an extraordinary rate hike, possibly even today. Markets can hardly sustain this pace of tightening expectations for long. But while this is happening, it won't be a wise strategy to bet against the dollar and for the stock market.
Fat or Flat: Gold Price in 2022

Fat or Flat: Gold Price in 2022

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 15.02.2022 17:10
  Analysts' 2022 forecasts for the gold market are not overwhelmingly enthusiastic – they see it flat. However, maybe the opposite should be expected. The LBMA has recently published its annual precious metals forecast survey. In general, the report is neutral about gold in 2022. On average, the analysts forecast gold prices to be broadly flat this year compared to the year. The average gold price in 2021 was $1,799, and it is expected to rise merely $3 to $1,802. How boring! However, as the table below shows, the forecasts for other precious metals are much more bearish, especially for palladium. The headline numbers are the averages of 34 analysts’ forecasts. The greatest bears see the average price of gold as low as $1.630, while the lowest low – at $1,500. Meanwhile, the biggest bulls expect the average price of gold to be $1,965, while the highest high is expected to be $2.280. The three most important drivers of precious metals prices’ performance this year are the Fed’s monetary policy, inflation, and equity market performance. This is a huge change compared to last year, when analysts considered geopolitical factors, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the pace of economic recovery to be much more important. I agree this time, of course, as I always believed that macroeconomic factors are more relevant to the long-term trend in the gold market than geopolitical drivers. Generally, the pick-up in inflation, which will keep real interest rates in negative territory, is seen as a tailwind for gold. Some analysts also expect the greenback to depreciate as the global economic recovery gathers steam, which would also be supportive of gold prices. Meanwhile, normalization of monetary policy is considered the greatest headwind for the yellow metal, as the Fed’s tightening cycle will raise the opportunity cost of holding gold. However, the markets have probably already priced the interest rate hikes in, so gold doesn’t have to suffer during the tightening cycle. Last time, the price of gold began to rise after the liftoff of the federal funds rate. The analysts surveyed by the LBMA also doubt the central banks’ ability to raise interest rates as high as needed to crush inflation. Instead, they are expected to stay behind the inflation curve. This is because the forecasted tightening cycle could be too difficult for the asset market and indebted economy to stomach, so it will be moderate and short-lived, just like last time.   Implications for Gold What does the LBMA annual forecast survey predicts for the yellow metal? The report is neutral, probably because gold remains under the influence of opposite forces, which makes forecasting really challenging this year. Gold has been recently in a sideways trend, so it’s somewhat natural to expect simply more of the same, i.e., the flat market. Actually, the pundits always forecast more of the same. For example, the previous edition of the survey was bullish, as 2020 was a great year for gold. Thus, the analysts’ 2021 average forecast for the price of gold was $1,973.8, almost $200 above the actual level. Hence, please take the survey with a pinch of salt. OK, the analysts don’t predict a literally flat market. The forecasts concerned averages, but some experts see the first half of the year as more bullish than the second, while others, vice versa. I’d rather include myself in the latter group, as my view is that the expectations of Fed tightening will continue to exert downward pressure on gold prices in the coming weeks. However, the hawkish expectations have probably gone a little too far. At some point this year, they will be adjusted, as it becomes clear that the Fed will be forced to reduce the pace of its tightening or even reverse its stance in order to calm the market and avoid the next economic crisis. Such an adjustment will be positive for gold prices, especially since it might occur amid still high inflation, but gold bulls should remember that there is still a long way to go before that happens. If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
(TRY) Turkish Lira Seems To Keep Stable, Plain Line

(TRY) Turkish Lira Seems To Keep Stable, Plain Line

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 16.02.2022 12:20
The Turkish lira has stabilised after the wild ride of December. Since the start of the year, the fluctuation of the lira formed a converging range with a centre of gravity at 13.50 in USDTRY and 15.40 in EURTRY. However, this lull is hardly a victory for the unorthodox monetary policy ideas being pursued by Turkey. Instead, market participants have turned their attention to developments in Russia and Ukraine, which has made Turkey, if not a haven, comparatively less dangerous for investors. Nevertheless, we see this lull as temporary, expecting the rate to move out of consolidation upwards, as Turkey's fight against inflation is weaker than necessary. Excessive monetary policy softness is further highlighted by monetary tightening worldwide, including in Europe, where central banks are moving to raise rates or roll back stimulus. The latest inflation estimates for January show consumer prices adding 50% and manufacturing prices almost doubling from the same month a year earlier. PPI is being pushed up by 70% devaluation of the national currency, plus a general rise in producer prices close to 10% in countries from China to the USA. Consumer prices have not yet fully absorbed the effects of the fall devaluation of the lira and promise to gain momentum in the coming months, continuing to undermine confidence in the national currency. An assessment of how inadequately soft Turkey's monetary policy is can be made by comparing the differential of inflation and the key rate. In Turkey, it is 35%, in Russia minus 1%, in Ukraine around 0% and in the UK 5%. Even in the US, where it is believed that the Fed has overlooked inflation and will now have to catch up with it through 7 0.25 point hikes this year, this differential is 7.25%, almost five times less than in Turkey. From all of this, there is a conclusion that the Turkish lira is heading upwards out of the consolidation range, i.e. a new round of currency decline is to be expected. However, this wave will likely not be as disastrous as it was in the final quarter of last year.
Crypto Airdrop - Explanation - How Does It Work?

Thursday: Significant Decreases Of Bitcoin (-7.7%) And ETH (-7.7%)

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 18.02.2022 08:52
Bitcoin collapsed on Thursday, the most in almost a month amid sales of risky assets. BTC lost 7.7%, ending the day near $40,700. Ethereum fell 7.7%, while other leading altcoins from the top ten also fell, from 5.4% (Binance Coin) to 8.5% (Terra). The total capitalization of the crypto market, according to CoinGecko, sank by 7.3%, to $1.94 trillion. Bitcoin sold more actively than altcoins, which led to a decrease in the Bitcoin dominance index by 0.3%, to 39.8%. The Cryptocurrency Fear and Greed Index plummeted 22 points to 30, returning to a state of fear. Bitcoin has clearly lost its function as a defensive asset lately, showing almost no correlation with gold, which was in high demand on Wednesday and Thursday. The technical picture looks bearish in the short term. Bitcoin did not hold above the 50-day average and fell under previous local lows. It is quite possible that from the end of January to mid-February, we saw a pullback after the momentum of the decline, and now a new step down is being formed. JPMorgan Bank indicated that crypto assets would be negatively affected by tightening US monetary policy. This approach puts crypto on a par with growth companies, which have also come under increased pressure amid rising market interest rates in recent weeks. Charles Munger, an associate of legendary investor Warren Buffett, likened cryptocurrencies to a "venereal disease" and praised China for banning them. According to him, cryptocurrencies are used by hackers, criminals, as well as those who evade taxes.
Oh, Someone Has Stopped Brent Oil Price From Going "Out Of Range"

Oh, Someone Has Stopped Brent Oil Price From Going "Out Of Range"

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 18.02.2022 13:20
Gold and oil, former beneficiaries of geopolitical tensions late last week, have gone their separate ways, with the former rising 2.4% and the latter losing 5% since the start of this week. Brent crude rolled back below $90 and, at one point on Friday, was losing 2.3% to $89, despite still worrying reports of tensions around Ukraine and Russia. It has fallen below the local support of the past ten days and is now just one step away from a decline since the start of the month. While geopolitics remains a joker capable of playing, either way, the macroeconomic picture is working to cool the oil price. US commercial oil inventories rose last week against a seasonally typical decline. As a result, inventories are now 10.9% lower than a year earlier, although it was -15% in mid-January. Production stagnated at 11.6m b/d, but at the end of last week, there was an increase in the number of operating oil rigs from 497 to 516. New data will be released later this evening. Probably, we will see more evidence that producers have stepped up production, convinced of the strength of demand and record profits in many years at their disposal. Locally, the activation of extractive companies is playing into the price pullback from current levels. However, it is a factor in slowing price growth in the longer term, but not a failure. The vector of monetary policy is also worth paying attention to. Rising rates often derail speculative growth in oil. We saw the last two examples on this theme in 2014-2015 when oil collapsed by 75%, and in 2018, it fell by 45%. After those hard lessons, OPEC+ has worked much more closely to meet quotas, so we are talking about a correction rather than a new bear market for oil. Speaking of a local correction, we assume a pullback in the Brent price to the $85 area. That is the peak area in October last year and September 2018 and close to the 38.2% Fibonacci retracement level of the rally from December to mid-February. Deeper drawdowns are also possible if monetary tightening coincides with geopolitical détente and slowing demand. In that case, Brent might briefly correct towards $80. Positive signals on the Iran deal are also factors holding oil back. An agreement with Iran would signal an easing of some of the geopolitical tensions in the Middle East and add around 1% to the global energy system, allowing the resulting shortfall to be digested and a smooth return to restocking for the world.
Wondering How Inflation And Fed Reaction Will Affect Gold

Wondering How Inflation And Fed Reaction Will Affect Gold

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 18.02.2022 16:05
  Not only won’t inflation end soon, it’s likely to remain high. Whether gold will be able to take advantage of it will depend, among others, on the Fed. Do you sometimes ask yourself when this will all end? I don’t mean the universe, nor our lives, nor even this year (c’mon, guys, it has just started!). I mean, of course, inflation. If only you weren’t in a coma last year, you would have probably noticed that prices had been surging recently. For instance, America finished the year with a shocking CPI annual rate of 7.1%, the highest since June 1982, as the chart below shows. Now, the key question is how much higher inflation could rise, or how persistent it could be. The consensus is that we will see a peak this year and subsequent cooling down, but to still elevated levels. This is the view I also hold. However, would I bet my collection of precious metals on it? I don’t know, as inflation could surprise us again, just as it did to most of the economists (but not me) last year. The risk is clearly to the upside. As always in economics, it’s a matter of supply and demand. There is even a joke that all you need to turn a parrot into an economist is to teach it to say ‘supply’ and ‘demand’. Funny, huh? When it comes to the demand side, both the money supply growth and the evolution of personal saving rate implies some cooling down of inflation rate. Please take a look at the chart below. As you can see, the broad money supply peaked in February 2021. Assuming a one-year lag between the money supply and price level, inflation rate should reach its peak somewhere in the first quarter of this year. There is one important caveat here: the pace of money supply growth has not returned to the pre-pandemic level, but it stabilized at about 13%, double the rate seen at the end of 2019. Inflation was then more or less at the Fed’s target of 2%, so without constraining money supply growth, the US central bank couldn’t beat inflation. As the chart above also shows, the personal saving rate has returned to the pre-pandemic level of 7-8%. It means that the bulk of pent-up demand has already materialized, which should also help to ease inflation in the future. However, not all of the ‘forced savings’ have already entered the market. Thus, personal consumption expenditures are likely to be elevated for some time, contributing to boosted inflation. Regarding supply factors, although some bottlenecks have eased, the disruptions have not been fully resolved. The spread of the Omicron variant of the coronavirus and regional lockdowns in China could prolong the imbalances between booming demand and constrained supply. Other contributors to high inflation are rising producer prices, increasing house prices and rents, strong inflation expectations (see the chart below), and labor shortages combined with fast wage growth. The bottom line is that, all things considered – in particular high level of demand, continued supply issues, and de-anchored inflation expectations – I forecast another year of elevated inflation, but probably not as high as in 2021. After reaching a peak in a few months, the inflation rate could ease to, let’s say, around 4% in December, if we are lucky. Importantly, the moderate bond yields also suggest that inflation will ease somewhat later in 2022. What does it mean for the gold market? Well, I don’t have good news for the gold bulls. Gold loves high and accelerating inflation the most. Indeed, as the chart below shows, gold peaks coincided historically with inflation heights. The most famous example is the inflation peak in early 1980, when gold ended its impressive rally and entered into a long bearish trend. The 2011 top also happened around the local inflationary peak. The only exception was the 2005 peak in inflation, when gold didn’t care and continued its bullish trend. However, this was partially possible thanks to the decline in the US dollar, which seems unlikely to repeat in the current macroeconomic environment, in which the Fed is clearly more hawkish than the ECB or other major central banks. The relatively strong greenback won’t help gold shine. Surely, disinflation may turn out to be transitory and inflation may increase again several months later. Lower inflation implies a less aggressive Fed, which should be supportive of gold prices. However, investors should remember that the US central bank will normalize its monetary policy no matter the inflation rate. Since the Great Recession, inflation has been moderate, but the Fed has tightened its stance eventually, nevertheless. Hence, gold may experience a harsh moment when inflation peaks. Thank you for reading today’s free analysis. We hope you enjoyed it. If so, we would like to invite you to sign up for our free gold newsletter. Once you sign up, you’ll also get 7-day no-obligation trial of all our premium gold services, including our Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care.
Kind Of A Small Downtrend Visible On DAX Chart

Kind Of A Small Downtrend Visible On DAX Chart

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 21.02.2022 10:43
The geopolitical momentum of the escalation/truce situation around Ukraine strikingly has its weekly cycles. Harsh rhetoric seems to peak at the end of the week, followed by the weekend’s relief when the sides look for ways to negotiate, giving a breath of air to global markets early in the week. This week, the same pattern applies with demand for EM currencies and European indices returning to their starting positions before Friday’s collapse. The announced talks between the Russian and US foreign ministers and the chances of a summit between Biden and Putin bring back hopes of a peaceful resolution. However, it is worth realising that the situation remains fragile, and so far, with each new cycle of this momentum, the present situation has become more dramatic. And this is visible in the dynamics of the European indices, where the DAX formed a double top in January and in February began to churn in line with the geopolitical background, maintaining a downward bias and approaching a critical support level that has been in place since last May. The pressure on the DAX to consolidate under the 15,000 mark is occurring on two fronts at once. Firstly, geopolitical tensions are reducing the traction in risky assets of the European region. In addition, fears of energy supply disruptions in the EU due to Russia form the background, with high oil and gas prices holding back the economic recovery. Secondly, the monetary policy outlook continues to be reassessed. ECB officials are talking more and more confidently about a rate hike this year and leaving the door open for such a move as early as September. If the bears manage to push the DAX below the nine-month support, we might see an acceleration of the corrective pullback that could take the index down to 14000 within the next couple of weeks. If the politicians’ rhetoric doesn’t seem to be easing, the next target for a retracement might be the 13000-area, a 61.8% Fibonacci retracement of the extremes of March 2020 and November 2021.
Is It Like XAUUSD Is Supported By Everything? How Long Will The Strengthening Last?

Is It Like XAUUSD Is Supported By Everything? How Long Will The Strengthening Last?

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 22.02.2022 16:01
  The current military tensions and the Fed’s sluggishness favor gold bulls, but not all events are positive for the yellow metal. What should we be aware of? It may be quiet on the Western Front, but quite the opposite on the Eastern Front. Russia has accumulated well over 100,000 soldiers on the border with Ukraine and makes provocations practically every day, striving for war more and more clearly. Last week, shelling was reported on Ukraine’s front line and Russia carried out several false flag operations. According to Linda Thomas-Greenfield, the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, “the evidence on the ground is that Russia is moving toward an imminent invasion.” Meanwhile, President Biden said: “We have reason to believe they are engaged in a false flag operation to have an excuse to go in. Every indication we have is they're prepared to go into Ukraine and attack Ukraine.” Of course, what politicians say should always be taken with a pinch of salt, but it seems that the situation has gotten serious and the risk of Russian invasion has increased over recent days.   Implications for Gold What does the intensifying conflict between Russia and Ukraine imply for the gold market? Well, the last week was definitely bullish for the yellow metal. As the chart below shows, the price of gold (London P.M. Fix) rallied over the past few days from $1,849 to $,1894, the highest level since June 2021; And he gold futures have even jumped above $1,900 for a while! Part of that upward move was certainly driven by geopolitical risks related to the assumed conflict between Russia and Ukraine. This is because gold is a safe-haven asset in which investors tend to park their money in times of distress. It’s worth remembering that not all geopolitical events are positive for gold, and when they are, their impact is often short-lived. Hence, if Russia invades Ukraine, the yellow metal should gain further, but if uncertainty eases, gold prices may correct somewhat. To be clear, the timing of the current military tensions is favorable for gold bulls. First of all, we live in an environment of already high inflation. Wars tend to intensify price pressure as governments print more fiat money to finance the war effort and reorient their economies from producing consumer goods toward military stuff. Not to mention the possible impact of the conflict on oil prices, which would contribute to rising energy costs and CPI inflation. According to Morgan Stanley’s analysts, further increases in energy prices could sink several economies into an outright recession. Second, the pace of economic growth is slowing down. The Fed has been waiting so long to tighten its monetary policy that it will start hiking interest rates in a weakening economic environment, adding to the problems. There is a growing risk aversion right now, with equities and cryptocurrencies being sold off. Such an environment is supportive of gold prices. Third, the current US administration has become more engaged around the world than the previous one. My point is that the current conflict is not merely between Russia and Ukraine, but also between Russia and the United States. This is one of the reasons why gold has been reacting recently to the geopolitical news. However, a Russian invasion of Ukraine wouldn’t pose a threat to America, and the US won’t directly engage in military operations on Ukrainian land, so the rally in gold could still be short-lived. If history is any guide, geopolitical events usually trigger only temporary reactions in the precious metals markets, especially if they don’t threaten the United States and its economy directly. This is because all tensions eventually ease, and after a storm comes calm. Hence, although the media would focus on the conflict, don’t get scared and – when investing in the long run – remember gold fundamentals. Some of them are favorable, but we shouldn’t forget about the Fed’s tightening cycle and the possibility that disinflation will start soon, which could raise the real interest rates, creating downward pressure on gold prices. If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
NZDUSD: Kiwi bird learns to fly

NZDUSD: Kiwi bird learns to fly

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 23.02.2022 15:09
The New Zealand dollar has been adding around 1% since the start of the day following the third key rate hike of 0.25 percentage points to 1.0% and comments from the RBNZ on the need for further policy tightening.Wednesday also saw the announcement of the start of a balance sheet reduction, including via active selling.The central bank points to employment above the maximum sustained level and the overall economic performance above its potential, all with elevated inflation.The RBNZ also says further tightening is needed, pointing to upside risks to inflation.NZDUSD is testing 0.6800, as it did just over a month ago. The Kiwi came under pressure in the previous month due to a general risk bias in global markets. However, the paths of the NZDUSD and international markets diverged in February. The steady demand of the New Zealand currency, which gained nearly 4% from the lows of late January, contrasts with the S&P500, which lost its rising momentum about a fortnight ago and is again near the lows of the year.The main reason for that divergence is monetary policy - current and expected. The Reserve Bank of New Zealand has maintained the momentum of tightening for the third time in the last six months and promises further rises later in the year.New Zealand has also found itself far removed from the worst geopolitical tensions in Europe of recent decades, continuing to benefit from record-breaking commodity prices.In this environment, it would not be surprising to see the NZDUSD rise as far as 0.7000 by the end of next month, in a break from last year's downward trend. Although, it would be too naive to expect an easy up ride for the Aussie, as the US Fed is also signalling a very hawkish stance.
Miners for Breakfast, Gold for Dessert: Bearish Fundamentals Will Hurt

Miners for Breakfast, Gold for Dessert: Bearish Fundamentals Will Hurt

Przemysław Radomski Przemysław Radomski 23.02.2022 15:59
  To the disappointment of gold bulls, the yellow metal’s upward trend will not last long. Fundamentals have already taken their toll on gold miners.  While gold remains uplifted due to the Russia-Ukraine drama, the GDXJ ETF declined for the second-straight day on Feb. 22. Moreover, I warned on numerous occasions that the junior miners are more correlated with the general stock market than their precious metals peers. As a result, when the S&P 500 slides, the GDXJ ETF often follows suit. To that point, with shades of 2018 unfolding beneath the surface, the Russia-Ukraine headlines have covered up the implications of the current correction. However, the similarities should gain more traction in the coming weeks. For context, I wrote on Feb. 22: When the Fed’s rate hike cycle roiled the NASDAQ 100 in 2017-2018, the GDXJ ETF suffered too. Thus, while the Russia-Ukraine drama has provided a distraction, the fundamentals that impacted both asset classes back then are present now. Please see below: To explain, the green line above tracks the GDXJ ETF in 2018, while the black line above tracks the NASDAQ 100. If you analyze the performance, you can see that the Fed’s rate hike cycle initially rattled the former and the latter rolled over soon after. However, the negativity persisted until Fed Chairman Jerome Powell performed a dovish pivot and both assets rallied. As a result, with the Fed Chair unlikely to perform a dovish pivot this time around, the junior miners have some catching up to do. Furthermore, while the S&P 500 also reacts to the geopolitical risks, the Fed’s looming rate hike cycle is a much bigger story. With the U.S. equity benchmark also following its price path from 2018, a drawdown to new 2022 lows should help sink the GDXJ ETF. Please see below: Source: Morgan Stanley To explain, the yellow line above tracks the S&P 500 from March 2018 until February 2019, while the blue line above tracks the index's current movement. If you analyze the performance, it's a near-splitting image. Moreover, while Morgan Stanley Chief Equity Strategist Michael Wilson thinks a relief rally to ~4,600 is plausible, he told clients that "this correction looks incomplete." "Rarely have we witnessed such weak breadth and havoc under the surface when the S&P 500 is down less than 10%. In our experience, when such a divergence like this happens, it typically ends with the primary index catching down to the average stock," he added. As a result, while a short-term bounce off of oversold conditions may materialize, the S&P 500's downtrend should resume with accelerated fervor. In the process, the GDXJ ETF should suffer materially as the medium-term drama unfolds.  To that point, the Fed released the minutes from its discount rate meetings on Jan. 18 and Jan. 26. While the committee left interest rates unchanged, the report revealed: “Given ongoing inflation pressures and strong labor market conditions, a number of directors noted that it might soon become appropriate to begin a process of removing policy accommodation. The directors of three Reserve Banks favored increasing the primary credit rate to 0.50 percent, in response to elevated inflation or to help manage economic and financial stability risks over the longer term.” For context, the hawkish pleas came from the Cleveland, St. Louis, and Kansas City Feds. Moreover, the last time Fed officials couldn’t reach a unanimous decision was October 2019. As a result, the lack of agreement highlights the monetary policy uncertainty that should help upend financial assets in the coming months. As evidence, the report also revealed: Source: U.S. Fed Thus, while I’ve highlighted on numerous occasions that a bullish U.S. economy is bearish for the PMs, the Russia-Ukraine drama has been a short-term distraction. However, with Fed officials highlighting that growth and inflation meet their thresholds for tightening monetary policy, higher real interest rates and a stronger USD Index will have much more influence over the medium term. To that point, IHS Markit released its U.S. Composite PMI on Feb. 22. With the headline index increasing from 51.1 in January to 56.0 in February, an excerpt from the report read: “February data highlighted a sharp and accelerated increase in new business among private sector companies that was the fastest in seven months. Firms mentioned that sales were boosted by the retreat of the pandemic, improved underlying demand, expanded client bases, aggressive marketing campaigns and new partnerships. Customers reportedly made additional purchases to avoid future price hikes. Quicker increases in sales (trades) were evident among both manufacturers and service providers.” More importantly, though: Source: IHS Markit In addition, since the Fed’s dual mandate includes inflation and employment, the report revealed: Source: IHS Markit Likewise, Chris Williamson, Chief Business Economist at IHS Markit, added: “With demand rebounding and firms seeing a relatively modest impact on order books from the Omicron wave, future output expectations improved to the highest for 15 months, and jobs growth accelerated to the highest since last May, adding to the upbeat picture.” If that wasn't enough, the Richmond Fed released its Fifth District Survey of Manufacturing Activity on Feb. 22. While the headline index wasn't so optimistic, the report revealed that "the third component in the composite index, employment, increased to 20 from 4 in January" and that "firms continued to report increasing wages." For context, the dashed light blue line below tracks the month-over-month (MoM) change, while the dark blue line below tracks the three-month moving average. If you analyze the former's material increase, it's another data point supporting the Fed's hawkish crusade. Source: Richmond Fed Finally, the Richmond Fed also released its Fifth District Survey of Service Sector Activity on Feb. 22. For context, the U.S. service sector suffers the brunt of COVID-19 waves. However, the recent decline in cases has increased consumers’ appetite for in-person activities. The report revealed: “Fifth District service sector activity showed improvement in February, according to the most recent survey by the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond. The revenues index increased from 4 in January to 11 in February. The demand index remained in expansionary territory at 23. Firms also reported increases in spending, as the index for capital expenditures, services expenditures, and equipment and software spending all increased.” Furthermore, with the employment index increasing from 12 to 14, the wages index increasing from 41 to 46, and the average workweek index increasing from 9 to 10, the labor market strengthened in February. Likewise, the index that tracks businesses’ ability to find skilled workers increased from -21 to -19. As a result, inflation, employment and economic growth create the perfect cocktail for the Fed to materially tighten monetary policy in the coming months.  Source: Richmond Fed The bottom line? While the Russia-Ukraine saga may dominate the headlines for some time, the bearish fundamentals that hurt gold and silver in 2021 remain intact: the U.S. economy is on solid footing, and demand is still fueling inflation. Moreover, with information technology and communication services’ stocks – which account for roughly 39% of the S&P 500 – highly allergic to higher interest rates, the volatility should continue to weigh on the GDXJ ETF. As such, while gold may have extended its shelf life, mining stocks may not be so lucky. In conclusion, the PMs were mixed on Feb. 22, as the news cycle continues to swing financial assets in either direction. However, while headlines may have a short-term impact, technicals and fundamentals often reign supreme over the medium term. As a result, lower lows should confront gold, silver, and mining stocks in the coming months. Thank you for reading our free analysis today. Please note that the above is just a small fraction of today’s all-encompassing Gold & Silver Trading Alert. The latter includes multiple premium details such as the targets for gold and mining stocks that could be reached in the next few weeks. If you’d like to read those premium details, we have good news for you. As soon as you sign up for our free gold newsletter, you’ll get a free 7-day no-obligation trial access to our premium Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. It’s really free – sign up today. Przemyslaw Radomski, CFAFounder, Editor-in-chiefSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care * * * * * All essays, research and information found above represent analyses and opinions of Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and Sunshine Profits' associates only. As such, it may prove wrong and be subject to change without notice. Opinions and analyses are based on data available to authors of respective essays at the time of writing. Although the information provided above is based on careful research and sources that are deemed to be accurate, Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and his associates do not guarantee the accuracy or thoroughness of the data or information reported. The opinions published above are neither an offer nor a recommendation to purchase or sell any securities. Mr. Radomski is not a Registered Securities Advisor. By reading Przemyslaw Radomski's, CFA reports you fully agree that he will not be held responsible or liable for any decisions you make regarding any information provided in these reports. Investing, trading and speculation in any financial markets may involve high risk of loss. Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA, Sunshine Profits' employees and affiliates as well as members of their families may have a short or long position in any securities, including those mentioned in any of the reports or essays, and may make additional purchases and/or sales of those securities without notice.
Having A Look At The Markets Considering Tensions, COVID-19 And National Banks Decisions

How Did Markets Reacted To The Latest Events In The Eastern Europe?

Walid Koudmani Walid Koudmani 24.02.2022 14:22
The worst case scenario - Russian invasion of Ukraine - is materializing. We try to analyze its consequences for the economy and financial markets Oil price increases past $100 per barrel Russia is a key player on the energy commodities market, especially important for Europe. Situation on the oil market proves it - oil prices jumped above $100 per barrel for the first time since 2014. Russia is exporting around 5 million barrels of oil each day, around 5% of global demand. Around a half of that is exported to the European Union. If the West decides to cut Russia off the SWIFT settlements system, Russian exports to the European Union could be halted. In such a scenario oil prices could jump $20-30 per barrel. In our opinion, the war risk premium included in current oil barrel prices amounts to $15-20. Europe is the main recipient of Russian oil. Source: Bloomberg, XTB Research Gold and palladium rally Conflict is the main driver of moves on the gold market. It is not the first time when gold proves to be a good store of value at times of geopolitical conflicts. Ounce of gold trades over 3% higher today, near $1,970, and just slightly over $100 below its all-time highs. Russia is an important producer of palladium, an important metal for the automotive sector. Source: Bloomberg, XTB Research Russia is a significant producer of palladium, which is a key metal in production of catalytic converters for the automotive sector. Palladium prices rallied almost 8% today. Fear means sell-off on the market Global stock markets are taking a hit not seen since 2020. However, panic is not as big as it was in early-2020. Uncertainty is the most important driver for global stock markets now as investors do not know what will come next. Correction on Nasdaq-100 futures deepened past 20% today. A big part of this drop, however, was caused by expectations of Fed tightening. DAX futures dropped around 15% since mid-January and trade near pre-pandemic highs. DE30 trades to halt decline at pre-pandemic high. Source: xStation5 Business in Ukraine is in danger It should not come as a surprise that Russian companies and companies with big exposure to Russia are the ones taking the biggest hit. Russian RTS dropped over 60% off the October 2021 high and briefly traded below 2020 lows! Polymetal International is a company worth mentioning - stock is plunging over 30% on London Stock Exchange as market fears sanctions will hit Anglo-Russian companies. Renault is also taking a hit as Russia is the second biggest market for the company. Banks with large exposure to Russia - UniCredit and Societe Generale - are also dropping hard. Even higher inflation From an economic point of view the situation is clear - military conflict will generate a new inflationary impulse. Prices of almost all commodities are trading higher, especially energy commodities. However, in case of commodity markets, a lot will depend on how conflict impacts logistics. Keep in mind that global logistics have not recovered from Covid-19 hit yet and now another negative factor is surfacing. According to the New York Fed index, global supply chains are the most tight on record. Central bankers' headache Covid-19 panic has been very short-lived, thanks to an enormous support offered by central banks. However, such an action is unlikely now. As conflict is inflationary and has a bigger impact on supply and logistics rather than demand, inflation becomes an even bigger problem for major central banks. On the other hand, quick tightening monetary policy would only magnify market turmoil. In our opinion, major central banks will continue with announced policy tightening. Risk of a 50 basis point rate hike by the Fed in March dropped but a 25 bp rate hike looks like a done deal. What's next? A key question for global markets now is - how much will the conflict escalate? An answer to this question will be a key to calming the markets. Once it is answered, calculations of impact on sanctions and speculations over changes in economic policy will begin.
Having A Look At The Markets Considering Tensions, COVID-19 And National Banks Decisions

Having A Look At The Markets Considering Tensions, COVID-19 And National Banks Decisions

Marc Chandler Marc Chandler 28.02.2022 15:36
February 28, 2022  Macro March will be a pivotal month. Three key elements shape the investment climate: geopolitics, easing of Covid pressures in Europe and North America, and the continued monetary policy response.  Russia's threat to Ukraine had been simmering for several weeks before the February 11 warning by the US that an attack was imminent.  It became a significant risk-off factor and added to the pressure on equities, while helping support the bond markets.   While several concessions were offered, there has been no common ground on the key issue of NATO enlargement. Whatever military victory Putin may enjoy, Russia will see more NATO rather than less.  Not only will NATO boost its presence, but it is possible that Sweden (and maybe Finland) joins the military pact.  The risk is that the economic fallout from Russia's military action spurs more inflation and weaker growth.  Most immediately, it has seen the market downgrade the chances of a large rate hike (50 bp) by the Federal Reserve or the Bank of England at their mid-March meetings.     The virus appears to be receding and social restrictions are being lifted in Europe and North America. Economies are re-opening.  Delivery times are improving, suggesting supply chain disruptions are easing. After a slow start, the G7 economies appear to be strengthening, with the exception of Japan. Japan imposed new social restrictions in late January that ran through mid-February.  The February composite PMI was below the 50 boom/bust level for the second consecutive month. In the UK and France, the service PMI has risen above the manufacturing PMI, another sign of a post-Covid recovery.   The normalization of monetary policy takes a big step forward in the coming weeks with the first rate hikes by the US and Canada, and the first balance sheet reduction by the Bank of England.  The European Central Bank will update is forward guidance for its asset purchases and is expected to allow for a hike toward the end of the year.  The Bank of Japan's Yield-Curve Control cap on the 10-year bond at 0.25% may be challenged if global yields drag higher in their wake.   The Reserve Bank of Australia continues to push back against expectations of an early hike, which the swaps market says likely happens in July.   Commodity prices continue to rise.  The CRB Index rose by about 3.5% in February after a 9.8% gain in January.  It has not had a losing week since mid-December.  Adverse weather conditions in South America are helping boost corn and soy prices, which also translates into higher livestock prices.  Oil prices remain near multiyear highs and the April WTI contract has risen by around a quarter this year. The high does not seem to be in place yet, but a nuclear accord with Iran would boost supply.  US natural gas prices are up about 20% this year, but partly it is a function of the weak finish last year. Still, it is above the 200-day moving average by around 4%.  Europe's benchmark (Netherlands) has risen by almost 40%.  Higher oil and natural gas prices have knock-on effects on food production via fertilizer and pesticides, let alone transportation. We note that the last three recessions in the US were preceded by a doubling of oil prices.  The price of WTI has doubled since the start of last year.  Emerging markets have been resilient to start the year.  Brazil and Russia raised rate particularly aggressively 2021 and early this year.  Others, including Hungary, Czech, and Chile have done much of their heavy lifting.  The MSCI Emerging Market Equity Index has held in better than the MSCI World Index of developed countries in the first two months of the year (-4.9% vs. -7.8%).  Year-to-date the JP Morgan Emerging Market Currency Index has risen by almost 1%.  Carry and valuation were often cited as the main considerations.   Bannockburn's GDP-weighted currency index rose about 0.3% in February as the currencies tended to have appreciated against the dollar.  The Chinese yuan (21.8%) and euro (19.1%) have the most weighting after the US dollar (31%) in the index.  They rose by 0.7% and 0.3% respectively. The strongest performer in the index was the Brazilian real (2.1% weighting) with a 3.0% gain, followed by the Australian dollar's (2.0% weighting) 2.25% increase. The weakest by far was the Russian rouble (2.2% weighting), which tumbled 6.75%.     Dollar:   There is no doubt that the Federal Reserve will launch a new monetary cycle at the mid-March meeting.  At one point, the market had priced in a little more than an 80% chance of a 50 bp move out of the gate. The pushback was mild, but the market understood, and the odds now are near 28%, which may still be high.  The focus is on the updated economic projections and any fresh guidance on the balance sheet.  At issue is terminal target rate in the cycle.  In December, five officials projected the Fed funds target rate in 2024 would be above the long-term rate of 2.5% (all but two Fed officials saw it above 2.0%-2.5%).   The Federal Reserve is getting closer to deciding the parameters of its balance sheet strategy.  It may be a bit early for details, but Chair Powell could confirm a start around midyear.  Meanwhile, the US economy is slowing sharply after the historic inventory contribution that lifted Q4 22 growth to about 7fx%.  The Atlanta Fed's GDP tracker sees Q1 growth at 1.3% while the median forecast in Bloomberg's survey is for 1.6% GDP at an annualized pace. Still, a strong rebound is likely to play out before the more sustained slowdown, we expected, starting in H2.     Euro:  First it was the divergence of monetary policy that drove the euro to $1.1120 in January.  The euro recovered to almost $1.15 on February 10, the day before the US warned that Russia could invade Ukraine. Then it was actual invasion took the euro to almost $1.1100.  The European Central Bank's leadership opened the door to a rate hike later this year, before the US warning about Russia's deadly intentions, the market began pricing in a hike in June.  This seemed exaggerated at the time.  The ECB has been very clear on the sequence.  Bond buying, under the Asset Purchase Program will end shortly before the first rate hike. To prepare for a possible hike, the ECB needs to adjust its forward guidance on its asset purchases at the March 10 meeting. It will likely reaffirm purchases in Q2, but it may look for an exit shortly thereafter.  The market has pushed the first rate hike back to the end of Q3. Meanwhile, the US-German two-year interest rate differential continues to trend in the US favor.  Consider that at the end of last September, the US premium was a little less than 100 bp. Now it is near 200 bp.  On the eve of the pandemic, it was almost 220 bp, although there is not a one-to-one correspondence between the exchange rate and the interest rate differential, the euro was in a range between $1.10 and nearly $1.1250 in December 2020.    (February 25 indicative closing prices, previous in parentheses) Spot: $1.1270 ($1.1150) Median Bloomberg One-month Forecast $1.1300 ($1.1175)  One-month forward $1.1280 ($1.1160)    One-month implied vol 7.0% (6.0%)         Japanese Yen:  Unlike most other large economies, Japan continues to experience deflationary pressures as seen by the GDP deflator (-1.3% year-over-year Q4 2021) or the January CPI (excluding fresh food and energy, -0.5% year-over-year).  This, coupled with signs of a weak Q1 has persuaded the market that BOJ is on hold until after Governor Kuroda's term ends in April 2023.  Given the monetary policy divergence and the deterioration of the balance of payments (with rising oil and commodity prices), the yen appears vulnerable.  However, the exchange rate's correlation with the change in the US 10-year yield has slackened, while improving with equities. In other words, its "safe haven" status is outweighing carry considerations.  Still, on balance, we look for the dollar to challenge the January and February high near JPY116.35.  Above those highs, there appears to be little chart-based resistance ahead of the late 2016/early 2017 high around JPY118.60.     Spot: JPY115.55 (JPY115.25)       Median Bloomberg One-month Forecast JPY115.00 (JPY115.15)      One-month forward JPY115.50 (JPY115.20)    One-month implied vol 6.3% (6.1%)     British Pound: Sterling was stuck in a $1.35-$1.36 range for most of February.  Intraday violations common but there was only one close outside the range until Russia invaded Ukraine.  It briefly crashed through $1.32 before rebounding.  The UK gets only 5%-6% of its oil and gas from Russia, but foreign direct investment exposure can be substantial for some companies in some sectors.  Consider that BP has a 20% stake in Rosneft.  The Bank of England meets on March 17.  The market has dramatically downgraded the risk of a 50 bp move, which had been rejected in favor a 25 bp move by a 5-4 vote in February.  Before the US warning about a full-scale Russian attack, the swaps market had more than a 60% chance the BOE would deliver a 50 bp hike in March.  Two weeks later the odds have fallen to less than 20%, the lowest since mid-December.  With the base rate at 50 bp, the BOE will stop reinvesting maturing proceeds of its holdings, and GBP28 bln of bond maturing in March that will not be recycled.  The outright selling of assets from its balance sheet can begin when the base rate reaches 1.0% but it is not a trigger as much as a pre-condition.      Spot: $1.3410 ($1.3400)    Median Bloomberg One-month Forecast $1.3500 ($1.3450)  One-month forward $1.3405 ($1.3395)   One-month implied vol 7.0% (6.5%)     Canadian Dollar:  Like sterling, the Canadian dollar spent most of February in a clear range.  It broke down on the dramatic wave of risk-aversion on the Russian invasion, but, unlike sterling, it was back into the old range within 24 hours.  The US dollar's range was CAD1.2650-CAD1.2660 on the downside and CAD1.28 on the upside.  It shot up to CAD1.2860 but returned to CAD1.27 the following day.   The Bank of Canada meets on March 2.  The swaps market sees a 75% chance that the Bank of Canada delivers a 50 bp to initiate its tightening cycle.  The market is discounting almost 180 bp of hikes over the next 12 months and peaking between 2.25%-2.50% next year from 25 bp now.  It is the most among the G7 countries.  It is also where the central bank sees the neutral rate.  The Bank of Canada is also expected to signal that it plans on letting the balance sheet shrink passively, not replacing maturing securities shortly.     Spot: CAD1.2715 (CAD 1.2770)  Median Bloomberg One-month Forecast CAD1.2600 (CAD1.2690) One-month forward CAD1.2710 (CAD1.2765)    One-month implied vol 6.7% (7.1%)      Australian Dollar: After falling 2.7% in January, the Australian dollar rebounded by 2.25% in February.  Of the major currencies, only the New Zealand dollar outperformed it and its central bank hiked rates for the third consecutive meeting and announced its balance sheet reduction strategy.  Australia's economy appeared to recover quickly from the Covid-related disruption that pushed the January composite PMI below the 50 boom/bust level (46.7).  It bounced back in February to 55.9, the highest since last June.  Higher commodity prices are delivering a positive terms of trade shock.  The average monthly trade surplus was A$10.2 bln last year compared with an average of nearly A$5.7 bln in 2019. While the Reserve Bank of Australia acknowledges the possibility of rate hike later this year, the market is considerably more aggressive.  The swaps market has discounted around 145 bp in tightening over the next 12 months.  However, in recent weeks, the market has pushed the first hike in Q3 from Q2.  For the last four months, the Australian dollar has mostly traded between $0.7000 and $0.7300.  This range may continue to dominate.      Spot:  $0.7220 ($0.6990)        Median Bloomberg One-Month Forecast $0.7200 ($0.7090)      One-month forward $0.7230 ($0.6995)     One-month implied vol 10.0% (10.4%)        Mexican Peso:  The peso appreciated by 1.4% in February.  Latam currencies shined. and accounted for four of the top six EM performers, led by the 3% gain in the Brazilian real.  At her first meeting as Governor of the Bank of Mexico, Rodriguez delivered a 50 bp hike. With price pressures still accelerating, she is poised to repeat it at her second meeting on March 24.   It would bring the target rate to 6.5%.  Recall that in the last cycle, Banxico had raised its target to 8.25% before cutting by in August 2019.  It was at 7.25% in January 2020.  The swaps market expects it to peak in early near year in the 8.00%-8.25% area.  The key is inflation, which has been above 7% for three months through January.  The bi-weekly inflation report had it accelerating in mid-February.  Mexican asset markets are underperforming.  Consider, the yield on its 10-year dollar bond is up 100 bp this year.  Brazil's is up half as much. Mexico's equity benchmark is off almost 1.4% this year while the MSCI Latam equity index is up 11.5%.  The dollar set five-month lows in late February slightly below MXN20.16. It peaked in late January near MXN20.9150.  The bulk of the move is probably behind it and the MXN20.00-MXN20.10 area may offer a nearby floor.      Spot: MXN20.35 (MXN20.80)   Median Bloomberg One-Month Forecast MXN20.50 (MXN20.78)   One-month forward MXN20.46 (MXN20.90)     One-month implied vol 11.0% (10.6%)      Chinese Yuan:  Few observers seem to place any importance on Chinese officials claim that it is making the currency move flexible.  The yuan still can only move in a 2% band around the reference rate that the central bank sets daily ostensibly submissions by its banks.  Although it does not appear to intervene directly, it can still have various levers of influence.   The yuan has risen against the dollar for six of the past seven months.  The currency moves are small but have a cumulative effect. In February, the yuan rose by about 0.7% against the dollar.  It was sufficient to lift it to a new four-year high and what appears to be a new record-high against its trade-weighted basket (CFETS).  After cautioning the market against driving the yuan higher and raising the reserve requirement for foreign currency deposits (earned in part from selling the yuan to offshore buyers), the PBOC shifted in February.  It began setting the dollar's reference rate below expectations.  While a couple of large asset managers have reduced their weightings of Chinese bonds as the premium over Treasuries narrows considerably, foreign investors have been buying Chinese stocks outside of the technology and property sectors.  It is difficult to know the extent of the official tolerance of a stronger yuan when monetary and fiscal policy is more stimulative.  The dollar's low from 2017 was around CNY6.24-CNY6.25.     Spot: CNY6.3175 (CNY6.3615) Median Bloomberg One-month Forecast CNY6.3800 (CNY6.3895)  One-month forward CNY6.3300 (CNY6.3820)    One-month implied vol 3.1% (3.1%)         Disclaimer
Price Of Gold (XAUUSD) Will Be Supported, But Probable Massive Sale Of Russian Gold Can Hinder The Rise

Price Of Gold (XAUUSD) Will Be Supported, But Probable Massive Sale Of Russian Gold Can Hinder The Rise

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 01.03.2022 16:01
  Russia underestimated Ukraine’s fierce defense. Instead of quick conquest, the war is still going on. The same applies to pulling the rope between gold bulls and bears. It was supposed to be a blitzkrieg. The plan was simple: within 72 hours Russian troops were to take control of Kyiv, stage a coup, overthrow the democratically elected Ukrainian authorities, and install a pro-Russian puppet government. Well, the blitzkrieg clearly failed. The war has been going on for five days already, and Kyiv (and other major cities) remains in Ukrainian hands, while the Russians suffer great losses. Indeed, the Ukrainians are fighting valiantly. The Kremlin apparently did not expect such high morale among the troops and civilians, as well as such excellent organization and preparation. Meanwhile, the morale among Russian soldiers is reported to be pathetically low, as they have no motivation to fight with culturally close Ukrainians (many of whom speak perfect Russian). The invaders are also poorly equipped, and the whole operation was logistically unprepared (as the assumption was a quick capitulation by Ukrainian forces and a speedy collapse of the government in Kyiv). Well, pride comes before a fall. What’s more, the West is united as never before (Germany did a historic U-turn in its foreign and energy policies) and has already imposed relatively heavy economic sanctions on Russia (including cutting off some of the country’s banks from SWIFT), and donated weapons to Ukraine. However – and unfortunately – the war is far from being ended. Military analysts expect a second wave of Russian troops that can break the resistance of the Ukrainians, who have fewer forces and cannot relieve the soldiers just like the other side. Indeed, satellite pictures show a large convoy of Russian forces near Kyiv. Russia is also gathering troops in Belarus and – sadly – started shelling residential quarters in Ukrainian cities. According to US intelligence, Belarusian soldiers could join Russian forces. The coming days will be crucial for the fate of the conflict.   Implications for Gold What does the war between Russia and Ukraine imply for the gold market? Well, initially, the conflict was supportive of gold prices. As the chart below shows, the price of gold (London Fix) soared to $1,936 on Thursday. However, the rally was very short-lived, as the very next day, gold prices fell to $1,885. Thus, gold’s performance looked like “buy the rumor, sell the news.” However, yesterday, the price of the yellow metal returned above $1,900, so some geopolitical risk premium may still be present in the gold market. Anyway, it seems that I was right in urging investors to focus on fundamentals and to not make long-term investments merely based on geopolitical risks, the impact of which is often only temporary. Having said that, gold may continue its bullish trend, at least for a while. After all, the war not only increases risk aversion, but it also improves gold’s fundamental outlook. First of all, the Fed is now less likely to raise the federal funds rate in March. It will probably still tighten its monetary policy, but in a less aggressive way. For example, the market odds of a 50-basis point hike decreased from 41.4% one week ago to 12.4% now. What’s more, we are observing increasing energy prices, which could increase inflation further. The combination of higher inflation and a less hawkish Fed should be fundamentally positive for gold prices, as it implies low real interest rates. On the other hand, gold may find itself under downward pressure from selling reserves to raise liquidity. I'm referring to the fact that the West has cut Russia off from the SWIFT system in part. In such a situation, Russia would have to sell part of its massive gold reserves, which could exert downward pressure on prices. Hence, the upcoming days may be quite volatile for the gold market. At the end of my article, I would like to point out that although the war in Ukraine entails implications for the precious metals market, it is mostly a humanitarian tragedy. My thoughts and prayers are with all the casualties of the conflict and their families. I hope that Ukraine will withstand the invasion and peace will return soon! If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
Fed And BoE Ahead Of Interest Rates Decisions. Having A Look At Nasdaq, S&P 500 and Dow Jones Charts

Fed's Jerome Powell Testimony, OPEC Meeting And Bitcoin (BTC) As A "Risky" Safe Heaven

Swissquote Bank Swissquote Bank 03.03.2022 11:11
The possibility of another round of discussion between Russia and Ukraine and Jerome Powell’s more dovish than expected testimony saved the day for equity investors yesterday. The S&P500 rallied 1.86%, while Nasdaq gained 1.62% on Wednesday, but the 50-DMA finally crossed below the 200-DMA confirming a long-awaited death cross formation on Nasdaq’s daily chart. Elsewhere, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence, the short interest against the energy stocks has peaked to the highest levels in more than a year, as the latest rally in global energy stocks ‘may be petering out, even with oil prices surging to their highest levels since 2014’. But US and Brent crude continue their jaw-dropping advance this morning as OPEC+ decided to maintain its production target unchanged at 400’000 extra barrels per day from April. Among safe havens, demand in US dollar remains strong. Gold performs well, but Bitcoin becomes a risky safe haven as the latest news suggests that the US Department of Justice announced a new task force broadly designed to enforce sanctions, which will also target efforts to use cryptocurrency to evade US sanctions. Watch the full episode to find out more! 0:00 Intro 0:28 Powell cheers up investors 2:38 Market update 3:40 Short bets against energy stocks increase, as oil rallies 8:34 Bitcoin risks sanctions from the West, as well Ipek Ozkardeskaya has begun her financial career in 2010 in the structured products desk of the Swiss Banque Cantonale Vaudoise. She worked at HSBC Private Bank in Geneva in relation to high and ultra-high net worth clients. In 2012, she started as FX Strategist at Swissquote Bank. She worked as a Senior Market Analyst in London Capital Group in London and in Shanghai. She returned to Swissquote Bank as Senior Analyst in 2020.
S&P 500 (SPX) Increased By 7.1%, FTSE 100 (UK 100) Went Up As Well

S&P 500 (SPX) Increased By 7.1%, FTSE 100 (UK 100) Went Up As Well

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 03.03.2022 10:15
  Why the S&P500 is rising now Events in Ukraine at the end of last month provoked chaos in the stock markets of all regions. However, the S&P500 and FTSE100 indexes already managed to find the support of buyers on the first day of hostilities. Since then, these indices have formed an upward trend. The S&P 500 is testing the 4400 mark, above which it last traded solidly before Feb 17th. At the same time, futures are now 7.1% higher than the minimum point at which they were a week earlier.  The FTSE100 is not gaining as much and is now up 3.4% from last week's lows. In both cases, we see an upward movement, albeit shaky. It is explained by the market's less dependence on the state of affairs in Eastern Europe since the companies represented in the S&P500 are significantly diversified and removed from the epicentre of events. In contrast, the European Euro50 on the 1st of March fell to lows for almost a year.  A similar pattern was observed for the German DAX. The charts of both indices have been dominated by sellers since the beginning of the year, and this trend has intensified sharply in the last two weeks.  The DAX and EURO50 have about 7% more downside potential in the next few days before finding support. In our opinion, central banks may now be on the side of buyers in Western Europe and the United States, which are likely to soften plans for tightening monetary policy, despite the rise in commodity prices. Worth mentioning that in times of crisis, the market quickly calculates the winners: both in February-March 2020 and last month, the market decline was general, but very soon the markets diverged in their dynamics.
Fighting Continues: Good for Ukraine... And Gold

Fighting Continues: Good for Ukraine... And Gold

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 03.03.2022 16:10
  Kherson fell, but Ukrainians are still fighting fiercely. In the face of war, gold also shows courage – to move steadily up. The battle of Ukraine is still going on. Russian troops took control of Kherson, a city of about 300,000 in the south of Ukraine, but other main cities haven’t been captured yet. Ukrainian soldiers even managed to conduct some counter-offensive actions near the country’s capital. There is a large Russian column advancing on Kyiv, but its progress has been very slow over the last few days due to the staunch Ukrainian resistance and Russian forces’ problems with equipment, tactics, and supplies, including fuel and food. David is still bravely fighting Goliath! Of course, Russian forces still have an advantage and are progressing. However, the pace of the invasion is much slower than Vladimir Putin and his generals expected. The Ukrainians’ defense is much fiercer, while Russia’s losses are more severe. The Russian defense ministry admitted that 498 Russian soldiers have already been killed and 1,597 wounded, but the real number is probably much higher. Even if Russia takes control of other cities, it’s unclear whether it will be able to hold them. What’s more, although the West didn’t engage directly in the war, the response of the West was much stronger than Putin could probably have expected. The US and its allies supplied Ukraine with weapons and imposed severe sanctions against Putin and the Russian governing elite, as well as on Russia’s economy and financial system. For instance, the West decided to exclude several Russian banks from SWIFT and also to freeze most of Russian central bank’s foreign currency reserve assets. Additionally, many international companies are moving out of Russia or exporting their products to this country, adding to the economic pressure. The ruble plummeted, as the chart below shows.   Implications for Gold What does the ongoing war in Ukraine mean for the precious metals market? Well, the continuous heroic stance of President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Ukrainian defenders is not only heating up the hearts of all freedom-lovers, but also gold prices. As the chart below shows, the price of the yellow metal has soared to about $1,930, the highest level since January 2021. As a reminder, until recently, gold was unable to surpass $1,800. Thus, the recent rally is noteworthy. The war is clearly boosting the safe-haven demand for gold. Another bullish driver is rising inflation. According to early estimates, euro area annual inflation soared from 5.1% in January to 5.8%, and the war is likely to add to the inflationary pressure due to rising energy prices. Both Brent and WTI oil prices have surged above $110 per barrel. Last but not least, I have to mention Powell’s appearance before Congress. In the prepared testimony, he said that the Fed would hike the federal funds rate this month, despite the war in Ukraine: Our monetary policy has been adapting to the evolving economic environment, and it will continue to do so. We have phased out our net asset purchases. With inflation well above 2 percent and a strong labor market, we expect it will be appropriate to raise the target range for the federal funds rate at our meeting later this month. This sounds rather hawkish and, thus, bearish for gold. However, Powell acknowledged that the implications of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine for the U.S. economy are highly uncertain. The near-term effects on the U.S. economy of the invasion of Ukraine, the ongoing war, the sanctions, and of events to come, remain highly uncertain. Making appropriate monetary policy in this environment requires a recognition that the economy evolves in unexpected ways. We will need to be nimble in responding to incoming data and the evolving outlook. Hence, the war in Eastern Europe could make the Fed more dovish than expected at a time when inflation could be higher than forecasted before the war outbreak. Such an environment should be bullish for the gold market. However, there is one important caveat. The detailed analysis of gold prices shows that they declined around the first and second rounds of negotiations between Russian and Ukrainian diplomats in anticipation of the end of the conflict. However, when it became apparent that the talks ended in a stalemate, gold resumed its upward move. The implication should be clear: as long as the war continues, the yellow metal may shine, but when the ceasefire or truce is agreed, we could see a correction in the gold market. It doesn’t have to be a great plunge, but a large part of the geopolitical premium will disappear. Having said that, the war may take a while. I pray that I’m wrong, but the slow progress of the Russian invasion could prompt Vladimir Putin to adopt a “whatever it takes” stance. According to some experts, he is already more emotional than usual, and when faced with the prospects of failure, he could become even more brutal or irrational. We already see that Russian troops, unable to break the Ukrainian defense in open combat, siege the cities and bomb civilians. Hence, the continuation or escalation of Russia’s military actions could provide support for gold prices. If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
Fed’s Tightening Cycle: Bullish or Bearish for Gold?

Fed’s Tightening Cycle: Bullish or Bearish for Gold?

Finance Press Release Finance Press Release 04.03.2022 16:14
This month, the Fed is expected to hike interest rates. Contrary to popular belief, the tightening doesn't have to be adverse for gold. What does history show?March 2022 – the Fed is supposed to end its quantitative easing and hike the federal funds rate for the first time during recovery from a pandemic crisis . After the liftoff, the Fed will probably also start reducing the size of its mammoth balance sheet and raise interest rates a few more times. Thus, the tightening of monetary policy is slowly becoming a reality. The golden question is: how will the yellow metal behave under these conditions?Let’s look into the past. The last tightening cycle of 2015-2019 was rather positive for gold prices. The yellow metal rallied in this period from $1,068 to $1,320 (I refer here to monthly averages), gaining about 24%, as the chart below shows.What’s really important is that gold bottomed out in December 2015, the month of the liftoff. Hence, if we see a replay of this episode, gold should detach from $1,800 and go north, into the heavenly land of bulls. However, in December 2015, real interest rates peaked, while in January 2016, the US dollar found its local top. These factors helped to catapult gold prices a few years ago, but they don’t have to reappear this time.Let’s dig a bit deeper. The earlier tightening cycle occurred between 2004 and 2006, and it was also a great time for gold, despite the fact that the Fed raised interest rates by more than 400 basis points, something unthinkable today. As the chart below shows, the price of the yellow metal (monthly average) soared from $392 to $634, or more than 60%. Just as today, inflation was rising back then, but it was also a time of great weakness in the greenback, a factor that is currently absent.Let’s move even further back into the past. The Fed also raised the federal funds rate in the 1994-1995 and 1999-2000 periods. The chart below shows that these cases were rather neutral for gold prices. In the former, gold was traded sideways, while in the latter, it plunged, rallied, and returned to a decline. Importantly, just as in 2015, the yellow metal bottomed out soon after the liftoff in early 1999.In the 1980s, there were two major tightening cycles – both clearly negative for the yellow metal. In 1983-1984, the price of gold plunged 29% from $491 to $348, despite rising inflation, while in 1988-1989, it dropped another 12%, as you can see in the chart below.Finally, we have traveled back in time to the Great Stagflation period! In the 1970s, the Fed’s tightening cycles were generally positive for gold, as the chart below shows. In the period from 1972 to 1974, the average monthly price of the yellow metal soared from $48 to $172, or 257%. The tightening of 1977-1980 was an even better episode for gold. Its price skyrocketed from $132 to $675, or 411%. However, monetary tightening in 1980-1981 proved not very favorable , with the yellow metal plunging then to $409.What are the implications of our historical analysis for the gold market in 2022? First, the Fed’s tightening cycle doesn’t have to be bad for gold. In this report, I’ve examined nine tightening cycles – of which four were bullish, two were neutral, and three were bearish for the gold market. Second, all the negative cases occurred in the 1980s, while the two most recent cycles from the 21st century were positive for gold prices. It bodes well for the 2022 tightening cycle.Third, the key is, as always, the broader macroeconomic context – namely, what is happening with the US dollar, inflation, and real interest rates. For example, in the 1970s, the Fed was hiking rates amid soaring inflation. However, in March 1980, the CPI annul rate peaked, and a long era of disinflation started. This is why tightening cycles were generally positive in the 1970s, and negative in the 1980s.Hence, it seems on the surface that the current tightening should be bullish for gold, as it is accompanied by high inflation. However, inflation is expected to peak this year. If this happens, real interest rates could increase even further, creating downward pressure on gold prices. Please remember that the real federal funds rate is at a record low level. If inflation peaks, gold bulls’ only hope will be either a bearish trend in the US dollar (amid global recovery and ECB’s monetary policy tightening) or a dovish shift in market expectations about the path of the interest rates, given that the Fed’s tightening cycle has historically been followed by an economic slowdown or recession.Thank you for reading today’s free analysis. We hope you enjoyed it. If so, we would like to invite you to sign up for our free gold newsletter. Once you sign up, you’ll also get 7-day no-obligation trial of all our premium gold services, including our Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. Sign up today!Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care.
The Swing Overview - Week 9

The Swing Overview - Week 9

Purple Trading Purple Trading 07.03.2022 20:22
The Swing Overview - Week 9 The war in Ukraine continues, and although we all want this tragic event to be ended immediately, but unfortunately, according to last statements of Russian officials, it looks like the war will drag on for a longer period of time. Investors have reacted to this development by selling risk assets, including the Czech koruna. Stock indices are losing ground and the DAX in particular has been under heavy pressure. On the other hand, commodities such as oil, gold, and coal are strengthening strongly. Somewhat surprising is the development in the Australian dollar, which usually weakens in the events of geopolitical uncertainties. However, there is a reason for its current rise. More on this in our article. Conflict in Ukraine   Vladimir Putin probably did not expect to encounter such a brave resistance from Ukraine and that  almost the whole world would send Russia into isolation through significant sanctions. The list of companies and actions that have cut ties with Russia is growing day by the day and Western companies are leaving Russia. Thus, for Russians, foreign goods (food, clothing, furniture, electronics, cars) will gradually become very rare. Probably the strongest sanction that Russia has felt so far, was the freeze of the Russian Central Bank's foreign exchange reserves. In response, the Russian ruble began to depreciate significantly on February 28, 2022, and has already lost more than 30% of its pre-invasion value. In response, the Russian Central Bank intervened by raising the interest rate to 20%, which temporarily halted the ruble's fall.    Figure 1: The Russian ruble paired with the USD and the euro Meanwhile, Western countries have not exhausted all options to stop Russia in this war through economic sanctions in case of further escalation of the conflict yet. The fact that European countries might stop taking Russian gas is also at stake. This would, of course, have a very significant impact on the entire European economy. However, these are still just some economic losses, which can not be   compared at all with the losses of lives experienced by the unprecedentedly attacked Ukraine. In any case, this crisis seems to have the potential to surpass in its consequences the crisis that occurred in Russia in 1998, which led to inflation exceeding 80% and central bank interest rates reaching 150%.   Data from the US economy The ISM manufacturing sentiment indicator for February came in at 58.6 which is better than expected and points to an optimistic development of the US economy. In the labour market sector, the ADP (non-farm job change) indicator was reported, which showed that 475 thousand jobs were created in America in February (compared to 509 thousand in January). The number of unemployment claims reached 215 thousand last week, which was less than expected 226 thousand. Thus, the data show that the US economy is doing well so far and the US Fed is going to raise interest rates at its next meeting on March 16, 2022. Jerome Powell said that he would support a 0.25% rate hike. Powell also said that the war in Ukraine means significant uncertainty for monetary policy.   The US dollar and bond yields The US dollar continues to strengthen, as the USD index shows. In addition to the expected US interest rate hike, the US dollar bullishness is explained by demand for US government bonds in times of uncertainty. Demand for these bonds then pushes down their yields, which continue to fall. Figure 2: 10-year government bond yield on the 4H chart and USD index on the daily chart Index SP500 The US SP 500 index moved in a consolidation range last week. This shows that investors have so far viewed the conflict in Ukraine as an event that is more or less a regional event and therefore saw cheap stocks as a buying opportunity.  However, the sanctions adopted by Western countries will of course also have an impact on the global economy, especially if the conflict deepens further. This concern was then reflected at the end of the week when the index started to weaken. Figure 3: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart   Resistance according to the H4 chart is in the region of around 4,410 - 4,420. The nearest support according to the H4 chart is at 4255 - 4284. Significant support is at 4,100 - 4,113. German DAX index In contrast to the SP 500 index, there was a big sell-off in the DAX, showing that investors are worried, among other things, that a further escalation of the conflict could lead to a disruption in the supply of Russian gas, on which Germany is heavily dependent.  According to the daily chart, it looks like the DAX index is now in free fall and is breaking through support barriers as if they did not exist. It looks like the market is starting to show signs of panic selling by inexperienced investors.  If you are speculating in the short term, then bear in mind that short term speculation against such a strong downtrend is very disadvantageous and risky.   Figure 4: DAX on H4 and daily chart     Current resistance is in the area of 13,655 - 13,756. The price is now at support at 13,400, which is already slightly broken, but the closing of the whole session will be crucial. The next support is then at 13 000 - 13 100.   The Czech koruna is losing significantly The Czech koruna has long benefited from the interest rate differential, which has been very favourable for the koruna against the euro and has been the reason why the koruna has appreciated strongly since November 2021. But the Czech koruna, along with other Central European currencies, is a currency that is losing ground heavily in the current conflict.   Figure 5: The EURCZK on the daily chart   Firstly, there is the concern that the Czech Republic is geographically quite close to Ukraine, even though the Czech Republic does not have very significant exports directly with Ukraine nor Russia (in total, around 3% of total Czech exports). At the same time, there is concern about the Czech Republic's dependence on Russian gas. If the taps are closed, then the koruna could shoot above  CZK 27 per euro. Currently, the EURCZK pair is trading at the resistance level of 25. 80 - 25.90.   The Australian dollar The Australian dollar is a currency that tends to weaken during major global crises. In particular, the AUDJPY pair is correlated with the SP 500 index in the short term. Currently, however, the Australian dollar is strengthening.  This is because the Australian economy is export-oriented and exports commodities such as gold, iron ore, coal and gas.  All these commodities are now in high demand. Europe, for example, is realising that dependence on Russian gas is not paying off and is looking for alternatives. A temporary solution will be to rebuild coal-fired power stations. Germany and Italy have already started to buy coal stocks, which are therefore appreciating strongly. As a result, the price of coal has sky-rocketed, with one tonne reaching a record price of the USD 400. Figure 6: The coal price   The gold, traditionally seen as a safe haven in times of uncertainty, is also strengthening. The gold has also been helped by a fall in US bond yields.   Figure 7: The gold on H4 and D1 charts   In terms of technical analysis, the gold stopped at the resistance of $1,973 per ounce. The nearest support according to the daily chart is  $1,870 - 1,878 per ounce. The rise in commodity prices then resulted in the strengthening of the Australian dollar.     Figure 8: The AUDJPY currency pair on D1 chart   The AUDJPY broke the resistance in the range of 0.8400 - 0.8420, which became the new support. The next resistance is then at the level of 85.90 - 86.20.  
How the latest CPI affected Bitcoin

How the latest CPI affected Bitcoin

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 10.03.2022 15:19
Consumer prices in the USA rose by 0.8% in February as expected. Inflation for the same month a year earlier was 7.9% compared to 7.5% a month earlier and in line with average forecasts.Over the last 12 months, the actual data has exceeded the forecast ten times, so the stabilisation seen in February is regarded as cautiously good news. Previously, market participants had assumed that inflation would peak in February, but the latest round of commodity prices makes these forecasts overly optimistic. In peacetime, markets would have priced in more decisive monetary policy tightening moves by the Fed. However, investors have recently discounted expectations of a rate hike by 50 points, contrary to a jump in commodity prices. The markets assume that the Fed will be much more cautious in tightening policy. This thesis is doubly true against the background of falling government bond yields and widening spreads between them and high-yield bonds.When the Fed has limited capacity to respond to inflation, this is bad news for the dollar because it undermines its long-term prospects for maintaining purchasing power. In this regard, the impulsive pressure on the US currency immediately after the release should not be surprising.Long term, this is also good news for bitcoin, which is not subject to inflation. However, the short-term reaction could well be mixed, as fears of a new stock market decline are also added to this cocktail, as stocks "don't like" accelerating inflation.
Gold Likes Recessions - Could High Interest Rates Lead to One?

Gold Likes Recessions - Could High Interest Rates Lead to One?

Finance Press Release Finance Press Release 11.03.2022 16:52
We live in uncertain times, but one thing is (almost) certain: the Fed’s tightening cycle will be followed by an economic slowdown – if not worse.There are many regularities in nature. After winter comes spring. After night comes day. After the Fed’s tightening cycle comes a recession. This month, the Fed will probably end quantitative easing and lift the federal funds rate. Will it trigger the next economic crisis?It’s, of course, more nuanced, but the basic mechanism remains quite simple. Cuts in interest rates, maintaining them at very low levels for a prolonged time, and asset purchases – in other words, easy monetary policy and cheap money – lead to excessive risk-taking, investors’ complacency, periods of booms, and price bubbles. On the contrary, interest rate hikes and withdrawal of liquidity from the markets – i.e., tightening of monetary policy – tend to trigger economic busts, bursts of asset bubbles, and recessions. This happens because the amount of risk, debt, and bad investments becomes simply too high.Historians lie, but history – never does. The chart below clearly confirms the relationship between the Fed’s tightening cycle and the state of the US economy. As one can see, generally, all recessions were preceded by interest rate hikes. For instance, in 1999-2000, the Fed lifted the interest rates by 175 basis points, causing the burst of the dot-com bubble. Another example: in the period between 2004 and 2006, the US central bank raised rates by 425 basis points, which led to the burst of the housing bubble and the Great Recession.One could argue that the 2020 economic plunge was caused not by US monetary policy but by the pandemic. However, the yield curve inverted in 2019 and the repo crisis forced the Fed to cut interest rates. Thus, the recession would probably have occurred anyway, although without the Great Lockdown, it wouldn’t be so deep.However, not all tightening cycles lead to recessions. For example, interest rate hikes in the first half of the 1960s, 1983-1984, or 1994-1995 didn’t cause economic slumps. Hence, a soft landing is theoretically possible, although it has previously proved hard to achieve. The last three cases of monetary policy tightening did lead to economic havoc.It goes without saying that high inflation won’t help the Fed engineer a soft landing. The key problem here is that the US central bank is between an inflationary rock and a hard landing. The Fed has to fight inflation, but it would require aggressive hikes that could slow down the economy or even trigger a recession. Another issue is that high inflation wreaks havoc on its own. Thus, even if untamed, it would lead to a recession anyway, putting the economy into stagflation. Please take a look at the chart below, which shows the history of US inflation.As one can see, each time the CPI annul rate peaked above 5%, it was either accompanied by or followed by a recession. The last such case was in 2008 during the global financial crisis, but the same happened in 1990, 1980, 1974, and 1970. It doesn’t bode well for the upcoming years.Some analysts argue that we are not experiencing a normal business cycle right now. In this view, the recovery from a pandemic crisis is rather similar to the postwar demobilization, so high inflation doesn’t necessarily imply overheating of the economy and could subsidy without an immediate recession. Of course, supply shortages and pent-up demand contributed to the current inflationary episode, but we shouldn’t forget about the role of the money supply. Given its surge, the Fed has to tighten monetary policy to curb inflation. However, this is exactly what can trigger a recession, given the high indebtedness and Wall Street’s addiction to cheap liquidity.What does it mean for the gold market? Well, the possibility that the Fed’s tightening cycle will lead to a recession is good news for the yellow metal, which shines the most during economic crises. Actually, recent gold’s resilience to rising bond yields may be explained by demand for gold as a hedge against the Fed’s mistake or failure to engineer a soft landing.Another bullish implication is that the Fed will have to ease its stance at some point in time when the hikes in interest rates bring an economic slowdown or stock market turbulence. If history teaches us anything, it is that the Fed always chickens out and ends up less hawkish than it promised. In other words, the US central bank cares much more about Wall Street than it’s ready to admit and probably much more than it cares about inflation.Having said that, the recession won’t start the next day after the rate liftoff. Economic indicators don’t signal an economic slump. The yield curve has been flattening, but it’s comfortably above negative territory. I know that the pandemic has condensed the last recession and economic rebound, but I don’t expect it anytime soon (at least rather not in 2022). It implies that gold will have to live this year without the support of the recession or strong expectations of it.Thank you for reading today’s free analysis. We hope you enjoyed it. If so, we would like to invite you to sign up for our free gold newsletter. Once you sign up, you’ll also get 7-day no-obligation trial of all our premium gold services, including our Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. Sign up today!Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care.
These Releases Can Affect Dollar Index - Fed Releases Interest Rate Decision And EIA Presents Crude Oil Inventories

These Releases Can Affect Dollar Index - Fed Releases Interest Rate Decision And EIA Presents Crude Oil Inventories

Mikołaj Marcinowski Mikołaj Marcinowski 11.03.2022 16:37
In the following week: Great Britain, Germany, USA, Canada, Australia, Japan, Russia… - these countries have their economic indicators presented. What’s mostly interesting? Tuesday Australia and China At 0.30 a.m. RBA Release Meeting Minutes, At 2 a.m. Chinese Industrial Production (YoY) goes public. Great Britain In the morning, five hours later, British Average Earnings Index +Bonus is presented. Previously it amounted to 4.3%. At the same time (7 a.m.) Claimant Count Change is released. Would it increase? Germany Germans will sleep a bit longer – ZEW Economic Sentiment is released at 10 a.m. and previously amounted to 54.3 USA The awaited release of the day is US PPI (MoM), which previously hit 1.0% Wednesday USA Wednesday is a kind of continuation of the Tuesday’s afternoon as the whole day is full of US releases. We begin with Core Retail Sales (MoM) (3.3%) followed by Retail Sales (MoM) (3.8%) and Crude Oil Inventories. In the evening Fed will finally publish Interest Rate Decision, which previously hit 0.25%. Canada and New Zealand Canadian Core CPI is released at 12:30 p.m. New Zealand’s GDP goes public late in the afternoon. Thursday Australia and Great Britain At 0:30 a.m. Australians get to know Employment Change (12.9K). In the midday BoE releases its Interest Rate Decision – previous one amounted to 0.50% The EU and the USA On Thursday European Markets investors should follow ECB President Lagarde testimony and release of EU CPI (YoY) (prev. 5.8%) What to follow in the USA? Building Permits, Initial Jobless Claims And Philadelphia Fed Manufacturing Index Friday Japan As monetary policy are released around the world in the following week, BoJ presents its Statement as well. Russia It’s interesting what will be the Interest Rate of Russian Central Bank as it remains conflicted with Ukraine and sanctions affect the country’s economy Canada Core Retail Sales (MoM) and US Existing Home Sales are latter indicators to be showed the following week. Source: Investing.com Time: GMT
Fed, COVID-19, Russia-Ukraine - There Are Several Factors Which Affect Chinese Stock Markets

Fed, COVID-19, Russia-Ukraine - There Are Several Factors Which Affect Chinese Stock Markets

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 14.03.2022 11:12
News from Ukraine remains the dominant topic on the financial markets but by no means the only one. Also noteworthy is the increased pressure on Chinese companies, which has intensified since February 17th, almost exactly one month ago. In that time, the Hang Seng has lost more than 20% and in Monday's trading was below 20,000 for the first time in six years. This is an important support area of the last ten years near which the market has previously found support. In all, the drop from the peak in February 2021 represents a fall of more than 40%. The pressure on the Chinese market is due to four factors simultaneously. Firstly, the military crisis in Ukraine is exacerbating logistical problems and causing higher prices for raw materials and agricultural products, which are hitting local companies and households far higher than in developed countries. Secondly, China remains committed to a zero-tolerance approach to COVID-19, once again closing multi-million-dollar areas to contain the outbreak. While Europe and the US are smoothly removing restrictions because of the pandemic, they are the toughest in China since 2020. Thirdly, there continues to be a mass exodus of investors due to fears of delisting several Chinese companies from US exchanges. The technology sector of Chinese companies is caught between a hammer and anvil as it previously faced regulatory pressure domestically and now has the biggest investor outflow. Fourth, even in peaceful times and without the regulatory guillotine, capital traditionally flees emerging markets in the early stages of a reversal in monetary policy. The first Fed rate hike since 2018 is expected this week. Higher inflation is shaping expectations that central banks will act more aggressively than previously anticipated, further shaking out weak players from the market. Those investors trying to see signs of a bottom forming in Chinese assets are likely to watch the market's reaction to comments from the Fed, Bank of England, and Bank of Japan later this week with heightened scrutiny. If regulators focus solely on fighting inflation, the sell-off promises to intensify. If there is more focus on financial stability risks and already observed tightening of financial conditions, we could see attempts to form a bottom.
XAUUSD Decreases, Russia-Ukraine Conflict Remains, Fed Decides

XAUUSD Decreases, Russia-Ukraine Conflict Remains, Fed Decides

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 15.03.2022 14:13
  It seems that the stalemate in Ukraine has slowed down gold's bold movements. Will the Fed's decision on interest rates revive them again?  The tragedy continues. As United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said yesterday, “Ukraine is on fire and being decimated before the eyes of the world.” There have already been 1,663 civilian casualties since the Russian invasion began. What is comforting in this situation is that Russian troops have made almost no advance in recent days (although there has been some progress in southern Ukraine). They are attempting to envelop Ukrainian forces in the east of the country as they advance from the direction of Kharkiv in the north and Mariupol in the south, but the Ukrainian Armed Forces continue to offer staunch resistance across the country. So, it seems that there is a kind of stalemate. The Russians don’t have enough forces to break decisively through the Ukrainian defense, while Ukraine’s army doesn’t have enough troops to launch an effective counteroffensive and get rid of the occupiers. Now, the key question is: in whose favor is time working? On the one hand, Russia is mobilizing fighters from its large country, but also from Syria and Nagorno-Karabakh. The invaders continue indiscriminate shelling and air attacks that cause widespread destruction among civilian population as well. On the other hand, each day Russian army suffers heavy losses, while Ukraine is getting new weapons from the West.   Implications for Gold How is gold performing during the war? As the chart below shows, the recent stabilization of the military situation in Ukraine has been negative for the yellow metal. The price of gold slid from its early March peak of $2,039 to $1,954 one week later (and today, the price is further declining). However, please note that gold makes higher highs and higher lows, so the outlook remains rather positive, although corrections are possible. On the other hand, gold’s slide despite the ongoing war and a surge in inflation could be a little disturbing. However, the reason for the decline is simple. It seems that the uncertainty reached its peak last week and has eased since then. As the chart below shows, the CBOE volatility index, also called a fear index, has retreated from its recent peak. The Russian troops have made almost no progress, the most severe response of the West is probably behind us, and the world hasn’t sunk into nuclear war. Meanwhile, the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine are taking place, offering some hope for a relatively quick end to the war. As I wrote last week, “there might be periods of consolidation and even corrections if the conflict de-escalates or ends.” The anticipation of tomorrow’s FOMC meeting could also contribute to the slide in gold prices. However, the chart above also shows that credit spreads, another measure of risk perception, have continued to widen in recent days. Other fundamental factors also remain supportive of gold prices. Let’s take, for instance, inflation. As the chart below shows, the annual CPI rate has soared from 7.5% in January to 7.9% in February, the largest move since January 1982. Meanwhile, the core CPI, which excludes food and energy prices, surged from 6.0% to 6.4% last month, also the highest reading in forty years. The war in Ukraine can only add to the inflationary pressure. Prices of oil and other commodities have already soared. The supply chains got another blow. The US Congress is expanding its spending again to help Ukraine. Thus, the inflation peak would likely occur later than previously thought. High inflation may become more embedded, which increases the odds of stagflation. All these factors seem to be fundamentally positive for gold prices. There is one “but”. The continuous surge in inflation could prompt monetary hawks to take more decisive actions. Tomorrow, the FOMC will announce its decision on interest rates, and it will probably hike the federal funds rate by 25 basis points. The hawkish Fed could be bearish for gold prices. Having said that, historically, the Fed’s tightening cycle has been beneficial to the yellow metal when accompanied by high inflation. Last time, the price of gold bottomed out around the liftoff. Another issue is that, because of the war in Ukraine, the Fed could adopt a more dovish stance and lift interest rates in a more gradual way, which could be supportive of gold prices. The military situation in Ukraine and tomorrow’s FOMC meeting could be crucial for gold’s path in the near future. The hike in interest rates is already priced in, but the fresh dot-plot and Powell’s press conference could bring us some unexpected changes in US monetary policy. Stay tuned! If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
Despite Ultra-Hawkish Fed’s Meeting, Gold Jumps

Despite Ultra-Hawkish Fed’s Meeting, Gold Jumps

Arkadiusz Sieron Arkadiusz Sieron 17.03.2022 17:29
  The FOMC finally raised interest rates and signaled six more hikes this year. Despite the very hawkish dot plot, gold went up in initial reaction. There has been no breakthrough in Ukraine. Russian invasion has largely stalled on almost all fronts, so the troops are focusing on attacking civilian infrastructure. However, according to some reports, there is a slow but gradual advance in the south. Hence, although Russia is not likely to conquer Kyiv, not saying anything about Western Ukraine, it may take some southern territory under control, connecting Crimea with Donbas. The negotiations are ongoing, but it will be a long time before any agreement is reached. Let’s move to yesterday’s FOMC meeting. As widely expected, the Fed raised the federal funds rate. Finally! Although one Committee member (James Bullard) opted for a bolder move, the US central bank lifted the target range for its key policy rate only by 25 basis points, from 0-0.25% to 0.25-0.50%. It was the first hike since the end of 2018. The move also marks the start of the Fed’s tightening cycle after two years of ultra-easy monetary policy implemented in a response to the pandemic-related recession. In support of these goals, the Committee decided to raise the target range for the federal funds rate from 1/4 to 1/2 percent and anticipates that ongoing increases in the target range will be appropriate. It was, of course, the most important part of the FOMC statement. However, the central bankers also announced the beginning of quantitative tightening, i.e., the reduction of the enormous Fed’s balance sheet, at the next monetary policy meeting in May. In addition, the Committee expects to begin reducing its holdings of Treasury securities and agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities at a coming meeting. It’s also worth mentioning that the Fed deleted all references to the pandemic from the statement. Instead, it added a paragraph related to the war in Ukraine, pointing out that its exact implications for the U.S. economy are not yet known, except for the general upward pressure on inflation and downward pressure on GDP growth: The invasion of Ukraine by Russia is causing tremendous human and economic hardship. The implications for the U.S. economy are highly uncertain, but in the near term the invasion and related events are likely to create additional upward pressure on inflation and weigh on economic activity. These changes in the statement were widely expected, so their impact on the gold market should be limited.   Dot Plot and Gold The statement was accompanied by the latest economic projections conducted by the FOMC members. So, how do they look at the economy right now? As the table below shows, the central bankers expect the same unemployment rate and much slower economic growth this year compared to last December. This is a bit strange, as slower GDP growth should be accompanied by higher unemployment, but it’s a positive change for the gold market. What’s more, the FOMC participants see inflation now as even more persistent because they expect 4.3% PCE inflation at the end of 2022 instead of 2.6%. Inflation is forecasted to decline in the following years, but only to 2.7% in 2023 and 2.3% in 2024, instead of the 2.3% and 2.1% seen in December. Slower economic growth accompanied by more stubborn inflation makes the economy look more like stagflation, which should be positive for gold prices. Last but not least, a more aggressive tightening cycle is coming. Brace yourselves! According to the fresh dot plot, the FOMC members see seven hikes in interest rates this year as appropriate. That’s a huge hawkish turn compared to December, when they perceived only three interest rate hikes as desired. The central bankers expect another four hikes in 2024 instead of just the three painted in the previous dot plot. Hence, the whole forecasted path of the federal fund rate has become steeper as it’s expected to reach 1.9% this year and 2.8% next year, compared to the 0.9% and 1.6% seen earlier. Wow, that’s a huge change that is very bearish for gold prices! The Fed signaled the fastest tightening since 2004-2006, which indicates that it has become really worried about inflation. It’s also possible that the war in Ukraine helped the US central bank adopt a more hawkish stance, as if monetary tightening leads to recession, there is an easy scapegoat to blame.   Implications for Gold What does the recent FOMC meeting mean for the gold market? Well, the Fed hiked interest rates and announced quantitative tightening. These hawkish actions are theoretically negative for the yellow metal, but they were probably already priced in. The new dot plot is certainly more surprising. It shows higher inflation and slower economic growth this year, which should be bullish for gold. However, the newest economic projections also forecast a much steeper path of interest rates, which should, theoretically, prove to be negative for the price of gold. How did gold perform? Well, it has been sliding recently in anticipation of the FOMC meeting. As the chart below shows, the price of the yellow metal plunged from $2,039 last week to $1,913 yesterday. However, the immediate reaction of gold to the FOMC meeting was positive. As the chart below shows, the price of the yellow metal rebounded, jumping above $1,940. Of course, we shouldn’t draw too many conclusions from the short-term moves, but gold’s resilience in the face of the ultra-hawkish FOMC statement is a bullish sign. Although it remains to be seen whether the upward move will prove to be sustainable, I wouldn’t be surprised if it will. This is what history actually suggests: when the Fed started its previous tightening cycle in December 2015, the price of gold bottomed out. Of course, history never repeats itself to the letter, but there is another important factor. The newest FOMC statement was very hawkish – probably too hawkish. I don’t believe that the Fed will hike interest rates to 1.9% this year. And you? It means that we have probably reached the peak of the Fed’s hawkishness and that it will rather soften its stance from then on. If I’m right, a lot of the downward pressure that constrained gold should be gone now. If you enjoyed today’s free gold report, we invite you to check out our premium services. We provide much more detailed fundamental analyses of the gold market in our monthly Gold Market Overview reports and we provide daily Gold & Silver Trading Alerts with clear buy and sell signals. In order to enjoy our gold analyses in their full scope, we invite you to subscribe today. If you’re not ready to subscribe yet though and are not on our gold mailing list yet, we urge you to sign up. It’s free and if you don’t like it, you can easily unsubscribe. Sign up today! Arkadiusz Sieron, PhDSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care
What Is Going On Financial Markets Today? Russia Will Not Resume Deliveries Of Gas

"Boring" Bitcoin (BTC) And Gaining S&P 500 (SPX). Crude Oil Price Chart Shows A Green Candle At The Right Hand Side,

Monica Kingsley Monica Kingsley 18.03.2022 15:50
S&P 500 extended gains, and the risk appetite in bonds carried over into value rising faster than tech. Given the TLT downswing though, it‘s all but rainbows and unicorns ahead today. Not only that quad witching would bring high volume and chop, VIX itself doesn‘t look to slide smoothly below 25 today. Friday‘s ride would be thus rocky, and affected by momentum stalling in both tech and value. Real assets though can and will enjoy the deserved return into the spotlight. With much of the preceding downswing being based on deescalation hopes (that aren‘t materializing, still), the unfolding upswing in copper, oil and precious metals (no, they aren‘t to be spooked by the tough Fed tightening talk) would happen at a more measured pace than had been the case recently. Pay attention to the biting inflation, surrounding blame games hinting at no genuine respite – read through the rich captions of today‘s chart analyses, and think about reliable stores of real value. And of course, enjoy the open profits. Let‘s move right into the charts (all courtesy of www.stockcharts.com). S&P 500 and Nasdaq Outlook S&P 500 looks likely to consolidate as the 4,400 – 4,450 zone would be tough to overcome, and such a position relative to both the moving averages shown, has historically stopped quite a few steep recoveries off very negative sentiment readings. Credit Markets HYG is likely to slow down here, as in really stall and face headwinds. The run had been respectable, and much of the easy gains happened already yesterday. Gold, Silver and Miners Precious metals upswing did indeed return – and the miners performance doesn‘t hint at a swift return of the bears, to put it mildly. The path to $1950s is open. Crude Oil Crude oil bottom was indeed in, and the price can keep recovering towards $110s and beyond. No, the economy isn‘t crashing yet, monetary policy isn‘t forcing that outcome, and the drawing of petroleum reserves is a telltale sign of upside price pressures mounting. It‘ll be an interesting April, mark my words. Copper Copper is duly rebounding, and not at all overheated. The move is also in line with other base metals. My yesterday‘s target of $4.70 has already been reached – I‘m looking for a measured pace of gains to continue. Bitcoin and Ethereum Cryptos are taking a small break, highlighting the perils of today. The boat won‘t be rocked too much. Summary S&P 500 bulls made the easy gains already yesterday, and today‘s session is going to be volatile, even treacherous in establishing a clear and lasting direction (i.e. choppy), and the headwinds would be out there in the plain open. These would come from bonds not continuing in the risk-on turn convincingly rather than commodities and metals surging head over heels. Both tech and value would feel the heat as VIX would show signs of waking up (to some degree). Today‘s session won‘t change the big picture dynamics of late, and I invite you to read more in-depth commentary within the individual market sections of today‘s full analysis. Thank you for having read today‘s free analysis, which is available in full at my homesite. There, you can subscribe to the free Monica‘s Insider Club, which features real-time trade calls and intraday updates for all the five publications: Stock Trading Signals, Gold Trading Signals, Oil Trading Signals, Copper Trading Signals and Bitcoin Trading Signals.
Bitcoin: Tuesday Has Seemed To Look Quite Promising For BTC/USD, But...

Major Forex Pairs: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, EURGBP Affected By Interest Rates Decisions – The Week On Markets By FXMAG.COM

Mikołaj Marcinowski Mikołaj Marcinowski 18.03.2022 19:17
Fed raised interest rate by 25bps so did Bank of England. Data shows that these events haven’t hit major Forex pairs so hard so let’s verify the theory. EUR/USD – A ca. 1.2% Gain The chart shows the week began without significant fluctuations until the Fed decision on March 16th. Immediately after the announcement of the key monetary policy indicator a huge declined stopped the strengthening Euro. The pair even neared the 2% gain level, but during the week has declined again slowly ending it near +1.2%. GBP/USD – Two announcements correlation The week hadn’t began too positively for British pound, but the following days had put GBP back on track to a ca. 1% gain after significant declines shortly after Fed and BoE decisions on accordingly Wednesday and Thursday. EUR/GBP – A ca. 1% Increased Corrected Naturally Fed’s announcement didn’t affect the single currency and British bound heavily, but the Bank of England’s fuelled EUR/GBP almost 1% jump which had been gradually corrected in the following days leaving the pair almost unchanged compared to the 14th March. USD/PLN – exotic pair with interesting outlook There’s no doubt PLN has strengthened throughout the week even if Fed announced the raise of interest rate. The stronger outlook of PLN is surely caused by the previous week’s tightening of monetary policy. EUR/PLN – PLN gained ca. 1.5% Global factors makes the pais with PLN the most interesting ones as another shows a significant loss of Euro To Polish zloty. The following week might bring next tempting fluctuations so let’s keep an eye on this pair.
The EUR/USD And The GBP/USD: The Most Important Details For Beginners

The Following Week: Only One (!) Interest Rate Decision, British CPI And US Crude Oil Inventories – Economic Calendar By FXMAG.COM

Mikołaj Marcinowski Mikołaj Marcinowski 18.03.2022 19:51
After a week full of central bank’s announcement it’s time to shift down and observe ‘boring’ economic indicators. Data: courtesy of Investing.com Monday, Tuesday - Japan And South Africa Bank of Japan released its monetary policy statement the previous week. The following Monday is a day free for both Japanese and South Africa’s people. Wednesday - Great Britain, Germany And The USA On Wednesday British CPI is released (prev. 5.5%). One and a half an hour later German Manufacturing PMI goes public. After midday (12:30 p.m.) Annual Budget Release is published and followed by the releases of US New Home Sales. At 2:30 p.m. many investors might follow the release of Crude Oil Inventories. Thursday – Switzerland, Germany And The USA At 8:30 SNB Interest Rate Decision (Q1) is released. What is not so usual – the current interest rate in Switzerland amounts to… -0.75%. At the same time German Manufacturing PMI is released. Four hours later important news comes from the USA where Core Durable Goods Orders are presented (0.7%). Friday – Great Britain, Germany And The USA Friday’s morning might be important for British people as Retail Sales indicator is published. The previously announced value was 1.9%. At 9 a.m. we head to Germany for the last time the following week, because German Ifo Business Climate is released (prev. 98.9). The last important event of the week 21/03-25/03 is the US Pending Home Sales (MoM) released at 2 p.m. Source: Investing.com Economic Calendar Time: GMT
Price Of Crude Oil And Price Of Gold Crosses Each Other

Price Of Crude Oil And Price Of Gold Crosses Each Other

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 21.03.2022 12:14
Gold has remained in a one-and-a-half per cent range since last Thursday. The correction from a peak of $2070 to values below $1900 caused a brief aftershock, but it was not sustained. Gold has now stabilised above the peaks of May and June last year and is currently searching for further meaningful momentum. For short-term traders, gold has taken a back seat as markets try to assess the impact of disrupted supply chains and the amount of supply shortfall in raw materials and food. At the same time, medium-term traders should not lose sight of the fact that the current situation will not allow central banks to act adequately. As a result, the supply of fiat money will increase faster than the supply of commodities. In other words, we should expect greater tolerance for higher inflation from the CBs. In addition, governments should also be expected to provide financial support to the economy. In practice, that means more money supply and a higher level of public debt to GDP. And that is another disincentive for monetary policy, which is negative for the currency. It is also favourable for gold, which is used as protection against capital depreciation. Oil is gradually becoming the opposite of gold. After bouncing back to the trend support level of the last four months, Brent got back above $100 reasonably quickly and is adding 4% on Monday, trading at $109. Speculative demand for oil is picking up again amid discussions of a Russian energy divestment, which could be the agenda for the EU leaders and Biden meeting later this week. In addition, the US oil supply has been slow to rise, with data on Friday showing that the number of working oil drilling rigs declined a week earlier. Oil producers appear to be cautious about demand prospects with record fuel prices and are in no hurry to flood the market. This will fuel prices in the short term but is becoming an increasing drag on the economy in the medium term. Locally, we also risk suggesting that Europe will once again make it clear that it cannot substitute Russian energy, preferring to focus on sanctions against other sectors. And that could prove to be a dampening factor for oil later in the week. Oil prices above 110 still look unsustainably high, and a range with support at $85 looks more adequate for the coming months.
At The Close On The New York Stock Exchange Indices Closed Mixed

S&P500 tests latest rally

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 21.03.2022 16:17
Having added more than 8.2% to Tuesday's lows last week through Friday, S&P500 futures have surpassed the 50-day moving average and are testing the 200-day average by the start of US trading. We mentioned last week that the "death cross" should not be taken as a sell signal this time because it took place after a comparatively long decline. It was a repeat of 2020 when the cross appeared after the market bottomed. The recovery rally of the last week is undergoing an important test. If the S&P500 manages to get above 4500 today or tomorrow, firmly entrenched above the 200-day moving average (currently at 4480), we can confidently talk about breaking the correction. In that case, there is a potential for a quick rally towards 4600 already this week, 4800 over the next 2-3 months, and up to 5000 by the end of 2022. Looking only at the news headlines, the military action in Europe and the tightening of monetary policy by the Fed are not conducive to buyers' optimism. But, paradoxically, we are now in a situation where pessimism has reached or is close to its peak. Managers surveyed by Bank of America note the maximum pessimism since April 2020, which is near historical turning points. The only exception to the last 25 years was in 2007-2008 when pessimistic expectations persisted for an extended period due to banking sector problems. The Fear & Greed Index continues to improve from 16 (extreme fear) a week ago to 40 (fear) now. It has turned solidly around from the extreme lows, but equities are still an impressive distance from the highs at the beginning of the year, which leaves considerable room for growth from current levels. A strong sell-off in US equities from current levels and a consolidation below 4400 on the S&P500 could be a strong bearish signal, indicating an inability for the market to develop the offensive, which risks putting it back into a rapid decline situation.
The US Has Again Benefited From Military Conflicts In Other Parts Of The World, The Capital From Europe And Other Regions Goes To The US

Fed's Powell Power Supports USD And Yields. Alibaba Gets Back In The Game

Marc Chandler Marc Chandler 22.03.2022 12:12
March 22, 2022  $USD, Brazil, Covid, Currency Movement, FOMC, India, Japan, UK Overview:  Hawkish comments by Fed Chair Powell stoked a jump in yields and lit the dollar.  News that Alibaba was boosting its share buyback program to $25 bln from $15 bln helped lift HK shares, while the weaker yen favored Japanese exporters.  Most equity markets in the region advanced.  European bourses are showing a modest upside bias with US futures and are little changed.  The US 10-year Treasury yield is pushing five basis points higher to 2.34%.  European yields are also 3-5 basis point higher.  The dollar is rising against most currencies today.  The Antipodean currencies are the most resilient, while the yen and Norwegian krone are taking it on the chin.  The dollar, which began last week near JPY117.30, is knocking on JPY121 today.  Emerging market currencies are also mostly softer, led by the central European complex.  Hungary is expected to hike its base rate 100 bp to 4.4% today, while the key rate (one-week deposit rate) is expected to be raised by 30 bp to 6.15% later this week.  Turning to the commodities, gold is consolidating inside yesterday’s range.  The higher yields appear to be sapping demand.  May WTI is reversing lower after completing a (61.8%) retracement near $113.35.  US natural gas prices are also pulling back from better levels earlier today. Europe's benchmark is firm.  Iron ore slipped by 2.5% after a 1.6% loss yesterday.  Copper is recouping most of yesterday's loss, the first decline in four sessions.  May wheat is up about 3%, adding to yesterday's 5.2% gain and soy has fully recouped last week's 1.4% decline.   Asia Pacific Japan has lifted some Covid restrictions in Tokyo and outlying areas.  This will help set the stage for a recovery in Q2.  The earthquake earlier this month and the Covid restrictions hobbled the world's third-largest economy.  As we have been tracking, Prime Minister Kishida is reportedly cobbling together a supplemental budget of around JPY10 trillion (~$83.5 bln).  Meanwhile, with inflation set to jump starting next month (cell phone charges fell sharply a year ago) and global yields tugging the JGBs, the Bank of Japan may be forced again to defend its Yield Curve Control cap of 0.25% on the 10-year bond.  The yield is pushing above 0.20%.  India, which is a member of the Quad (along with Japan, Australia, and the US) to ostensibly check China, has a more nuanced relationship with Russia.  It bought the same air defense system from Russia as Turkey did without the fanfare.  As we noted last week, India is exercising options to buy Russian oil at a discount.  Indian officials hinted that three-days of the country's oil needs are being secured.  That is about 15 mln barrels over the next 3-4 months.  Last year, India reportedly bought about 33 mln barrels from Russia.  The amount is not so much.  After all, consider that according to reports, about 9 mln barrels of Russian oil is headed to the US this month and another 1 mln at least next month.  Businesses were given a 45-day wind-down grace period.  Rather what is more interesting is the that some reports indicate that India could pay rupee for the oil, but the payment might be benchmarked to the US dollar. The dollar extended its recent gains against the yen and is testing the JPY120.50 area.  Such lofty levels have not been seen for 6-7 years.  The next important chart point is not seen until closer to JPY121.50, but a move toward JPY125 over the slightly longer-term cannot be ruled out.  The dollar's ascent pushed it through the upper Bollinger Band (two standard deviations above the 20-day moving average) repeatedly last week.  It comes in near JPY120.30 today.  As we noted, the exchange rate is more correlated to rising US yields than as a safe haven (when it is inversely correlated to equities). The JPY120 area, which was "resistance" may now offer support.   The Australian dollar is trading inside yesterday's range (~$0.7375-$0.7425).  The high from earlier this month was near $0.7440, and the upper Bollinger Band is found slightly above it.  A break of $0.7360 would weaken the technical tone. After a few larger than normal moves, the dollar-yuan was confined to a narrow range today (~CNY6.3590-CNY6.3660).  It has remained within yesterday's range, which was itself within the pre-weekend range.  Recall that in the first part of March, the dollar was in a CNY6.3070-CNY6.3270 range.  It jumped to a higher range, roughly CNY6.3400-CNY6.3670.  The PBOC set the dollar's reference rate at CNY6.3664 today compared with projections for CNY6.3660 (seen in the Bloomberg survey).  Note that the China's premium over the US of 10-year yields is about 50 bp, the least in three years.   Europe Russia's invasion of Ukraine is a watershed in a way that Moscow's 2008 invasion of Georgia or the war with Ukraine when it took Crimea was not.  It is not only because of the widespread sanctions, but as many noted, it is spurring German (and others) military spending.  While a monetary and banking union is not complete, a common defense policy is strengthening.  Europe is on the verge of establishing a rapid response force that could be ready for joint exercises as early as next year. Meanwhile, the debate about whether the EU can ban Russian oil imports continues and is one of the drivers of oil prices.   Tomorrow is an important day for the UK.  February inflation is expected to have accelerated. The swaps market is pricing in another 25 bp hike at the next BOE meeting (May 5).  Chancellor of the Exchequer Sunak will deliver his Spring Statement.  Today's data seems to give him more room to maneuver.  The deficit in the first 11 months of the fiscal year is about GBP26 bln smaller than projected.  Sunak is expected to offer some relief from the jump in food and energy prices, while going forward with the tax increase next month for the National Health Service.  Still, on balance, given the great uncertainty, and the political considerations, Sunak is expected to be restrained in new commitments.   The euro fell to a four-day low near $1.0960 in late Asian turnover before recovering to almost $1.1015 in the European morning.  Nearby resistance is seen in the $1.1020-$1.1040 area.  Note two sets of option expirations today.  The first is at $1.10 for about 935 mln euros and the second is for nearly 680 mln euros at $1.1025.  The intraday momentum indicators are stretched, and North American participants may be inclined to buy dollars, for which they are increasingly paid to do.  A break of $1.0960 could see $1.0930 tested.  Sterling is faring a bit better, but it remains for the third consecutive session in the range forged on March 17 (~$1.3090-$1.3210).  It has flirted with $1.32, which we identified at a possible neckline of a bottoming pattern.  It has yet to close above it, but if it does, it would still seem to target $1.34.  The euro has been sold from nearly GBP0.8460 on March 17 to almost GBP0.8340 today, almost a two-week low. A break of GBP0.8330 would target GBP0.8280-GBP0.8300.  America Federal Reserve Chair Powell sharpened his hawkish message yesterday and reiterated that the central bank is prepared to move further and faster.  The market responded as one might imagine and boosted the risk of a 50 bp move at the next meeting (May 4).  The market has a little more than 190 bp of tightening discounted for the remainder of the year.  There are six meetings left.  This means that the market is leaning toward two 50 bp hikes.  Powell's remarks were conditioned with "if necessary" and "if appropriate."  Some observers think it is necessary, and was so last week, though were disappointed that Governor Waller did not join his former boss, St. Louis Fed President Bullard in dissenting in favor of a 50 bp move.   While different parts of the US curve are flattening or, like the 5-10-year curve turning inverted, Powell played it down.  The Chair cited Fed staff research that found that the 18-month curve to be more important and it has steepened not flattened as the market prices in a more aggressive tightening path. What can challenge this trajectory?  Disappointing economic data.  The February durable goods orders due Thursday may not be it, as the series is volatile in any event.  However, the preliminary PMI is due the same day.  It is expected to have slipped, but a composite lower than expected and edging back toward the 50 boom/bust level would be a yellow flag.  The March employment data is due on April 1. A significant disappointment there could temper the rate hike fever.  Separately, we note that supply chain disruptions are hitting the auto sector and share prices have fallen to reflect it.  That is in addition to surging oil and metal prices.   It is a light economic calendar for North America today.  The Fed's Mester, Daly, and Williams speak.  Mester is a voting member of the FOMC, and Williams, the President of the NY Fed, has a permanent vote.  Williams is part of the Fed's leadership, and we will see how much he echoes Powell.  He had expressed doubts about a 50 bp move before this month's meeting, well ahead of Powell's endorsement of a 25 bp hike before Congress.      The US dollar is recovering from the dip to CAD1.2565 yesterday, its lowest level since late January.  It is pushing back above CAD1.26 in the European morning.  A move above CAD1.2650 would likely confirm that a near-term low is in place, with initial potential toward CAD1.2700.  The greenback recovered after dipping below MXN20.27 yesterday, its low here in March, but has been turned back from MXN20.42, just shy of the 200-day moving average. Banixco is expected to hike its overnight target by 50 bp to 6.50% in a couple of days.  Still, this month, the peso has gained almost 0.75% and is lagging behind the Brazilian real (~4.4%) and the Colombian peso (~3.2%). Strong demand for Brazilian equities has been reported.  Yesterday, the dollar fell to almost BRL4.93, which has not been seen since mid-2020.  The next major chart point is near BRK4.82 and the 200-day moving average close to BRL4.71.         Disclaimer
EM currencies: growing polarisation

EM currencies: growing polarisation

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 22.03.2022 13:04
Since the start of the year, the performance of emerging market currencies mirrors what we saw in 2021, but with more polarisation. The Brazilian real has been the growth leader against the dollar since the start of the year, gaining around 13%. It is followed by the South African rand and Colombian peso, gaining just over 7%. Among the hardest hit is the Russian Rouble (-33%), but also the Egyptian Pound (-14%) and the Turkish Lira (-10%). In our view, this polarisation only promises to increase in the coming months.Commodity-exporting countries have benefited amid a global jump in energy and agricultural commodity prices. Brazil gets a chance to seriously boost its oil sales to the US amid a supply embargo from Russia. Though net oil exporters, the states must buy significant amounts of heavy crude to run their refineries. Until 2019, oil from Venezuela was used for the right blend, subsequently replaced by Russian crude. Now it is being replaced by oil from Brazil, which promises a significant increase in exports and supports the exchange rate of the Brazilian real.The South African rand is in demand, receiving dividends from last year's monetary tightening and a surge in metal prices since the start of the year. As most global markets look for alternatives to the Russian metal, the ZAR is enjoying demand from speculators in anticipation of increased exports from South Africa for political reasons.We may well be seeing a global reversal in the attitude towards commodity exporters' currencies, as even in the event of a military settlement, there is no expectation of a quick recovery of previous economic ties.At the other end of the spectrum are countries' currencies that depend on imports of oil and agricultural products. Egypt buys most of its wheat consumption from Russia and Ukraine, and rising prices severely damage the balance of payments. Egypt's central bank has responded by tightening monetary policy to suppress inflation. But such steps tend to hurt economic growth. Turkey imported almost all its gas from Russia and Azerbaijan and bought its wheat from Ukraine and Russia. Price jumps and supply-chain disruptions will be costly for the economy and cause increased pressure on the Turkish lira.In addition to the prospect of inflated import volumes, Turkey and Egypt face a severe drop in revenues from the tourism industry, as Russia and Ukraine have provided a significant flow of tourists.
Bank of Japan will not keep the yen from falling

Bank of Japan will not keep the yen from falling

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 22.03.2022 14:53
The Japanese yen has fallen for the third week in a row, and the amplitude of this decline has become rather scary on Tuesday. It seems yen traders' stop-lines have been blown as the markets have become increasingly aware of the monetary authorities' reaction to inflation and the outlook for the balance of payments. In addition, over the past three weeks, we have seen a careful return of investors to risky assets, which is causing the yen to sell-off.USDJPY is trading above 120.70, which was last seen six years ago, having gained more than 5% since March 7th, while GBPJPY has soared 6% and EURJPY is up 7%. Against the yen are new comments from the Bank of Japan, which shows no sign of a change in its monetary policy, while central banks in other parts of the world issue increasingly hawkish statements.The pressure on the yen is exacerbated by its dependence on oil and metal imports, which widens the trade deficit of the historically export-oriented country. The value of exports in February 2022 was 18% higher than in 2020, while imports soared by 49%. Booming prices for energy, metals, and agricultural products set Japan up for a further plunge into trade deficits.In former years, sustained surpluses helped the yen maintain its strength or even strengthen during periods of market turbulence, ignoring anaemic economic growth and rising government debt to GDP levels.The resulting crisis in commodity prices will force central banks to unambiguously choose their policy towards government bonds on the balance sheet and the general level of government debt. While the USA and Europe are tightening their rhetoric on interest rates, Japan is deliberately lagging. At the same time, the government maintains an apparent calm, pointing out that there are both disadvantages and advantages of a weak exchange rate. The yen problem is not bothering the authorities right now.We should wait and see if investor confidence in the Japanese currency is undermined. Losing control of the exchange rate would risk an escalation of selling into Japanese government debt more than 250% of GDP. The only realistic soft solution is to deflate the national debt by accelerating inflation, but only if the central bank remains a big buyer to prevent an appreciation of the national debt. Such a policy would lead to sustained pressure on the yen.
Gold To Go Head To Head With Fed And Inflation

Gold To Go Head To Head With Fed And Inflation

Przemysław Radomski Przemysław Radomski 23.03.2022 15:17
  The Fed's hawkish alerts seem like a voice in the wilderness to gold investors. However, a carefree attitude can backfire on them – in just a few months. An epic battle is unfolding across the financial markets as the Fed warns investors about its looming rate hike cycle and the latter ignores the ramifications. However, with perpetually higher asset prices only exacerbating the Fed's inflationary conundrum, a profound shift in sentiment will likely occur over the next few months. To explain, I highlighted in recent days how the Fed has turned the hawkish dial up to 100. Moreover, I wrote on Mar. 22 that it's remarkable how much the PMs' domestic fundamental outlooks have deteriorated in recent weeks. Yet, prices remain elevated, investors remain sanguine, and the bullish bands continue to play.  However, with inflation still rising and the Fed done playing games, the next few months should elicit plenty of fireworks. For example, with another deputy sounding the hawkish alarm, San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly said on Mar. 22: "Inflation has persisted for long enough that people are starting to wonder how long it will persist. I'm already focused on letting make sure this doesn't get embedded and we see those longer-term inflation expectations drift up." As a result, Daly wants to ensure that the "main risk" to the U.S. economy doesn't end up causing a recession. Please see below: Source: Reuters Likewise, St. Louis Fed President James Bullard reiterated his position on Mar. 22, telling Bloomberg that “faster is better,” and that “the 1994 tightening cycle or removal of accommodation cycle is probably the best analogy here.” Please see below: Source: Bloomberg   Falling on Deaf Ears To that point, while investors seem to think that the Fed can vastly restrict monetary policy without disrupting a healthy U.S. economy, a major surprise could be on the horizon. For example, the futures market has now priced in nearly 10 rate hikes by the Fed in 2022. As a result, should we expect the hawkish developments to unfold without a hitch? Please see below: To explain, the light blue, dark blue, and pink lines above track the number of rate hikes expected by the Fed, BoE, and ECB. If you analyze the right side of the chart, you can see that the light blue line has risen sharply over the last several days and months. For your reference, if you focus your attention on the material underperformance of the pink line, you can see why I’ve been so bearish on the EUR/USD for so long. Also noteworthy, please have a look at the U.S. 2-Year Treasury yield minus the German 2-Year Bond yield spread. If you analyze the rapid rise on the right side of the chart below, you can see how much short-term U.S. yields have outperformed their European counterparts in 2021/2022. Source: Bloomberg/ Lisa Abramowicz More importantly, though, with Fed officials’ recent rhetoric encouraging more hawkish re-pricing instead of talking down expectations (like the ECB), they want investors to slow their roll. However, investors are now fighting the Fed, and the epic battle will likely lead to profound disappointment over the medium term. Case in point: when Fed officials dial up the hawkish rhetoric, their “messaging” is supposed to shift investors’ expectations. As such, the threat of raising interest rates is often as impactful as actually doing it. However, when investors don’t listen, the Fed has to turn the hawkish dial up even more. If history is any indication, a calamity will eventually unfold.  Please see below: To explain, the blue line above tracks the U.S. federal funds rate, while the various circles and notations above track the global crises that erupted during the Fed’s rate hike cycles. As a result, standard tightening periods often result in immense volatility.  However, with investors refusing to let asset prices fall, they’re forcing the Fed to accelerate its rate hikes to achieve its desired outcome (calm inflation). As such, the next several months could be a rate hike cycle on steroids.  To that point, with Fed Chairman Jerome Powell dropping the hawkish hammer on Mar. 21, I noted his response to a question about inflation calming in the second half of 2022. I wrote on Mar. 22: "That story has already fallen apart. To the extent it continues to fall apart, my colleagues and I may well reach the conclusion we'll need to move more quickly and, if so, we'll do so." To that point, Powell said that “there’s excess demand" and that "the economy is very strong and is well-positioned to handle tighter monetary policy." As a result, while investors seem to think that Powell’s bluffing, enlightenment will likely materialize over the next few months. Please see below: Source: Reuters Furthermore, with Goldman Sachs economists noting the shift in tone from “steadily” in January to “expeditiously” on Mar. 21, they also upped their hawkish expectations. They wrote: “We are now forecasting 50bp hikes at both the May and June meetings (vs. 25bp at each meeting previously). The level of the funds rate would still be low at 0.75-1% after a 50bp hike in May, and if the FOMC is open to moving in larger steps, then we think it would see a second 50bp hike in June as appropriate under our forecasted inflation path.” “After the two 50bp moves, we expect the FOMC to move back to 25bp rate hikes at the four remaining meetings in the back half of 2022, and to then further slow the pace next year by delivering three quarterly hikes in 2023Q1-Q3. We have left our forecast of the terminal rate unchanged at 3-3.25%, as shown in Exhibit 1.” Please see below: In addition, this doesn’t account for the Fed’s willingness to sell assets on its balance sheet. For context, Powell said on Mar. 16 that quantitative tightening (QT) should occur sometime in the summer and that shrinking the balance sheet “might be the equivalent of another rate increase.” As a result, investors’ lack of preparedness for what should unfold over the next few months has been something to behold. However, the reality check will likely elicit a major shift in sentiment.  In contrast, the bond market heard Powell’s message loud and clear, and with the U.S. 10-Year Treasury yield hitting another 2022 high of ~2.38% on Mar. 22, the entire U.S. yield curve is paying attention. Please see below: Source: Investing.com Finally, the Richmond Fed released its Fifth District Survey of Manufacturing Activity on Mar. 22. With the headline index increasing from 1 in February to 13 in March, the report cited “increases in all three of the component indexes – shipments, volume of new orders, and number of employees.” Moreover, the prices received index increased month-over-month (MoM) in March (the red box below), while future six-month expectations for prices paid and received also increased (the blue box below). As a result, inflation trends are not moving in the Fed’s desired direction. Please see below: Source: Richmond Fed Likewise, the Richmond Fed also released its Fifth District Survey of Service Sector Activity on Mar. 22, nd while the headline index decreased from 13 in February to -3 in March, current and future six-month inflationary pressures/expectations rose MoM. Source: Richmond Fed The bottom line? While the Fed is screaming at the financial markets to tone it down to help calm inflation, investors aren't listening. With higher prices resulting in more hawkish rhetoric and policy, the Fed should keep amplifying its message until investors finally take note. If not, inflation will continue its ascent until demand destruction unfolds and the U.S. slips into a recession. As such, if investors assume that several rate hikes will commence over the next several months with little or no volatility in between, they're likely in for a major surprise. In conclusion, the PMs declined on Mar. 22, as the sentiment seesaw continued. However, as I noted, it's remarkable how much the PMs' domestic fundamental outlooks have deteriorated in recent weeks. Thus, while the Russia-Ukraine conflict keeps them uplifted, for now, the Fed's inflation problem is nowhere near an acceptable level. As a result, when investors finally realize that a much tougher macroeconomic environment confronts them over the next few months, the shift in sentiment will likely culminate in sharp drawdowns. Thank you for reading our free analysis today. Please note that the above is just a small fraction of today’s all-encompassing Gold & Silver Trading Alert. The latter includes multiple premium details such as the targets for gold and mining stocks that could be reached in the next few weeks. If you’d like to read those premium details, we have good news for you. As soon as you sign up for our free gold newsletter, you’ll get a free 7-day no-obligation trial access to our premium Gold & Silver Trading Alerts. It’s really free – sign up today. Przemyslaw Radomski, CFAFounder, Editor-in-chiefSunshine Profits: Effective Investment through Diligence & Care * * * * * All essays, research and information found above represent analyses and opinions of Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and Sunshine Profits' associates only. As such, it may prove wrong and be subject to change without notice. Opinions and analyses are based on data available to authors of respective essays at the time of writing. Although the information provided above is based on careful research and sources that are deemed to be accurate, Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA and his associates do not guarantee the accuracy or thoroughness of the data or information reported. The opinions published above are neither an offer nor a recommendation to purchase or sell any securities. Mr. Radomski is not a Registered Securities Advisor. By reading Przemyslaw Radomski's, CFA reports you fully agree that he will not be held responsible or liable for any decisions you make regarding any information provided in these reports. Investing, trading and speculation in any financial markets may involve high risk of loss. Przemyslaw Radomski, CFA, Sunshine Profits' employees and affiliates as well as members of their families may have a short or long position in any securities, including those mentioned in any of the reports or essays, and may make additional purchases and/or sales of those securities without notice.
The Swing Overview - Week 11 2022

The Swing Overview - Week 11 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 23.03.2022 16:13
The Swing Overview - Week 11 The fall in the indices that we have seen in recent days has stopped. The indices strengthened on expectations of a diplomatic solution to the war in Ukraine, which has been going on for more than three weeks. However, these negotiations have not led to any significant breakthrough yet, so the upside potential for the indices could be limited. In addition, the Fed has started its own war against inflation and raised interest rates for the first time in three years, which is rather negative news for equity indices in the short term. However, the statistics say that in the long run it does not mean a trend reversal for the SP 500 index. The Bank of England also raised rates, but the pound surprisingly weakened. The reason for this is in our article. The war in Ukraine   The war in Ukraine has been going on for more than three weeks now and there is still no end in sight. Sentiment has started to improve after reports on negotiations for a diplomatic solution to the war. However, Russia continues to make unrealistic demands that Ukraine cannot agree to. Negotiations have therefore have not led to a solution yet.   Meanwhile, the economic situation in Russia continues to deteriorate rapidly as a result of the sanctions. The credit rating agency Standard & Poor's has downgraded Russia's credit rating from the current grade CCC- to CC. Russia has already announced that it is having difficulty repaying its bonds. However, Russia managed to pay the coupon payments that were due this week, averting the country's imminent bankruptcy for now.   The war in Ukraine will have a negative impact on the global economy. World economic growth for 2022 is expected to fall from 4% to 3.2%. Apart from Russia and Ukraine, Europe and the UK will be hardest hit, where there is a significant risk of recession.   The Fed has raised interest rates The US Fed has launched a war on inflation and raised interest rates for the first time since December 2018. The current rate is 0.50% and further increases will continue. The Fed disclosed that rates are expected to rise to 2.80% within a year.  Figure 1: The evolution of interest rates in the US   The evolution of interest rates, over the last 25 years, is shown in Figure 1.   Jerome Powell commented that the Fed's main goal is to achieve price stability and maximum employment. He expects inflation, which has now reached 7.9%, to reach the target of 2%, but this will take longer than originally expected.    The problem is a persistent labour shortage, which is putting upward pressure on wages. However, the situation is already starting to normalise in some sectors, suggesting that this should not be an uncontrollable spiral wage growth that would strongly support inflation.   According to Powell, the US economy is in good shape and ready for monetary policy normalisation. Therefore, the Fed will start in May to reduce the bonds in its balance sheet, which has grown considerably to almost $9 trillion thanks to the support of the economy during the covid pandemic.   The Index SP500 As far as the impact of interest rate hikes is concerned, this should not change the long-term bullish market. Statistics confirm that over the following 12 months from the date of the hike, the index has reached higher levels in every case since 1983. Figure 2: The impact of the first interest rate hike on the performance of the SP 500 index. Source: Bloomberg     However, the statistics also show that in the short term, there were declines in the index within 3 months and this cannot be ruled out now as well. As for the current developments on the SP 500 index, it has recently bounced off its supports. The reason for this was the hope for a diplomatic solution to the war in Ukraine. However, this has stalled. The Fed also gave optimism to the indices with its statement about the economy doing well. Figure 3: SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart   Overall, the index is currently in a downtrend. In terms of technical analysis, the price has reached the resistance level which is at 4,383 - 4,420. According to the daily chart, the price has reached the EMA 50 moving average, which also serves as resistance. Support according to the H4 chart is at 4,328 - 4,334.  Significant support according to the daily chart is at 4 105 - 4 152.  German DAX index Figure 4: The German DAX index on H4 and daily chart   There was a significant deterioration in economic sentiment in Germany in March, as shown by the ZEW index, which reached a negative reading of -39.3. However, the DAX index, which is much more affected by the war in Ukraine than the US indices, strengthened last week.  The reason for the index's rise was mainly due to signs of a diplomatic solution to the conflict. The price climbed up to the resistance level on the H4 chart last week, which is in the area near the 14,500 price. The strong resistance according to the daily chart is in the range between 14,800 - 15,000.  The closest support according to the H4 chart is at 14,030 - 14,100.   The euro strengthened after the Fed announcement The euro price retested the resistance area which is in the area near 1.1130 - 1.1150 according to the daily chart. However, the Euro remains under pressure and although the ECB was surprisingly hawkish at the last meeting, it is still lagging behind compared to the US Fed. Moreover, the war in Ukraine, and according to some, the looming recession in the Eurozone, does not give much room for the Euro to strengthen. Therefore, it would not be surprising if the EURUSD falls to levels around 1. 0890 - 1. 0900, where the nearest support level is.     Figure 5: The EURUSD on the H4 and daily charts.   From a technical point of view, we can see that EURUSD is still in a downtrend according to the daily chart, so the current pullback may be an opportunity for trades in the short direction.   The Bank of England also raised interest rates The Bank of England raised its key interest rate by 0.25%.  Therefore, the rate is currently at 0.75%. By raising interest rates, the central bank is responding to rising inflation, which is expected to hit 8% in June 2022. But the pound surprisingly weakened sharply after the rate announcement. This was because the central bank was much more cautious in its expectations for the future of the economy. There are already signs that the war in Ukraine is having a negative impact on consumer confidence and is also having a negative impact on household incomes. This would slow economic activity. That is why the central bank has moved away from its previous aggressive hawkish tone.   Figure 6: The British Pound on H4 and daily chart.   A resistance is in the area of 1.3170 - 1.3200, where the price has halted. A support is at 1.3000.  
$30 Trilion Crypto Market Cap!? Regulated Cryptocurrencies Might Increase Demand!

$30 Trilion Crypto Market Cap!? Regulated Cryptocurrencies Might Increase Demand!

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 24.03.2022 09:22
Bitcoin is trading above $43K on Thursday morning, gaining 2.5% over the past 24 hours. Moderate but steady optimism around bitcoin is the best breeding ground for altcoin buyers. Bitcoin is trading around the resistance For the last ten days, we have seen a systematic increase in prices, although with a very modest amplitude by the standards of the crypto market. Ethereum added 3.4%, other leading altcoins from the top ten are in the range from +1% (XRP) to +12% (Dogecoin). According to CoinMarketCap, the total capitalization of the crypto market grew by 2.8% over the past day, to $1.96 trillion. The Bitcoin Dominance Index lost another 0.2% to 41.7%. The crypto-currency index of fear and greed has grown by 9 points, to 40. This is still a fear zone, but already close to neutral territory. Bitcoin retreated from the resistance at $43K on Tuesday. However, on Thursday it is making attempts to gain a foothold above this mark again. The last rollback in this case could be nothing more than a tactical retreat of the bulls in order to develop growth with renewed vigor. Nevertheless, confidence in the formation of a strong bullish momentum will come only after BTCUSD fixes above 45 thousand, from where we saw reversals in February and early March. Moderate but steady optimism around bitcoin is the best breeding ground for altcoin buyers. It is clearly seen that their dynamics is now better than that of the first cryptocurrency. If this trend continues for a couple more days, the effect of a feedback loop may work, when the outstripping growth of altcoins will pull Bitcoin up. Market Cap may grow in 15 times Bank of America predicts that regulation of the cryptocurrency market will increase confidence and increase its capitalization by 15 times, up to $30 trillion. The former head of one of the divisions of Bank of America, David Woo, believes that bitcoin will face economic and geopolitical pressure after the launch of the state digital currency (CBDC) of the United States. China has already acted in a similar way, which has come closest to the introduction of the digital yuan. Thailand will ban the usage of cryptocurrencies as a means of payment from April 1. They declared that such payments have a negative impact on the financial system and reduce the effectiveness of the state's monetary policy.
Economic Indicators To Affect US Dollar Rate Today. Awaiting Jobs Data

Economic Indicators To Affect US Dollar Rate Today. Awaiting Jobs Data

Alex Kuptsikevich Alex Kuptsikevich 01.04.2022 10:37
On Friday, markets have gone into wait-and-see mode ahead of the US labour market data release later. Average market forecasts suggest that the economy created around 500K jobs in March, of which 480K came from the private sector. Such data would narrow the gap between the peak before the pandemic to 1.5 million. Given that some job seekers have left the job market during this time, it becomes clear how tight the market remains. And this will intensify the struggle of employers. From the new data, analysts, on average, expect a further acceleration of the wage growth to 5.5% YoY against 5.1% a month earlier and a 5.4% growth of the personal consumption price index in February. Thus, the labour market has an additional pro-inflationary effect on prices as more money is available in the US economy and competition for goods tightens. If the labour market does manage to add more than half a million jobs in March, we should expect a severe tightening of the rhetoric of the US monetary authorities in the coming weeks. It will not be surprising if we see more willingness of FOMC officials to hike the interest rate by 50 points at once on the 05th of May. For the speculative currency market, robust US employment data has the potential to put the Dollar back on the upside, making the US the only economy capable of such a sharp monetary policy tightening in the coming months. The dollar index has been moving in an upward channel since the middle of last year, adding more than 11% from the bottom to the peak. Earlier in the week, the DXY pulled back after the Russia-Ukraine talks in Istanbul. However, monetary policy could provide continued and sustained support for the US currency, very soon returning the Dollar to renew its two-year highs in the area above 100. For EURUSD, this could mean a consolidation under 1.1000 and GBPUSD under 1.3000.
Chart of the Week - Gold Miners vs Energy Producers - 20.04.2022

Revolution! Monetary Policy - Number Of Rate Hikes This Year Is Shocking!

Callum Thomas Callum Thomas 06.04.2022 08:59
Monetary Policy from Tailwind to Headwind: Last year I counted 123 rate hikes across 41 central banks… meanwhile already so far this year I’ve counted 67 interest rate hikes across 45 central banks, with the majority of central banks globally now well into rate hike mode.       The latest big new arrival to the rate-hike club was of course the Fed, and most expect a fairly aggressive hiking cycle; potentially with QT starting soon. Incrementally this will all present increasing headwinds to global growth and risk assets.       Indeed, the chart below tracks the net-number of central banks in rate cutting vs rate hiking mode. It maps out the clear policy pivot that occurred last year, and which accelerated this year: towards interest rate hikes and stimulus removal.       If we take this chart literally, the global manufacturing PMI looks set to drop below 50 by the end of the year. Not sure how many 2022 outlook pieces had that on their list!                 Key point: The global monetary policy pivot presents clear headwinds to growth.                   NOTE: this post first appeared on our NEW Substack: https://topdowncharts.substack.com/               Best regards,   Callum Thomas   Head of Research and Founder of Topdown Charts           Follow us on:   LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/company/topdown-charts   Twitter http://www.twitter.com/topdowncharts
Positions of large speculators according to the COT report as at 29/3/2022

Positions of large speculators according to the COT report as at 29/3/2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 11.04.2022 06:40
Positions of large speculators according to the COT report as at 29/3/2022 Total net speculator positions in the USD index rose by 1,306 contracts last week. This change is the result of an increase in long positions by 1,409 contracts and an increase in short positions by 103 contracts. Growth in total net positions occurred last week in the euro, the Australian dollar and the Canadian dollar. There were declines in the total net positions of large speculators in the British pound, the New Zealand dollar, the Japanese yen and the Swiss franc. In the Japanese yen, in particular, the decline in total net positions of large speculators has been very strong. Over the past five weeks, total net positions have decreased by 38 944 contracts. The total net positions of large speculators are the most bearish for the yen in the last 20 weeks. This may be due to the Bank of Japan's continuing dovish monetary policy to support Japanese economic growth. The positions of speculators in individual currencies The total net positions of large speculators are shown in Table 1: If the value is positive then the large speculators are net long. If the value is negative, the large speculators are net short.   Table 1: Total net positions of large speculators DatE USD Index EUR GBP AUD NZD JPY CAD CHF Mar 29, 2022 30941 21374 -40070 -49606 -867 -102131 1535 -11579 Mar 22, 2022 29635 23843 -37244 -51189 2520 -78482 -4940 -8424 Mar 15, 2022 28380 18794 -29061 -44856 3653 -62340 17740 -5229 Mar 08, 2022 34044 58844 -12526 -78195 -12379 -55856 7646 -9710 Mar 01, 2022 34774 64939 -337 -78336 -14172 -68732 14140 -15248 Feb 22, 2022 36084 59306 -5809 -84080 -11551 -63187 9253 -10987   Note: The explanation of COT methodolody is at the the end of the report.   Notes: Large speculators are traders who trade large volumes of futures contracts, which, if the set limits are met, must be reported to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Typically, this includes traders such as funds or large banks. These traders mostly focus on trading long-term trends and their goal is to make money on speculation with the instrument. ​The total net positions of large speculators are the difference between the number of long contracts and the number of short contracts of large speculators. Positive value shows that large speculators are net long. Negative value shows that large speculators are net short. The data is published every Friday and is delayed because it shows the status on Tuesday of the week. The total net positions of large speculators show the sentiment this group has in the market. A positive value of the total net positions of speculators indicates bullish sentiment, a negative value of total net positions indicates bearish sentiment. When interpreting charts and values, it is important to follow the overall trend of total net positions. The turning points are also very important, i.e. the moments when the total net positions go from a positive value to a negative one and vice versa. Important are also extreme values ​​of total net positions as they often serve as signals of a trend reversal. Sentiment according to the reported positions of large players in futures markets is not immediately reflected in the movement of currency pairs. Therefore, information on sentiment is more likely to be used by traders who take longer trades and are willing to hold their positions for several weeks or even months.   Detailed analysis of selected currencies   Explanations:   Purple line and histogram: this is information on the total net position of large speculators. This information shows the strength and sentiment of an ongoing trend. It is the indicator r_COT Large Speculators (by Kramsken) in www.tradingview.com. Information on the positions of so-called hedgers is not shown in the chart, due to the fact that their main goal is not speculation, but hedging. Therefore, this group usually takes the opposite positions than the large speculators. For this reason, the positions of hedgers are inversely correlated with the movement of the price of the underlying asset. However, this inverse correlation shows the ongoing trend less clearly than the position of large speculators.​ We show moving average SMA 100 (blue line) and EMA 50 (orange line) on daily charts. ​Charts are made with the use of www.tradingview.com. The source of numerical data is www.myfxbook.com   The Euro   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Mar 29, 2022 662415 200043 178669 21374 3598 -7008 -4539 2469 Weak bullish Mar 22, 2022 658817 207051 183208 23843 -7193 5011 -38 5049 Bullish Mar 15, 2022 666010 202040 183246 18794 -72980 -40643 -593 -40050 Weak bullish Mar 08, 2022 738990 242683 183839 58844 19015 14298 20393 -6095 Weak bullish Mar 01, 2022 719975 228385 163446 64939 23293 14190 8557 5633 Bullish Feb 22, 2022 696682 214195 154889 59306 -5365 -3704 -15429 11725 Bullish         Total Change -39632 -17856 8351 -26207     Figure 1: The euro and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart and the EURUSD on D1   The total net positions of speculators reached 21,374 contracts last week, down by 2,469 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to a decrease in long positions by 7,008 contracts and a decrease in short positions by 4,539 contracts. This data indicates weak bullish sentiment for the euro. Open interest has risen by 3 598 contracts in the last week. This shows that the upward movement that occurred in the euro last week was supported by a volume and is therefore strong price action. The euro continues to move in a downtrend. Last week it returned to the resistance level from which it bounced downwards. Long-term resistance: 1.1160 – 1.1180 Support: 1.0950-1.0980 and the next support is at 1.080-1.0850.   The British pound   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Mar 29, 2022 224365 30624 70694 -40070 28653 -2129 697 -2826 Bearish Mar 22, 2022 195712 32753 69997 -37244 7389 311 8494 -8183 Bearish Mar 15, 2022 188323 32442 61503 -29061 -57989 -18540 -2005 -16535 Bearish Mar 08, 2022 246312 50982 63508 -12526 34443 3303 15492 -12189 Bearish Mar 01, 2022 211869 47679 48016 -337 23426 5430 -42 5472 Weak bearish Feb 22, 2022 188443 42249 48058 -5809 -6859 -7902 144 -8046 Bearish         Total Change 29063 -19527 22780 -42307     Figure 2: The GBP and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart and the GBPUSD on D1   The total net positions of speculators last week reached - 37,244 contracts, down by 8,183 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to the growth of long positions by 311 contracts and the growth of short positions by 8,494 contracts. This suggests bearish sentiment as the total net positions of large speculators are negative while there has been a further decline. Open interest rose by 7,389 contracts last week. This means that the modest rise in the pound that occurred last week was supported by the volume and is therefore strong. However, the pound's growth was not significant. In addition, a pin bar formed on the weekly chart which would suggest more of a further weakening in line with sentiment. Long-term resistance: 1.3270 – 1.3300. Support is near 1.3000.     The Australian dollar   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Mar 29, 2022 143007 33960 83566 -49606 15240 10213 8630 1583 Weak bearish Mar 22, 2022 127767 23747 74936 -51189 3246 -534 5799 -6333 Bearish Mar 15, 2022 124521 24281 69137 -44856 -72573 4760 -28579 33339 Weak bearish Mar 08, 2022 197094 19521 97716 -78195 7427 6801 6660 141 Weak bearish Mar 01, 2022 189667 12720 91056 -78336 -2912 1167 -4577 5744 Weak bearish Feb 22, 2022 192579 11553 95633 -84080 1 -139 -2753 2614 Weak bearish         Total change -49571 22268 -14820 37088     Figure 3: The AUD and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart and the AUDUSD on D1   The total net positions of speculators reached 49,606 contracts last week, having grown by 1,583 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to the growth of long positions by 10,213 contracts and the growth of short positions by 8,630 contracts. This data suggests weak bearish sentiment for the Australian dollar as the total net positions of large speculators are negative, but they increased last week. There was an increase in open interest of 15,240 contracts last week. This means that the sideways movement that occurred last week was supported by the volume and was therefore strong as new money flowed into the market. The Australian dollar moved near a strong resistance level last week. If it is validly broken then a further bullish movement may be seen.  Long-term resistance: 0.7510-0.7560                                                                                                              Long-term support: 0.7370-0.7440.  A next support is near 0.7160 – 0.7180.   The New Zealand dollar   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Mar 29, 2022 34881 15504 16371 -867 -375 -1652 1735 -3387 Bearish Mar 22, 2022 35256 17156 14636 2520 -3944 -4337 -3204 -1133 Weak bullish Mar 15, 2022 39200 21493 17840 3653 -14050 5718 -10314 16032 Bullish Mar 08, 2022 53250 15775 28154 -12379 2861 5290 3497 1793 Weak bearish Mar 01, 2022 50389 10485 24657 -14172 -6247 -6858 -4237 -2621 Bearish Feb 22, 2022 56636 17343 28894 -11551 -7469 -7580 -5362 -2218 Bearish Mar 29, 2022 34881 15504 16371 -867 -375 -1652 1735 -3387 Bearish         Total Change -29224 -9419 -17885 8466     Figure 4: The NZD and the position of large speculators on a weekly chart and the NZDUSD on D1   The total net positions of speculators last week amounted to - 867 contracts, having fallen by 3,387 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to a decrease in long positions by 1,652 contracts and an increase in short positions by 1,735 contracts. This data suggests that there was a bearish sentiment for the New Zealand dollar over the past week as the total net positions of large speculators got negative. Open interest fell by 375 contracts last week.  Therefore, the sideways move in the NZDUSD that occurred last week was not supported by a volume and therefore the move was weak. The NZDUSD strengthened strongly last week and got to the resistance level. Long-term resistance: 0.6980 – 0.7000 Long-term support: 0.6860-0.6880 and the next support is at 0.6730 – 0.6740.   Explanation to the COT report The COT report shows the positions of major participants in the futures markets. Futures contracts are derivatives and are essentially agreements between two parties to exchange an underlying asset for a predetermined price on a predetermined date. They are standardised, specifying the quality and quantity of the underlying asset. They are traded on an exchange so that the total volume of these contracts traded is known.   Open interest: open interest is the sum of all open futures contracts (i.e. the sum of short and long contracts) that exist on a given asset. OI increases when a new futures contract is created by pairing a buyer with a seller. The OI decreases when an existing futures contract expires at a given expiry time or by settlement. Low or no open interest means that there is no interest in the market. High open interest indicates high activity and traders pay attention to this market. A rising open interest indicates that there is demand for the currency. That is, a rising OI indicates a strong current trend. Conversely, a weakening open interest indicates that the current trend is not strong. Open Interest Price action Interpretation Notes Rising Rising Strong bullish market New money flow in the particular asset, more bulls entered the market which pushes the price up. The trend is strong. Rising Falling Strong bearish market Price falls, more bearish traders entered the market which pushes the price down. The trend is strong. Falling Rising Weak bullish market Price is going up but new money do not flow into the market. Existing futures contracts expire or are closed. The trend is weak. Falling Falling Weak bearish market Price is going down, but new money do not flow into the market. Existing futures expire or are closed, the trend is weak.   Large speculators are traders who trade large volumes of futures contracts, which, if the set limits are met, must be reported to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Typically, this includes traders such as funds or large banks. These traders mostly focus on trading long-term trends and their goal is to make money on speculation with the instrument. Traders should try to trade in the direction of these large speculators. The total net positions of large speculators are the difference between the number of long contracts and the number of short contracts of large speculators. Positive value shows that large speculators are net long. Negative value shows that large speculators are net short. The data is published every Friday and is delayed because it shows the status on Tuesday of the week. The total net positions of large speculators show the sentiment this group has in the market. A positive value of the total net positions of speculators indicates bullish sentiment, a negative value of total net positions indicates bearish sentiment. When interpreting charts and values, it is important to follow the overall trend of total net positions. The turning points are also very important, i.e. the moments when the total net positions go from a positive value to a negative one and vice versa. Important are also extreme values ​​of total net positions as they often serve as signals of a trend reversal. The COT data are usually reported every Friday and they show the status on Tuesday of the week. Sentiment according to the reported positions of large players in futures markets is not immediately reflected in the movement of currency pairs. Therefore, information on sentiment is more likely to be used by traders who take longer trades and are willing to hold their positions for several weeks or even months.
Positions of large speculators according to the COT report as at 5/4/2022

Positions of large speculators according to the COT report as at 5/4/2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 11.04.2022 22:12
Positions of large speculators according to the COT report as at 5/4/2022 Total net speculator positions in the USD index rose by 911 contracts last week. This change is the result of a decrease in long positions by 3,932 contracts and a decrease in short positions by 4,843 contracts. The growth in total net positions occurred last week in the euro, the Australian dollar and the Canadian dollar. There were declines in the total net positions of large speculators in the British pound, the New Zealand dollar, the Japanese yen and the Swiss franc. Interest rate decisions will be made by the central banks of New Zealand and Canada (Wednesday) and the ECB on Thursday this week. The published monetary policy of these banks will be the decisive driver for the NZD, the CAD and the EUR this week. The positions of speculators in individual currencies The total net positions of large speculators are shown in Table 1: If the value is positive then the large speculators are net long. If the value is negative, the large speculators are net short. Table 1: Total net positions of large speculators DatE USD Index EUR GBP AUD NZD JPY CAD CHF Apr 05, 2022 31852 27370 -41758 -37513 -1569 -103829 6923 -12393 Mar 29, 2022 30941 21374 -40070 -49606 -867 -102131 1535 -11579 Mar 22, 2022 29635 23843 -37244 -51189 2520 -78482 -4940 -8424 Mar 15, 2022 28380 18794 -29061 -44856 3653 -62340 17740 -5229 Mar 08, 2022 34044 58844 -12526 -78195 -12379 -55856 7646 -9710 Mar 01, 2022 34774 64939 -337 -78336 -14172 -68732 14140 -15248   Note: The explanation of COT methodolody is at the the end of the report.   Notes: Large speculators are traders who trade large volumes of futures contracts, which, if the set limits are met, must be reported to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Typically, this includes traders such as funds or large banks. These traders mostly focus on trading long-term trends and their goal is to make money on speculation with the instrument. ​The total net positions of large speculators are the difference between the number of long contracts and the number of short contracts of large speculators. Positive value shows that large speculators are net long. Negative value shows that large speculators are net short. The data is published every Friday and is delayed because it shows the status on Tuesday of the week. The total net positions of large speculators show the sentiment this group has in the market. A positive value of the total net positions of speculators indicates bullish sentiment, a negative value of total net positions indicates bearish sentiment. When interpreting charts and values, it is important to follow the overall trend of total net positions. The turning points are also very important, i.e. the moments when the total net positions go from a positive value to a negative one and vice versa. Important are also extreme values ​​of total net positions as they often serve as signals of a trend reversal. Sentiment according to the reported positions of large players in futures markets is not immediately reflected in the movement of currency pairs. Therefore, information on sentiment is more likely to be used by traders who take longer trades and are willing to hold their positions for several weeks or even months.   Detailed analysis of selected currencies   Explanations:   Purple line and histogram: this is information on the total net position of large speculators. This information shows the strength and sentiment of an ongoing trend. It is the indicator r_COT Large Speculators (by Kramsken) in www.tradingview.com. Information on the positions of so-called hedgers is not shown in the chart, due to the fact that their main goal is not speculation, but hedging. Therefore, this group usually takes the opposite positions than the large speculators. For this reason, the positions of hedgers are inversely correlated with the movement of the price of the underlying asset. However, this inverse correlation shows the ongoing trend less clearly than the position of large speculators.​ We show moving average SMA 100 (blue line) and EMA 50 (orange line) on daily charts. ​Charts are made with the use of www.tradingview.com. The source of numerical data is www.myfxbook.com   The Euro   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Apr 05, 2022 663589 210914 183544 27370 1174 10871 4875 5996 Bullish Mar 29, 2022 662415 200043 178669 21374 3598 -7008 -4539 2469 Weak bullish Mar 22, 2022 658817 207051 183208 23843 -7193 5011 -38 5049 Bullish Mar 15, 2022 666010 202040 183246 18794 -72980 -40643 -593 -40050 Weak bullish Mar 08, 2022 738990 242683 183839 58844 19015 14298 20393 -6095 Weak bullish Mar 01, 2022 719975 228385 163446 64939 23293 14190 8557 5633 Bullish         Total change -33093 -3281 28655 -31936     Figure 1: The euro and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart and the EURUSD on D1 The total net positions of large speculators reached 27 370 contracts last week and they were up by 5 996 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to an increase in long positions by 10,871 contracts and an increase in short positions by 4,875 contracts. These data indicates a bullish sentiment for the euro. Open interest has risen by 1,174 contracts in the last week. This shows that the downward movement that occurred in the euro last week was supported by a volume and it was therefore a strong price action. The euro keeps moving in a downtrend. Last week it again reached a strong support in the area around 1.0850. Long-term resistance: 1.0950 – 1.0980.  The next resistance is in the zone 1.1160 – 1.1180. Support: 1.080-1.0850   The British pound   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Apr 05, 2022 238266 35873 77631 -41758 13901 5249 6937 -1688 Bearish Mar 29, 2022 224365 30624 70694 -40070 28653 -2129 697 -2826 Bearish Mar 22, 2022 195712 32753 69997 -37244 7389 311 8494 -8183 Bearish Mar 15, 2022 188323 32442 61503 -29061 -57989 -18540 -2005 -16535 Bearish Mar 08, 2022 246312 50982 63508 -12526 34443 3303 15492 -12189 Bearish Mar 01, 2022 211869 47679 48016 -337 23426 5430 -42 5472 Weak bearish         Total change 49823 -6376 29573 -35949     Figure 2: The GBP and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart and the GBPUSD on D1   The total net positions of speculators last week reached 41,758 contracts and thez were down by 1,688 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to the growth in long positions by 5,249 contracts and the growth in short positions by 6,937 contracts. This suggests bearish sentiment as the total net positions of large speculators are negative while there has been their further decline. Open interest rose by 13,901 contracts last week. This means that the downward movement in the pound that occurred last week was supported by a volume and it is therefore strong. Long-term resistance: 1.3050 – 1.3070. The next resistance is in the zone 1.3270 – 1.3300. Support is near 1.3000. The next support is near 1.2900   The Australian dollar   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Apr 05, 2022 148898 34871 72384 -37513 5891 911 -11182 12093 Weak bearish Mar 29, 2022 143007 33960 83566 -49606 15240 10213 8630 1583 Weak bearish Mar 22, 2022 127767 23747 74936 -51189 3246 -534 5799 -6333 Bearish Mar 15, 2022 124521 24281 69137 -44856 -72573 4760 -28579 33339 Weak bearish Mar 08, 2022 197094 19521 97716 -78195 7427 6801 6660 141 Weak bearish Mar 01, 2022 189667 12720 91056 -78336 -2912 1167 -4577 5744 Weak bearish         Total change -43681 23318 -23249 46567     Figure 3: The AUD and COT positions of large speculators on a weekly chart and the AUDUSD on D1   The total net positions of speculators last week reached - 37,513 contracts, growing by 12,093 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to the growth in long positions by 911 contracts and a decrease in short positions by 11,182 contracts. This data suggests weak bearish sentiment for the Australian dollar as the total net positions of large speculators are negative, but there was an increase in the previous week. There was an increase in open interest of 5,891 contracts last week. This means that the downward movement that occurred last week was supported by a volume and it was therefore a strong price action as new money flowed into the market. The Australian dollar formed a strong bearish pin bar last week. This could indicate further weakening of the AUD/USD pair. However, the pair is in a support area, so to speculate in the short direction it is necessary to wait for the pair to break this support and for a valid retest of the break. Long-term resistance: 0.7580-0.7660                                                                                                              Long-term support: 0.7370-0.7440.  A next support is near 0.7160 – 0.7180.   The New Zealand dollar   date Open Interest Specs Long Specs Short Specs Net positions change Open Interest change Long change Short change Net Positions Sentiment Apr 05, 2022 35788 15428 16997 -1569 907 -76 626 -702 Bearish Mar 29, 2022 34881 15504 16371 -867 -375 -1652 1735 -3387 Bearish Mar 22, 2022 35256 17156 14636 2520 -3944 -4337 -3204 -1133 Weak bullish Mar 15, 2022 39200 21493 17840 3653 -14050 5718 -10314 16032 Bullish Mar 08, 2022 53250 15775 28154 -12379 2861 5290 3497 1793 Weak bearish Mar 01, 2022 50389 10485 24657 -14172 -6247 -6858 -4237 -2621 Bearish         Total change -20848 -1915 -11897 9982     Figure 4: The NZD and the position of large speculators on a weekly chart and the NZDUSD on D1   The total net positions of speculators last week reached to - 1 569 contracts, falling by 702 contracts compared to the previous week. This change is due to a decrease in long positions by 76 contracts and an increase in short positions by 626 contracts. This data suggests that bearish sentiment has set in in the New Zealand dollar over the past week, as the total net positions of large speculators are negative and they continue to fall Open interest rose by 907 contracts last week.  It means that the downward movement in NZDUSD that occurred last week was supported by a volume and therefore this price action was strong. Long-term resistance: 0.6860 – 0.6880. The next resistance is near 0.6980 – 0.7030 Long-term support: 0.6730 – 0.6740.   Explanation to the COT report The COT report shows the positions of major participants in the futures markets. Futures contracts are derivatives and are essentially agreements between two parties to exchange an underlying asset for a predetermined price on a predetermined date. They are standardised, specifying the quality and quantity of the underlying asset. They are traded on an exchange so that the total volume of these contracts traded is known.   Open interest: open interest is the sum of all open futures contracts (i.e. the sum of short and long contracts) that exist on a given asset. OI increases when a new futures contract is created by pairing a buyer with a seller. The OI decreases when an existing futures contract expires at a given expiry time or by settlement. Low or no open interest means that there is no interest in the market. High open interest indicates high activity and traders pay attention to this market. A rising open interest indicates that there is demand for the currency. That is, a rising OI indicates a strong current trend. Conversely, a weakening open interest indicates that the current trend is not strong. Open Interest Price action Interpretation Notes Rising Rising Strong bullish market New money flow in the particular asset, more bulls entered the market which pushes the price up. The trend is strong. Rising Falling Strong bearish market Price falls, more bearish traders entered the market which pushes the price down. The trend is strong. Falling Rising Weak bullish market Price is going up but new money do not flow into the market. Existing futures contracts expire or are closed. The trend is weak. Falling Falling Weak bearish market Price is going down, but new money do not flow into the market. Existing futures expire or are closed, the trend is weak.   Large speculators are traders who trade large volumes of futures contracts, which, if the set limits are met, must be reported to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Typically, this includes traders such as funds or large banks. These traders mostly focus on trading long-term trends and their goal is to make money on speculation with the instrument. Traders should try to trade in the direction of these large speculators. The total net positions of large speculators are the difference between the number of long contracts and the number of short contracts of large speculators. Positive value shows that large speculators are net long. Negative value shows that large speculators are net short. The data is published every Friday and is delayed because it shows the status on Tuesday of the week. The total net positions of large speculators show the sentiment this group has in the market. A positive value of the total net positions of speculators indicates bullish sentiment, a negative value of total net positions indicates bearish sentiment. When interpreting charts and values, it is important to follow the overall trend of total net positions. The turning points are also very important, i.e. the moments when the total net positions go from a positive value to a negative one and vice versa. Important are also extreme values ​​of total net positions as they often serve as signals of a trend reversal. The COT data are usually reported every Friday and they show the status on Tuesday of the week. Sentiment according to the reported positions of large players in futures markets is not immediately reflected in the movement of currency pairs. Therefore, information on sentiment is more likely to be used by traders who take longer trades and are willing to hold their positions for several weeks or even months.
Welcome Back to 1994!

Welcome Back to 1994!

David Merkel David Merkel 23.03.2022 03:03
Image Credit: Aleph Blog with help from FRED || Believe it or not, I used FRED before it was a web resource — it was a standalone “bulletin board” that I woul dial into on my computer modem I’ve talked about this here: Estimating Future Stock Returns, December 2021 UpdateTime for Another Convexity Crisis?The First Priority of Risk Control (2009, this tells the story of what I did during the 1994 crisis.) And recently I have tweeted about it. Mortgage rates are surging faster than expected, prompting economists to lower their home sales forecasts https://t.co/IiX2gPlAnI 1994 scenario re-occurring. Falling prepayments makes MBS lengthen, leading indexed bond managers to sell low-coupon MBS forcing rates still higher— David Merkel (@AlephBlog) March 22, 2022 We may be in the 1994 scenario where mortgage durations are extending, dragging the long end of the yield, as those that hedge duration are forced to sell, setting up a self-reinforcing move up in yields.— David Merkel (@AlephBlog) March 22, 2022 The MBS coupon stack is a lot flatter in 2022 than in 1994. There is more than 4X the mortgage debt now than in 1994. Lots of pent-up negative convexity. I lived through that in 1994, and made money off it.— David Merkel (@AlephBlog) March 22, 2022 Then from the piece Classic: Avoid the Dangers of Data-Mining, Part 2 “In 1992-1993, there were a number of bright investors who had “picked the lock” of the residential mortgage-backed securities market. Many of them had estimated complex multifactor relationships that allowed them to estimate the likely amount of mortgage prepayment within mortgage pools. Armed with that knowledge, they bought some of the riskiest securities backed by portions of the cash flows from the pools. They probably estimated the past relationships properly, but the models failed when no-cost prepayment became common, and failed again when the Federal Reserve raised rates aggressively in 1994. The failures were astounding: David Askin’s hedge funds, Orange County, the funds at Piper Jaffray that Worth Bruntjen managed, some small life insurers, etc. If that wasn’t enough, there were many major financial institutions that dropped billions on this trade without failing. What’s the lesson? Models that worked well in the past might not work so well in the future, particularly at high degrees of leverage. Small deviations from what made the relationship work in the past can be amplified by leverage into huge disasters.“ Finally from the piece What Brings Maturity to a Market: Negative Convexity: Through late 1993, structurers of residential mortgage securities were very creative, making tranches in mortgage securitizations that bore a disproportionate amount of risk, particularly compared to the yield received. In 1994 to early 1995, that illusion was destroyed as the bond market was dragged to higher yields by the Fed plus mortgage bond managers who tried to limit their interest rate risks individually, leading to a more general crisis. That created the worst bond market since 1926. ================================================== I am not saying it is certain, but I think it is likely that we are experiencing a panic in the mortgage bond market now. Like 1994, we have had a complacent Fed that left policy rates too low for too long. Both were foolish times, where policy should have been tighter. This led to massive refinancing of mortgages, and many new mortgages at low rates. But when that happens with most mortgages being low rate, if the Fed hints at or starts raising rates, prepayments will fall and Mortgage-Backed Securities [MBS] will lengthen duration while falling in price. Bond managers, most of whom are indexed and want a fixed duration, will start selling long bonds and MBS, leading long rates to rise, and the cycle temporarily becomes self-perpetuating. This is likely the situation that we are in now, and it very well may make the Fed overreact as they did in 1994. All good economists know the monetary policy acts with long and variable lags. But the FOMC for PR reasons acts as if their actions are immediate. Thus they become macho, and raise their rates too far, leading to a crash. (Can we eliminate the Fed? Gold was better, if we regulated the banks properly. Or, limit the slope of the yield curve.) I’m planning on making money on the opposite side of this trade if I am right. I will buy long Treasuries after the peak. I am watching this regularly, and will act when it is clear to me, but not the market as a whole, which in late 1994 to early 1995 did not know which end was up. Anyway, that’s all. The only good part of this environment is that my bond portfolios are losing less than the general market.
The Swing Overview - Week 16 2022

The Swing Overview - Week 16 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 22.04.2022 15:00
The Swing Overview - Week 16 Jerome Powell confirmed that the Fed will be aggressive in fighting the inflation and confirmed tighter interest rate hikes starting in May. Equity indices fell strongly after this news. Inflation in the euro area reached a record high of 7.4% in March. Despite this news, the euro continued to weaken. The sell-off also continued in the Japanese yen, which is the weakest against the US dollar in last 20 years.  The USD index strengthens along with US bond yields Fed chief Jerome Powell said on Thursday that the Fed could raise interest rates by 0.50% in May. The Fed could continue its aggressive pace of rate hikes in the coming months of this year. US 10-year bond yields have responded to this news by strengthening further and have already reached 2.94%. The US dollar has also benefited from this development and has already surpassed the value 100 and continues to move in an uptrend. Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on the daily chart Earnings season is underway in equities Rising interest rates continue to weigh on equity indices, which gave back gains from the first half of the last week and weakened significantly on Thursday following the Fed’s information on the aggressive pace of interest rate hikes.   In addition, the earnings season, which is in full swing, is weighing on index movements. For example, Netflix and Tesla reported results last week.   While Netflix unpleasantly surprised by reducing the number of subscribers by 200,000 in 1Q 2022 and the company's shares fell by 35% in the wake of the news, Tesla, on the other hand, exceeded analysts' expectations and the stock gained more than 10% after the results were announced. Tesla has thus shown that it has been able to cope with the supply chain problems and higher subcontracting prices that are plaguing the entire automotive sector much better than its competitors.   The decline in Netflix subscribers can be explained by people starting to save more in an environment of rising prices. Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart The SP 500 index continues to undergo a downward correction, which is shown on the H4 chart. The price has reached the resistance level at 4,514-4,520. The price continues to move below the SMA 100 moving average (blue line) on the daily chart which indicates bearish sentiment.  The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is at 4,514 - 4,520. The next resistance is around 4,583 - 4,600. The support is at 4,360 - 4,365.   The German DAX index The DAX is also undergoing a correction and the last candlestick on the daily chart is a bearish pin bar which suggests that the index could fall further. Figure 3: The German DAX index on H4 and daily chart This index is also below the SMA 100 on the daily chart, confirming the bearish sentiment. The price has reached a support according to the H4 chart, which is at 14,340 - 14,370. However, this is very likely to be overcome quickly. The next support is 13 910 - 14 000. The nearest resistance is 14 592 - 14 632.   The DAX is affected by the French presidential election that is going to happen on Sunday April 24, 2022. According to the latest polls, Macron is leading over Le Pen and if the election turns out like this, it should not have a significant impact on the markets. However, if Marine Le Pen wins in a surprise victory, it can be very negative news for the French economy and would weigh on the DAX index as well.   The euro remains in a downtrend The Fed's hawkish policy and the ECB's dovish rhetoric at its meeting on Thursday April 14, 2022, which showed that the ECB is not planning to raise rates in the short term, put further pressure on the European currency. The French presidential election and, of course, the ongoing war in Ukraine are also causing uncertainty.  Figure 4: The EURUSD on the H4 and daily charts. The inflation data was reported last week, which came in at 7.4% on year-on-year basis. The previous month inflation was 5.9%. This rise in inflation caused the euro to strengthen briefly to the resistance level at 1.0930 - 1.0950. However, there was then a rapid decline from this level following the Fed's reports of a quick tightening in the economy. A support is at 1.0760 - 1.0780.   The sell-off in the Japanese yen is not over The Japanese yen is also under pressure. The US dollar has already reached 20-year highs against the Japanese yen (USD/JPY) and it looks like the yen's weakening against the US dollar could continue. This is because the Bank of Japan has the most accommodative monetary policy of any major central bank and continues to support the economy while the Fed will aggressively tighten the economy. Thus, this fundamental suggests that a reversal in the USD/JPY pair should not happen anytime soon. Figure 5: The USDJPY on the monthly chart In terms of technical analysis, the USD/JPY price broke through the strong resistance band around the price of 126.00 seen on the monthly chart. The currency pair thus has room to grow further up to the resistance, which is in the area near 135 yens per dollar.  
The Euro (EUR) And The British Pound (GBP) Continue To Strengthen Their Positions Against The US Dollar (USD)

Will US Dollar (USD) Beat British Pound (GBP), Japanese Yen (JPY) And All Other Currencies? Bank Of Japan To Tackle The Weaking Of JPY?

Marc Chandler Marc Chandler 27.04.2022 22:09
April 27, 2022  $USD, Australia, BOJ, Brazil, Currency Movement, Mexico, Russia Overview: Russia's decision to cut gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria and the sharp sell-off in US equities yesterday casts a pall over the markets today.  But not the dollar. The euro punched through $1.06 for the first time in five years and the greenback turned higher against the yen after falling to a seven-day low.  The major bourses in the Asia Pacific region fell by more than 1% except China and Hong Kong.  The Hang Seng eked out a minor gain, but China's CSI 300 rose nearly 3%.  Europe's Stoxx 600 gapped lower but has recovered with the help of materials, consumer discretionary, and energy sectors.  US futures are firm.  Treasury yields have recovered part of yesterday’s decline, putting the 10-year near 2.77% and the 2-year close to 2.58%.  European yields are mostly firmer and the core-periphery spreads are widening.  In the foreign exchange market, the greenback is mixed.  The Antipodeans and Scandis are firm, especially the Australian dollar, after the higher-than-expected Q1 CPI.  The yen, euro, and Swiss franc are heavy.  Emerging market currencies are mostly lower.  Of note, the Philippine peso and the Mexican peso are among the most resilient today.  Hungary, the only EU country that has agreed to pay Russia in roubles, is among the weakest (~0.9%).  That dubious honor goes to the South Korean won today, off 1.1%, the largest loss since last June and the fifth consecutive decline. Gold was sold to fresh two-month lows near $1887 before steadying.  June WTI is firm but in a narrow range (~$101.50-$103) near yesterday's highs.  US natgas prices are almost 0.75% higher after gaining nearly 5% over the past two sessions.  Europe's benchmark rose about 8.2% yesterday on top of yesterday's nearly 6% gain.  It is back to early April levels.  Iron ore rose for a second consecutive session, while copper is trying to end a three-day fall.  July wheat is steady after rising 2% yesterday.  Asia Pacific Australia's Q1 CPI rose 2.1%, faster than the 1.7% anticipated by the median in Bloomberg's survey and well above the 1.3% increase in Q4 21.  The year-over-year pace accelerated to 5.1% from 3.5%.  The underlying measures also rose.  The central bank meets next week, and the market sees the inflation figures as boosting the chances of a rate hike, which previously was expected after the May 21 election.  Yesterday the market had about six basis points of tightening discounted for the May 3 meeting.  Now there are 18 bp increase priced into the cash rate futures.   The Bank of Japan's two-day meeting began today.  Officials have clearly signaled no intention to change course.  Its defense of the 0.25% cap on the 10-year yield continued to today but the softer global yields yesterday took some pressure off the JGB market and there were sellers of 10-year bonds to the BOJ under its fixed-rate operation.  The BOJ is well aware that energy and food prices are lifting measured inflation and the reduction in wireless charges drop out of the 12-month comparison.  It pushes back and says that those developments do not make the increase in CPI sustainable.  Note too that the new economic package is estimated to shave 0.5% off headline CPI in the May-September period.   Many observers still seem to put the cart before the horse.  They are concerned that the weaker yen reduces Japanese demand for Treasuries.  The recent price action lends support for the hypothesis that the causation arrow is running the other way.  The increase in US yields weakens the yen.  The US 10-year yield peaked on April 20.  So did the dollar against the yen.  They both recorded eight-day lows earlier today and have recovered.  Moreover, the indirect bids show that the recent US Treasury auctions have been strong, including yesterday's two-year note sale.  That is where foreign participation is often picked up.   The dollar found a bid after slipping a little below JPY127. A $540 mln option at JPY126.75 rolls off today.  The greenback has already resurfaced above JPY128.  A move above JPY128.25 would lift the tone, but it needs to get above JPY128.50 to sign another attempt on the JPY129.50-JPY130 area. The Australian dollar recovered from around $0.7120 to almost $0.7200, but the upside momentum faltered and it fell back to the $0.7140 area in late Asia Pacific turnover.  That said, the intraday momentum indicators suggest the potential to retest the highs in North America.  The Chinese yuan is trading in its narrowest range for a little more than a week.  The dollar is consolidating its recent gains and traded roughly between CNY6.5480 and CNY6.5615.  The cut in reserve requirements for foreign currency deposits appears to have succeeded not in pushing the yuan higher but in steadying the exchange rate.  The PBOC set the dollar's reference rate slightly higher than expected in the Bloomberg survey (CNY6.5598 vs. CNY6.5596). Europe In a bizarre turn of events, Russia is insisting on being paid roubles for its gas while Europe is insisting to adhering to contracts to pay in hard currency, euros.  Russia is making good on its threats and announced that its cutting off gas supplies to Poland and Bulgaria.  Poland's gas supplies are around three-quarters capacity so the cut of new supply will not pinch immediately.  Bulgaria has indicated it has taken steps to secure alternative supplies.  Russia's actions do raise the question of who is next and that will likely be seen next month.  That said, Europe's reluctance or inability to move quicker on gas reveals their vulnerability, which Russia is exploiting.  It is quitting Europe before being fired, in a way.  Meanwhile, the tensions are rising in Moldova's breakaway region.  Some argue that Russia ultimately will likely link up the parts of Ukraine that it appears to be trying to take with the Moldova region, which would pen-in Ukraine.   Musk's leveraged buyout of Twitter is spurring a debate about freedom of speech in the US.  The constitutional right protects US citizens from abridgement of that right by Congress not by the private sector.  Clearly newspapers do not have to print all the op-ed submissions it receives and its not denying the rejected authors their freedom of speech.  In Europe, the reaction is different.  Musk is reminded that Twitter, regardless of its ownership structure, must adhere to the Digital Services Act, approved last week.  It forces the platforms to moderate illegal and harmful content that their users post.   The 1.4 bln euro option at $1.06 that expires today appears to have been neutralized.  The euro fell to about $1.0585 in late Asia/early Europe.  Initial resistance is seen near $1.0630 and then $1.0660. On the downside, the 2015-2017 lows were in the $1.0340-$1.0530 area, but there is increasing talk of a move to parity which has not been seen since 2002.  Sterling's losses have also been extended.  It fell to about $1.2535 before recovering to around $1.2590 in the European morning.  The $1.25 area represents the (61.8%) retracement of sterling's rally off the March 2020 low near $1.14.  The next chart point below there is the June 2020 lows around $1.2250.  Over the last five sessions, sterling has shed more than a nickel.  The lower Bollinger Band is set two standard deviations below its 20-day moving average and sterling's losses are nearly three standard deviations below the 20-day average.   America The US reports mortgage applications, which have fallen every week since the end of January but one. March pending home sales are expected to have fallen for the fifth consecutive month. The March trade deficit, which remains near a record imbalance, and March (wholesale and retail) inventories will help economists put their final touches on Q1 GDP forecasts ahead of tomorrow's report.  Due to the revisions in retail sales reported earlier this week, the Atlanta Fed's GDP tracker fell to 0.4%. It will update it again after today's reports.   As noted, there was a strong reception at yesterday's US sale of $48 bln two-year notes.   Indirect bidders took down 2/3 and direct bidders took another 21.4%.  This left the dealers with slightly more than 12%, the least in almost two decades.  On tap today are a $30 bln two-year floater auction and $49 bln 5-year note sale.  Still, the angst in some corners of the market about the implications of a strong dollar on foreign demand is unlikely to dissipate.   Bank of Canada Governor Macklem laid out the logic of raising rates even though it will have little impact on the prices of internationally traded goods that are understood to be the main drivers of Canadian inflation. He argued that keeping inflation expectations anchored will help prices ease when the higher energy and disrupted supply chains ease.   Mexico reports its March trade figures.  The balance may have swung into a small deficit after a $1.29 bln surplus in February.  Tomorrow it reports unemployment figures ahead of Friday's preliminary Q1 GDP.  After a flat Q4 21, it is expected to have grown around 1% in Q2 quarter-over-quarter.  Brazil reports April's IPCA inflation measure today.  It is expected to have accelerated to 12.15% from 10.79% in March. This will further challenge the signals by the central bank that next month could be the peak in what has been an aggressive tightening cycle.     The risk-off mood, which unlike when Russia first invaded Ukraine, is now seen as negative for commodities and commodity currencies.  The Canadian dollar has suffered in this phase despite constructive macro considerations.  The US dollar bottomed last week near CAD1.2460 and today has approached CAD1.2850.  The year's high was set in early March slightly north of CAD1.29.  The greenback has closed above its upper Bollinger Band for the last three sessions and remains above it (~CAD1.2810) now.  The greenback remains within the range set on Monday against the Mexican peso (~MXN20.16-MXN20.4850).  A convincing break of MXN20.50 could spur a quick move toward MXN20.60-MXN20.65.  Note the upper Bollinger Band is found today slightly above MXN20.40. The Brazilian real is a market favorite this year, with high yields, monetary policy near a peak, and commodity exposure. However, alongside Latam in general and the setback for metals, market participants have raced to reduce exposure in both the options and forward markets.  The dollar has jumped from around BRL4.60 a week ago to nearly BRL5.00 yesterday.  A move above there today could target the BRL5.20 area.       Disclaimer
The Swing Overview – Week 17 2022

The Swing Overview – Week 17 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 03.05.2022 11:04
The Swing Overview – Week 17 Major stock indices continued in their correction and tested strong support levels. In contrast, the US dollar strengthened strongly and is at its highest level since January 2017. The strengthening of the dollar had a negative impact on the value of the euro and commodities such as gold, which fell below the $1,900 per ounce. The Bank of Japan kept interest rates low and the yen broke the magic level 130 per dollar. The USD index strengthened again but the US GDP declined The US consumer confidence in the month of April came in at 107.3, a slight decline from the previous month when consumer confidence was 107.6.   The US GDP data was surprising. The US economy decreased by 1.4% in 1Q 2022 (in the previous quarter the economy grew by 6.4%). This sharp decline surprised even analysts who expected the economy to grow by 1.1%. This result is influenced by the Omicron, which caused the economy to shut down for a longer period than expected earlier this year.    The Fed meeting scheduled for the next week on May 4 will be hot. In fact, even the most dovish Fed officials are already leaning towards a 0.5% rate hike. At the end of the year, we can expect a rate around 2.5%.   The US 10-year bond yields continue to strengthen on the back of these expectations. The US dollar is also strengthening and is already at its highest level since January 2017, surpassing 103 level.  Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and the USD index on the daily chart   Earnings season is underway in equities Earnings season is in full swing. Amazon's results were disappointing. While revenue was up 7% reaching $116.4 billion in the first quarter (revenue was $108.5 billion in the same period last year), the company posted an total loss of $8.1 billion, which translated to a loss of $7.56 per share. This loss, however, is not due to operating activities, but it is the result of the revaluation of the equity investment in Rivian Automotive.   Facebook, on the other hand, surprised in a positive way posting unexpectedly strong user growth, a sign that its Instagram app is capable of competing with Tik Tok. However, the revenue growth of 6.6% was the lowest in the company's history.    Apple was also a positive surprise, reporting earnings per share of $1.52 (analysts' forecast was $1.43) and revenue growth of $97.3 billion, up 8.6% from the same period last year. However, the company warned that the closed operations in Russia, the lockdown in China due to the coronavirus and supply disruptions will negatively impact earnings in the next quarter.   Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart In terms of technical analysis, the US SP 500 index is in a downtrend and has reached a major support level on the daily chart last week, which is at 4,150. It has bounced upwards from this support to the resistance according to the 4 H chart which is 4,308 - 4,313. The next resistance according to the H4 chart is 4,360 - 4,365.  The strong resistance is at 4,500.   German DAX index German businessmen are optimistic about the development of the German economy in the next 6 months, as indicated by the Ifo Business Climate Index, which reached 91.8 for April (the expectation was 89.1). However, this did not have a significant effect on the movement of the index and it continued in its downward correction. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The index is below the SMA 100 on both the daily chart and the H4 chart, confirming the bearish sentiment. The nearest support according to the H4 is 13,600 - 13,650. The resistance is 14,180 - 14,200. The next resistance is 14,592 - 14,632.   The euro has fallen below 1.05 The euro lost significantly last week. While the French election brought relief to the markets as Emmanuel Macron defended the presidency, geopolitical tensions in Ukraine continue to weigh heavily on the European currency. The strong dollar is also having an impact on the EUR/USD pair, pushing the pair down. The price has fallen below 1.05, the lowest level since January 2017.    Figure 4: EURUSD on H4 and daily chart The euro broke through the important support at 1.0650 - 1.071, which has now become the new resistance. The new support was formed in January 2017 and is around the level 1.0350 - 1.040.   Japan's central bank continues to support the fragile economy The Bank of Japan on Thursday reinforced its commitment to keep interest rates at very low levels by pledging to buy unlimited amounts of 10-year government bonds daily, sparking a fresh sell-off in the yen and reviving government bonds. With this commitment, the BOJ is trying to support a fragile economy, even as a surge in commodity prices is pushing the inflation up.   The decision puts Japan in the opposite position to other major economies, which are moving towards tighter monetary policy to combat soaring prices. Figure 5: The USD/JPY on the monthly and daily chart In fresh quarterly forecasts, the central bank has projected core consumer inflation to reach 1.9% in the current fiscal year and then ease to 1.1% in fiscal years 2023 and 2024, an indication that it views the current cost-push price increases as transitory.   In the wake of this decision, the Japanese yen has continued to weaken and has already surpassed the magical level 130 per dollar.   Strong dollar beats also gold Anticipation of aggressive Fed action against inflation, which is supporting the US dollar, is having a negative impact on gold. The rising US government bond yields are also a problem for the yellow metal. This has put gold under pressure, which peaked on Thursday when the price reached USD 1,872 per ounce of gold. But then the gold started to strengthen. Indeed, the decline in the US GDP may have been something of a warning to the Fed and prevent them from tightening the economy too quickly, which helped gold, in the short term, bounce off a strong support. Figure 6: The gold on H4 and daily chart Strong support for the gold is at $1,869 - $1,878 per ounce. There is a confluence of horizontal resistance and the SMA 100 moving average on the daily chart. The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is 1 907 - 1 910 USD per ounce. The strong resistance according to the daily chart is then 1 977 - 2 000 USD per ounce of gold. Moving averages on the H4 chart can also be used as a resistance. The orange line is the EMA 50 and the blue line is the SMA 100.  
Welcome Back to 1994! [Redux]

Welcome Back to 1994! [Redux]

David Merkel David Merkel 10.05.2022 03:17
Image Credit: Aleph Blog with help from FRED || Look at the mortgage rates fly! Okay, you might or might not remember the last piece. But since that time, 30-year mortgage rates have risen more than 1%. Is the Fed dawdling? Maybe, but the greater threat is that they become too aggressive, and blow up the financial economy, leading us into another decade-long bout of financial repression. As it stands right now, mortgage rates are in a self-reinforcing rising cycle, and it will not end until the Fed raises the Fed funds rate until it inverts the Treasury yield curve. But if I were on the FOMC, I would ignore inflation and the labor markets, and I would watch the financial economy to avoid blowing things up. The FOMC won’t do this. They are wedded to ideas that no longer work, or may never have worked, like the Phillips Curve. They imagine that the macroeconomic models work, when they never do. They forget what Milton Friedman taught — that monetary policy works with long and variable lags. Instead, in tightening cycles, the FOMC acts as if there are no lags. And, in one sense, they are correct. The financial economy reacts immediately to FOMC actions. The real economy, with inflation and unemployment, may take one or two years to see the effects. And because the FOMC forgets about the lags, they overshoot. The FOMC, far from stabilizing the economy, tends to destabilize it. We would be better off running a gold standard, and regulating the banks tightly for solvency. Remember, gold was never the problem — bad bank regulation was the problem. ======================= One more thing — the Fed needs to be quiet. The chatter of Fed governors upsets the markets, as do Fed press conferences and the dot-plot. The Fed was most effective under Volcker and Martin. They said little, and let their actions be known through the Fed’s Open Markets Desk. That allowed the Fed to surprise and lead the markets. The current Fed (since Greenspan) made the mistake of following the markets. Following the markets exacerbates volatility, and promotes oversupplying liquidity. ======================= At present I am pretty sure 30-year mortgage rates will rise to 6%, and maybe 7%. No one is panicking enough on this, so it will likely go higher. MBS hedging is a powerful force, and will continue until people no longer want to buy houses at such high interest rates.
Cautious optimism

ECB's Lagarde Teases Rate Hike, Bitcoin Price (BTC/USD) Defends From Deep Plunge

Craig Erlam Craig Erlam 11.05.2022 17:06
Stock markets are pushing cautiously higher again on Wednesday as investors await a huge inflation report from the US ahead of the open on Wall Street. The report is expected to be the first that will indicate inflation has peaked and a sharp decline is underway. That doesn’t mean inflation is expected to return to target any time soon but it will come as a massive relief to investors, households and businesses alike after months of watching price pressures accelerate higher. The fear is that the data today doesn’t tell us what we want to hear. A slower deceleration or worse, none at all, would be an enormous blow and I expect equity markets would feel the full effects of it. The extent to which that would be the case would obviously depend on how bad the data is. On the flip side, considering the shock to equity markets recently, a low reading that marks the end of the ascent and falls in line with the view that price pressures will ease considerably in the months ahead could be very positive for stock markets. Investors will be hoping the inflation data can provide a tailwind for equity markets for the rest of the year and perhaps even allow for interest rate expectations to be pared back. There may be some scarring from the last six months which may stop investors from getting too excited initially but indices are at a steep discount now after recent moves and a low inflation reading could tempt some back in. Lagarde drops subtle rate hike hint After months of pushback, it seems the ECB is forming a consensus around raising interest rates in the coming months. Noises from policymakers in recent weeks have alluded to that and Christine Lagarde today ever so slightly deviated from her policy of ambiguity to hint at the possibility of a July hike. That would align with where markets stand on the lift-off and make the ECB the latest central bank to abandon its transitory argument and belatedly start tightening. Whether Europe will pay the price for their hesitation, as may be the case in the UK, US, New Zealand and many other countries, isn’t clear. It may well depend on how swiftly it agrees to raise rates and how entrenched inflation becomes. There’s no doubt they don’t quite have the problem the UK and US have, for example. Bitcoin stays above crucial support as Terra plunges Bitcoin survived a brief dip below USD 30,000 on Tuesday and is making small gains so far today, easing pressure on the critical support in the process. It could have been much worse for bitcoin if it got caught up in the Terra debacle, which is down more than 50% on the day despite being a stablecoin by definition. That it hasn’t sent shockwaves throughout the broader crypto space will come as a relief to bitcoin HODLers for now. But that could change and a break below USD 30,000 could make them very uncomfortable. For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar: www.marketpulse.com/economic-events/ This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.
The Swing Overview - Week 19 2022

The Swing Overview - Week 19 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 16.05.2022 10:59
The Swing Overview - Week 19 Stock indices continued to weaken strongly last week, while the US dollar has already surpassed the mark 104 and is at 20-year highs. However, a set of important data is behind us, which could bring some temporary relief to the equity markets. The Czech koruna weakened sharply after the appointment of the new CNB Governor Ales Michl, who is a proponent of a dovish approach. Thus, the rise in interest rates in the Czech Republic appears to be close to its peak.   Macroeconomic data The US consumer inflation for April was reported on Wednesday, which came in at 8.3% on year-on-year basis. Analysts were expecting inflation to be 8.1%. Although the figure achieved was higher than expectations, it was still lower than the 8.5% inflation figure achieved in March. On a month-on-month basis, the price increase in April was 0.3%, significantly lower than in March when prices rose by 1.5%.   On Thursday, industrial inflation was reported at 8.8% year-on-year and 0.4% month-on-month for April.   The positive thing about this data is that inflation declined from previous readings. However, it is important to note that the year-on-year comparison is based on data where inflation was also higher in the previous year due to the recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic.   The Fed chief reiterated that he expects another 0.50% point rise in interest rates at the next two Fed meetings. He also mentioned that a higher rate hike cannot be ruled out if necessary.   The US 10-year bond yields came down from their peak and made a slight correction. However, the US dollar continued to strengthen and broke the resistance at 104. The dollar is thus at 20-year highs. Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on the daily chart   Equity indices heavily oversold The strong dollar, rising US bond yields, the war in Ukraine and the effects of the lockdown in China were the main reasons for the decline in equity indices. The SP 500 index hit 3,860, the lowest level since March 2021. This is also where long-term support is. However, the important macro data is behind us and the market has processed all the available fundamental information. This could bring temporary relief to the markets and the index could make an upward correction. The fall in 10-year bond yields, gives this move some boost as well.   Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart However, from a technical analysis perspective, the US SP 500 index remains in a current downtrend as the markets have formed lower low and is also below both the SMA 100 and EMA 50 moving averages on the H4 and daily charts. The nearest resistance is 4040 - 4070. The next resistance is at 4,140 and especially 4,293 - 4,300. The support is at 3,860 - 3,900.   German DAX index In macroeconomic data, the German ZEW Economic Sentiment for May was reported last week and showed a reading of -34.3, an improvement from the previous month's reading of -41.0. Inflation in Germany for April is at 7.4% on year-on-year basis and up 0.8% from March (the previous month's increase was 2.5%). Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The index continues to move in a downtrend along with the major world indices. The price has reached the SMA 100 moving average on the H4 chart, which tends to signal resistance in a downtrend. The price is moving below the SMA 100 on both the daily chart and the H4 chart, confirming the bearish sentiment. The nearest support according to the H4 is 13,600 - 13,650. The resistance is 14,300 - 14,330. The next resistance is 14,592 - 14,632.   The big sell-off in the euro continues The euro fell to 1.0356 against the dollar, the lowest value since January 2017. This value is also an area of significant support where price could stall. Fundamentally, the euro's depreciation is due to the strong dollar and the Fed's hawkish policy, which contrasts with the ECB's policy of not raising rates yet.    Figure 4: The EURUSD on H4 and daily chart Eurozone inflation data will be reported next week, which could be an important catalyst for further movement. The significant support is priced around 1.0350 - 1.040. The current resistance is at 1.05.   Czech koruna weakened strongly on the new governor appointment The President Miloš Zeman surprised with the appointment of Ales Michl for the governor of the CNB. Michl is known for his dovish views, having spoken out against raising interest rates at recent meetings. His appointment was welcomed in the markets by a strong depreciation of the Czech koruna. However, the bank later intervened in the markets by selling part of its foreign exchange reserves to prevent further depreciation of the Czech koruna.   It is important to know that the Bank's monetary policy is decided by the seven-member Bank Board. So far, the proportion for voting on rate hikes has been 5:2. But by the end of June, the president must appoint 3 new board members. This could significantly change the voting ratio on the board and set a new course for the bank's policy, which would mean a halt to the rise in interest rates. However, it is likely that at the June board meeting the board, still with the old composition, will decide on further interest rate increases. Figure 5: The USD/CZK and the EUR/CZK on the daily chart The Czech koruna has reached 24.36 against the dollar and 25.47 against the euro, from which it started to descend after the CNB interventions.  
Apple Stock Price Hit $170 On Thursday! What About iPhone 14 Production? Energy Stocks: BP Increased By Over 1% Yesterday!

Australia: unemployment rate falls to record low | ING Economics

ING Economics ING Economics 19.05.2022 09:03
Labour market indicators suggest that 25bp rate hikes may not be enough to bring inflation swiftly back within the RBA's target range Reserve Bank of Australia Governor Philip Lowe Source: Shutterstock 3.9% Unemployment rate Record low As expected Unemployment rate falls to record low Today's April labour market data showed a smaller than expected gain in total employment of only 4000. But as this was the net result of what looks like a huge transformation of part-time jobs to full-time jobs, the impact on consumer demand will be far more than this headline employment figure suggests. Full-time employment rose by 92,400, just exceeding the 88,400 decline in part-time jobs. But in addition to longer hours, full-time jobs tend to be better paid, and also offer more perks and job security, all of which are likely to encourage greater spending.  Read next: Altcoins: What Is Litecoin (LTC)? A Deeper Look Into The Litecoin Platform| FXMAG.COM Perhaps even more importantly, the unemployment rate fell to 3.9% from 4.0%. This is a new record low, and suggests that the labour market is very, very tight. Wages, inflation and the unemployment rate Source: CEIC, ING Labour data more of a marginal consideration now Before the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) responded to the recent surge in inflation with a 25bp increase in the cash rate target, labour market data was scrutinized for signs that the central bank's dovish resolve would be challenged. Now that rates have already been raised, that is no longer the case. But labour market data is not irrelevant. Today's drop in the unemployment rate to a new record low, even alongside the relatively more subdued 1Q wage data released yesterday, raises questions about the pace of future hikes.  The question worth pondering is this: "Does it make sense to raise rates in 25bp increments when the inflation rate is so far above target, and so far above the level of policy rates? Or does it make more sense to front-run the early tightening?" Read next: Altcoins: What Is Monero? Explaining XMR. Untraceable Cryptocurrency!? | FXMAG.COM A number of other central banks in the Asia Pacific region are having the same internal conversation right now, having emerged from a similar period of dovishness assuming that most of the inflation spike would be transitory, or largely bypass their economies for various reasons. The consensus of these other central banks seems to be swinging behind a more rapid pace of withdrawal of accommodation, at least for a while. Rate hikes from the RBA in excess of 25bp in the near future can't be ruled out either.   Read this article on THINK TagsRBA rate policy Australian wages Australian unemployment rate Australian inflation AUDUSD Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more Follow FXMAG.COM on Google News
Hungarian Labour Markey Data And Turkish Monetary Policy Are Going To Arouse Our Interest | Key events in EMEA next week - 19/05/22 | ING Economics

Hungarian Labour Markey Data And Turkish Monetary Policy Are Going To Arouse Our Interest | Key events in EMEA next week - 19/05/22 | ING Economics

ING Economics ING Economics 19.05.2022 23:47
Labour market figures in Hungary and Turkish policy rates are the key releases to look out for next week The Central Bank of Turkey Content Hungary: Double-digit wage growth expected in March Turkey: Policy rate to remain on hold Hungary: Double-digit wage growth expected in March Next week we will see the latest set of labour market data in Hungary. After a significant jump in wages in February due to a six-month bonus payment to the armed forces, we expect a more moderate growth rate in March. However, due to the labour shortage and the minimum wage increase, this moderate rise will still be well into double-digit territory, around 14% year-onyear. We don’t see any significant change in the unemployment rate as the latest surveys show that companies are still complaining about a lack of labour and are ready to hire new workers. Read next: Altcoins: What Is Litecoin (LTC)? A Deeper Look Into The Litecoin Platform| FXMAG.COM Turkey: Policy rate to remain on hold Recent Central Bank of Turkey moves that 1) tightened reserve requirements to curb TRY commercial loan growth and 2) aimed to encourage a higher take-up of FX-protected deposits on the retail side and strengthen its FX reserves moves, signal that there is no reason to expect the bank to change its stance and policy rate in the near term. This is despite ongoing challenges to external balances and the inflation outlook. Given this backdrop, we expect that the policy rate will be kept unchanged at 14%. Read next: Altcoins: What Is PancakeSwap (CAKE)? A Deeper Look Into The PancakeSwap Platform| FXMAG.COM EMEA Economic Calendar Source: Refinitiv, ING, *GMT TagsTurkey Hungary EMEA Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
Reduction In Demand For Power In UK, Bank of Japan Plans To Maintain Current Policy

Taiwan’s industrial production fell from previous month; further contraction is ahead | ING Economics

ING Economics ING Economics 23.05.2022 15:47
Taiwan's industrial production growth seems to be slowing down, with data revealing a monthly contraction. Export orders have also recorded a contraction on a yearly basis. China's lockdowns, Covid in Taiwan, and electricity stoppages could be reasons behind this, and these reasons are here to stay  Industrial production recorded month-on-month contraction April data seems to point to worsening growth in Taiwan. While industrial production recorded 7.5% year-on-year growth in April, it contracted 5.06% from the previous month. This pattern usually points to a change in trend. Production of semiconductors, which had been the growth engine of Taiwan's industrial production as well as GDP, recorded a mere 0.5% MoM growth rate, while other manufacturing industries showed contraction, e.g. computer and electronic goods (-21.14% MoM), LED panels (-16.63% MoM).  Mainland China lockdown, Covid in Taiwan, electricity stoppages are factors behind this The main reason behind this is that inventory levels of electronic items, particularly LED panels, are higher than usual. In Mainland China, which is a big consumer market in addition to being a manufacturing hub, demand for consumer electronics shrank during the Shanghai lockdown. The same explanation can be applied to the contraction in export orders (-5.5% YoY) released on Friday. With export orders shrinking, industrial production in the coming months could continue to contract, perhaps even showing a contraction from last year.  Covid in Taiwan is also part of the reason, as this has reduced the number of employees at work. Though the unemployment rate fell to 3.62% in April from 3.66% in March, most industries, including semiconductor manufacturing, recorded a small drop in employment in April. Electricity is also an issue. Though the government states that there is enough electricity this year, electricity generators have failed occasionally, leading to the suspension of work at some factories.  Cautiously optimistic for the rest of 2022 and monetary policy may be less aggressive The factors discussed above, which point to a changing trend in semiconductor production in Taiwan from strong to slow, are here to stay. Demand for semiconductors used in consumer electronics will be affected by the muted consumer market in Mainland China. Supply shocks from fewer workers due to Covid and electricity failures (especially over the summer) could also remain for the rest of 2022.  We are cautiously optimistic about the semiconductor industry as there is still strong demand for digital infrastructure to mitigate some of the negative factors cited above.  Central bank rate hikes were expected to follow the path of the Federal Reserve but this is less likely given this latest set of data. Though we still need more data points to confirm that the strong trend has changed in semiconductor production and therefore GDP, the central bank may be less aggressive than previously thought, and the rate hike path could therefore be flatter, with hikes of 12.5bp rather than 25bp until the negative factors fade. Read this article on THINK TagsTaiwan Semiconductors Lockdown Covid-19 Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
China’s Caixin Manufacturing PMI Data Might Support The New Zealand Dollar (NZD)

Discussing Monetary Policy Of Reserve Bank Of New Zealand, Bank Of Korea And Bank Of Indonesia, COVID In China And Equities | Market Insights Podcast (Episode 332) | Oanda

Jeffrey Halley Jeffrey Halley 23.05.2022 12:52
Jonny Hart speaks to APAC Senior Market Analyst Jeffrey Halley about news impacting the market and the week ahead. European PMIs are the week’s highlight tomorrow Welcome to a new week with policy decisions from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, Bank of Korea, and Bank Indonesia. We start today’s podcast with a quick overview of Asian markets. A quiet news weekend has left Asian markets focusing once again on China and the covid zero slowdowns. We look at price action around Asia and discuss the future of China and covid zero. Next, it’s over to equity and currency markets. We discuss whether the worst is over for equities and if the US Dollar rally has run its course. We then look ahead to the data calendar which is fairly quiet this week. European PMIs are the week’s highlight tomorrow. We discuss them and their potential impact on the single currency. Read next: Altcoins: Ripple Crypto - What Is Ripple (XRP)? Price Of XRP | FXMAG.COM This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds. Learn more on Oanda
The Swing Overview – Week 20 2022

The Swing Overview – Week 20 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 02.06.2022 16:36
The Swing Overview – Week 20 The markets remain volatile and fragile, as shown by the VIX fear index, which has again surpassed the level 30 points. However, equity indices are at interesting supports and there could be some short-term recovery. The euro has bounced off its support in anticipation of tighter monetary policy and the gold is holding its price tag above $1,800 per troy ounce. Is the gold back in investors' favor again? Macroeconomic data The week started with a set of worse data from the Chinese economy, which showed that industrial production contracted by 2.9% year-on-year basis and the retail sales fell by 11.1%. The data shows the latest measures for the country's current COVID-19 outbreak are taking a toll on the economy. To support the slowing economy, China cut its benchmark interest rate by 0.15% on Friday morning, more than analysts expected. While this will not be enough to stave off current downside risks, markets may respond to expectation of more easing in the future. On a positive note, data from the US showed retail sales rose by 0.9% in April and industrial production rose by 1.1% in April. Inflation data in Europe was important. It showed that inflation in the euro area slowed down a little, reaching 7.4% in April compared to 7.5% in March. In Canada, on the other hand, the inflation continued to rise, reaching 6.8% (6.7% in March) and in the UK inflation was 9% in April (7% in the previous month). Several factors are contributing to the higher inflation figures: the ongoing war in Ukraine, problems in logistics chains and the effects of the lockdown in China. Concerns about the impact of higher inflation are showing up in the bond market. The benchmark 10-year US Treasury yield has come down from the 3.2% it reached on 9 May and is currently at 2.8%. This means that demand for bonds is rising and they are once again becoming an asset for times of uncertainty.  Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on a daily chart   Equity indices on supports Global equities fell significantly in the past week, reaching significant price supports. Thus, there could be some form of short-term bounce. Although a cautious rally began on Thursday, which was then boosted by China's decision to cut interest rates in the early hours of Friday, there is still plenty of fear among investors and according to Louis Dudley of Federated Hermes, cash holdings have reached its highest level since September 2001, suggesting strong bearish sentiment. Supply chain problems have been highlighted by companies such as Cisco Systems, which has warned of persistent parts shortages. That knocked its shares down by 13.7%. The drop made it the latest big-stock company to post its biggest decline in more than a decade last week. The main risks that continue to cause volatility and great uncertainty are thus leading investors to buy "safe" assets such as the US bonds and the Swiss franc. Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart From a technical analysis perspective, the US SP 500 index continues to move in a downtrend as the market has formed a lower low while being below both the SMA 100 and EMA 50 moving averages on the H4 and daily charts. The nearest resistance is 4,080 - 4,100. The next resistance is at 4,140 and especially 4,293 - 4,300. Support is at 3,860 - 3,900 level. German DAX index The index continues to move in a downtrend along with the major world indices. The price has reached the support which is at 13,680 – 13,700 and the moving average EMA 50 on the H4 chart is above the SMA 100. This could indicate a short-term signal for some upward correction. However, the main trend according to the daily chart is still downwards. The nearest resistance is at 14,260 - 14,330 level. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The euro has bounced off its support The EUR/USD currency pair benefited last week from the US dollar moving away from its 20-year highs while on the euro, investors are expecting a tightening economy and a rise in interest rates, which the ECB has not risen yet as one of the few banks. Figure 4: The EURUSD on H4 and daily chart   Significant support is at the price around 1.0350 - 1.040. Current resistance is at 1.650 - 1.700.   The Gold in investors' attention again The gold has underperformed over the past month, falling by 10% since April when the price reached USD 2,000 per ounce. But there is now strong risk aversion in the markets, as indicated by the stock markets, which have fallen. The gold, on the other hand, has started to rise. Inflation fears are a possible reason, and investors have begun to accumulate the gold for protection against rising prices. The second reason is that the gold is inversely correlated with the US dollar. The dollar has come down from its 20-year highs, which has allowed the gold to bounce off its support.  Figure 5: The gold on H4 and daily chart The first resistance is at $1,860 per ounce. The support is at $1,830 - $1,840 per ounce. The next support is then at $1,805 - $1,807 and especially at $1,800 per ounce.
Concealing Volatility

Concealing Volatility

David Merkel David Merkel 05.06.2022 05:24
Photo Credit: Marco Verch Professional Photographer || With some private investments, you can’t tell what the value truly is. Third party professional help occasionally assists dishonesty Part of my career was based on concealing volatility. I sold Guaranteed Investment Contracts. I helped design and manage several different types of stable value funds. Life insurance contracts get valued at their book value, regardless of what the replacement cost of an equivalent contract would be like presently. Anytime an investment pool with no current market price has a book value above the underlying value of the investments that it holds, there is risk to those holding the investment pool. The amount of risk can be small yet significant with some types of money market funds. It can be considerably larger in certain types of pooled investments like: Various types of business partnerships, including Private REITs, Real Estate Partnerships, Private Equity, etc.Illiquid debts, such as private credit funds, and notes with limited marketability, whether structured or not.Odd mutual funds that limit withdrawals because they offer “guarantees” of a sort. That applies to Variable Annuities with riders offering guaranteed benefits, if the life insurer becomes insolvent.One-off investment liquid partnerships that are secretive and unusual, like Madoff. The underlying may be illiquid, but the accounting may be fraudulent. Or, the accounting may be fine, but the assets listed are not what is in custody. (With small funds, analyze the auditor, trustees, and custodian.)The value of a company touted by a SPAC promoter may be worth considerably less than what is illustrated.Any investment in public equity or debt pool where the positions are concentrated, and they own a high percentage of the float, or a high amount of the securities relative to the amount that gets traded in an average month. Think of Third Avenue Focused Credit, or Archegos. I have consistently encouraged readers to “look through” their pooled investments, and consider what the underlying is worth. If you only have a vague idea of what the underlying investments are, look at their public equivalents. A rising tide lifts almost all boats, and a falling tide does the opposite. There is a conceit within private equity, private credit and private real estate funds that they are less risky; there is no volatility, because we cannot produce an NAV. They have the same volatility as the publicly traded funds, but the volatility is concealed. If trouble hits the public markets 50-75% of the way through the life of a private fund, it will have difficulty selling their investments at levels anywhere near the book value previously claimed by the sponsors. With consent of the limited partners, perhaps they extend the life of the fund to try to recover value, but that also imposes an opportunity cost on holders who were expecting proceeds from the fund on schedule. Remember as well that in a scenario like 1929-1932, private funds will be wiped out with similarly leveraged private funds. Aleph Blog has consistently warned about the possibility of depression, plague, war, famine, bad monetary policy and aggressive socialism. We have gotten plague, war, and bad monetary policy. Famine in a sense may come from the Ukraine war and trade restrictions on Russia, at least for the African countries that buy from them. Thus I encourage readers to avoid private investments that promise no volatility, like the stupid ads for Equity Multiple that run on Bloomberg Radio. All investments involve some type of risk. Just because you can’t or don’t measure the risk doesn’t mean that there is no risk. Don’t listen to investment sales pitches which tell you to avoid the volatility of the public equity and debt markets, when they are taking the exact same risks in the private market, and they cannot or will not measure the risks for you, no matter how thick or thin the “disclosure” document is. There is no significant advantage in the private market over the public market. Indeed, the reverse may be true. (Yes, I meant all of the ambiguity there.) Look to the underlying, and invest accordingly. Look at fees, and try to minimize them. Prize transparency, because it reduces risk in the long run. Those who are honest are transparent.
Estimating Future Stock Returns, March 2022 Update

Estimating Future Stock Returns, March 2022 Update

David Merkel David Merkel 14.06.2022 05:51
Image credit: All images belong to Aleph Blog Well, finally the bear market… at 3/31/2002 the S&P 500 was priced to return a trice less than zero in nominal terms. After the pasting the market received today, that figure is 3.57%/year nominal (not adjusted for inflation). You would likely be better off in an ETF of 10-year single-A rated bonds yielding 4.7% — both for safety and return. I will admit that my recent experiment buying TLT has been a flop. I added to the position today. My view is that the long end of the curve is getting resistant to the belly of the curve, and thus the curve is turning into the “cap” formation, where the middle of the curve is higher than the short and long ends. This is a rare situation. Usually, the long end rallies in situations like this. The only situation more rare than this is the “cup” formation where the middle of the curve is lower than the short and long ends. I will have to update my my old post of “Goes Down Double-Speed.” We’ve been through three cycles since then — bear, bull, and now bear again. People get surprised by the ferocity of bear markets, but they shouldn’t be. People get shocked at losing money on paper, and thus the selloffs happen more rapidly. Bull markets face skepticism, and so they are slow. What are the possibilities given where the market is now? When the market is expecting 3.57% nominal, give or take one percent, what tends to happen? Most of the time, growth at these levels for the S&P 500 is pretty poor. That said, market expectations of inflation over the next ten years are well below the 4.7% you can earn on an average 10-year single-A rated corporate bond. Those expectations may be wrong — they usually are, but you can’t tell which way they will be wrong. I am still a believer in deflation, so I think current estimates of inflation are too high. There is too much debt and so monetary policy will have more punch than previously. The FOMC will panic, tighten too much, and crater some area in the financial economy that they care about, and then they will give up again, regardless of how high inflation is. They care more about avoiding a depression than inflation. They will even resume QE with inflation running hot if they are worried about the financial sector. The Fed cares about things in this order: Preserve their own necksPreserve the banks, and things like themFight inflationFund the US GovernmentPromote nominal GDP growth, though they will call it reducing labor unemployment. The Fed really doesn’t care about labor unemployment, or inequality. They are a bourgeois institution that cares about themselves and their patrons — those who are rich. I know this post is “all over the map.” My apologies. That said, we in a very unusual situation featuring high debt, high current inflation (that won’t last), war, plague, and supply-chain issues. How this exactly works out is a mystery, especially to me — but I am giving you my best guess here, for whatever it is worth. It’s worth than double what you paid for it! Full disclosure: long TLT for clients and me
The Swing Overview – Week 25 2022

The Swing Overview – Week 25 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 27.06.2022 13:52
The Swing Overview – Week 25 There was a rather quiet week in which the major world stock indices shook off previous losses and have been slowly rising since Monday. However, this is probably only a temporary correction of the current bearish trend.  The CNB Bank Board met for the last time in its old composition and raised the interest rate to 7%, the highest level since 1999. However, the koruna barely reacted to this increase. The reason is that the main risks are still in place and fear of a recession keeps the markets in a risk-off sentiment that benefits the US dollar. Macroeconomic data We had a bit of a quiet week when it comes to macroeconomic data in the US. Industrial production data was reported, which grew by 0.2% month-on-month in May, which is less than the growth seen in April, when production grew by 1.4%. While the growth is slower than expected, it is still growth, which is a positive thing.   In terms of labor market data, the number of jobless claims held steady last week, reaching 229k. Thus, compared to the previous week, the number of claims fell by 2 thousand.   The US Dollar took a break in this quiet week and came down from its peak which is at 106, 86. Overall, however, the dollar is still in an uptrend. The US 10-year bond yields also fell last week and are currently hovering around 3%. The fall in bond yields was then a positive boost for equity indices. Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on the daily chart   The SP 500 Index The SP 500 index has been gaining since Monday, June 20, 2022. However, this is probably not a signal of a major bullish reversal. Fundamental reasons still rather speak for a weakening and so it could be a short-term correction of the current bearish trend. The rise is probably caused by long-term investors who were buying the dip. Next week the US will report the GDP data which could be the catalyst for further movement.  Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart   The index has currently reached the resistance level according to the H4 chart, which is in the region of 3,820 - 3,836. The next strong resistance is then in the area of 3,870 - 3,900 where the previous support was broken and turned into the resistance. The current nearest support is 3 640 - 3 670.    German DAX index The manufacturing PMI for June came in at 52.0. The previous month's PMI was 54.8. While a value above 50 indicates an expected expansion, it must be said that the PMI has essentially been declining since February 2022. This, together with other data coming out of Germany, suggests a certain pessimism, which is also reflected in the DAX index. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The DAX broke support according to the H4 chart at 12,950 - 12,980 but then broke back above that level, so we don't have a valid breakout. Overall, however, the DAX is in a downtrend and the technical analysis does not show a stronger sign of a reversal of this trend yet. The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is 13,130 - 13,190. The next resistance is then at 13 420 - 13 440. Strong support according to the daily chart is 12,443 - 12,600.   Eurozone inflation at a new record Consumer inflation in the Eurozone for May rose by 8.1% year-on-year as expected by analysts. On a month-on-month basis, inflation added 0.8% compared to April. The rise in inflation could support the ECB's decision to raise rates possibly by more than the 0.25% expected so far, which is expected to happen at the July meeting.  Figure 4: EUR/USD on H4 and daily chart From a technical perspective, the euro has bounced off support on the pair with the US dollar according to the daily chart, which is in the 1.0340 - 1.0370 range and continues to strengthen. Overall, however, the pair is still in a downtrend. The US Fed has been much more aggressive in fighting inflation than the ECB and this continues to put pressure on the bearish trend in the euro. The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is at 1.058 - 1.0600. Strong resistance according to the daily chart is at 1.0780 - 1.0800.   The Czech National Bank raised the interest rate again Rising inflation, which has already reached 16% in the Czech Republic, forced the CNB's board to raise interest rates again. The key interest rate is now at 7%. The last time the interest rate was this high was in 1999. This is the last decision of the old Bank Board. In August, the new board, which is not clearly hawkish, will decide on monetary policy. Therefore, it will be very interesting to see how they approach the rising inflation.   The current risks, according to the CNB, are higher price growth at home and abroad, the risk of a halt in energy supplies from Russia and generally rising inflation expectations. The lingering risk is, of course, the war in Ukraine. The CNB has also decided to continue intervening in the market to keep the Czech koruna exchange rate within acceptable limits and prevent it from depreciating, which would increase import inflation pressures. Figure 5: The USD/CZK and The EUR/CZK on the daily chart Looking at the charts, the koruna hardly reacted at all to the CNB's decision to raise rates sharply. Against the dollar, the koruna is weakening somewhat, while against the euro the koruna is holding its value around 24.60 - 24.80. The appreciation of the koruna after the interest rate hike was probably prevented by uncertainty about how the new board will treat inflation, and also by the fact that there is a risk-off sentiment in global markets and investors prefer so-called safe havens in such cases, which include the US dollar.  
Trading Signals For The New Zealand Dollar To Swiss Franc Pair (NZD/CHF)

Euro Remains Under Pressure As European Gas Crisis Persists (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP, EUR/CHF), RBNZ Increased Cash Rate (GBP/NZD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 13.07.2022 17:26
Summary: US inflation at 9.1%. Retreating USD and buoyant commodity prices offered NZD support. UK GDP data beat market expectations. EUR remains under pressure due to gas crisis. Read next: US Inflation Reaches Nearly 41 Year High, RBNZ & BoC Increase Their Cash Rates  EUR/USD The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Early on Wednesday the EUR/USD currency pair hit parity, a level not seen in 20 years. US inflation data for June was released on Wednesday and came in at 9.1%, a level that had increased since the May reading of 8.6%. Inflation has risen further despite the Fed’s continuous effort to drive inflation rates down through aggressive interest rate increases. The Euro will continue to remain under pressure amidst the European gas crisis which is far from over. EUR/USD Price Chart UK GDP Data beat expectations The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. With the UK GDP data coming in surprisingly strong in the mid-trading week has led Goldman Sachs to lower their expectations for a looming recession in the UK economy. All components of the UK economy played their part in contributing to the better than expected data: manufacturing production increased 2.3% in May against a consensus forecast for 0.2%. Industrial production grew 0.9% against expectations for flat output and construction output increased 4.8% against the 4.4% expected. EUR/GBP Price Chart EUR/CHF Currency pair The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The Swiss National Bank (SNB) surprised the markets in June with a 50 bps hike in interest rates. The SNB hosts quarterly meetings to discuss monetary policy, the next meeting is due in September whereas the European Central Bank (ECB) will make its decision regarding monetary policy at the end of the month. EUR/CHF Price Chart GBP/NZD pushing downwards The Reserve Bank of New Zealand increased their cash rate by 50 bps on Wednesday in an attempt to reign in persistent inflation. Although the move from the reserve bank was fully priced-in to the financial markets, the retreating US Dollar and buoyant commodity prices allowed room for the NZD to a number of currencies downward, including the pound sterling. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Are Stock Markets Endangered? Is The Bear Market Coming?

EUR/USD Falls Below Parity, Eurozone Energy Crisis Concerns Persist (EUR/GBP), Hawkish BoC (USD/CAD), USD/JPY

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 14.07.2022 17:34
Summary: The Eurozone energy crisis persists. Potentially more hawkish BoE could be on the horizon. BoC 1% raise in interest rates offers CAD support. Read next: Platinum Prices Touchine 22-month Lows, RBOB Gasoline, Wheat Consumption Expected To Decrease  Stock Markets weighing an even more aggressive Fed The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The Euro to US Dollar exchange rate has fallen below parity in the wake of a surge in US Dollar demand. Looking at the combination of events leading to the fall of the EUR/USD, we observe that the stock markets are in the red as they attempt to anticipate the potential effects from a potential 100 basis point hike from the Federal Reserve. The Euro is still struggling as concerns around the seemingly unwavering energy crisis in the Eurozone persists. EUR/USD Price Chart Potentially more hawkish BoE could be on the horizon The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The most recent commentary suggests to the market that the Monetary Policy Committee at the Bank of England (BoE) is only one employment report or one inflation number away from a step change in the pace the Bank Rate is being lifted, and that a change of this sort could come as soon as August. This move could offer the pound support going forward. EUR/GBP Price Chart BoC hawkish moves offering CAD support The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The US Dollar had a strong start to Thursday's trading day as investors priced in the growing expectations for a 100 basis point increase in interest rates from the Fed in the wake of the 9.1% US inflation data that was released on Wednesday. On Wednesday the Bank of Canada (BoC) shocked markets with their largest interest rate hike since 1998. The hawkish move from the BoC has offered the Canadian Dollar support and has thrown a curveball at investors, leaving a range of responses from analysts. USD/CAD Price Chart USD/JPY The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The US Dollar has reversed yesterday's pullback which occurred in the wake of US inflation data being released. The BoJ continues on their dovish monetary policy path. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The EUR/USD Pair Could Resume Its Larger Degree Downtrend

ECB Upcoming Policy Rate Decision Offers Euro Support (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), Higher Than Expected NZ CPI Inflation Data (GBP/NZD), (USD/CAD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 18.07.2022 16:49
Summary: EUR recovering against the USD. ECB interest rate decision due on Thursday. UK economic data to be released this week. NZ CPI inflation rose 1.7%. Read next: Hawkish Fed Is Driving Gold’s Value Down , Corn Prices At 5-week Lows, Brent Crude Oil Prices Falling  Euro attempting to recover against the USD The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The Euro has been attempting to recover against the US Dollar during the Monday trading day and could continue to rise in the coming days if all goes well for Eurozone economies on Thursday after the European Central Bank (ECB) announces their policy decision. In addition there is still market uncertainty around whether Russian gas flows will continue through the Noord Stream 1 after its maintenance ends on July 21st, this remains one of the greatest risks to the Euro. EUR/USD Price Chart Pound sterling could weaken more against the EUR The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The EUR/GBP currency pair could strengthen more in the coming days as the market awaits the ECB’s interest rate decision. There is however, some UK economic data that is due to be released which could offer the pound sterling support against the Euro and other currencies. EUR/GBP Price Chart NZ inflation data weakening the NZD. A rise in New Zealand inflation data shocked investors and raised bets for a faster and more hawkish response from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ). However, fears of a ‘hard landing’ for the Kiwi economy have grown as investors are fearing that the combination of rising interest rates and high inflation will negatively impact economic expansion, which may aid in explaining the NDZ’s negative reaction to the data. According to Stats NZ, CPI inflation in NEw Zealand rose 1.7% quarter on quarter, surpassing the markets expectation of a 1.5% increase/ GBP/NZD Price Chart USD/CAD The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The Canadian Dollar has continued its rally against the US Dollar after the Bank of Canada (BoC) surprised markets last Wednesday with a 100 basis point hike in interest rates. USD/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com  
This Week's Tesla Stock Split Could Be The Best Moment To Buy The Stock! Twitter Stock Price Plunged!

Euro Remains Supported Ahead Of ECB Policy Decision, Netflix & Tesla Q2 Earnings Reports

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 20.07.2022 23:49
Summary: EUR/USD, EUR/GBP currency pairs Netflix earnings report Tesla earnings report Read next: S&P 500 Amongst Major Indexes That Are Rising, Markets Are Waiting For Thursdays ECB Policy Decision  Euro stole headlines on Wednesday The EUR/USD currency pair ended the Wednesday trading day showing mixed market sentiment as the market awaits the European Central Bank’s (ECB) monetary policy decision due on Thursday. The Euro is still facing uncertainty regarding high inflation in the Eurozone and how the ECB plans to tackle it, in addition as the Noord Stream 1 opens after its routine maintenance period, there are still concerns as to whether Russia will open the gas taps. The recovery of the Euro against the dollar could be reflecting a possible market inflection point. The Euro has recovered half of its July losses so far, this could mean a turn around against the Dollar for many other major currencies aswell. The Euro stole the headlines on Wednesday as both Bloomberg News and Reuters reported that the market could see an outsized interest rate yield rise from the European Central Bank on Thursday. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP currency pair The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. According to a number of new reports, it is predicted that UK inflation could reach up to 12% by October, the report also showed that the inflation rate was growing at its fastest rate in 40 years. The Euro remains supported ahead of the ECB’s policy decision on Thursday EUR/GBP Price Chart Netflix Earnings Report Netflix's earnings report on Wednesday indicated they lost around 970,000 subscribers, beating the 2 million that was predicted last quarter, thus causing the company's stock price to jump. Its EPS beat market expectations. The company also warned that the rallying US Dollar would have an impact on international revenue. The streaming giant also indicated they had more time to understand and address the issues that have been impacting their streaming, revenue and other major indicators. NFLX Price Chart Tesla earnings report Tesla’s quarter 2 earnings report indicated the company beat market expectations with regards to adjusted EPS. Automotive margins came in at 27.9% down from the 32.9% seen in the first quarter, impacted by inflation, increased competition for battery cells and other components that are required for electric vehicles. In addition the invasion of Russia in the Ukraine and in conjunction with covid-19 lockdown measures in China caused supply chain issues and parts shortages. TSLA Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com, cnbc.com
Fed Interest Rate Announcement Due Wednesday (EUR/USD), 50bp Hike From BOE Expected (EUR/GBP, GBP/NZD)

Fed Interest Rate Announcement Due Wednesday (EUR/USD), 50bp Hike From BOE Expected (EUR/GBP, GBP/NZD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 26.07.2022 19:37
Summary: Federal reserve interest rate announcement Wednesday. Barclays updated their expectations for the next BOE interest rate hike. NZD was a poor performer on Tuesday. Read next: NGAS Prices Rising, Cotton Demand Falling, Gold Prices Rising As Recession Fears Rise  Euro at risk of weakening The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The euro is at risk of falling as prospects of a weaker economic outlook and restricted gas flows through the Noord Stream 1 pipeline. The threat of Russian oil exports through the Noord Stream pipeline being reduced to 20% could contribute even further to the energy crisis in Europe and drive gas prices even higher. The market is awaiting the Federal Reserve's interest rate hike announcement which is due tomorrow. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP bearish The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Barclays bank has increased expectations to 50bps hikes from the Bank of England (BOE). A 50bp increase is now anticipated for August 4th, according to the UK economic team at Barclays after evaluating incoming UK data and signals from the Bank of England. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/NZD currency pair The Pound to New Zealand Dollar exchange rate may be at risk of another decline below the 1.92 level due to a full calendar of event risks in the next few days, making it difficult for it to rise. On Tuesday, the U.S. Dollar recovered from 10-day lows vs the majority of its G20 counterparts, causing the GBP/NZD to increase for a third day in a row. The New Zealand Dollar performed worse than the other major currencies and Sterling. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: dailyfx.com, finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Federal Reserve Raises The Interest Rates By 75bps

Federal Reserve Raises The Interest Rates By 75bps

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 27.07.2022 20:04
Summary: Fed chooses a 75 basis point rate hike. Central Banks all around the world are raising interest rates. Federal Reserves On Wednesday the Federal Reserve made their interest rate decision to raise interest rates on Wednesday, they chose to raise interest rates by 75 basis points. The market expectations were elevated to 100 basis points in the wake of June CPI inflation data that reflected that, despite the Fed’s efforts to reign in and control the soaring inflation, inflation was stubborn in its moves upward. The Feds move is likely to cause the US dollar to rally and strengthen against all its major currency pairs and hopefully will aid in bringing down the already soaring inflation rate. Over the past couple weeks the European Central Bank (ECB), Bank of Canada (BoC) and the Bank of England (BoE) amongst others, have all rasied their interest rates in an attempt tio reign in the soaring inflation rates around the world. The Fed has been periodically raising interest rates at every meeting since May, the first rate hike in may was 50 basis points, which shocked the markets and caused the US Dollar to rally and strengthen across the board. The second interest rate hike by the fed was in June of 75 basis points and was one which shocked the market, thereafter the 75 basis point hike decision today, a further 75 basis points. The market had priced in a 75 basis point hike but experts raised their expectations to a 100 basis point rate hike, as the Fed continued to reiterate to the market their commitment to reigning in the sky high inflation rates, rates that have not been seen since the 1980s. In a unanimous vote, the Federal Open Market Committee raised the policy rate to a range between 2.25 percent and 2.50 percent, noting that "inflation remained elevated, reflecting supply and demand imbalances connected to the pandemic, increased food and energy prices, and broader pricing pressures." The FOMC continued by stating that it is "very sensitive" to inflation risks. Officials observed in the new policy statement that "recent measures of spending and production have weakened," despite the fact that job growth has remained "strong," a pointer to the reality that the substantial rate hikes they have implemented since March are starting to take effect. The Fed has increased its policy rate by 225 basis points in total this year, on top of a 75-basis-point increase last month and smaller increases in May and March, as it fights an inflation breakout on a par with the 1980s with monetary policy modeled after the 1980s. As a result, the epidemic era attempts to promote household and corporate spending with cheap money have effectively come to an end. The policy rate is currently at the level that the majority of Fed officials believe has a neutral economic impact. The rate was also achieved in just four months, matching the peak of the central bank's previous tightening cycle, which lasted from late 2015 to late 2018. Little concrete information about the next actions the Fed might take was provided in its most recent policy statement. The Fed's decision will be greatly influenced by whether or not incoming data indicates that inflation is starting to decline. Investors anticipate the U.S. central bank to increase the policy rate by at least half a percentage point at its September meeting in light of the most recent data showing consumer prices rising at a rate of more than 9% annually. Sources: investing.com, reuters
Will The US Dollar Continue To Be Strong And To Keep Growing Or Maybe Situation Will Be Reversed

US ISM Data Defied Market Expectations (EUR/USD), GBP Strengthened Ahead of BOE Policy Decision (EUR/GBP, GBP/AUD),

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 04.08.2022 02:09
Summary: The US Dollar made intraday gains on Wednesday. Markets awaiting BOE policy decision. GBP/AUD attempting recovery. Read next: Palladium Prices Touching Two-Week Highs, OPEC+ Increasing Crude Supply Of WTI Crude Oil, Coffee Supply Outlook Seemingly Poor  USD supported by US ISM data The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. After the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) Services PMI defied market expectations by increasing for the month of July in contrast to the alternative barometer compiled by S&P Global, the U.S. Dollar recovered earlier losses to make intraday gains over various other major currencies. The sharp increases in new orders and overall business activity within the biggest and most significant sector of the U.S. economy's largest and most important sector led to Wednesday's release of the ISM services sector index rising from 55.3 to 56.7 for last month, surprising the currency and bond markets. The Fed will decide in September whether to lower the size of the increments in which it is raising U.S. interest rates. Chairman Jerome Powell indicated last Wednesday that they would take a range of economic indicators into account, causing a significant decline in the value of the dollar. EUR/USD Price Chart BoE Policy rate decision due The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Pound sterling has strengthened ahead of the Bank of England (BoE) interest rate decision. Following the Bank of England report on Thursday, Barclays' foreign exchange analysts predict that the British Pound would likely decline; however, Goldman Sachs is more optimistic about the UK currency's prospects, particularly when compared to the Euro. Before announcing its most recent inflation and economic growth projections, the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England is anticipated to announce another interest rate increase.Through the later part of July and the beginning of August, the Pound strengthened against both the Euro and the U.S. Dollar. The main test for the currency will be the size of the hike announced and the nature of those expectations. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/AUD attempting recovery The GBP/AUD currency pair is attempting recovery of the declines experienced in July. In the first few days of August, the Pound to Australian Dollar exchange rate further reversed its July decline, but it may find it difficult to move much further than the nearby 1.76 level in the absence of further support from the Bank of England (BoE) this Thursday. Following the latest Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) monetary policy announcement on Tuesday, which helped push GBP/AUD to one-month highs, the Australian Dollar was one of the major currencies that underperformed for the week ending on Wednesday. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundtserlinglive.com
The EUR/USD Pair Maintains The Bullish Sentiment

FOREX: U.S Inflation Data Due Wednesday (EUR/USD), BoE Economic Forecasts Downgrades (EUR/GBP), Potentially Hawkish BoC (GBP/CAD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 08.08.2022 20:30
Summary: The euro is battling to mount significant gains against the USD. BoE’s economic downgrades. Market expectations for a hawkish BoC. Read next: Meme Stocks Amongst Monday’s Top Performers  EUR/USD suffered defeats this week The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Euro to Dollar exchange rate suffered defeats this week from both near and distant, but if this Wednesday's U.S. inflation data further incenses a still-hawkish Federal Reserve (Fed), it might send the rate back into its laws from July. In the first session of last week, the Euro got dangerously close to the 1.03 handle versus a declining Dollar, but an attempt at a rebound was again thwarted by what appear to be escalating concerns to energy supplies in Germany and several other European nations. The euro has stabilized versus the U.S. dollar in recent weeks following a large sell-off earlier this year, but has been unable to mount a significant comeback due to a dearth of supportive fundamentals. In this aspect, the common currency has faced challenges that have limited its upward performance versus the dollar, including the oil crisis in Europe, regional economic instability, and the ECB's unwillingness to raise rates fast. EUR/USD Price Chart BoE shocked the market with sharp economic downgrades The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The Bank of England (BoE) shocked the market last week with sharp downgrades to its economic forecasts, which put Sterling on the back foot and put it at risk of slipping into a cluster of technical support levels around 1.18 in the coming days. As a result, the Pound to Euro exchange rate was muted. The pound sterling was a little firmer this morning against the U.S. dollar and the euro, respectively. The new leader of the British Conservative Party and the British Prime Minister, both named Sunak and Truss, have been the subject of much discussion (tax cuts). Tax cuts may increase already high inflationary pressures, which could lead to additional interest rate increases from the Bank of England. Tax cuts are intended to promote economic growth inside the UK (BoE). EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/CAD currency pair Last week, U.S. economic data, the U.S. Dollar, and a strong Loonie combined to drag the Pound to Canadian Dollar rate down toward 1.55 and a level that may continue to exert a gravitational pull in the days to come. This prevented the rate from rising above near 10-year lows. Although the unemployment rate in Canada remained at 4.9 percent and wages continued to grow at an annualized rate of 5.2 percent in July, the economy still lost jobs for a second consecutive month. This may have led the market to believe that the Bank of Canada (BoC) will likely maintain the more aggressive monetary tightening and interest rate policy implemented in recent months. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Fed is expected to hike the rate by 50bp, but weaker greenback and Treasury yields don't play in favour of the bank

The Market Awaits US Inflation Report (EUR/USD), EUR/GBP Bullish, Canadian Dollar “skewed to the downside”

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 09.08.2022 17:19
Summary: Market awaits US inflation reports on Wednesday. Fed and ECB will continue to hike interest rates. The Bank of Canada may decide to scale down its plans to raise interest rates. Read next: Will Tesla’s (TSLA) Stock-Split Boost Interest In Company Shares?  USD is expected to remain supported The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. As the market awaits the US inflation report on Wednesday, the Euro has remained stable on Tuesday. So far today, the EUR/USD has fluctuated only slightly, around 1.0190. In the North American session, Treasury rates decreased; today in Asia, they were flat throughout the curve. At about 106.36, the US Dollar (DXY) index is unchanged. However, Analysts at Rabobank, a Dutch-based worldwide lender and investment bank, predict that the Euro to Dollar exchange rate (EUR/USD) will decline down below the 1.0 level during the upcoming weeks. In contrast to some analysts' predictions that the Dollar's multi-month surge is coming to an end, new analysis reveals the currency will likely continue to be well supported long into 2023. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP Bullish The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. On August 4, the Bank of England increased interest rates by 50 basis points as it stepped up its campaign against inflation. "Having stepped up the pace of rate hikes, it would look odd to throttle back straight away. The Fed and ECB are likely to continue to hike at a rapid pace, and a desire to support sterling will likely drag the BoE along with them," says Goodwin. "Given the fragile backdrop, this makes rate cuts in 2023 more likely," says Goodwin. They anticipate 75 basis points of rate reductions in 2023 when it becomes apparent that the BoE overreacted. Forecasts for a weaker Pound relative to the Euro reflect this anticipation; Oxford Economics predicts that the Pound to Euro exchange rate will be at 1.16 from the end of the third quarter of 2022 through the end of the first quarter of 2023. EUR/GBP Price Chart Canadian dollar “skewed to the downside” According to foreign exchange strategists at Barclays, the forecast for the Canadian Dollar in the near term is "skewed to the downside." The Bank of Canada may decide to scale down its plans to raise interest rates, according to Barclays in its normal weekly currency strategy briefing paper. The bank also notes that the prolonged decrease in oil prices may have an impact. With a reading of -30.6k in July, according to official figures released last week, Canada experienced its second straight loss in employment, falling short of the average estimate of +15k new positions. Despite this, the unemployment rate stayed close to long-term lows at 4.9 percent, while pay growth held steady at 5.4 percent annually. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Wow! Federal Reserve decision is not everything next week! What's ahead? InstaForex talks many economic events (Monday) - 30/10/22

US CPI Inflation Data For July Was 8.5%, Beating Expectations

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 10.08.2022 14:38
Summary: US Inflation data is expected to be released on Wednesday. EUR/USD & GBP/USD currency pairs. Volatility in the markets. 8.5% consumer inflation. Later today, high volatility is likely to be caused by US inflation data, which is anticipated to show a modest decline in the headline measure (8.7 percent exp vs 9.1 percent prior). The US PPI data is due out on Thursday, but it is unlikely to have a significant impact on the markets given that the Fed would need to observe a significant decline in prices in order to alter its present course of temporary tightening. The US CPI Inflation data for July came in at 8.5%, declining from the 9.1% June high and beating the markets expectations of 8.7%. The fall in inflation was likely aided by a reduction in both food and gasoline prices. The result could indicate to the markets that the Federal Reserve Bank has been successful so far in their interest rate hikes to fight inflation. A stronger result would have likely increased the chances of another interest rate hike of 75 bps in the following months and would have boosted the USD, whilst a weaker result could cause the Fed to drop to a 50 bps interest rate hike next month. EUR/USD The market is reflecting mixed sentiment for this currency pair. The markets have been in a lethargic state recently with a 7-week slide in the VIX volatility index. The current state of lethargy is most likely a result of the medium-term decline in market activity. The seven-week decline in the VIX was mentioned, but there are many other noteworthy episodes from recent history where important events, some with high surprise quotients, failed to significantly move the markets. The PCE deflator, which uses the same data used to calculate the quarterly GDP statistics, is really the Federal Reserve's preferred inflation indicator. Despite this, the markets have consistently shown a strong preference for the CPI, presumably because it is released earlier and has a full week to be incorporated into market views because it is released on a Wednesday. The headline basket's annual inflation growth rate had increased to an astounding 9.1 percent pace at the time of the previous release. That is the highest reading in forty years, and it is not just due to the biggest economy in the world. This reading might meet, miss, or beat the consensus expectation (8.7%), but it is thought that a "beat" would carry the most weight. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP/USD An expert at Société Générale claims that the Pound is "in peril" and that a new decrease in the value of the Dollar is imminent. In the very near future, GBP/USD has a risk of declining below 1.20 once more "Olivier Korber, a Soc Gen strategist, states in a memo dated August 2009. The underlying rationale for the trade, according to Korber, is compelling given the unsettling predictions made by the Bank of England last week, which indicated that UK inflation was expected to peak at "an incredible 13 percent. In addition, according to economists at the Bank of England, a four-quarter recession will begin in this year's fourth quarter. According to Korber, the difference with the forecast for the U.S. economy is currently striking. Last Friday's unexpectedly upbeat US job report stands in stark contrast to the pessimistic UK economic forecast. The likelihood of a second consecutive 75bp Fed rate hike is being discussed as recession fears in the US are gradually subsiding. GBP/USD might retest 1.20 in the very near future if there is potential for more sterling short positions, warns Korber. More than doubling the 250K jobs that the market had anticipated, the U.S. economy added 528K jobs in July, which helped the U.S. dollar recover. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: poundsterlinglive.com, finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com
More effects of FTX crash could show up

Euro Could Be Boosted In Coming Days (EUR/USD), UK Economic Data To Be Released This Week (EUR/GBP), CAD Fell In The Wake Of The PBoC’s Announcement (GBP/CAD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 15.08.2022 23:52
Summary: EUR/USD recently hit 6-week highs. CAD proves its sensitivity to risk appetite. Could UK inflation hit double figures? EUR/USD recently reached 6 week highs. The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. A stagnant U.S. Dollar and more accommodating Chinese monetary policy may continue to boost the single euro currency in the days ahead. The Euro to Dollar exchange rate recently hit six-week highs. However, its recovery was halted by resistance on the charts. Last week, when a slew of data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics suggested that a significant slowing of U.S. inflation pressures may have started to move through the pipeline last month, the euro rose to its highest level since the first days of July. Furthermore, The unexpected decision to cut interest rates, announced by the People's Bank of China (PBoC), on Monday could help the euro this week if the PBoC permits the managed-floating Renminbi to weaken in order to boost the regional economy. EUR/USD Price Chart UK major economic data to be released this week The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The market is unconvinced that the current trading week will aid the pound sterling in recovering against major currencies with major economic data such as the latest jobs, wages, inflation and retail sales all set to be released. Although the labor market is currently strong, there is a good likelihood that headline UK inflation will reach double digits this week. The Bank of England has already issued a warning that this year's inflation could reach 13% while the economy experiences a five-quarter slump. The UK is experiencing drought-inducing heatwaves, sky-high energy prices, and a political void in No. 10, so any more bad economic news will enrage the already irate populace. EUR/GBP Price Chart CAD fell in the wake of PBoC announcement to cut interest rates. The Pound sterling to the Canadian Dollar rallied from August lows, but could climb further if the Loonie is able to build on Monday declines, which is a busy period for both the U.S and Canada regarding economic data. After the People's Bank of China (PBoC) unexpectedly lowered interest rates in reaction to alarming local economic statistics, the Canadian Dollar fell on Monday along with other currencies that are highly sensitive to risk appetite, commodity prices, and changes in the outlook for global growth. But in light of the aforementioned, it's possible, if not likely, that the directional risk for GBP/CAD is now tilting a little more to the upside than it is to the downside. The Loonie and Sterling must now each navigate a series of domestic economic event risks that are lurking along the path ahead. GBP/CAD Price Chart
Forex: Possibility Of Sharp Jump In Many Trading Instruments

Euro Under Pressure As A Result Of Events In The Energy Market (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), RBNZ Due To Announce Policy Update (GBP/NZD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 16.08.2022 22:29
Summary: Eurozone's common currency depreciated. Euro currency is threatened by economic growth concerns. RBNZ midweek policy update. Euro under pressure amidst rising gas prices The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. According to economists, recent developments in the energy markets of the Eurozone support the argument for additional euro weakness. Due to events in the energy market, which revealed that European benchmark power costs had risen above €500 for the first time, the Eurozone's common currency depreciated further in comparison to recent highs against the Dollar and the Pound. Over the next months, the developments pose a potential of piling on further pressure on the businesses in the area. According to Ole S. Hansen, Head of Commodity Strategy at Saxo Bank, the gas and power situation in the EU is getting worse, which is hurting the euro. In spite of persisting supply constraints from Russia, European countries kept up the pressure on demand to fill their storage tanks before the winter, driving up gas prices. EUR/USD Price Chart Euro is threatened by economic growth concerns. The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The European Central Bank has succeeded so far in preventing further significant downside in the EUR-crosses by maintaining its difficult balancing act of raising interest rates to combat multi-decade highs in price pressures while preventing fragmentation of sovereign bond markets (preventing peripheral debt yields from widening out relative to their core counterparts). But because energy inventories in the Eurozone are still low before the winter months, fears about growth are growing. The likelihood that the ECB will only be able to raise rates a few more times before the emphasis shifts to preventing a serious economic downturn is growing. Although the Euro's flaws have been contained, they nevertheless exist and pose a threat to the single currency. EUR/GBP Price Chart RBNZ midweek policy update Following the Reserve Bank of New Zealand's (RBNZ) midweek policy update, analysts at investment banks Goldman Sachs and HSBC are watching for NZD depreciation. Markets anticipate that the RBNZ will increase interest rates by another 50 basis points to 3.0%, but any significant changes in the currency are more likely to be caused by the RBNZ's tone in its guidance. The meeting, according to Goldman Sachs, is expected to be one of the major developments for the foreign exchange markets this week, and the results are most likely to support their bearish NZ Dollar thesis. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Only Ugly US Data Could Reverse Sentiment | Gilt Yields In UK Were Steady To Lower

Disappointing July FOMC Meeting Minutes (EUR/USD), Euro Under Pressure (EUR/GBP), RBNZ Policy Update Caused NZD Sell-off (GBP/NZD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 17.08.2022 22:02
Summary: NZD Sell-off. July FOMC minutes gave no hawkish surprises. Euro under pressure. FOMC meeting minutes for July The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The much awaited release of the minutes from the July FOMC meeting turned out to be somewhat disappointing, at least for the US Dollar (via the DXY Index). The minutes contained no hawkish surprises, with one sentence standing out in particular: “Participants judged that, as the stance of monetary policy tightened further, it likely would become appropriate at some point to slow the pace of policy rate increases while assessing the effects of cumulative policy adjustments on economic activity and inflation.” Recent data indications, like the US economy's growth trajectory and the July US inflation report's reading of 0% m/m, indicating that recent Federal Reserve policy tweaks are certainly having the desired impact on aggregate demand and inflation. Rate expectations for the September Fed meeting were slightly lowered as a result of the July FOMC minutes. The likelihood of a rate increase of 75 basis points decreased from 51% yesterday to 46% today, indicating that market players are seeing the Fed's most recent statement as a confirmation of what was already known: the rate of rate increases is expected to decelerate over the upcoming months. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP currency pair The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The European Central Bank has succeeded so far in preventing further significant downside in the EUR-crosses by maintaining its difficult balancing act of raising interest rates to combat multi-decade highs in price pressures while preventing fragmentation of sovereign bond markets (preventing peripheral debt yields from widening out relative to their core counterparts). But because energy inventories in the Eurozone are still low before the winter months, fears about growth are growing. The likelihood that the ECB will only be able to raise rates a few more times before the emphasis shifts to preventing a serious economic downturn is growing. Although the Euro's flaws have been contained, they nevertheless exist and pose a threat to the single currency. EUR/GBP Price Chart NZD sell-off in the wake of RBNZ policy update The market's reaction to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand's (RBNZ) August policy update and guidance led to a sell-off of the New Zealand Dollar. The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) signaled it will raise interest rates to levels higher than they had previously been expecting. On paper, the RBNZ did everything it could to back NZD bulls: it said that the economy was in good shape, that inflationary pressures were widespread, and that it would continue to raise interest rates. As the RBNZ suggested they will need to raise rates higher than they had previously thought, short-term New Zealand bond yields increased. Two additional rises of 50 basis points are now likely to occur throughout the course of 2022, and a smaller hike may occur in early 2023. The Pound to New Zealand Dollar fell by two thirds of a percent in the 15 minutes following the decision. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The British Pound Is Showing Signs Of Exhaustion Of The Bullish Force

Euro Fundamentals Unchanged (EUR/USD), Pound Sterling In Trouble In The Wake Of Disappointing Economic Data (EUR/GBP, GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 19.08.2022 16:48
Summary: Euro fundamentals appear to be unchanged. Positive US economic data. Poor U.K economic data. Markets Focused of Fed officials - EUR/USD The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Markets focused on a variety of Fed officials as they remain unanimous in the direction of future rate hikes but divided on the terminal rate because the fundamentals of the euro appear to be unaltered for the time being. Isabel Schnabel, a member of the ECB's board, was also questioned by Reuters yesterday. In the interview, she expressed concern over the continued threats to the forecast for long-term inflation and the euro's depreciation. The ECB typically doesn't comment on currency exchange rates, but there are times when a broad trend of appreciation or depreciation can influence monetary policy goals. EUR/USD Price Chart Poor economic news putting pressure on GBP - EUR/GBP The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. After a run of dismal economic news, the British pound is in trouble: growth is lower, the labor market is slowing down, and inflation is still raging. Rates of GBP/USD have reversed their recent upward trend, while rates of GBP/JPY are sliding below multi-month trendline support and rates of EUR/GBP are rising from multi-month trendline support. Retail trader stance has recently changed, indicating a bullish bias for the EUR/GBP and GBP/JPY rates and a bearish bias for the GBP/USD rates. EUR/GBP Price Chart Positive economic data supporting USD - GBP/USD The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Prior to the weekend, the Pound to Dollar exchange rate retreated under the 1.20 handle and was close to its yearly lows after positive U.S. economic data and hawkish remarks from Federal Reserve (Fed) officials were followed by a Dollar rally that sent Sterling and a number of other currencies into freefall. While the U.S. dollar got the better of the Pound late on Thursday and had left it trading as an underperformer by Friday even after July's UK retail sales figures came in stronger than expected by the market, Sterling had better resisted the clutches of a strengthening Dollar throughout much of the week, resulting in a resilient performance against other currencies. EUR/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Us Dollar's (USD) Decline Will Not Be More Prolonged

EUR/USD Falls Below Parity, Investor Expectations For BoE Spiked (EUR/GBP), GBP/USD At Risk Of Further Losses

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 22.08.2022 17:27
Summary: EUR/USD could be moving toward a potential further fall. EUR/GBP. GBP/USD may see further losses this week. EUR/USD falls below parity The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Testing below the parity handle, the EUR/USD is moving toward a potential further fall. Sellers have pushed hard to allow for another move-below since this level came back into play just after the Euro start this morning. Whether it can go on is the key question. Euro bears have returned for another battle at the parity handle of EUR/USD, drawing like moths to a flame. It took almost six months for this price to finally give way when it was last in action, in the second half of 2002. This is a significant psychological level. This really illustrates the influence of psychological factors as well as the significance of emotion in the market. Inflation is rampant in the Eurozone, and the ongoing conflict in Ukraine makes problems of economic policy, notably in the area of energy, more complicated. The question is whether we're approaching an abnormal market climate. EUR/USD Price Chart Pound sterling loses against the Euro The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Late last week, despite official data that suggested retail spending held steady in the face of high inflation in the UK and another spike in investor expectations for Bank of England (BoE) interest rates, the pound lost ground against the euro. Friday's losses occurred as a result of the Dollar gaining and investors' declining risk appetite putting significant pressure on Sterling and other currencies. This prevented the Pound from benefiting from a sharp increase in UK government bond yields that was happening in the background. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/USD could fall further this week The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. A busy U.S. economic calendar or comments from Federal Reserve (Fed) officials might cause U.S. bond yields and the Dollar to rise even further on a burgeoning comeback, further damaging the Pound to Dollar exchange rate, which collapsed last week. Better than anticipated UK economic data and a sharp rise in market expectations for interest rates at the Bank of England (BoE) last week did not help the pound sterling, and it frequently appeared to be the most vulnerable among major currencies to rising U.S. bond yields and a rally in the dollar. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
Bank Indonesia Has Lifted Its Policy Rate By 25bp, The Market Expected Such A Move

Bank Of Indonesia Hiked The Policy Rate By 25bp, Reaching 3.75% In Total

ING Economics ING Economics 23.08.2022 11:16
Bank Indonesia has unexpectedly hiked rates in a preemptive move  Indonesia's central bank governor Perry Warjiyo 3.75% Policy rate   Higher than expected Surprise surprise... BI finally hikes rates Bank Indonesia (BI) unexpectedly raised its policy rate by 25bp today. BI Governor Perry Warjiyo carried out a preemptive hike in anticipation of a planned price increase for subsidised fuel. The central bank expects growth to settle at the top end of their 4.5-5.3% year-on-year forecast while headline inflation is forecast to exceed 5%.  BI tightens as headline and core inflation sustain rise Source: Badan Pusat Statistik and Bank Indonesia BI likely not done for the year BI finally hiked after staying on hold for the whole of 2022, confident that policy tightening would not derail the economy's recovery. BI also made particular mention of "high" food inflation and any future tightening could be triggered if food prices stay elevated. We expect at least two more rate hikes by the central bank this year.    BI indicated it would be active in buying government bonds on the long end while selling shorter-dated bonds resulting in a flatter yield curve. Meanwhile, the Indonesian rupiah (IDR) could gain support from the surprise rate hike in the near term and could strengthen further should Indonesia's trade surplus remain sizable.  Read this article on THINK TagsIDR Bank Indonesia Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
Forex: So Could US Dollar (USD) And EUR/USD Become More Resistant To Data?

EUR/USD Expected To Remain Below PArity, UK Economy Grew In August (EUR/GBP, GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 23.08.2022 18:50
Summary: ECB may turn more hawkish. The US economic downturn may have increased in August. EUR/USD still below parity The market is reflecting mixed sentiment for this currency pair. Will the European Central Bank (ECB) adopt a more hawkish stance this week given the pressure the Euro is still under and its recent breach of parity with the dollar? For the meeting on September 8th, the market anticipates a 54 bp rate increase. If the ECB wants to support the EUR/USD, may it start talking about the possibility of more drastic rate increases? Joachim Nagel, the head of the Bundesbank said, “Given high inflation, further interest-rate hikes must follow,the past few months have shown that we have to decide on monetary policy from meeting to meeting.” Investment firm Nomura's strategists have increased their confidence in a wager that the Euro to Dollar exchange rate (EUR/USD) is likely to experience a few "large figure" movements below parity. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP currency pair The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. In August, the UK economy grew, according to a closely-followed assessment of activity. Although consumers and businesses were struggling with rising inflation levels, the monthly S&P Global PMI series did reveal a slowdown in activity continued. Looking ahead, the trend is consistent with negative growth. The Euro is under pressure from the Eruozone energy crisis as market participants are expecting further interest rate hikes from the ECB. EUR/GBP Price Chart EUR/USD The release of data on Tuesday that suggested that the U.S. economy's downturn may have increased in August caused the Dollar to revert in value relative to the Euro and the British Pound. The service PMI score for the U.S. economy was 44.1, much below the 49.2 markets had projected and the 47.3 from July, according to S&P Global's PMI survey. According to S&P Global, the output decline was the sharpest since May 2020 and was the fastest since the first pandemic outbreak since the series' start almost 13 years ago. The numbers indicate that despite elevated inflation and rising interest rates at the Federal Reserve, the U.S. economy is slowing down. Another indication of a slowdown may dampen investor expectations for the amount of interest rate increases the Fed is prepared to make in the upcoming months, at least from the standpoint of the currency market. Cooling rate hike expectations can cause bond rates to fall, which is negative for the U.S. dollar. EUR/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Hungarian Forint (HUF) May Be Rising! ING Economics Expects Bank Of Hungary To Hike The Rate By 100bp!

Hungarian Forint (HUF) May Be Rising! ING Economics Expects Bank Of Hungary To Hike The Rate By 100bp!

ING Economics ING Economics 26.08.2022 12:09
We expect the Hungarian central bank to continue its decisive tightening with another 100bp hike next week. Our updated inflation outlook leads us to expect additional measures to hike rates sooner rather than later, which could reduce the excess liquidity, thus improving the monetary transmission and supporting the forint The Hungarian National Bank in Budapest +100bp ING's call Change in the base rate The rationale behind our call The better-than-expected second-quarter GDP growth cemented our view that this year’s performance will be sound. Our upgraded outlook sees a 5.2% GDP growth in 2022, which takes into account strong first and second quarters but weak third and fourth quarters. We see a technical recession coming, caused by an unfolding cost-of-living crisis. Therefore, we have downgraded our 2023 outlook to 1.0-1.5% with further downside risks. Our view about the cost-of-living crisis is based on our updated inflation forecast. The changes in the fuel price cap regulation will add roughly 1ppt to the August inflation, while the modified utility bill support scheme and significantly hiked public parking prices could boost the CPI by another 1-1.5ppt from September. Whether the peak comes in October or later depends on the fuel price cap, as it expires on 1 October if the government doesn't change the decree. We expect a gradual phase-out of the fuel price cap, so the peak could come in December at 22% year-on-year. In all, the regulatory changes, the upside surprise in July inflation and the rising commodity prices lead us to call a 14% headline inflation in 2022, followed by a 15.3% average CPI in 2023. As for now, we expect price changes to drop to the range of 3-4% only in the first half of 2024. At first sight, this screams for more tightening. But in our view, the terminal rate could be more of a function of the behaviour of the forint rather than the CPI peak. Moreover, despite the already double-digit interest rate environment, the National Bank of Hungary (NBH) couldn’t shield the forint from the shocks of a confidence crisis. A crisis that lies in the Rule-of-Law debate and the negative impact of the energy crisis on the economic outlook and the external balance. ING's inflation and base rate forecasts for Hungary Source: HCSO, NBH, ING We see further rate hikes and more In this regard, we maintain our 14% terminal rate call, reached by the end of this year. The next step in this route comes on 30 August with yet another 100bp move to 11.75%. But in our assessment, interest rate hikes alone won’t do the trick to give the forint enough support. What could help is an active quantitative tightening to reduce the excess liquidity in the system. However, due to the structure of the central bank’s balance sheet, we don’t see this as a viable option. However, we could think about some options which could have the same impact, reducing the excess liquidity in a significant way. First, a stricter reserve requirement regulation could do the trick. The ratio is now only at 1%. Here the ECB’s two-tier system, or more recently the Polish central bank, could provide an example, as the latter raised the RRR from 0.5% to 2.0% last October. Or there is the reverse FX swaps example. First, it was an ad-hoc tool, then a quarter-end tool which finally became a regular one, improving the monetary transmission in short-dated rates. The same route is open in front of the central bank’s short-term discount bill: making this instrument a permanent tool, tendering regularly and not just occasionally at the end of quarters. Of course, the NBH could come up with yet another creative, out-of-the-box solution to give an effective sidekick to its interest rate cycle. But one thing is for sure: the sooner the better. What to expect in rates and FX markets FX weakness in recent days has boosted market expectations and pushed the priced-in terminal rate just above 14%, in line with our forecast but taking a reasonable cutting trajectory for the end of next year. And given the current volatility and low liquidity, it is hard to look for opportunities in this environment. For this meeting, expect the markets to raise their short-term bets for the terminal rate even further under the prospect of headlines coming from the NBH, which is the only central bank open to rate hikes in the CEE region at the moment. This should lead to further flattening of the curve as seen in recent days. However, from a long-term perspective, the inversion of the HUF curve remains extreme, and we should see some normalisation later on, just as the fly trades in the last few days. Hungarian yield curve Source: Government Debt Management Agency, ING   On the bond side, we estimate AKK (the government debt management agency) has covered roughly 80% of the total financing needs, but supply should remain buoyant in the months ahead. On the other hand, given the recent sell-off across the CEE region, we see Hungarian government bonds (HGBs) as the most expensive within the region at the moment and are awaiting a correction in nominal and relative terms. So, we like HGB asset-swap (ASW) cheapeners. CEE currencies vs EUR (1 Feb = 100%) Source: NBH, ING   The forint has recently become heavily dependent on gas prices, adding to uncertainty about further moves. Moreover, markets are waiting for progress on the government's negotiations with the European Commission. We still believe that a positive scenario may offer the forint the biggest appreciation within the region, however a bumpy road is a more likely scenario at the moment. For the NBH meeting next week, we expect a short-term strengthening of the forint in response to the decision, however we believe this would only be a temporary boost and the real story of the forint is elsewhere, i.e. the gas and EU story. Read this article on THINK TagsPreview NBH National Bank of Hungary Monetary policy Hungary Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
Euro Remains Below Parity Against The US Dollar (EUR/USD), Risk Of UK Stagflation Continues To Rise (EUR/GBP, GBP/NZD),

Euro Remains Below Parity Against The US Dollar (EUR/USD), Risk Of UK Stagflation Continues To Rise (EUR/GBP, GBP/NZD),

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 25.08.2022 21:00
Summary: EUR trading below parity against the USD. UK at risk of energy crisis. Kiwi outperforms on Thursday. EUR/USD trading below parity The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Policymakers at the European Central Bank have been relatively silent on the lecture circuit lately, but that may soon change as the summer comes to an end. There was disagreement about the 50-bps rate increase even as inflation pressures in the Eurozone had risen, according to the minutes of the ECB meeting in July. The ECB may ultimately disappoint in the upcoming months as fears turn back to weak growth, even as rates markets are discounting a more aggressive course going forward. Powell might exert pressure on the market to raise expectations for the Fed's September rate hike to 75 basis points because the markets now expect the Fed to deliver approximately 65 basis points of increases. This may provide short-term support for the Dollar and maintain pressure on the Euro into the next month. EUR/USD Price Chart Risk of UK Stagflation rises The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The energy crisis in the Eurozone is still putting the Euro under pressure. As the economy slows and inflation pressures increase, the risk of stagflation in the UK is continuing to rise. However, given the developing energy crisis that threatens to drive UK inflation rates further higher into double digit territory over the coming few months, traders feel that the Bank of England is currently focusing on the latter of these two crises. In terms of odds on a BOE raise, markets are currently at their most aggressive levels of the year. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/NZD - Kiwi outperforms GBP This week saw the start of the short-lived mid-month recovery in the Pound to New Zealand Dollar exchange rate. If the Kiwi continues to excel and Sterling continues to underperform among the major currencies, the exchange rate is likely to unravel even more in the days to come. After profiting from a general easing of the U.S. Dollar ahead of Friday's visit by Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell at the annual Jackson Hole Symposium for central bankers, the New Zealand Dollar outperformed on Thursday in a booming market for Asia Pacific currencies. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundtserlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
Poland’s economy set to slow but we’re more optimistic than most

HUF And PLN Come Under Fire Next Week! Central Bank Of Hungary Decides On Interest Rate, Poland Releases Its GDP

ING Economics ING Economics 26.08.2022 15:04
We're expecting a 100bp rate hike from Hungary's central bank next week, as well as some strong growth figures in Turkey In this article Hungarian central bank set to hike by another 100bp Turkey: Expect strong second-quarter growth despite initial signs of a slowdown Source: Shutterstock Hungarian central bank set to hike by another 100bp We expect the Hungarian central bank to continue with decisive tightening by implementing another 100bp rate hike next week. Based on our updated inflation outlook, we expect additional measures alongside the hike sooner rather than later too, which could help to reduce excess liquidity and therefore improve monetary transmission, supporting the forint. We might see the first steps in that direction as soon as next week's rate-setting meeting. Besides that, we will get more detail on the stronger-than-expected second quarter GDP growth figure, with consumption and investment activity likely to be in the driver’s seat. August manufacturing PMI will remain elevated given order books are full and companies are still able to pass rising costs onto consumers. Turkey: Expect strong second-quarter growth despite initial signs of a slowdown Based on early indicators, we think the Turkish economy put in another strong performance in the second quarter, with 6.5% YoY growth. However more recently there have been initial signs of a slowdown relative to the first half of the year. We expect economic activity to lose momentum in the second half for a few key reasons. Firstly, a higher risk premium in financial markets and growing macro-stability risks could weigh on domestic demand. Secondly, there's a likely loss of momentum in exports given the slowdown in the eurozone. Finally, we're seeing continued cost pressures, tighter global financial conditions, and a challenging local regulatory environment, putting pressure on the corporate sector. Key events in EMEA next week Source: Refinitiv, ING TagsTurkey Hungary EMEA Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
The Japanese Yen Has The Worst Performer Among The G-10 Currencies

Euro Under Pressure From Rising Prices (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), Fed Chair Jerome Powell Address On Friday (USD/JPY)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 26.08.2022 15:44
Summary: EUR/USD back above parity. Risk of UK stagflation increases as inflation pressures rise. Jerome Powell to address on Friday. EUR/USD trading above parity on Friday The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency. Yesterday, we learned more about the Governing Council of the European Central Bank (ECB), who voted to raise interest rates by 50 basis points last month despite having talked up the increase by 25 bps in the months before the vote. The inclusion of the anti-fragmentation mechanism known as the "transmission protection instrument," which serves as additional firepower in the case of a jump in sovereign yields of the EU's riskier member states, was supported by a unanimous vote of the Council. However, the decision to raise interest rates by 50 basis points was not unanimously supported. In my opinion, this shouldn't be an issue in future meetings because the risk of embedded inflationary expectations over the medium term is increased by the inflation rate's close proximity to double digits. Following the announcement by Russia's national gas monopoly that it would cut off supplies through a crucial pipeline for three days in September, the already constrained market for gas saw substantial double-digit percentage increases during the past week. In the absence of convincing supply-side responses from European capitals to the ongoing Russian gas diplomacy, the economic difficulties these price increases entail may continue to be a barrier for the single currency. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. After slipping back below parity with the dollar during the Monday session, the euro enjoyed some reprieve for the majority of the following week, but European gas prices continued to soar after a week-long stretch of astronomical gains. The soaring energy prices in the Eurozone continue to weigh on the Euro single currency. As the economy slows and inflation pressures increase, the risk of stagflation in the UK is continuing to rise. However, given the developing energy crisis that threatens to drive UK inflation rates further higher into double digit territory over the coming few months, traders feel that the Bank of England is currently focusing on the latter of these two crises. In terms of odds on a BOE raise, markets are currently at their most aggressive levels of the year. EUR/GBP Price Chart USD/JPY The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. When Tokyo CPI came in above forecasts for August, USD/JPY yawned. Instead of the expected 2.5%, the core CPI increased 2.6% year over year. The national CPI statistic that is due in three weeks can be inferred from the Tokyo CPI number. FX markets have been relatively quiet over the last 48 hours. The reason for this is the lack of summer liquidity, which prevents traders from taking large positions before Friday's address by Fed Chair Jerome Powell at the Jackson Hole Economic Policy Symposium. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Main Scenario Of The EUR/USD Pair Is Still A Downtrend

Jackson Hole Economic Symposium Gave Guidance On Future Monetary Policy Decisions From Major Central Banks (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP, GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 29.08.2022 15:00
Summary: Fed anticipates that tightening will cause growth to decelerate. ECB indicate a hawkish outlook. Both Fed and ECB holding a hawkish outlook The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. He made it clear in his speech at the Jackson Hole conference that the Fed anticipates that tightening will cause growth to decelerate and that households would experience some pain as a result. His comments that the present rate is neutral appear to have cleared up any doubt. The Jackson Hole Economic Symposium confirmed what the majority of attendees had anticipated before the event even began: that inflation does not appear to be slowing down, necessitating sustained resolve on the part of the Fed in the form of unrelenting interest rate increases.   Not only the Fed, though; ECB members also contributed to the narrative by speaking about the approaching rate decision with a heightened feeling of urgency and proposing increases of 50 or 75 basis points. After the unexpected 50 bps rate increase in July, the interest rate meeting on September 8th could result in a second rate increase. Villeroy, Schnabel, Kazak, Knot, and Holzmann all agreed that the rate increase in September should have been significant (by ECB criteria). It is action time, according to Oli Rehn, one of the ECB's slightly more dovish members, and the next move will be "important." EUR/USD Price Chart   Euro rallied against the GBP on Monday The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Entering the new week, the Euro was supported by the hawkish outlook from the ECB that was indicated at the Jackson Hole Symposium on Friday. Risk of a UK recession still remains high. EUR/GBP Price Chart   Hawkish fed weighs on GBP/USD The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The exchange rate between the pound and the dollar initially increased on Friday, but it quickly lost those gains when Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell warned that businesses and individuals would struggle more if the bank raised interest rates in a bid to lower U.S. inflation.    Following last week's hawkish remarks by Fed Chair Powell at the Jackson Hole Economic Symposium, the pound sterling continued to decline this past Monday. Markets had anticipated this outcome in large part, but confirmation revealed the differences between the economies of the US and UK. Goldman Sachs reported the decrease in UK economic data this morning, reiterating the Bank of England (BoEopinion )'s from a few weeks ago that a UK recession is anticipated in the fourth quarter - a significant change from their earlier prediction. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Financial Conditions Look Quite Scary. How Central Banks Fight Inflation?

German Inflation Came In At 8.8%, Hitting Levels Not Seen In 50 Years

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 30.08.2022 15:26
Summary: The rise in prices was led by those of food and energy. ECB interest rate decision. German inflation soars in the wake of rising energy prices Energy prices drove up inflation in August, pushing it to its highest level in over 50 years and surpassing a previous high set only three months earlier, statistics revealed on Tuesday. The acceleration of German inflation to a record level due to rising energy costs is supporting expectations for a sizable interest rate increase at the ECB meeting next week. Following an unexpected 8.5% increase in July, consumer prices, which are harmonised to be comparable with inflation data from other European Union countries (HICP), rose by 8.8% annually, according to the federal statistics agency. According to Germany's statistics office, the rise in prices was led by those of food and energy, however their effect was largely mitigated by temporary government aid, such as a fuel refund and incredibly inexpensive public transportation. According to the same statistics office, food costs rose 16.6% year over year in August compared to the same month the previous year, while energy prices rose 35.6% higher. The increase in August includes anti-inflationary measures like lower fuel taxes and cheaper public transportation tickets. These restrictions are about to expire, which suggests that price increase may pick up speed. Data on inflation in the eurozone are coming on Wednesday, and another record surge of 9% is anticipated. According to the Bundesbank, Germany's inflation percentage will reach around 10% in the fourth quarter of 2022, and the prognosis is very uncertain because of the "unclear situation" on the commodity markets, which is a result of Russia's conflict in Ukraine. The ECB is faced with not just the difficulty of extraordinary inflation but also the ensuing cost-of-living pressure that some analysts claim has already caused a recession in the 19-nation bloc. That is the biggest concern for the continent as a whole. While a half-point rate increase by the ECB is anticipated on September 8, some have suggested a larger 75 basis-point increase, similar to the more aggressive actions the Federal Reserve has recently taken. Positive news emerged on Tuesday as energy prices in Europe decreased as a result of the European Commission's plans to act quickly. Despite the risky nature of trading, nations in the region have been successful in filling natural gas storage facilities in time for the winter heating season. Sources: reuters.com, bloomberg.com
Interest Rates In Eurozone Will Continue To Increase In The Coming Meetings

A Hawkish ECB Is Supporting The Euro (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), Poor Investor Sentiment Toward The UK (GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 31.08.2022 16:48
Summary: ECB turns hawkish in the wake of high eurozone inflation. Pound sterling appears poised to test new lows against the euro, the dollar, and other major currencies. Euro supported by hawkish ECB The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. August saw a new high for inflation in the eurozone, and future months are predicted to see an increase. According to data from Eurostat, the increase in inflation in August was caused by a faster increase in the cost of food, alcohol, and cigarettes, which increased by 10.6% on a yearly basis compared to a 9.8% increase in July. Given the continuing rise in natural gas costs, it is anticipated that inflation in the Eurozone would rise further in the upcoming months, possibly reaching double digits. The reversal of several German subsidies and skyrocketing energy prices even before the start of the heating season indicate that inflation will continue to rise and surpass 10% before peaking around the turn of the year. Since US Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell's aggressive address at the Jackson Hole Symposium last Friday, there has been a noticeable change in tone among many European Central Bank (ECB) Members. The figures released today will undoubtedly strengthen arguments in favor of raising jumbo interest rates at the European Central Bank meeting next week. The central bank meeting next week is crucial since markets are heavily pricing in hawkishness; now, 70 bps are put in for September and 160 bps by year's end. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP is quickly becoming the worst performing currency of 2022 The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Despite the fact that the money markets have upped their interest rate bets for the September meeting by about 4 basis points since Monday, the Bank of England (BoE) still confronts a difficult struggle as Q4 recession fears build. Since I don't see the BoE acting aggressively over the winter, front-loading now might be essential, thus a 75bps hike is still an option. The hawkish attitude from the ECB offers the Euro support. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP testing new lows against USD and Euro The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. In light of the negative investor sentiment toward the UK and the ongoing weakness in the global equity markets, the pound sterling appears poised to test new lows against the euro, the dollar, and other major currencies. The Pound has already lost 1.33% of its value against the Euro this week, and if these declines continue, it will experience its biggest weekly decline against the euro since May. The UK pound is still losing ground versus the US dollar, having dropped another 0.83% since the week's beginning. The current loss for 2022 is 14%. As August draws to a close, it is clear that the British pound had the worst month of any major currency, losing value relative to all of its G10 competitors. Further losses are likely since the drop of the pound indicates a pervasive and unshakeable unfavorable attitude among investors worldwide. The UK currency is on track to become the worst performing major currency of 2022 within a matter of weeks given its present performance and tendencies. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Forex: Market Is Dependent On Fed's Shortly Message

US Dollar Driven By Hawkish Fed (EUR/USD), Pound Sterling Struggled Throughout August (EUR/GBP, GBP/AUD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 01.09.2022 17:56
Summary: The USD strengthened by a hawkish Fed. GBP struggled in August. Euro value declined against USD on Thursday The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Thursday sees a decline in the value of the Euro as markets are swept by a steadfast US Dollar following additional hawkish remarks from Fed speakers. Despite the market leaning toward a 75 basis-point increase at the European Central Bank (ECB) meeting next week as a result of yesterday's higher than expected CPI, the EUR/USD was unable to gain traction. The US dollar's ascent is unabated, and it appears that it will soon reach highs last seen in 2002 as the preferred safety play. This week, a new wave of risk-off trading sent USD pairings higher and equity markets lower across a number of markets. US Treasury yields have reached multi-year highs as US interest rate expectations continue to rise. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP touching June lows The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. One analyst said there is little reason to expect an improvement over the upcoming weeks or months as the value of the pound relative to the euro has dropped substantially over the past few days and is currently at levels last seen in June. The Pound suffered in August, with analysts attributing its poor performance to worries that the UK's debt load will rise as the next administration tries to mitigate the effects of the cost of living problem. This occurs as the Bank of England raises interest rates, driving up the yield paid on gilts, the name for UK government debt. The Bank of England gave historically low interest rates during the Covid crisis and actively purchased government debt as part of its quantitative easing program. As a result, the government was able to increase borrowing without any problems. However, the Bank will now actively sell government debt and may raise rates by an additional 50 basis points in September, significantly restricting the government's ability to borrow money as the nation grapples with yet another crisis. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/AUD Despite a great August making the Australian Dollar one of the better performing currencies of 2022, experts at investment bank Goldman Sachs said they remain concerned on the currency on a "tactical basis." The announcement that one of China's major cities has been placed on lockdown as the government of the nation pursues a "zero covid" strategy to combat the coronavirus raises doubts about the near-term prospects for Australia's top export market. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Upward Movement Of The EUR/USD Pair May Persist In The Near Future

ECB Will Continue To Hike Rates To Slow Inflation?

Kamila Szypuła Kamila Szypuła 03.09.2022 15:10
The ECB's monetary policy meeting in Frankfurt is to be held on Thursday 8 September. What can we expect? The Governing Council normally meets twice a month at the premises of the ECB in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. The Governing Council assesses economic and monetary developments and takes monetary policy decisions every six weeks and bases its monetary policy decisions, including the evaluation of the proportionality of its decisions and potential side effects, on an integrated assessment of all relevant factors. This assessment builds on two interdependent analyses: the economic analysis and the monetary and financial analysis. At Thursday's meeting, a decision will be made whether interest rates will be raised again. When prices in European economy are rising too fast and when inflation is too high – increasing interest rates mey help bring inflation back down. The Governing Council may discuss another important step on the path to normalizing interest rates that was signaled at the previous meeting. This decision is based on the Governing Council's updated inflation risk assessment. Does economy data influence on hiking intrest rates? The European Central Bank has raised interest rates for the first time since 2011 in July '22 to tackle eurozone inflation that increased to 8.6% ta those oeriod. In a surprise move, the ECB pushed its base rate up by 0.5 percentage points, after economists had expected a smaller 0.25 point rise. The economy on the old continent is slowing down. This is due to high inflation, greater uncertainty and supply problems. These factors significantly obscure the prospects of our economy for this year and the following years. German Manufacturing PMI dipped to 49.1, down from 49.3 in July. It was a similar story for the eurozone Manufacturing PMI, which dropped from 49.8 to 49.6. After the publication of data from Germany the euro has weakened. The euro's fall to parity against the dollar for the first time in two decades also poses problems for the ECB – letting the currency fall exacerbates inflation, but the opposite approach could hit growth. Also, as of July 2022, the inflation rate in the European Union was 9.8 %. The current rate of inflation in the EU is higher than at any other time. High inflation has become the dominant concern of citizens in many countries. After this data, there is a high probability of an increase from 50bp to 75bp. Future interest rate decision will largely depend on the latest data. The initiative is aimed at helping to achieve the inflation target of 2% in the medium term. ECB’s Monteary Policy The pandemic and the war in Ukraine have fostered inflationary forces. So central banks have had to shift their focus from tackling low inflation to combating high inflation. The ECB’s monetary policy response to the higher inflation outlook can clearly be rationalised based on the new strategy – in particular its symmetric inflation target. The new ECB strategy has contributed to a more solid anchoring of inflation expectations at 2%. Monetary policy decisions taken by the ECB’s Governing Council since July 2021 have been firmly grounded in the strategy. In a rapidly changing world, the ECB’s monetary policy strategy will likely need to be reviewed and adapted more regularly. Source: Eurostat.com, Investing.com, ecb.europa.eu
Italian industrial production fell again in June, raising doubts over 3Q growth

Euro To US Dollar Index Falls - Touching Levels Not Seen In 20 Years

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 06.09.2022 00:01
Summary: Thursday's European Central Bank (ECB) meeting during this crucial week for the euro. Russia cuts off Nord Stream gas supply. A crucial week for the Euro. But is still at risk as energy issues become more apparent. Euro Index suffers in the wake of Russia Turning off the gas taps Monday saw a new 20-year low for the euro as concerns about a worsening energy crisis in the area increased as Russia cut off gas supplies to Europe through its main pipeline. In recent months, there has been an increase in the correlation between the euro and natural gas prices, with the latter declining as energy prices rise. Before the chilly winter months, Europe is frantically trying to wean itself off Russian supply and build up reserves, but many predict a significant economic damage. Invoking an oil leak in a turbine, Russia postponed a Saturday deadline for the Nord Stream pipeline to begin carrying oil. It happened at the same time that the Group of Seven finance ministers announced a limit on Russian oil prices. Early in European trading, the euro fell to $0.9876, its lowest level since 2002, before bouncing back to $0.9939, but down 0.2% on the day. "Gas flows have been curtailed even more than expected and we have already seen evidence of demand destruction weighing on activity," said Michael Cahill, a strategist at Goldman Sachs. "We now expect the Euro to fall further below parity ($0.97) and remain around that level for the next six months," he added. Investors are gearing up for Thursday's European Central Bank (ECB) meeting during this crucial week for the euro, as markets have priced in a nearly 80% possibility of a massive 75 basis point (bp) interest rate hike. The stabilization of the euro, which has lost over 8% of its value over the last three months, will be welcomed by ECB policymakers. That will fuel the desire to tighten policy in an effort to control inflation. EUR/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, reuters.com
The Price Of EUR/USD Pair Will Develop Sideways Movement

Despite The Rising Rates, What Does Change Of Interest Rate Policy Means To Eurozone

ING Economics ING Economics 06.09.2022 12:24
Eurozone government deposits at the central bank are subject to a 0% rate cap. This means hundreds of billions of euros could be shifted around. In some cases, this will reduce repo lending or boost demand for safe bonds, all exacerbating the existing collateral shortage Source: Shutterstock The return to positive policy rates will change the incentives for public sector actors in markets Germany’s and Austria’s debt agencies no longer want to lend securities against cash Exiting negative and eventually zero interest rate policies does not simply mean higher rates, but it also means some of the incentives that have dictated the basic market structure and functioning we have become accustomed to over the years of extraordinary policies will change as well. One such change has been highlighted by reports that Germany’s and Austria’s debt agencies are planning to change their repo rules. They no longer want to lend out their securities against cash, but only against other collateral. Why now? And what are the amounts involved? Government cash deposits held at central banks are remunerated at the ECB's deposit facility rate, but importantly that remuneration is capped at zero. Given the vast amounts of excess liquidity in the banking system, short term market rates have traded noticeably below the deposit facility rate. With the deposit facility rate below or at zero the incentive for governments to park cash outside of the central bank were low. But the ECB is now expected to hike the deposit facility rate at a fast pace to well above zero, possibly by 75bp already this week – and the gap to the remuneration capped at 0% will widen quickly. For the abovementioned repos that means that the economics of  government debt agency lending out a security against cash and redepositing at the ECB will change dramatically. Ballooning government central bank deposits are a problem as their remuneration is capped at 0% Source: Refinitiv, ING Germany’s government deposits at the Bundesbank amount to currently €176bn, €120bn of which from the central government Eurozone government deposits at their respective central banks amount to around €600bn currently, fluctuating between €600 to 700bn over the past year. Pre-pandemic they were in the region of €200 to 300bn, already up from around €50 to 150bn before negative interest rates (and then QE) were introduced. But it was the pandemic that has led governments to build up vast cash buffers. Remuneration at the negative depo rate did not matter, it was actually better than market rates. Germany’s government deposits at the Bundesbank amount to currently €176bn, €120bn of which from the central government. Those of Austria at the Oesterreichische Nationalbank amount to €17bn. Certainly not all of that cash originates from the debt agencies' repo operations for which the rules are now tweaked. The operations affected are those that the agencies conduct to support market functioning and market liquidity. Collateral scarcity is set to worsen It all boils down to the one burning issue, the scarcity of high quality collateral. The incentives for the German debt agency to reduce its cash holdings at the central bank are clear. The options are to either seek alternative short term investments, or –  in this special case the simpler solution – to tweak the rules to avoid generating the cash in the first place. Crucially, allowing market participants to effectively only swap securities does not add to the overall availability of government bonds as lending against cash does. While it may still ease price distortions for individual securities, the overall high price for already scarce collateral is unaddressed. As an aside, the ECB's own securities lending against cash (capped at 150bn) has gained importance since late last year, tripling in volume to now account for half of the ECB's overall securities lending. Worsening collateral scarcity is already visible in widening 2Y German swap spreads Source: Refinitiv, ING   There should be an incentive to reduce the cash holdings at the central bank Looking beyond the case where just repo rules are tweaked, there should be an incentive to reduce the cash holdings at the central bank, thus limiting those holdings to the need for safety liquidity buffers. Some countries already have institutional arrangements in place to transfer the cash back to the banking system, via daily repos or the collection of non-collateralised deposits. Those arrangements were more likely meant to smoothen the volatility of the accounts to facilitate the ECB’s liquidity management rather than to structurally reduce the vast amounts that have now accumulated. Cash could of course also be invested in high quality liquid assets - think government bills or similar assets. Alternatively, debt agencies could run down cash buffers, simply by issuing less government paper. All of this to the same effect that the market's collateral availability for is further reduced. This is already visible in the stretched bond valuations (2Y German Schatz in the chart above) relative to swaps. Read this article on THINK
EUR/USD Dropped To New Multi-year Lows, Truss Delivers A Convincing Package To Beat The Cost Of Living Crisis (EUR/GBP), RBA Interest Rate Decision (GBP/AUD)

EUR/USD Dropped To New Multi-year Lows, Truss Delivers A Convincing Package To Beat The Cost Of Living Crisis (EUR/GBP), RBA Interest Rate Decision (GBP/AUD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 06.09.2022 22:12
Summary: U.S. economy is doing well despite tighter monetary policy. Truss - The new UK prime minister as of Tuesday. RBA interest rate decision. EUR/USD hits multi-year lows on Tuesday The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. On Tuesday due to negative sentiment, the EUR/USD dropped to new multi-year lows, briefly touching 0.9865 in choppy trading after U.S. markets resumed trading after the Labor Day holiday on Monday. Even while the euro was able to somewhat recoup some of its losses during the day, broad U.S. dollar rise in the early afternoon hampered the currency's sentiment. As a result of a rise in U.S. Treasury rates, which drove both short-term and particularly long-dated yields considerably higher, DXY rose as much as 0.85% at one point. Bond prices rose in part as a result of better-than-expected statistics from the U.S. services sector. The non-manufacturing PMI for August rose to 56.9 versus 55.1 predicted, according to the Institute for Supply Management, which indicates that the economy is still very robust. The fact that the U.S. economy is doing well despite tighter monetary policy suggests that the central bank will likely move forward with its plans to raise interest rates a few more times in the upcoming months, keeping them there for longer than initially anticipated to reduce inflation, which would be bullish for the dollar. However, for the time being, a dovish pivot will not materialize. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP supported by Truss’ policies The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The British pound has had a terrible year, but if the incoming prime minister can present a convincing package of policies to address the cost of living crisis, the pound may recover in the remaining months of the year. According to a number of media publications, Truss, who became prime minister on Tuesday, may implement a plan to cap energy costs at £130 billion. She's also expected to make a major tax cut announcement as part of one of her major campaign promises. According to sources, the UK's incoming Prime Minister is thinking about freezing energy prices for millions of homes this winter, a move that may reduce the country's inflation rates by as much as four percentage points. According to Capital Economics, an independent research firm, core inflation would nevertheless continue to be stubbornly high and attract additional Bank of England interest rate increases. EUR/GBP Price Chart RBA decided on 50bps interest rate hike The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA), which raised interest rates by another 50 basis points, together with indications that the central bank is reaching the conclusion of its tightening cycle, left the Australian Dollar floundering. By raising rates by 50 basis points, the RBA satisfied market expectations and promised additional rate increases in its outlook. Sterling pounds According to Live's RBA preview, the currency would be more affected by the direction of future raises than by a 50 basis point increase, which would provide little support to the Australian dollar. We warned that the Australian dollar might suffer from a "dovish" hike, in which the Bank sought to curb expectations for additional assertive action. The RBA brings Australia's basic lending rate into a range of 2-3% that it views as the "neutral" position by raising the Cash Rate to 2.35%. As a result, it holds that interest rates are neither restrictive nor stimulatory, which lends support to the idea that the RBA may start to contemplate easing back. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
Bank of Canada (BoC) Interest Rate Policy Decision - Met Market Expectations

Bank of Canada (BoC) Interest Rate Policy Decision - Met Market Expectations

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 07.09.2022 16:03
Summary: Bank of Canada interest rate decision. BoC met market expectations. Bank of Canada meets market expectations The Bank of Canada (BoC) met the market expectations on Wednesday by hiking their interest rates by 75bps up to 3.25% from 2.5%. Their Ivey PMI beat market expectations which were set at 48.3, but came in at an actual value of 60.9. Bank of Canada increases policy interest rate by 75 basis points, continues quantitative tighteninghttps://t.co/YXW4npzhVA#economy #cdnecon — Bank of Canada (@bankofcanada) September 7, 2022 Bank of Canada In order to safeguard the economy by limiting the amount that interest rates might need to increase over the medium term, the BoC increased its cash rate from 1.75% to 2.5% in July. This was done as part of a strategy to move monetary policy to an economically restrictive level sooner rather than later. Despite the fact that interest rate derivative market pricing implies that investors already expect the benchmark to climb further and as far as 3.75% by year's end, the BoC considers that restrictive threshold to involve a cash rate that is a place above the 3% level. “The Bank's commitment to front-loading rate hikes in the face of red-hot inflation means an even bigger 100 bps increase (matching July's hike) can't be ruled out. Canadian employment (Friday) is expected to rise 5K in August following two consecutive monthly declines. The unemployment rate is expected to increase to 5.0%, which is still very low,” says Alvin Tan, head of Asia FX strategy at RBC Capital Markets. With the approaching Bank of Canada rate decision expected today and the European Central Bank meeting on Thursday, we will undoubtedly use expectations to our advantage. Expectations play a significant part in the market impact of major event risk. In this meeting, both are expected to raise their respective benchmark rates by 75 basis points, but the former is doing so based on a 100-basis-point increase at its last meeting and the discount of a hawkish central bank. Sources: dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com, investing.com
The Japanese Yen Has The Worst Performer Among The G-10 Currencies

US Dollar’s Unwavering Strength (EUR/USD), EUR/GBP, USD/JPY Falls To Lowest Level Seen Since 1998

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 07.09.2022 16:25
Summary USD/JPY hitting lowest levels in 24 years. USD still strong. Expectations of the next interest rate hike from BoE fell. EUR/USD currency pair The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Since the US Dollar continues to rise and shows little sign of slowing, it has been a wrecking ball for the foreign exchange markets. I would exercise caution in pursuing this upside, though, given that the most recent US CPI is right around the horizon. The inclination would be to downplay US dollar declines. The 0.99 handle serves as support for the euro, and although there has been a breach below it, there hasn't yet been a close below it. The language used, such as expressing a willingness to enter restrictive territory as opposed to merely front-loading policy to play catch-up, will be crucial in determining whether the Euro can find a floor, even though the ECB is preparing to raise interest rates by 75 basis points at its meeting tomorrow. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP declines The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Bank of England enters the scene and hits the already weak pound just as the market was concentrating on the new prime minister, Liz Truss. Following comments made by members of the Bank's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), markets quickly reduced their expectations for a 75 basis point interest rate hike at next week's policy decision, causing a steep decline in the value of the pound. The panel's comments show that the Bank is still hesitant to hike interest rates in order to combat inflation and instead is betting that prices would decline as the economy weakens. EUR/GBP Price Chart USD continues to strengthen Today, the Japanese Yen's value against the US Dollar fell to its lowest level since 1998. In order to keep bond yields low, the Bank of Japan (BoJ) reaffirmed its yield curve control (YCC) program on Wednesday, despite the Fed's unambiguous indication that rates will rise. Today, the 10-year Japanese government bond (JGB) traded close to the 0.25% upper limit set by the central bank. The bank then declared that they would increase their bond buying as part of their planned operations. The 2-year note currently trades at 3.75%, with Treasury rates continuing to fly higher. Everywhere it has increased, the US dollar has. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Markets Still Hope That The Fed May Consider Softer Decision

The ECB Interest Rate Decision - Met Market Expectations

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 08.09.2022 14:25
Summary: ECB policy rate decision. ECB met interest rate expectations. ECB Decision Met Expectations The ECB on Thursday hiked interest rates by 75bps - meeting market expectations. Deposit Facility rate of the ECB exceeded market expectations, by 25bps, coming in at a 75bps rate hike. ECB Interest rate Decision The European Central Bank (ECB) policy announcement on Thursday may have some potential effects on the foreign exchange market, according to a "crib sheet" published by ING Bank. The market is anticipating a 75 basis point increase as the ECB looks to take swift action against inflation before the Eurozone's growth slows and a recession takes hold. However, ING economists believe that the market is mistaken in using 75 basis points, which might be the day's first significant source of volatility for the Euro. "Policymakers in Frankfurt will likely have to choose between a 50bp or 75bp rate hike this week. We think that a 75bp move would be too hard to digest for the dovish front within the Governing Council, and our call is for a 50bp move," says Francesco Pesole, a foreign exchange strategist at ING. According to ING's base case scenario, a 50bp would fall short of market expectations, causing the Euro to Dollar exchange rate (EUR/USD) to decline. In this base scenario, the ECB also projects weaker growth rates for the Eurozone, anticipating a wintertime recession. While high inflation will continue, it will start to decline over the outlook horizon, according to ECB predictions. If the ECB took an even more "dovish" posture, they would raise interest rates by 25 basis points as they assessed the severity of the impending economic slowdown, which would be reflected in their revised GDP projections. Inflation forecasts that indicate prices drop down to the 2.0% target over the forecast horizon would also be part of this dovish scenario. According to this call, the EUR/USD is expected to trade close to 0.96. However, the ECB will be keenly aware of the effects their decisions will have on the Euro because a weak Euro itself is an inflationary phenomenon because it drives up the price of importing commodities. This is especially detrimental during a crisis brought on by high gas and oil import prices. Sources: investing.com, poundtserlinglive.com
The EUR/USD Pair Is Still In A High Position On The 1H Chart

ECB Interest Rate Decision (EUR/USD), UK Government Plans To Cap Gas Prices (EUR/GBP, GBP/AUD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 08.09.2022 15:45
Summary: ECB raised all 3 major interest rates by 75bps. UK Government capping gas prices for next 2 years. RBA nearing the end of its interest rate hiking cycle. ECB interest rate hikes The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. To combat record-high inflation in the Euro Area, the ECB increased each of the three major interest rates by 75 basis points. Markets and experts had generally anticipated the decision to raise interest rates by 75 basis points, thus the first impact on the Euro has been muted so far. The ECB also noted that the governing council anticipates raising rates during the coming sessions, which is consistent with money market pricing, which projects a further 92 basis points of tightening by year's end. Looking ahead, attention will primarily be on ECB President Lagarde's news conference, where she is expected to discuss the necessity to raise interest rates into restrictive territory (above neutral rates) in order to support the euro in the short term. The energy crisis, which continues to put pressure on the Euro through parity, is the major story, though. EUR/USD Price Chart UK Government to cap gas prices The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Following the announcement that the UK government would cap annual UK gas prices at £2500 for the next two years, the likelihood of a stronger finish to 2022 for the British Pound moved closer. An influential economist claims that the action effectively keeps UK inflation at current levels and averts the possibility of a recession. Investors have dumped sterling in recent months due to concerns that the UK would be among the nations worst affected by a confluence of rising inflation and slowing economic growth. Therefore, Truss' intervention refutes this claim, stating that the changes will probably reduce inflation's predicted peak by 5 percentage points. EUR/GBP Price Chart RBA nearing the end of their interest rate hiking cycle The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is reaching the conclusion of its interest rate hike cycle, according to Governor Philip Lowe, which will cause the Australian Dollar to weaken. In the meantime, data indicating the nation's outstanding trade surplus shrank in July put additional pressure on the Australian dollar. According to Lowe, disparities between Australian and American pay setting practices allow the RBA to afford to slow pace. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
Interest Rates In Eurozone Will Continue To Increase In The Coming Meetings

Euro Shows Strength On Monday (EUR/USD), UK Inflation Data Ahead (EUR/GBP), USD Gains Against The JPY(USD/JPY)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 12.09.2022 14:25
Summary: Ukrainian resistance in the country's east boosted the Euro. EUR/GBP may struggle in the wake of UK inflation data release. USD had a rough start to the week against the euro. Euro strengthened during Monday’s session The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The news of Ukrainian resistance in the country's east as Ukrainian soldiers launched a counteroffensive caused the euro to rally by a significant 1.4% this morning. Bringing our attention back to the ECB, there was evident unhappiness among the board members after the significant 75 basis point increase was fully anticipated by the markets and had little to no impact on them. The infamous ECB "sources" said shortly after President Lagarde's address that rate increases could reach 2% (restrictive territory) to fight inflation and hinted in some way that the 2023 growth prediction was a bit on the "rosy" side. Finally, sources claimed that QT was imminent, with negotiations set to begin in October and a likely announcement to be made at the October ECB meeting. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP risk could increase The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. In the days ahead, when the market will likely be most interested in UK inflation data that could further increase the already elevated risk of aggressive interest rate action from the Bank of England (BoE) next week, the Pound to Euro exchange rate may struggle to get off the ground after falling last week. When the Bank of England (BoE) announces its interest rate decision for September on September 22 after delaying it to accommodate the nation's day of mourning for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the new fiscal package might have a substantial impact on the BoE's monetary policy. EUR/GBP Price Chart USD/JPY currency pair The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The US Dollar had a mixed week to start, falling versus the Euro but rising once more against the Japanese Yen. The EUR/JPY moved closer to Friday's 8-year high as a result. Other currency combinations were generally quiet. Despite further browbeating from Japanese officials—this time from Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Seiji Kihara—the Yen weakened. He mentioned that excessively one-sided currency movements are being watched. In order to take advantage of the depreciating Yen and stimulate the economy, Japan recently announced a relaxation of travel regulations for visitors traveling domestically. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com  
Analysis Of The US Dollar Currency Index Price Movement

US Dollar Rallies In The Wake Of CPI Inflation Data

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 13.09.2022 18:17
Summary: U.S. inflation is running hotter than markets anticipated. Core inflation reading is the one that concerns the Fed the most. Core CPI increased by 0.6% in Augus US CPI Inflation Missed Market Expectations Data that showed U.S. inflation is running hotter than markets anticipated caused the Dollar to rise dramatically, giving the Federal Reserve more confidence to hike interest rates. After U.S. headline CPI inflation rose 8.3% year-over-year in August, defying expectations for a reading of 8.1%, stocks dropped and the safe-haven high-yielding Dollar surged, though it was still lower than July's 8.5%. But contrary to forecasts for a decline, the month-over-month metric increased by 0.1%, the BLS reported, up from July's reading of 0%. The core inflation reading will be the one that concerns the Fed the most. Core CPI increased by 0.6% in August, exceeding both the 0.3% market expectation and the 0.3% result in July. Core CPI inflation is the form of inflation that the Fed may be able to control through higher interest rates because it is domestically based and therefore excludes external factors like energy prices. Core CPI inflation increased by 6.3% on an annual basis, exceeding both July's 5.9% and the market's expectations of 6.1%. LISTEN NOW: Inflation rose 8.3% year-over-year — we discuss the hotter-than-expected CPI number. Listen and follow the @SquawkStreet podcast here or on your favorite podcast platform: https://t.co/BoklbeW3jy pic.twitter.com/v2SxAuQfsh — CNBC (@CNBC) September 13, 2022 With a 1.40% increase against the New Zealand Dollar and a 0.84% increase against the Euro, the dollar advanced versus all the major currencies. "In response to the data, all G10 currencies weakened against the US dollar, with the largest losses seen in currencies that had recently benefited from the improvement in risk conditions. The pound, euro, yen, Kiwi dollar, Aussie dollar, and Swedish krona have now recorded losses in excess of one percent against the greenback, while the Norwegian krone posted the largest decline as it is down 2% on the day," says Jay Zhao-Murray, Market Analyst at Monex Canada. Even though gasoline prices were down significantly, the U.S. inflation surprise still occurred, suggesting that the energy shock is still having an impact. However, everyone is still surprised by the lag. In the event that workers seek greater wage agreements and businesses increase their prices, the Fed will be eager to boost rates. Sources: poundsterlinglive.com
Thursday's Bank's of England decision may be record-breaking!

UK CPI Inflation Data Reflected The First Drop In 1 Year

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 14.09.2022 15:28
Summary: UK CPI inflation beat market expectations. UK CPI Inflation fell from its 40-year high reached in July. UK CPI Inflation Data Beat Market Expectations In August, the Bank of England and households experienced an unexpected - and presumably transitory - decrease in consumer price inflation for the first time in almost a year. Following a 40-year high of 10.1% in July, annual consumer price rise fell to 9.9% on Wednesday, according to the Office for National Statistics. This was the first decline since September 2021 and fell short of the 10.2% increase predicted by a Reuters poll. However, experts cautioned that inflation was anticipated to peak at approximately 11% in October, when a new home energy tariff cap begins, and that it might be difficult to decline because of underlying pressures and a new fiscal stimulus from the government. ⚠️BREAKING:*UK CPI INFLATION RISES 9.9% IN AUGUST, DOWN FROM 40-YEAR HIGH OF 10.1% 🇬🇧🇬🇧 pic.twitter.com/Lc5in4fnrW — Investing.com (@Investingcom) September 14, 2022 Following the passing of Queen Elizabeth, the British central bank decided to postpone raising interest rates until next Thursday. On September 22, the BoE is expected to increase rates by 0.75 percentage points to 2.5%, according to financial markets. With the exception of a temporary attempt to support sterling during a 1992 exchange rate crisis, this would be its largest rate increase since 1989. Despite a slowing economy at risk of recession, the majority of economists surveyed by Reuters believe a half-point increase is more plausible, and they also anticipate the BoE to keep raising rates into next year. A severe pressure on living standards has been brought about in Britain by the rise in European natural gas prices brought on by Russia's invasion of Ukraine, which has been compounded by post-COVID labor shortages and supply-chain bottlenecks. Inflation is lowest in several European nations, notably Spain and the Netherlands, but it is the highest among the G7's major advanced economies in the UK. Prime Minister Liz Truss's capping household energy costs The incoming Prime Minister Liz Truss's decision to cap household energy costs, which will increase by 25% rather than 80% in October, has made it marginally easier for the BoE to achieve its goal of returning inflation to its 2% objective, at least in the short term. Before the cap, analysts predicted that inflation may reach 15% or higher early the following year. In addition to promising other help and tax cuts, the government is anticipated to employ public borrowing to make up for the lower rates charged by energy providers. This is anticipated to cost approximately 100 billion pounds ($116 billion). According to experts, this additional stimulus for an economy that is nearly at full employment and experiencing the lowest unemployment rate since 1974 would prolong domestic inflation pressures and force the BoE to raise rates further in order to bring inflation back to its 2% objective. Sources: Reuters.com
The British Pound Is Showing Signs Of Exhaustion Of The Bullish Force

US Dollar Rose In The Wake Of US CPI Inflation Reports (EUR/USD), UK CPI Inflation Data Exceeded Market Expectations (EUR/GBP, GBP/AUD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 14.09.2022 17:11
Summary: Money market pricing indicates that the Fed will raise rates by 75 basis points. UK CPI inflation rate was lower in August than it was in July. According to economists, the Australian Dollar will fare better than any other major currency in 2022. USD rose, gold futures fell & stocks dropped sharply The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The US Dollar rose, gold prices fell, and US stocks dropped sharply on Tuesday as a result of the August US CPI report's substantial effect on the financial markets. Headline Inflation in the US gained +0.1% m/m and +8.3% y/y, above expectations of no gain m/m and an increase of +8.1% y/y. Also hotter than anticipated, the core reading came in at +0.6% m/m versus a projection of +0.3%, while the y/y stood at +6.3% versus +6.1% anticipated. Money market pricing indicates that the Fed will raise rates by 75 basis points, but the tail-risk surprise has changed from a 50 to a 100 basis point increase. This reveals where the momentum is: more rate increases will result in the Fed Funds rate peak being higher than anticipated before the inflation report. EUR/USD Price Chart Has UK Inflation hit its peak? The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Pound Sterling increased the day after the news broke. The UK CPI inflation rate was lower in August than it was in July, indicating that the price increase's peak may have already passed. This would be a favorable development for the outlook of the UK economy and, consequently, the Pound. However, the Bank of England's decision on September 22 looms large, and the final position of Sterling at the end of September may depend on whether they choose to raise interest rates by 75 or 50 basis points. According to analysts at certain large investment institutions, the market is expecting a 75 basis point increase from the Bank, which it must provide to maintain stable Pound exchange rates. The pound would decline if the Bank of England disappointed markets with a modest increase. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/AUD currency pair According to recent research from BMO Capital Markets, the Australian Dollar is a "quality" currency that is expected to increase in value against the U.S. Dollar and all other major currencies in the upcoming months. According to a BMO analysis of the Aussie Dollar, it is one of the best-performing currencies in 2022 because of a strong set of underlying reasons that support it. According to economists, the Australian Dollar will fare better than any other major currency in 2022 thanks to the nation's strong export market and sound domestic fundamentals. Australia's foreign exchange revenues have increased due to rising commodity prices, which has supported its currency. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Will The US Dollar Continue To Be Strong And To Keep Growing Or Maybe Situation Will Be Reversed

Strong US Dollar Index Driving EUR/USD Down & USD/JPY Up, economists predict that the Pound will continue to decline (EUR/GBP), USD/JPY

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 19.09.2022 18:57
Summary: Early trading saw the EUR/USD falling below parity once more. The British Pound dropped to its lowest level against the Dollar on Friday and hit lows against the Euro that haven't been seen since February 2021. Strong US Dollar index driving USD/JPY down. EUR/USD falls below parity once more The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Early trading saw the EUR/USD falling below parity once more while failing to surpass Friday's peak. While markets look apprehensive after US President Joe Biden said the US military would defend Taiwan in the case of an invasion by China, we witnessed the USD index open higher and push on, supporting a +/-60 pip loss on EUR/USD and other currency pairs. The downward movement in the EUR/USD rate this morning appears to be driven by the dollar index. Despite numerous investment banks and the World Bank reducing their growth projections for the US economy and issuing a global recession warning, the index kept moving higher. EUR/USD Price Chart Economists predict that the Pound will continue to decline. The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Although there is a remote chance the currency would recover by the end of the upcoming week when a Bank of England rate hike and the "mini budget" are announced, economists predict that the Pound will continue to decline. The British Pound dropped to its lowest level against the Dollar on Friday and hit lows against the Euro that haven't been seen since February 2021 before the monetary and fiscal double-header. Following the publication of poor UK retail sales statistics that led economists to warn that the country is already in recession, the pound's losses for 2022 increased. Contrary to estimates, retail sales declined 1.6% in the month of August instead of a somewhat smaller -0.5%. EUR/GBP Price Chart USD/JPY The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. After failing to break over 145, USD/JPY is still in an ascending trend channel. 144.95 may continue to act as resistance because it is the 161.8% Fibonacci Extension of the late-July decline from 139.39 to 130.39. It has recently been tested, reaching peaks of 144.97 and 144.99, the latter of which is a 24-year high. This region might be crucial for the next significant USD/JPY movement. The Bank of Japan called banks in Tokyo last week as 145 approached, requesting a rate review. The market has interpreted this to mean that the central bank may be considering intervening should the price rise above 145. Of course, if the price trades over that level and they do not act, an aggressive move might be observed. The following potential resistance level to watch could be the ascending trend line that now splits around 145.90. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
The Agressive Rate Hikes By The Fed Did Not Lead To A Deeper Recession

EUR/USD Exposed To Fed Interest Rate Decision Risk, BoE Interest Rate Decision Due This Week (EUR/GBP, GBP/CAD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 20.09.2022 17:34
Summary: EUR/USD exposed to risks related to the Fed interest rate decision on Wednesday. The BoE interest rate decision on Thursday will be crucial. GBP/CAD may now be on the verge of lurching toward all-time lows. Euro is still stronger than some other currencies The market is reflecting mixed market signals for this currency pair. The EUR/USD has been able to maintain its stability recently by simply remaining stable, which isn't really saying much for it. The Euro to Dollar exchange rate began the new week near parity and exposed to risks related to the Federal Reserve's (Fed) interest rate decision on Wednesday, however there is an admittedly remote chance that the latter could spark a firecracker surge by the single currency later this week. The Euro is still stronger than some of the other currencies, but it is expected to keep falling against the Dollar and reach new cycle lows. EUR/USD Price Chart BoE interest rate on Thursday The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The exchange rate between the pound and the euro has fallen for seven straight weeks, but it might go considerably further this week and possibly to record lows if the market panics about a probable Bank of England (BoE) decision to sharply raise Bank Rate on Thursday. With the scale of the most recent Bank Rate increase and any hints or guidance regarding the outlook for the benchmark, the BoE interest rate decision on Thursday will be crucial, yet there is a risk that the bank will feel pressured to literally knock the Bank Rate ball out of the park. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/CAD How the market could be likely to react to any particularly substantial interest rate rise from the Bank of England (BoE) this Thursday, the Pound to Canadian Dollar exchange rate may now be on the verge of lurching toward all-time lows. Although there is a chance it might fall further if the BoE smashes the Bank Rate ball out of the park on Thursday, sterling crept higher versus the Canadian Dollar to start a holiday-shortened week and remained safely above the 12-year lows reached over a fortnight earlier. A recent increase in core inflation, the BoE's most recent Inflation Attitudes Survey, and the new UK Prime Minister's proposal to freeze or cap household energy costs through public subsidy are reasons to believe it might as well. These factors could influence policymakers to view this as a medium-term inflation risk. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Agressive Rate Hikes By The Fed Did Not Lead To A Deeper Recession

The Fed Interest Rate Decision, Stock/Bond Portfolios, ECB’s Determination To Reach Price Stability

8 eightcap 8 eightcap 20.09.2022 21:12
On Wednesday the Fed is due to make their interest rate decision. A US portfolio that is split 60/40 between stocks and bonds is headed for its worst year since 1937. ECB is determined to deliver price stability through rising interest rates.   In this article: The Fed’s Interest rate hike tomorrow. US Stock/Bond portfolio down. The ECB is determined to fight inflation through rising interest rates. The Fed due to make their interest rate decision on Wednesday The SwissQuote tweeted about the expectations the market has ahead of the Fed’s interest rate hike decision on Wednesday. Fed will likely hike by 75bp ; SNB will likely follow! ▶️ Discover today's market highlights on our #MarketTalk with @IpekOzkardeskay: https://t.co/Lzfate1wod pic.twitter.com/ZnOfnyHVvM — Swissquote (in English) (@Swissquote) September 20, 2022 On Wednesday the Fed is due to make their interest rate decision, this interest rate decision came in the wake of the US CPI inflation results which were released during last weeks trading week. US Stock/Bond portfolio is suffering According to Charlie Bilello a US Stock/Bond portfolio is likely to experience its worse financial performance in 86 years. A 60/40 Portfolio of US Stocks/Bonds is down 16.2% in 2022, on pace for its worst calendar year since 1937. pic.twitter.com/d6gnbohRLw — Charlie Bilello (@charliebilello) September 20, 2022   A US portfolio that is split 60/40 between stocks and bonds is headed for its worst year since 1937. European central bank (ecb) determined to fight inflation The president of the ECB Christine Lagarde makes it clear that the ECB is determined to fight inflation through rising interest rates. We are determined to deliver price stability, and expect to raise interest rates further to achieve 2% inflation, says President @Lagarde. We must settle at a rate that ensures inflation returns durably to our target, as the economic environment evolves https://t.co/d5HvwVEiR0 pic.twitter.com/mCXxS1yk1f — European Central Bank (@ecb) September 20, 2022   The ECB is determined to deliver price stability through rising interest rates. The ECB is willing to settle the rate of inflation at its target.    Sources: twitter.com
The Fed Interest Rate Decision, Stock/Bond Portfolios, ECB’s Determination To Reach Price Stability  - 20.09.2022

The Fed Interest Rate Decision, Stock/Bond Portfolios, ECB’s Determination To Reach Price Stability - 20.09.2022

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 20.09.2022 23:00
On Wednesday the Fed is due to make their interest rate decision. A US portfolio that is split 60/40 between stocks and bonds is headed for its worst year since 1937. ECB is determined to deliver price stability through rising interest rates. In this article: The Fed’s Interest rate hike tomorrow. US Stock/Bond portfolio down. The ECB is determined to fight inflation through rising interest rates. The Fed due to make their interest rate decision on Wednesday The SwissQuote tweeted about the expectations the market has ahead of the Fed’s interest rate hike decision on Wednesday. Fed will likely hike by 75bp ; SNB will likely follow! â–¶ï¸Â Discover today's market highlights on our #MarketTalk with @IpekOzkardeskay: https://t.co/Lzfate1wod pic.twitter.com/ZnOfnyHVvM — Swissquote (in English) (@Swissquote) September 20, 2022   On Wednesday the Fed is due to make their interest rate decision, this interest rate decision came in the wake of the US CPI inflation results which were released during last weeks trading week. US Stock/Bond portfolio is suffering According to Charlie Bilello a US Stock/Bond portfolio is likely to experience its worse financial performance in 86 years. A 60/40 Portfolio of US Stocks/Bonds is down 16.2% in 2022, on pace for its worst calendar year since 1937. pic.twitter.com/d6gnbohRLw — Charlie Bilello (@charliebilello) September 20, 2022   A US portfolio that is split 60/40 between stocks and bonds is headed for its worst year since 1937. European central bank (ecb) determined to fight inflation The president of the ECB Christine Lagarde makes it clear that the ECB is determined to fight inflation through rising interest rates. We are determined to deliver price stability, and expect to raise interest rates further to achieve 2% inflation, says President @Lagarde. We must settle at a rate that ensures inflation returns durably to our target, as the economic environment evolves https://t.co/d5HvwVEiR0 pic.twitter.com/mCXxS1yk1f — European Central Bank (@ecb) September 20, 2022   The ECB is determined to deliver price stability through rising interest rates. The ECB is willing to settle the rate of inflation at its target. Sources: twitter.com
US Dollar Pushed Upwards Ahead Of The Fed’s Interest Rate Decision, Russia Not Showing Signs Of Slowing Down On The War (EUR/GBP), GBP/NZD

US Dollar Pushed Upwards Ahead Of The Fed’s Interest Rate Decision, Russia Not Showing Signs Of Slowing Down On The War (EUR/GBP), GBP/NZD

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 21.09.2022 19:03
Summary: Euro fell back to its lows from early September below parity with the US Dollar. ECB hawkish tone. Thursday may cause the GBP/NZD to drop to some of its lowest points since the months immediately following the Brexit referendum. Euro weakens as Putin dashed hope for an end to the Russia/Ukraine conflict The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. On Wednesday, the Euro fell back to its lows from early September below parity with the US Dollar as Russian President Vladimir Putin appeared to dash any remaining hope for a quick resolution to the war in Ukraine. Markets anticipate additional rate increases even if there is optimism that, at least in the US, inflation may finally be under control. The Fed is projected to increase rates by a full percentage point. The war in Ukraine is continuing to drive up the cost of energy and raw materials on a continent that is still recovering economically from the Covid epidemic, so the European Union cannot resort to such solace. EUR/USD Price Chart BoE interest rate decision due on Wednesday The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Although the European Central Bank has recently adopted a more hawkish tone, the Fed continues to have significantly more monetary firepower and flexibility to use it, according to the market. This opinion can only be strengthened by indications that the Ukrainian conflict will continue to rage. Great hopes: The markets are anticipating the Bank of England to raise interest rates twice in a row by 75 basis points, which might lead to a massive letdown for the British pound. As of right now, money markets are pricing in 200 basis point increases over the next three decisions, which means the Bank will need to raise rates by 75 basis points at two of those sessions. This is more than any other developed market central bank has requested. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/NZD currency pair During the midweek session, the New Zealand Dollar extended a 15-month downtrend against the U.S. Dollar and appeared to be headed for March 2020 lows. However, it may have better chances against Sterling, which could experience significant losses in the wake of Thursday's Bank of England (BoE) policy decision. If the author is correct in believing the BoE will actually raise rates much farther than all forecasts anticipate on Thursday, sterling's historically unfavorable reaction to Bank Rate rises could be doubly relevant for GBP/NZD this week. If this obviously improbable prediction comes true, then the BoE's decision on Thursday may cause the GBP/NZD to drop to some of its lowest points since the months immediately following the Brexit referendum. The decision on Thursday will be made just over a week after the Office for National Statistics reported a new increase in core inflation for August, and shortly after the Bank of England's Inflation Attitudes survey indicated that households' expectations for medium-term inflation remained at potentially alarming levels in July. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Did The Federal Reserve Beat Market Expectations During Their Wednesday Interest Rate Announcement?!

Did The Federal Reserve Beat Market Expectations During Their Wednesday Interest Rate Announcement?!

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 21.09.2022 20:04
Summary: The markets expected a 75bps hike from the Fed. Fed met expectations with a 75 bps rate hike. Chances of an economic recession persists. The Federal Reserve chose to hike their interest rates The Fed met market expectations by hiking interest rates by 75bps on Wednesday. In the wake of the August US CPI inflation numbers, the market priced in a 75bps rate hike from the Fed. As the Federal Reserve continues on its rate hiking cycle, the markets become increasingly concerned around the likelihood of a global economic recession. The effect of the interest rate hike on the US Dollar and the economy On the strength of another significant Federal Reserve rate hike this Wednesday, the Dollar is anticipated to remain sustained. The August inflation report reaffirmed expectations for another 75 basis point raise and language indicating the Fed will retain a solid commitment to bringing prices down, convincing investors that the Fed cannot yet wind down its rate-hiking cycle. The next "big moment" for the currency markets, and really all financial assets, will be when the Fed finally changes course and indicates the cycle of rate hikes is about to come to an end. The recent trends of Dollar strength and equity market downturn are anticipated to continue up until that point. When members of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) present their forecasts for where they believe interest rates will go in the future, there won't likely be any indications of a pivot (the infamous Dot Plot chart). However, the idea of general resilience in the US economy should continue to be the baseline scenario. Revisions to other economic estimates are anticipated to indicate some signals of a worsening economic outlook. Investors discounting a drop in future corporate earnings and fearing a deeper global recession through the latter part of 2022 and into 2023 would certainly put pressure on global stock markets. Sources: poundsterlinglive.com, investing.com
Did The Bank of England Miss, Meet or Beat Market Expectations?!

Did The Bank of England Miss, Meet or Beat Market Expectations?!

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 22.09.2022 13:11
Summary: BoE interest rate decision. Any post-decision gains are expected to be sold into and prove fleeting. The BoE missed market expectations on Thursday regarding their interest rate hike decision. The BoE Missed market expectations The Bank of England (BoE) announced they would raise their central bank interest rate 50bps, missing the market's expectation of 75bps. The effect of the BoE interest rate hiking decision It is unclear what the effect of the BoE rising interest rates will have on the pound sterling currency. The exchange rate might increase if the Bank increases interest rates by 75 basis points, which would be the greatest increase since 1989, and shifts its prognosis for the economy. But for a central bank that has a history of falling short of market expectations and emphasizing the downside risks to the economy, this is a huge ask. The most plausible worst-case scenario would involve the Bank raising rates by less than anticipated (say, 50 bps) and cautioning that the economic outlook is still uncertain and subject to downside risks. The odds favor a downside reaction, according to currency market observers, and any post-decision gains are expected to be sold into and prove fleeting. A worldwide energy crisis, deteriorating domestic balance of payments, declining stock markets, an unrelentingly strong dollar, and an uncooperative Bank of England have all contributed to the Pound's bad year. The Bank of England's monetary policy is the one area where decision-makers have the power to provide the Pound with some short-term comfort, despite the fact that many of these challenges are medium- to long-term concerns and global in scope. Some of the pessimism and negative positioning may be challenged if the Bank shocks the markets with a more "hawkish" tone, allowing for a short-term leg upward. A rate increase of 75 basis points plus any improved commentary from the Bank may help the pound that day. Sources: poundsterlinglive.com
EUR/USD Touch 19-year Lows, BoE Interest Rate Decision (EUR/GBP), SNB Signals End Of Its Interest Rate Hiking Cycle (EUR/CHF)

EUR/USD Touch 19-year Lows, BoE Interest Rate Decision (EUR/GBP), SNB Signals End Of Its Interest Rate Hiking Cycle (EUR/CHF)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 22.09.2022 16:16
Summary: The SNB increased its interest rate for a second time on Thursday. BoE increased interest rates on Thursday by 50 basis points. Fed 75bps interest rate hike. EUR/USD touching 19 year lows The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. In the wake of the Federal Reserve's 75bps interest rate hike the falling wedge, which was keeping the door open for bullish reversal possibilities, is invalidated as the EUR/USD has dropped to a new 19-year bottom and is currently clinging to the swing-low from earlier in September, which is located between.9862 and.9876. As a result, the bearish side of the coin is once again in focus for the EUR/USD pair. Resistance is possible around the previous support level of.9950 as well as at parity if bulls can produce a stronger pullback. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP plummeted in the minutes after BoE interest rate announcement The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The Bank of England increased interest rates on Thursday by 50 basis points, which was less than the 75 basis points the market was anticipating, and the British Pound plummeted in the minutes that followed. The pound had a sell-off in response to the boost that was lower than expected, and economists predict greater losses for the UK currency. The exchange rate between the pound and the euro dropped by 0.5 percent to 1.1434 in the 15 minutes after the decision, but it had recovered to 1.1470 by the time the U.S. stock market opened, bringing bank transfer rates to roughly 1.1240 and payment specialist rates to roughly 1.1440. EUR/GBP Price Chart SNB signals the end of their interest rate hiking cycle The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The Swiss National Bank (SNB) increased its interest rate for a second time on Thursday, which caused the Swiss Franc to weaken. However, the SNB also warned against expecting future rate hikes through its inflation projections. After the SNB hiked its cash rate from -0.25% to 0.5% in a monetary policy move that echoed the Federal Reserve's on Wednesday, the Swiss Franc fell against a number of other currencies. Even while the Swiss central bank did not rule out future interest rate hikes, September's updated predictions suggested that, given the two increases in borrowing costs announced to date, the Swiss inflation rate will likely return to, if not fall below, 2% at the end of the forecast horizon. This suggests that Swiss authorities may already have done enough to bring inflation back in line with their concept of price stability. EUR/CHF Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Analysis Of The US Dollar Currency Index Price Movement

US Dollars Momentum Supported By Fed Interest Rate Hiking Road Map (EUR/USD, USD/CAD), UK & Europe Could Already Be In A Recession (EUR/GBP)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 23.09.2022 19:01
Summary: EUR/USD is close to 20 years lows. The UK and the Eurozone may have already entered recession in the third quarter of the year. Canadian Dollar plunged to its lowest level against the U.S. Dollar since July 2020. US Dollar remains supported The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. A day after the Federal Reserve approved another sizable hike and promised to keep tightening monetary policy firmly in order to control inflation, the EUR/USD lacked confidence on Thursday, fluctuating between tiny gains and losses. This is probably due to rising U.S. Treasury yields. The exchange rate is very close to one of its lowest points in more than 20 years, having fallen dramatically from the overnight session high of 0.9907 and trading mostly flat on the day at 0.9843. The Fed's hawkish roadmap, which anticipates 150 basis points of additional tightening up to the terminal rate of 4.6% in 2023, as well as its commitment to maintaining a restrictive stance for an extended period of time, should keep U.S. rates biased to the upside and support the dollar's momentum in the FX market. EUR/USD Price Chart Europe & the UK may have already entered recession The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. According to analyst and economist readings of the data, the latest round of S&P Global PMI Surveys of the manufacturing and services sectors revealed on Friday that the economies of the UK and the Eurozone may have already entered recession in the third quarter of the year. Energy markets and developments in Ukraine, where Russian occupation troops are anticipated to be strengthened following substantial recent setbacks for the invading army at the hands of Ukrainian forces, also attracted attention in Europe. EUR/GBP Price Chart USD/CAD The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. This week, during another turbulent time for risky assets, the Canadian Dollar plunged to its lowest level against the U.S. Dollar since July 2020; however, updated BMO Capital Markets forecasts suggest that it may be due for one of the most significant recoveries if and when the dollar reaches its peak. The Canadian Dollar lost ground to the Swiss Franc on Friday as it dropped close to 73 cents versus the U.S. Dollar, but it still made significant gains over other currencies, several of which hit new multi-decade lows against the U.S. unit. USD/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The GBP/USD Pair Did Not Reach The Nearest Target Level Of 1.2259

US Dollar Dictating Marker Movements (EUR/USD, GBP/USD), BoE Introduce Further Tax Cuts (EUR/GBP)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 26.09.2022 20:17
Summary: The Euro remains a weak currency and appears to be headed for additional declines. GBP attempted to stabilize and recover the majority of its losses from the flash crash. BoE current monetary policy will probably lead to escalating inflation pressures. EUR/USD at lowest level in more than 20 years The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. According to their most recent research, the German Ifo institute is the latest organization to issue a warning that the nation is likely to experience a recession in the upcoming quarters due to businesses' elevated level of pessimism for those months. The figures released today fell short of forecasts and numbers from the previous month. The Ifo report is the first of many German publications scheduled for this week that will provide a clearer picture of the status of the German economy. Earlier in the session, the US dollar's strength led to the Euro falling to its lowest level versus the US dollar in more than 20 years. The Euro remains a weak currency and appears to be headed for additional declines, while market movements are being dictated by the dollar across the board. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP bearish The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. According to a top economic research agency, the Bank of England must take the initiative and raise UK interest rates significantly if the collapse of the British Pound is to be stopped. The Pound has declined in value relative to every other currency in the globe, with the Pound to Euro exchange rate falling below 1.10. The British pound is currently stabilizing and recovering the majority of its losses from the flash crash. The projections for the British pound have been drastically cut by investment firm Goldman Sachs, indicating that additional losses against the Euro and a revisit of recent lows against the Dollar are possible. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP lost 4.8% The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. This morning's Asian trading, which is often characterized by low transaction volume and little price volatility, saw an unusually steep decline in the British pound of over 4.8%. The big price change may have been influenced by the low transaction volume (reduced liquidity), but the main driver was the UK's new Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng's announcement of more tax cuts, the largest in 50 years! Looking at the Bank of England's (BoE) current monetary policy, it is clear that the institution wants to raise interest rates to combat the inflation issue; however, a lax fiscal policy, such as energy price caps, which may benefit consumers in the short term, will probably lead to escalating inflation pressures in the medium and long terms once the fiscal support is removed. The local currency's decline, which makes inflation prone to increases, is a further contributor to the issue. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Agressive Rate Hikes By The Fed Did Not Lead To A Deeper Recession

EUR/USD Close To 20-year Lows, IMF Criticizes The UK Government (EUR/GBP, GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 28.09.2022 19:15
Summary: The Euro is looking down at a 20-year low against the US Dollar. A BoE statement said that it would interfere in the bond markets. Federal Reserve could be obliged to speed up the rate at which it raises interest rates. US Treasury 10-year note exceeds 4% The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. As a result of a mix of Fed and White House rhetoric that puts the brakes on a shift in market conditions, the Euro is looking down a 20-year low against the US Dollar. Overnight, St. Louis Federal Reserve President James Bullard reiterated the determination of the Fed to stare down price pressures when he said, “There’s a lot of tightening in the pipeline,” and “we have a serious inflation problem in the US.” Evans and Kashkari, two additional Fed board members, backed up his aggressive remarks. Treasury rates in some areas of the curve have increased to levels unseen in decades as a result of all this talk. For the first time since 2008, the yield on the 10-year note exceeded 4%. Government bond yields in developed markets around the world are escalating. The probable disruption of three Russian gas pipelines has made the situation in the Euro worse and driven up prices. EUR/USD Price Chart British pound to dropped quickly on Wednesday The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The UK government's fiscal stimulus program, which was revealed last Friday and over the weekend, has received harsh criticism from the International Monetary Fund. Huw Pill, the chief economist at the Bank of England, said that the monetary policy should react appropriately to the fiscal policy. The Bank of England's statement that it would interfere in the bond markets caused the British pound to drop quickly, but a recovery later in the day indicated that markets are generally supportive of the central bank's decision to settle the bond markets. The Bank said unexpectedly that it would purchase long-dated UK assets in order to limit their yields. EUR/GBP Price Chart Pound has a strong inverse relationship with risk The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The publication of better-than-expected statistics out of the U.S. overnight caused a decline in global markets, which in turn led investors to wager that the Federal Reserve could be obliged to speed up the rate at which it raises interest rates. Stock markets were affected by expectations of rising rates, which also helped the dollar and put pressure on other weaker currencies like the pound. The Pound has a strong inverse relationship with risk and tends to decline as the world markets decline. The announcement of new orders for durable goods data, which showed a dip of 0.2% in August but was better than the average expectation for a decline of 0.3%, was what first caused the decline in Sterling and other risk-sensitive assets. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
US Dollar May Strengthen As A Result Of The US PCE Update (EUR/USD, USD/CAD) GBP Seeks To Strengthen Against The Euro

US Dollar May Strengthen As A Result Of The US PCE Update (EUR/USD, USD/CAD) GBP Seeks To Strengthen Against The Euro

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 29.09.2022 19:06
Summary: Consumer confidence figures from the Eurozone decreased by 3.8 points. GBP seeks to continue strengthening against the Euro. Eurozone forecast looks dismal The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The final consumer confidence figures from the Eurozone decreased by 3.8 points to -28.8 in September 2022, which was in line with initial projections and the lowest reading since the series' inception in 1985. The majority of factors, such as householders' appraisals of their past financial situations, outlooks on their future financial situations, plans to make significant purchases, and expectations regarding the state of the economy as a whole, all had a role in the sharp fall. A minor improvement in industrial mood could be fleeting given the future energy issues. The eurozone's forecast for the remaining months of the year is still dismal. The geopolitical tension surrounding the alleged sabotage of Nord Stream has made matters worse, and the eurozone is currently debating its ninth round of penalties as a result. However, restrictions on Russian gas continue to be a divisive matter inside the EU, with the commission advising countries that a combination of measures is needed rather than merely market intervention. The eurozone would have wanted to avoid this additional anxiety as it gets ready for an uncertain winter. EUR/USD Price Chart Markets awaiting German inflation release The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. In spite of easing pressures on UK bond markets and ongoing weakness in the Euro-Dollar exchange rate, the British Pound seeks to continue strengthening against the Euro. The inflation rate in North Rhine Westphalia, the most populated state in Germany, increased by 10.1% year over year in September, marking the highest increase since the early 1950s. This caused a decline in the value of the euro. The information raised concerns that German inflation data, which would be released later in the day, would confirm that the UK's stagflationary crisis is gripping Europe's largest economy as well. Separately, Germany’s network authority said gas use was well above average last week and urged homes and companies to make greater savings to avert a shortage this winter. EUR/GBP Price Chart US PCE update due The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. As the Relative Strength Index (RSI) retreats from an extreme reading, the recent rally in USD/CAD appears to be coming to an end after clearing the high of July 2020 (1.3646). The core reading, the Fed's preferred measure of inflation, is forecast to increase to 4.7% in August from 4.6% per year in July, and signs of persistent price growth may force the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) to maintain its approach to combating inflation as the central bank pursues a restrictive policy. This could cause the US dollar to strengthen as a result of the US PCE update. As a result, the US Dollar may continue to perform better than its Canadian counterpart because the Summary of Economic Projections (SEP) show a steeper path for the Fed Funds rate, and USD/CAD may show a bullish trend for the rest of the year because the Bank of Canada (BoC) appears to be on track to implement smaller rate hikes in the upcoming months. USD/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Analysis Of The AUD/JPY Currency Pair Scenarios

RBA Missed Market Expectations With Their Interest Rate Decision

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 04.10.2022 12:59
Summary: AUD declines in the wake of the RBA interest rate decision. 25bps interest rate hike from the RBA. AUD weaker. RBA 25bps interest rate decision The Australian Dollar fell when the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) announced a 25 basis point increase in interest rates, indicating that the peak in Australian interest rates was approaching. Markets anticipated another 50bp increase, but the action caught them off guard. The RBA stated in a statement that additional interest rate hikes were still necessary to reduce inflation, although economists now believe only one more increase is now expected. The 'dovish' outcome resulted in a weaker Australian Dollar relative to the bulk of G10 currencies. The Pound to Australian Dollar rose by a third of a percent to 1.7480, its highest level since early August. "AUD is a significant underperformer after the RBA hiked 25bp against a consensus for a 50bp move," says Adam Cole, Chief Currency Strategist at RBC Capital Markets. Effect of interest rate hiking on the AUD The cash rate has now increased six times in a row by the RBA, reaching 2.60%, which Governor Philip Lowe described as a "substantial" rate of tightening. The Australian Dollar may no longer receive rate support as a result of the RBA's rate hike cycle, but one expert claims that the prognosis for the currency is actually positive. According to ANZ, in order to guarantee that inflation does reach its goal level, the cash rate will need to increase to obviously restrictive territory above 3%. "The slower pace of rate hikes now points to the tightening cycle extending into 2023," says Plank. Plank observes that the 25bp decision and overall tone of the statement have significantly reduced market expectations for future interest rate increases. In the wake of the decision, three-year ACGB futures are trading at an implied yield of 3.3%, which is over 40 bps lower than Monday's closing. Sources: investing.com, poundsterlinglive.com
USD Falls 3.3% From Wednesday's High (EUR/USD), UK Chancellor Moves Up Fiscal Plan (EUR/GBP), RBA Missed Market Expectations (GBP/AUD)

USD Falls 3.3% From Wednesday's High (EUR/USD), UK Chancellor Moves Up Fiscal Plan (EUR/GBP), RBA Missed Market Expectations (GBP/AUD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 04.10.2022 20:40
Summary: The US dollar has fallen by as much as 3.3%. GBP supported in the wake of Kwarteng plans to move up the publishing of his fiscal plan. RBA interest rate announcement. Investors wonder if the USD has peaked The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Since the high of last Wednesday, the US dollar has fallen by as much as 3.3%, and many are wondering if the USD has peaked. Given how severely overbought the dollar had been, this retreat appears to be a trend correction without any indication of anything bigger. Price is getting close to some important support, though, and how it performs around those levels will be crucial for deciding on a short-term course of action. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP supported on Tuesday In an effort to restore market confidence, Chancellor of the Exchequer Kwasi Kwarteng announced he was moving up the publishing of his fiscal plan, which gave the British Pound another lift. Originally slated for distribution on November 23, the plan will instead be given later this month, according to a story published late Monday. Importantly, a complete set of estimates from the Office for Budget Responsibility will be included with the proposal (OBR). The developments ensured a late-session rise in the pound sterling on Monday, resulting in a 1.15% increase in the pound's value relative to the euro. The improvements coincide with the pound's larger resurgence as markets restore their faith in UK assets after a turbulent time. EUR/GBP Price Chart RBA weaker in the wake of interest rate announcement The Australian Dollar fell when the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) announced a 25 basis point increase in interest rates, indicating that the peak in Australian interest rates was approaching. Markets anticipated another 50bp increase, but the action caught them off guard. The RBA stated in a statement that additional interest rate hikes were still necessary to reduce inflation, although economists now believe only one more increase is now expected. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
U.S Dollar Remains Supported (EUR/USD), High Inflation Could Drive UK Economy Into A Recession (EUR/GBP, AUD/GBP)

U.S Dollar Remains Supported (EUR/USD), High Inflation Could Drive UK Economy Into A Recession (EUR/GBP, AUD/GBP)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 06.10.2022 18:55
Summary: Ongoing devaluation of other currencies by the U.S. Dollar. Decreased predictions for UK economic growth. Australia's trade surplus decreased in August despite an increase in imports. U.S Dollar remains in high demand The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. According to International Monetary Fund (IMF) data, the ongoing devaluation of other currencies by the U.S. Dollar consumed more than $500BN of official reserves in the second quarter, and it can be inferred reasonably from this that the reserve cost of the Dollar rally exceeded $1 trillion in September. The dollar was again in demand throughout the trading afternoon on Wednesday, but noticeably more so after the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) Services PMI for September tended to portray the key sector of the American economy as being more resilient than forecasts had predicted. EUR/USD Price Chart Predictions for UK economy looks poor The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. According to economists, a worse recession would result in larger losses for the pound. They are also decreasing their predictions for UK economic growth. Economic experts predict that high inflation will cause the UK economy to enter a recession, but rising interest rates due to external reasons and the market's response to the "mini budget" will widen the extent of the slump. "The cost of living crisis will be exacerbated by a cost of borrowing crisis," explains Capital Economics in a new note in which they say they now expect a deeper recession than previously forecast. EUR/GBP Price Chart Australian Trade Surplus decreased Another data release confirming Australia's continued trade surplus helped the Australian dollar gain strength, but analysts warn that a peak in commodity prices and challenges to the global economy raise the possibility of underperformance. According to the ABS, Australia's trade surplus decreased in August despite an increase in imports. A positive trade surplus suggests that a nation is generating more foreign currency than it is spending, which provides a fundamental source of support for a currency. Australia's trade surplus has increased over the past few months as the value of its commodities exports has soared and amid a fall in demand for imports brought on by the Covid-induced economic slowdown. However, the trade surplus is shrinking due to indications that commodity prices have peaked, a continued post-covid recovery, the increase in the price of other significant imports, and these factors together. AUD/GBP Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Agressive Rate Hikes By The Fed Did Not Lead To A Deeper Recession

Eurozone Confidence Declining (EUR/USD), GBP Under Pressure (EUR/GBP)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 11.10.2022 16:38
Summary: The Euro continues its battle with the US Dollar. UK's trillion-pound debt markets are buckling under the weight of further Bank of England interventions. Sterling found support early in the new week against the CAD. Euro on the decline as recession fears persist The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The Euro's battle with the dollar continued into the new week as a risk-off mindset and increasing yields put the dollar in the lead. We witnessed a spike in geopolitical tensions between Russia and Ukraine as a result of a number of missile attacks that Russian President Vladimir Putin said were in response for the bombing of a bridge that connects Russia to the Crimean Peninsula. As recession fears persist, confidence in the Eurozone keeps declining. Another 75bp increase from the European Central Bank (ECB) is still anticipated later this month, which is necessary given the most recent double-digit inflation reading. Regarding the rate hike path required to control inflation, US Fed policymakers last week seemed to be singing from the same hymn book. Lael Brainard and Charles Evans, two well-known doves, yesterday broke with the rhetoric and used a tad more dovish language. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP is under pressure The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The British pound is under pressure amid indications that the UK's trillion-pound debt markets are buckling under the weight of further Bank of England interventions. The Bank of England said on Tuesday that index-linked gilts will now be a part of its expanded gilt purchasing program. Given that UK RPI inflation was 12.3% in August, these gilts (UK government bonds) are understandably becoming more expensive for the government. But considering that the new administration decided to spend a lot of money on subsidizing family energy costs while simultaneously lowering taxes, the UK's bond market has suffered more than others. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP supported against the CAD The rise in the Pound to Canadian Dollar exchange rate that began in the month of October has since experienced a corrective decline, but Sterling found support early in the new week just above the 1.51 handle and may now be expected to temporarily consolidate its recovery. If Sterling continues to accept the most recent developments in the UK government bond market, where the Bank of England (BoE) has been providing emergency liquidity to address issues related with some pension funds, it may find more support this week around the latter level. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Both The US CPI & Core CPI Inflation Beat Market’s Forecasted Figures

Both The US CPI & Core CPI Inflation Beat Market’s Forecasted Figures

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 13.10.2022 15:19
Summary: US CPI inflation beat market expectations. US Core CPI inflation beat market expectations. Initial market reaction. US CPI & Core CPI Inflation beat market expectations After breaking out last week, the US dollar is maintaining its recent highs. The primary US catalyst for this week is the release of CPI data today. According to economists surveyed by Reuters, the CPI is anticipated to have risen by 8.1% in September compared to the same month a year prior, which is only slightly less than the 8.3% annual increase seen in August. The actual US CPI inflation (YoY) came in at 8.2%, beating market expectations. For the White House and legislative Democrats, the continued high inflation has been a major political concern, overshadowing the coronavirus pandemic's quick recovery and the creation of millions of jobs since Joe Biden took office. The Core CPI is anticipated to rise for a second consecutive month, with the rate rising to 6.5% in September from 6.3% in August. Additionally, the Summary of Economic Projections (SEP) shows a higher path for US interest rates, which could fuel anticipation for another 75bp Fed rate hike. The actual US Core CPI inflation (MoM) came in at 6.6%, also beating market expectations. Effect on the markets The market will probably jerk in either direction after the September CPI report is released. The bar remains very high to change the perception surrounding a 75 basis point rate hike from the FOMC in November, despite the possibility of volatility across asset classes. The Federal Reserve may face pressure to maintain its approach to battling inflation if the core CPI increases once again, according to the minutes from the September meeting that revealed “many participants emphasized that the cost of taking too little action to bring down inflation likely outweighed the cost of taking too much action.” The initial reaction from the EUR/USD was bearish, USD/JPY was bullish as the dollar strengthened in the wake of the news, the S&P500 also jumped and Bitcoin remained on a downward trend. Sources: investing.com, financialtimes.com, finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com
Federal Reserve Remains Hawkish (EUR/USD), Political Uncertainty In Westminster Circus (EUR/GBP, GBP/USD)

Federal Reserve Remains Hawkish (EUR/USD), Political Uncertainty In Westminster Circus (EUR/GBP, GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 17.10.2022 20:24
Summary: Fedspeak is back in the spotlight this week. EUR/GBP reached one-month highs last week. Fedspeak is back in the spotlight after strong CPI inflation The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. As markets process the strong CPI number from last week, Fedspeak is back in the spotlight this week. Given the lack of significant new data this week, market players will probably give Fed speech and corporate earnings more weight. Recent Federal Reserve speakers have kept up the "hawkish drum," with the majority seeing the lack of inflation progress as justification for continuing with aggressive rate hikes. Since recent remarks suggest the Fed is seeking some pain in both housing and employment in order to reduce inflation, the persistent tightness in the domestic labor market continues to be a talking topic for Federal Reserve officials. Chair Jerome Powell's hawkish comments at Jackson Hole, when Powell threw a warning shot across the financial markets' bow, abruptly shifted the atmosphere surrounding a soft landing. Market investors are still firm in their desire to price in a Fed policy reversal, but with inflation where it is, such a turnabout for the central bank is all but unthinkable. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP reached one month highs The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The exchange rate between the pound and the euro reached one-month highs last week, but it may now find it difficult to rise much further in the days to come and even be at risk of new selling as the Westminster Circus once again devolves into the type of farce most typical of one of those vintage Carry On movies. With political instability and uncertainty once again at the top of the agenda, the pound surged strongly last week amid rumors that HM Treasury would withdraw some of the spending commitments made in the late-September budget. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/USD recovered slightly The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The Pound to Dollar exchange rate has recently recovered significantly, but it may take a setback for the Dollar to advance further this week, in part because Sterling faces dangers related to the possibility of another Prime Minister in the Banana Republic of Westminster being booted from power. The news that HM Treasury would be able to postpone some of the spending promises made public in the late-September budget statement helped the value of the pound last week. However, political instability and uncertainty are once again at the forefront of this week's events. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Saxo Bank And JP Morgan's Negative Views On The Outlook For British Economic Growth

ECB Seems To Have Limited Options (EUR/USD), Concerns In UK Bond Market (EUR/GBP), JPY Drops To 1990 Lows (USD/JPY)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 18.10.2022 15:31
Summary: Markets are betting on a 90% chance that ECB will enforce another 75bp hike. GBP's impressive run came to an abrupt end. JPY dropped to lows last seen in August 1990. ECB seems limited in their options The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The European Central Bank (ECB)'s are limited in their options in light of the most recent CPI reading. The ECB's case for continuing to raise rates in pursuit of its 2% target may be strengthened by today's stronger ZEW statistics. The concern is that by doing this, the central bank could risk sending the economy back into a recession, which would be indicated by the dropping ZEW current conditions print. On the other hand, if the central bank does nothing, the euro may lose further ground to the dollar. The final CPI report on Wednesday and today's data print will be crucial as the ECB begins its pre-meeting blackout period on Thursday. As the central bank works to achieve its 2% target, markets are putting in a 90% chance that there will be another 75bp increase at the meeting next week. We will hear from ECB policymaker Isabel Schnabel later in the day. She is anticipated to maintain the rhetoric of rate increases despite the fragility of the Eurozone economies. EUR/USD Price Chart Concerns in UK bond markets The market is reflecting mixed sentiment for this currency pair. Following some fresh concern in the UK bond markets on Tuesday, the British Pound's impressive run came to an abrupt end. Following the Bank of England's forced denial that it would further delay its program of quantitative tightening, UK gilts declined and the yield they offered increased. After the recent instability in the bond market, The Financial Times reported on Tuesday that the Bank was prepared to postpone the program. After reaching a high of 1.1576 earlier in the day, the exchange rate between the British pound and the euro dropped to 1.1490. This brings the rates for bank transfers to around 1.1260 and the prices provided by payment specialists to around 1.1450. EUR/GBP Price Chart JPY continues to lose against the USD The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Earlier in the session, the Japanese Yen dropped to lows last seen in August 1990 as it continues to lose value against the US dollar. Little has changed for the Yen as Japanese authorities appear ready to allow the currency to continue to decline by controlling bond yields. The yield on 10-year JGBs is restricted to 0.25%. In contrast, as the Fed keeps raising interest rates, US Treasury yields continue to trade at or close to multi-year highs. The benchmark 10-year UST is quoted with a yield of 4.00%, which is approximately 375 basis points higher than the comparable JGB. The rate-sensitive 2-year UST trades with a yield of about 4.45%. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
The GBP/USD Pair Did Not Reach The Nearest Target Level Of 1.2259

GBP CPI Inflation (YoY) Came In Hotter Than Expectations

8 eightcap 8 eightcap 19.10.2022 08:25
Summary: GBP September 2022 YoY inflation, beat market expectations. Affect on the GBP. GBP CPI Inflation The market has predicted a CPI YoY inflation figure of 10%, the actual data came in at 10.1%, which was hotter than expected by the market. The inflation reading is likely to set off expectations on the future interest rate hiking path of the Bank of England (BoE). The higher than expected inflation reading is likely to set investor confidence in the direction of a continuing hawkish BoE interest rate hiking cycle, causing investor confidence in the GBP to increase and therefore strengthening the pound sterling currency. Following some fresh concern in the UK bond markets on Tuesday, the British Pound's impressive run came to an abrupt end. Following the Bank of England's forced denial that it would further delay its program of quantitative tightening, UK gilts declined and the yield they offered increased.  This is the procedure through which it sells the gilts it acquired as part of its quantitative easing strategy back to the market. A crucial element of the Bank's strategy for normalizing monetary policy as it battles inflation is quantitative tightening. After the recent instability in the bond market, The Financial Times reported on Tuesday that the Bank was prepared to postpone the program. Effect of the CPI reading on the GBP It is no secret that the pound sterling has had a tough year on the forex markets. The near-term outlook for the pound has significantly improved, according to foreign exchange strategists at BMO Capital, and more gains are possible if the UK leadership is changed in the next two weeks. The Kwarteng catastrophic "mini-budget" in September, which offered the largest tax cuts in 50 years at a time when the U.K. economy is already experiencing significant inflation, is blamed by the government for the turmoil the pound sterling is currently experiencing. The Bank of England had to step in to prevent the collapse of a significant portion of the U.K. pension system after Kwarteng's actions drove the pound to an all-time low against the dollar and set off a sell-off in government bonds. The initial market reaction showed a weakening in the GBP/USD currency pair, and a strengthening in the EUR/GBP currency pair as investors weigh GBP prospects. Sources: poundsterlinglive.com, investing.com
TEST

Dow Jones Increased Overnight, GBP Could Rally If UK Leadership Changed

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 19.10.2022 11:27
Summary: Dow Jones futures all increased overnight as investors focused on Netflix (NFLX). The near-term outlook for the pound has significantly improved. Dow Jones Index Rally The S&P 500, Nasdaq, and Dow Jones futures all increased overnight as investors focused on Netflix (NFLX) subscriber growth and anticipated Tesla earnings. The effort at a stock market rally extended advances on Tuesday, but the session ended well below highs. Although the market rise is still going strong, nothing yet has been proven. Investors should exercise caution and pay great attention. In Q3, Netflix's subscriber growth was substantially stronger than anticipated, and the leader in streaming TV is optimistic about Q4 subscribers. Earnings also exceeded expectations. The rise in Netflix's shares suggested a breakout. Overnight, Roku (ROKU) and Disney (DIS) both increased. In comparison to fair value, Dow Jones futures gained 0.6%, with DIS stock contributing a slight gain. Futures for the S&P 500 rose 0.7%. Futures for the Nasdaq 100 rose 1.4%. United Airlines and NFLX stock both make up the S&P 500 and Nasdaq 100. DJI Price Chart GBP could rally in the wake of UK leadership change The near-term outlook for the pound has significantly improved, according to foreign exchange strategists at BMO Capital, and more gains are possible if the UK leadership is changed in the next two weeks. They claim that such a development is very plausible. The call follows the dramatic about-face in UK fiscal policy that newly-installed Chancellor Jeremy Hunt revealed. In order to fully restore market confidence in the UK government and finances, Hunt undid all of his predecessor's tax cuts. This was followed by a decline in UK gilt yields and a rise in the value of the pound. The reversal was unavoidable given that the world markets recoiled at the generosity of the new prime minister Liz Truss' economic plans, which called for large tax cuts that would be paid for by borrowing.
ECB Likely To Remain Hawkish (EUR/USD), U.K CPI Inflation Returns To Double Digits (EUR/GBP), BoJ Unbothered By Weak Yen (USD/JPY)

ECB Likely To Remain Hawkish (EUR/USD), U.K CPI Inflation Returns To Double Digits (EUR/GBP), BoJ Unbothered By Weak Yen (USD/JPY)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 19.10.2022 18:54
Summary: Eurozone CPI inflation missed double digits. UK inflation increased from 9.9% to 10.1%. USD/JPY has positive carry. Eurozone inflation beat market expectations The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The data, which narrowly avoided the 10% inflation mark as compared to September of last year, would undoubtedly support the recent hawkish stance taken by senior ECB members. Centeno and Visco, two ECB members, will get the chance to comment on the most recent inflation data later today as ECB talk is expected to slow down before the required blackout period prior to Thursday's rate decision. There is a new significant market driver in town as the US is currently in earnings season. This will highlight a variety of subjective factors because what US company executives say can start to shape expectations for future quarters' results. The key question at this time is how the sudden and sharp spike in rates has affected businesses. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP limped temporarily The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. After Office for National Statistics data indicated that inflation increased more than anticipated in September, the Pound Sterling temporarily limped against the Dollar and the Euro. However, this outcome does little to deter the Bank of England (BoE) from raising interest rates aggressively in November. In September, UK inflation increased from 9.9% to 10.1%, defying the expectation of economists who had expected the annual rate of price growth to exceed 10% for the previous month. EUR/GBP Price Chart USD/JPY remains positive The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The carry is still positive for the USD/JPY currency pair, and it will continue to be so as long as US interest rates are still rising and Japanese monetary policy is as it is. A weak Yen isn't all that awful for Japan, and it doesn't seem to be causing much concern at the central bank, according to BoJ Governor Kuroda. However, since the intervention was requested by the Ministry of Finance late last month, the same cannot be stated there. There is a new significant market driver in town as the US is currently in earnings season. This will highlight a variety of subjective factors because what US company executives say can start to shape expectations for future quarters' results. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Fed Needed To Get Rates Above 5% Sooner Rather Than Later

Rising Fed Fund Rates Offer US Dollar Support (EUR/USD), UK Retail Sales Data Came In Hotter Than Expected (EUR/GBP, GBP/JPY)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 21.10.2022 19:30
Summary: Rising Fed funds rate estimates have benefited the dollar. U.K retail sales data. JPY rallied on Friday. USD supported by hawkish fed The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Throughout the past week, the EUR/USD pair has struggled to find any definitive direction, and this morning was no exception. As bulls and bears continue their conflict, the pair has stayed largely range bound because next week will bring a number of important data events. Since last week's US CPI reading, the pair had experienced a rally, but this week's return of the dollar bulls has stopped any effort at an upward rise. Rising Fed funds rate estimates have benefited the dollar, with markets now projecting a peak rate of roughly 5%, up from 4.75% last week. As a result of this as well as rising Treasury yields, investors have continued to view the dollar as their favorite haven, keeping it strong. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP struggles as UK Retail Data misses market expectations The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. After Office for National Statistics (ONS) statistics revealed that UK retail sales collapsed in September, the pound fell into the week's final session, effectively wiping out more than two years of gains made since the first coronavirus-inspired closure of the economy in 2020. When measured by the number of products purchased, retail expenditure declined by 1.4% in September. This was a far worse decline than the -0.5% consensus estimate and came along with a downward revision to the ONS estimate for August sales growth, which was restated as -1.7%. EUR/GBP Price Chart JPY rally supporting GBP The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. A stunning Japanese Yen surge that seemed to be the catalyst for a market-wide decline in Dollar exchange rates, which was then followed by rumors of direct involvement from the Tokyo government and Bank of Japan (BoJ). The Yen appreciated by over five huge figures versus the dollar, which had previously run roughshod over all other currencies, while the Pound Sterling, which had been mired in the red, saw a notable rally against it late on Friday. GBP/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Markets Still Hope That The Fed May Consider Softer Decision

ECB Expected To Raise Interest Rates By 75bps On Thursday (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), UK & US Have Conflicting Economic Outlooks (GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 24.10.2022 18:55
Summary: The ECB interest rate decision is unlikely to have much impact on the Euro. The markets Reaction to the ECB interest rate decision on Thursday, could be positive for the GBP. Sterling increased significantly from the market's opening. Global Eurozone PMI Composite Output Index decreased The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. According to the 'flash' figure, the seasonally adjusted S&P Global Eurozone PMI Composite Output Index decreased from 48.1 in September to 47.1 in October. The indicator indicated that business activity in the eurozone has fallen for a fourth time in a row. The most recent result was the lowest since April 2013 when pandemic numbers were excluded. A 75bp increase is already anticipated by the market for the meeting on Thursday, although it is unlikely to have much of an impact on the euro. The Eurozone's generally dismal outlook is unlikely to change as today's data strengthen recessionary fears. It is highly challenging to argue for a halt in rate increases as long as inflation stays high, with ECB Chief Economist Phillip Lane saying the bank views the neutral rate as being just above the 1-2% range. If Lane is right, more rate increases would be coming for the zone, which theoretically might hasten a recession. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP supported by Boris Johnson being turned away from PM The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The Pound to Euro exchange rate started the new week on a positive note, but it might find it difficult to maintain Monday's gains far beyond the 1.15 level unless this Thursday's European Central Bank (ECB) decision causes the market to turn even further away from the euro. On Monday, the pound gained significantly from the opening price after a faction of the ruling Conservative Party was successful in preventing former Prime Minister Boris Johnson from taking part in the most recent process for choosing a new Prime Minister. The market's reaction to the European Central Bank's interest rate decision on Thursday, which is widely anticipated to increase its benchmark interest rate by three quarters of a percentage point for a second consecutive time, will likely have a significant impact on the Pound's performance this week. EUR/GBP Price Chart UK & US contrasting economic outlook The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The pound to dollar exchange rate has experienced a recent surge and may increase further in the near future, but it runs the risk of falling as the week progresses and attention shifts back to the increasingly contrasting economic outlooks of the UK and the US. After some members of the governing Conservative Party were successful in preventing former Prime Minister Boris Johnson from taking part in the most recent selection process for the position of Prime Minister, sterling increased significantly from the market's opening, including versus the dollar. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Saxo Bank And JP Morgan's Negative Views On The Outlook For British Economic Growth

ECB Expected To Raise Interest Rates By 75bps (EUR/USD), Rishi Sunak Becomes Next U.K Prime Minister (GBP/AUD, EUR/GBP)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 25.10.2022 18:44
Summary: The European Central Bank is predicted to boost rates by 75 basis points. Rishi Sunak warns of a difficult economic outlook ahead. USD retreated on Tuesday The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. In order to control the high inflation that was shown to be 9.9% year-over-year last week, the European Central Bank is predicted to boost rates by 75 basis points. A channel that dates back to February is putting a major barrier in the way of the EUR/USD. Since its creation, it has proven to be a very trustworthy structure, and until it is no longer useful, it will be the major reference. After the dollar reached its peak, equities appear to have bottomed out on the basis of CPI, and now bonds appear to have reached the end of their capitulation phase. This should temporarily deflate the dollar and place some of its energy into other assets. Since it is just being used as a recovery trade, there is a chance that it could collapse suddenly. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP lost early gains in wake of new prime minster The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. This week saw a solid start for the pound, but it was unable to continue its upward trend when former chancellor Rishi Sunak was named the next prime minister-designate after the Conservative Party leadership contest, which will have a major impact on the pound and the UK economy going forward. After former Prime Minister Boris Johnson withdrew from the race for the position of Prime Minister, leaving former Chancellor Rishi Sunak on course for a coronation that is expected to produce the UK's fifth Prime Minister in the past six years on Tuesday, sterling increased against most major currencies to start the new week. The Pound, however, quickly lost its early gains as newly-elected Prime Minister Rishi Sunak warned of impending economic hardship and difficult choices involving the public finances in a speech to parliament. The S&P Global PMI surveys that indicated a deepening recession in the UK's manufacturing and services sectors in October followed closely behind all of this. EUR/GBP Price Chart Tuesdays market was favorable for riskier assets A thicket of technical resistances that could keep Sterling contained below roughly the 1.8000 level in the coming days has slowed the recovery from the post-referendum lows plumbed in late September, despite the Pound to Australian Dollar exchange rate remaining close to six-month highs in recent trade. Tuesday's market was favorable for riskier assets, as sterling outperformed all other major currencies. However, the Pound to Australian Dollar rate was unable to move through a Fibonacci retracement level at 1.7962 on the charts and its 100-week moving average at 1.8047. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
The EUR/GBP Pair Is Displaying A Sideways Auction Profile

ECB Interest Rate Decision Due Tomorrow (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), BoC Cash Rate Boost Missed Market Expectations (GBP/CAD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 26.10.2022 18:00
Summary: The euro has been steadily strengthening against the dollar over the past few weeks. The Pound has recovered from all of its post-budget losses. Pound to Canadian Dollar exchange rate rose to a four-month high. EUR/USD back above parity The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The euro has been steadily strengthening against the dollar over the past few weeks as dovish wagers against the Fed have increased, supported by weaker natural gas prices and U.S. economic statistics. The ECB meeting tomorrow, when they will release their interest rate, will be the main event for the EUR this week. Although a 75 bps rate hike is presently priced in by the financial markets with about 93% certainty, the post-announcement press conference will be crucial for determining the short-term directional bias. Any hawkish slant that may be there in the ruling could put parity to another test. The euro increased by more than 5.3% from its yearly low, and a breach of the 2022 downtrend now raises the possibility of a greater rise in the coming days. However, the advance is now getting close to the first significant resistance barrier, which will be the first true test of the bulls' tenacity in this rebound from multi-decade lows. Prior to the European Central Bank's (ECB) interest rate announcement, these updated objectives and invalidation levels are what matter on the technical price charts for the EUR/USD. EUR/USD Price Chart Pound sterling slightly recovered The market is reflecting mixed market signals for this currency pair. The Pound has recovered from all of its post-budget losses, but some strategists believe it could still fall apart before the year is out. They have advised clients to sell Sterling against the Dollar after it rises back above 1.15 because there is potential for it to drop as low as 1.08 in the coming months. Following the parliamentary installation of former chancellor Rishi Sunak as prime minister, which ended the Conservative Party's leadership election, and as risk appetite seemed to increase on global markets, the pound gained versus a number of other currencies throughout the first half of the week. The problem for the pound is that none of this does anything to change the bleak picture for the UK economy, and risk appetite would quickly decline if the Fed confirmed next Wednesday that its hawkish policy position will not change. EUR/GBP Price Chart BoC boosted cash rate The Bank of Canada (BoC) boosted its cash rate less than economists and markets had anticipated for October, but it nonetheless issued a warning that additional interest rate hikes are likely in the months ahead. As a result, the Pound to Canadian Dollar exchange rate rose to a four-month high. In light of downgrades from prior expectations of 3.5% and 1.75%, respectively, the BoC revised its forecasts for Canadian GDP growth, which is now estimated to come in around 3.25% this year before slipping below 1% next year. The projection for 2024 remained at 2%. The annual consumer price index inflation rate is anticipated to decline back to 3% by the end of next year before reverting to the 2% objective by the end of 2024, according to the BoC's inflation estimates, which have remained virtually unaltered. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The EUR/USD Pair Maintains The Bullish Sentiment

ECB Interest Rate Decision Met Market Expectations At 75 Bps

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 27.10.2022 14:31
Summary: Markets expected a 75bps increase from the ECB. ECB continues to follow hawkish rhetoric. Initial effect of the decision on the market. ECB interest rate decision re-instils market confidence The ECB decision was released today, and another 75bps increase was anticipated. The widely anticipated increase in the ECB's once-negative deposit rate to 1.25% on Thursday may favor the Euro at the expense of the Pound, the Dollar, and other currencies, according to some analysts. Although these statements and the ECB's other recent interest rate increases have not directly benefited the Euro, policymakers have emphasized in recent appearances that interest rates will need to rise further in the months ahead as double-digit inflation rates become more prevalent in the Eurozone. The ECB met market expectations by rising their interest rates by 75 basis points to 2.00% on Thursday. The ECB have reiterated their intentions to gain control over the soaring inflation rate. Effect of the decision on the market In recent trade, the Pound to Euro exchange rate defied gravity and reached levels close to one month highs. However, this week's recovery will be difficult unless the European Central Bank (ECB) interest rate decision on Thursday convinces the market to abandon its recently increased appetite for the single currency. They cited the UK economy's worsening outlook and risks related to Bank of England (BoE) interest rate policy, despite the fact that ECB policy is also relevant and the bank's interest rate guidance, balance sheet, and prospects for the Eurozone's economy will be more crucial for the pound sterling ahead of the weekend. The EUR/USD pair has already risen over parity and the downtrend from 2022, doing so with a respectable rally. The initial market reaction in the wake of the release of the ECB interest rate decision showed the EUR/USD strengthening and continuing the bullish market sentiment, the EUR/GBP weakened slightly followed by signs of strengthening, The FTSE 100 showed signs of declining. Sources: poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
Representatives Of The ECB Claim That By The End Of 2023, Inflation Should Have Reached The Target Level

USD GDP (QoQ) (Q3) Beat The Markets Expectations by 0.2%

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 27.10.2022 14:38
Summary: Markets expected a 2.4% US Q3 GDP. Will the Fed continue its hawkish rhetoric? Market reactions in the wake of the GDP figure. US GDP hit its first positive figure in two quarters The market is expecting US GDP in the third quarter to rise from -0.6% (September release) to 2.4% in the October release. This is the first positive number in two quarters. The actual US Q3 GDP data came in at 2.6%, beating market expectations by 0.2%. The US GDP has beaten the 2.4% GDP value that was forecasted, thus the USD should be supported by this figure. With GDP being the broadest indicator of the economy and the primary indicator of the economy’s health, the US Dollar would benefit from beating the forecasted figure. The market will learn how recent rate hikes have affected the US economy in the third quarter from today's advanced look at US Q3 GDP. Any miss or beat of estimates will change the Fed's narrative regarding future rate hikes. A dismal Meta Platforms forecast is expected to weigh heavily on the tech-heavy Nasdaq as U.S. equities began in a mixed manner on Thursday, ahead of earnings from Apple (AAPL) and Amazon (AMZN) and the first estimate of third-quarter GDP domestic product. Effect on the markets The figures on weekly unemployment claims are also due at the same time and are anticipated to increase slightly from last week as the labor market begins to experience pressure. Hence, the initial market reaction in the wake of the release of the US GDP data is likely to be as a result of the combination of information being released by the United States on Thursday. A GDP figure that beats market expectations is bullish for the currency in question.The initial market reaction showed the movement of the EUR/USD decline, the NASDAQ rose slightly and GBP/USD currency pair weakened as the USD showed signs of strengthening. Sources: investing.com, dailyfx.com,
The Agressive Rate Hikes By The Fed Did Not Lead To A Deeper Recession

European Economy Likely To Be Under Pressure In The Wake Of ECB’s Interest Rate Decision (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), CAD Suffered Losses This Week (GBP/CAD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 27.10.2022 17:14
Summary: Fed representative speaks regarding the hazards of potential overtightening. EUR/GBP rose in the wake of ECB interest rate decision. On Thursday, the Canadian Dollar was still the second-best performing currency. European economy likely to experience pressure The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The European economy will experience extra pressure from the ECB's interest rate decisions once they rise above this point because firms and families are already feeling the effects of the excessive increases in energy prices. The dollar index (DXY) also formed a double top as a result of comments made by Mary Daly of the Fed regarding the hazards of potential overtightening and the likely transition from 75 bps raises to 50 or 25 boosts in the future. As a result, the index is currently trading approximately 3.5% lower. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP rose in the wake of ECB interest rate decision The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Thursday saw a rise in the exchange rate between the pound and the euro as the European Central Bank (ECB) announced another unusually substantial increase in interest rates and warned that the changing monetary policy settings could soon start to hurt the Eurozone economy. After the ECB increased all of its key interest rates by three quarters of a percentage point for the second time in a row and issued a warning that additional hikes would still be required in the months to come, the euro moved lower against other major peers, notably the pound. EUR/USD Price Chart CAD suffered significant losses Following the Bank of Canada (BoC) decision to decrease the rate at which it raises interest rates in October, which stunned the market and caused many forecasters to reevaluate their prognosis for the Loonie, the Canadian Dollar fell behind other major currencies during the following week. On Thursday, the Canadian Dollar was still the second-best performing currency in the G10 group for the year, but it had suffered significant losses this week against all other currencies save the U.S. Dollar as a result of Wednesday's interest rate decision. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
Czech Republic: Tax Revenues Should Be Higher Than MinFin Expects

ING Economics expects the interest rate of Czech National Bank won't be changed

ING Economics ING Economics 28.10.2022 14:39
We do not expect any further CNB interest rate hikes. The new forecast should show lower inflation but also higher wage growth. The cost of FX intervention is low enough to continue to play a major monetary policy role. However, together with high wage growth, they remain for us as the main risk of a potential additional rate hike The Czech National Bank in Prague Lower inflation gives doves enough buffer The third monetary policy meeting under the new CNB leadership will take place on Thursday next week. We expect interest rates to remain unchanged. Thus, the central bank's new forecast will be the main focus. Compared to the August forecast, we see the biggest deviation in inflation, which surprised to the downside. In September, this deviation came in at 2.4 percentage points. Therefore, here we can expect the biggest downward revision in the new forecast. The government's new energy measures should also come into play to bring inflation down artificially. However, given the statistical office's unclear approach, the question is how the CNB will take into account this change. On the other hand, wage growth surprised to the upside by 1.7pp in the second quarter compared to the CNB forecast. Moreover, the monthly numbers show a further acceleration in the third quarter. In doing so, wage growth has become the main focus of the board as a reason for a potential additional interest rate hike. 7.00% CNB's key policy rate We expect no change next week   Nevertheless, the interest rate forecast can be expected to remain roughly similar to the CNB's summer version, indicating a rate cut already in the next quarter due to the nature of the central bank's model. On the FX side, we don't expect much change in the forecast weakening trajectory of the koruna under the pressure of the declining interest rate differential. However, we don't see much implication for FX interventions, which are fully decoupled from the CNB forecast and depend only on the discretionary decision of the board. But, at the moment, we see the CNB in a comfortable position with no reason to change anything about the current regime. CNB summer forecast Source: Macrobond, ING forecast We see little risk of a rate hike in the future, but remain vigilant In the long run, we do not expect any further CNB rate hikes. Despite the board's highlighting of the wage-inflation risk, we believe that the stability or decline in annual inflation combined with a weaker economy will be enough in coming months for the CNB to confirm the end of the rate hike cycle at future meetings. In the meantime, the main monetary policy tool will remain FX intervention, the cost of which we believe is low enough for now (around 19% of FX reserves). However, while we see the risks of additional rate hikes as low, we think the key will be the further development of wage growth and the cost of FX intervention, which we will monitor closely in the coming months. Czech FRA curve expectations Source: Refinitiv, ING What to expect in rates and FX markets The market retains a small chance (less than 50%) of a rate hike at the next meeting or possibly at subsequent meetings until the end of the first quarter of next year. Market expectations are that the CNB should then start cutting rates in the second half of 2023, later than we expect. However, given the CNB's current limited communication regarding next year, we do not see much opportunity at the short end of the curve. Therefore, we prefer to look at the long end, which we believe reopens the opportunity for ratepayers thanks to the current global rally, and next week's CNB meeting could bring tempting levels due to the central bank's dovish tone. On the bond side, Czech government bonds (CZGBs) have cheapened significantly, but we see that there is still a need to cover high financing needs this year and recent fiscal headlines are also not supporting buyers. Moreover, we expect the global sell-off to continue after the temporary current pause, which will bring further pain to the Czech bond market. However, we remain constructive and believe that the moment for buyers will come when funding strategy becomes clearer in the deluge of budget changes. In addition, the risk of a sovereign rating downgrade has been averted for this year, which may attract investors back into CZGBs at the end of the global sell-off. On the FX side, the CNB remains the main driver, remaining active in the 24.60-70 EUR/CZK levels according to our estimates. The market can be expected to build short koruna positions again ahead of next week's meeting in anticipation of changes in the FX regime. However, we do not expect any changes and anticipate a similar scenario after the CNB meeting as in the case of the last two meetings, i.e. liquidation of short positions and a stronger koruna. Read this article on THINK Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
The Euro May Attempt To Resume An Upward Movement

Dovish Comments From ECB President Christine Lagarde Sparked Speculation (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), PCE Missed Market Expectations (GBP/USD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 28.10.2022 16:48
Summary: USD's decline has been substantially exaggerated. Weak UK economic fundamentals once again take center stage. The Pound to Dollar exchange rate stayed robust near the week's highs. EUR left weak against USD The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Italian inflation for October topped forecasts, while Spanish GDP underperformed on all YoY and QoQ indicators, leaving the euro weak against the USD. Italy and France started the morning. German GDP came in at 1.2% and 0.3%, respectively (see economic calendar below), giving the euro a modest boost. The country's strong performance, according to the GDP report, was primarily ascribed to private consumption spending, although I think decreasing energy prices may have had some positive impact on the final result. Following the decision, ECB President Christine Lagarde's comments sparked speculation that future large rate increases from the bank would not be final. According to her, the rate change will be decided "meeting by meeting." This is true even while inflation is quite high. If the past 24 hours give any indication, the US Dollar's decline has been substantially exaggerated. During the Asian session, there has been a minor easing. EUR/USD Price Chart Euro heavily sold in the wake of ECB announcement The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Although the Pound to Euro exchange rate has recovered from September's losses, Rabobank estimates indicate that as weak UK economic fundamentals once again take center stage in the months to come, recent gains may be partially reversed. The euro was heavily sold after the European Central Bank's policy announcement on Thursday, but the pound sterling held close to its October high against the euro on Friday. However, the most recent forecast review from Rabobank implies that this rebound may already be on borrowed time. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/USD remained near weeks highs The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. After the Federal Reserve's (Fed) preferred gauge of inflation fell short of expectations and did nothing to convince the market to start bidding again for the greenback ahead of next Wednesday's interest rate decision, the Pound to Dollar exchange rate stayed robust near the week's highs. Since the Fed prefers PCE price indices as an indicator of inflation, it might be significant to Federal Open Market Committee members next week since the Core PCE price index increased at an annualized rate of 5.1% last month rather than the 5.2% experts had predicted. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Bank Of England Can Tighten Monetary Policy Considerably More Gradually Than It Is Now Doing

Eurozone Inflation Touched Record Highs (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), RBA Interest Rate Decision Due On Tuesday (GBP/AUD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 31.10.2022 17:39
Summary: Eurostat stated that prices rose by a record 10.7% in October. Uncertainty around BoE interest rate decision. RBA raised interest rates by 25 basis points, and the market is expecting a similar action on November 1. ECB under pressure to raise interest rates further The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Eurostat stated that prices rose by a record 10.7% in October, setting a new record for inflation in the Eurozone. Separate figures also revealed that the bloc's economy expanded more quickly than anticipated in the third quarter. The European Central Bank (ECB) is under more pressure to raise interest rates as the inflation data was higher than the market's expectation of 10.3%, despite predictions from some economists that the ECB will soon slow the rate at which it does so. With the energy component of fuel costs rising by an alarming 41.9% year-over-year, rising fuel prices continue to be the main source of inflationary pressures. The EUR/USD is still in a significant macrodowntrend, and even while this picture might not change much in the short term, there may yet be some upside before selling resumes. The euro broke out of a channel it had been trapped in since the beginning of the year last week. EUR/USD Price Chart Markets awaiting BoE interest rate decision The market is reflecting mixed market signals for this currency pair. Due to the uncertainty surrounding the Bank of England's decision on Thursday and the possibility that the BoE will raise interest rates less than markets anticipate, the Pound to Euro exchange rate has continued its recovery from September's lows to reach two-month highs in recent trade. However, this week's gains may be vulnerable to profit-taking. The U.S. dollar weakened last week, which benefitted riskier currencies, and financial markets cheered the appointment of former chancellor Rishi Sunak as prime minister. However, market focus soon shifted to Thursday's interest rate decision and the release of October inflation data from the Eurozone on Monday. Economists and the financial markets anticipate that the BoE will increase the Bank Rate by three quarters of a percentage point to 3%. If delivered, this would be the biggest interest rate increase the BoE has ever made, however it may not be as certain or as done as many people think. EUR/GBP Price Chart RBA expected to remain dovish On Tuesday, the Reserve Bank of Australia is expected to increase interest rates once more, but the size of the increase is uncertain, with potential consequences for the Australian Dollar. On October 4, the RBA raised interest rates by 25 basis points, and the market is expecting a similar action on November 1. However, as inflation picks up speed, the central bank may be compelled to make a U-turn According to the ABS, Australian CPI increased 7.3% in the twelve months leading up to the September 2022 quarter. The announcement occurred just a few days after the Reserve Bank of Australia stunned the markets by raising interest rates by 25 basis points; the Australian Dollar fell as a result. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The British Pound Is Showing Signs Of Exhaustion Of The Bullish Force

Fed Fully Expected To Raise Interest Rates By 75bps (EUR/USD, EUR/GBP), BoE Interest Rate Decision Due On Thursday (GBP/CAD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 01.11.2022 16:41
Summary: The Fed’s Wednesday's anticipated 75 basis point hike may be the last of its sort. The likelihood of a recession in the Euro Area has grown. The BoE decision on Thursday is the most significant event of the week for the Pound. Markets anticipate the Fed’s policy rate decision The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. With the Federal Reserve's policy announcement on Wednesday and the crucial U.S. jobs data on Friday, this is a crucial week for global FX. Therefore, the Dollar side of the equation will be the driving force behind the Euro to Dollar exchange rate (EUR/USD), especially now that the European Central Bank's October policy meeting is over. The possibility of a "pivot" by the Federal Reserve, whereby they signal that Wednesday's anticipated 75 basis point hike will be the last of its sort and that hikes will proceed at a slower rate starting in December, is particularly exciting for investors in the financial markets. According to some analysts, this could support the idea that the U.S. Dollar has reached its top, or the "pivot," as it is known in the financial community. EUR/USD Price Chart Likelihood of Eurozone recession has increased The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. According to a new report, the decline in UK home prices has just started. Capital Economics researchers predict falls of about 12% by 2024 on the same day Nationwide announces the first drop in home values in 15 months. The likelihood of a recession in the Euro Area has grown, according to ECB President Christine Lagarde, who also stated that while uncertainty is still high, "a central bank has to focus on its duty." The destination is clear, but we are not there yet', said President Lagarde. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP at risk due to UK economy The Pound to Canadian Dollar exchange rate recently hit four-month highs, but numerous technical barriers are standing in the way of its ascent on the charts, and Thursday's Bank of England (BoE) interest rate decision carries risks that could further thwart its recovery in the days and weeks to come. Since hitting record lows near 1.40 in late September, the value of the pound has increased by more than 10% against the Canadian dollar. Last Friday, it reached a high of 1.5811, but it has been unable to hold that level due to a number of technical resistances that are scattered across the chart around the 1.57 handle. The BoE decision on Thursday is the most significant event of the week for the Pound and comes before Friday's release of Canada's September employment report. However, Sterling is at risk due to the UK economy's deteriorating performance and prospects, which are at odds with widely held beliefs about the outlook for bank rates. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
ADP Non-farm payrolls jobs market data show a growth of 127K, much less than the previous print

FOMC Interest Rate Decision In The Spotlight (EUR/USD), HSBC Claims GBP Is Close To Long-term Base (EUR/GBP, GBP/ZAR)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 02.11.2022 16:34
Summary: A big increase in monetary policy is unlikely to assure a rise in the value of the US dollar. Markets already struggling with the UK's long-standing and well-known structural problems. BoE interest rate decision due Thursday. Fed interest rate decision in the spotlight The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. At 18:00 GMT, the biggest central bank in the world is expected to make a controversial monetary policy announcement, and the markets are certainly focused on it. The market's reaction may be biased because speculation through Fed Fund futures and other channels has made a further 75 basis point rate hike from the group almost certain. It's crucial to remember that no single aspect of this well-publicized incident should be seen as a firm indication for speculation. A big increase in monetary policy, such as a rate hike of 75 basis points, is therefore unlikely to assure a rise in the value of the US dollar and send US indices into a downward spiral. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP appears to be finding some balance The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The largest bank in the UK, HSBC, claims that the British pound is close to a long-term base. HSBC analysts state that "after showing signs of vertigo, GBP appears to be finding some balance" in a briefing on foreign exchange research. Declines followed the market's reaction to tax cut proposals made by the former prime minister Liz Truss that were to be paid for by further borrowing, alarmed investors who questioned whether the UK's debt condition would prove to be sustainable. Markets were already struggling with the UK's long-standing and well-known structural problems, especially the budget deficit and the current account deficit, when the "mini budget" fiasco broke out. EUR/GBP Price Chart ZAR almost worst performing currency in G20 The Pound to Rand rate has more than made up for its September losses in a recovery that has most recently plateaued near 2022 highs, but if the Dollar stays weak or if Sterling is hurt by Thursday's Bank of England (BoE) decision, it will be at risk of a corrective setback later this week. The total result was an almost 12% comeback from a late September low, which saw GBP/ZAR erase much of the year's previous losses in the process. South Africa's Rand was nearly the worst performing currency in the G20 grouping for October while the Pound was among the strongest. The Rand's underperformance occurred during yet another strong month for the Dollar and a stretch of unusually marked weakness for China's Renminbi. Local data that showed the manufacturing sector as virtually the only bright spot in an otherwise cooling South African economy may also have contributed to the Rand's underperformance. GBP/ZAR Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The GBP/USD Pair Did Not Reach The Nearest Target Level Of 1.2259

USD Continued On Its Strengthening Path (EUR/USD), BoE Hiked Interest Rates By 75bps (EUR/GBP, GBP/AUD)

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 03.11.2022 16:28
Summary: The US Dollar continued to strengthen overall on Thursday. Another action by the Bank of England has the Pound taking a beating. Sterling dropped significantly, including against the Australian Dollar. Euro is lacking monetary backing The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. On Thursday, the US Dollar continued to strengthen overall as a result of the US Federal Reserve's decision to change its monetary policy earlier in the day. This made the Euro continue to struggle against the US Dollar. In terms of interest rates, the markets received the well-predicted three-quarter point hike that was punctually provided. However, there were a lot of people hoping that Fed Chair Jerome Powell would formally reverse his aggressive monetary tightening policy. In the end, he refrained from doing so and instead warned the markets that if inflation is to be contained, borrowing prices may still need to increase significantly. This weakness was forewarned by Christine Lagarde, president of the European Central Bank, that interest rates in the Eurozone must also continue to rise. Well, may she do so, with the currency bloc's consumer price inflation hitting historic highs. The Euro lacks monetary backing in the global market because markets anticipate more of the same. It lacks fundamental support as well, with a cost-of-living issue that is eroding consumer confidence throughout the Eurozone. Of course, Germany is the center of the currency zone. As the conflict in Ukraine drags on, it is now struggling with the necessity to wean itself off of its dependency on Russian gas. As a result, the third quarter of this year saw a significant slowdown in Eurozone growth. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP declines in the wake of BoE interest rate decision The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Another action by the Bank of England has the Pound taking a beating. The Bank of England increased the Bank Rate by 75 basis points to 3.0%, but it made it apparent that a jump to 5.0% or above was not likely, sending the Pound into a reflexive sell-off. According to a statement issued by the Bank, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) decisively voted 7-2 to raise interest rates by 75 basis points, but this exceptionally significant increase appears to be an outlier. However, significantly for the foreign exchange markets, the Bank won't be delivering as many rate increases as investors anticipate. The Bank's decision and financial calculations are based on market expectations that the Bank Rate will increase to a top of 5.25% in 2023, which is why the Pound has reacted in this way. In such a case, the Bank's economists predict that inflation will return to zero in three years, significantly below the target of two percent. EUR/GBP Price Chart AUD beating the GBP The Bank of England (BoE) appeared to rule out the possibility of indulging in derivative market pricing, hinting that Bank Rate could reach five percent in the months ahead, which hampered the Pound to Australian Dollar rate and put it at risk of further losses in the last session of the week. The Bank of England announced its largest increase in the Bank Rate in decades on Thursday, but said financial markets were barking up the wrong tree when they bet that borrowing costs could still rise significantly further down the road. As a result, sterling dropped significantly, including against the Australian Dollar. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com, finance.yahoo.com
The Idea Of A Probable Pivot In The Fed’s Policy Keeps The Price Action Around The DXY Depressed

Dollar lost ground to the Euro & GBP on Friday, US Jobs report missed expectations

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 04.11.2022 15:42
Summary: The US Dollar weakens in the wake of the US jobs report. The British Pound may be headed for significant losses this November against the Dollar, the Euro. USD/JPY wedge continues to grow. USD loses ground against the EUR The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Following the release of U.S. labor market data that, while still positive, reaffirmed a pattern of decreasing employment gains and pay growth, the Dollar dropped 1% against the Pound and 1.20% against the Euro. In October, the economy added 261K jobs, much exceeding the consensus estimate of 193K, while September's number was impressively raised up to 315K. Overachieving forecasts of 0.3%, average hourly earnings increased by 0.4%, suggesting persistent wage pressures that will support future domestic inflationary pressures. This information supports the Federal Reserve's statement from mid-week that it is too early to think about stopping its rate hike cycle, which raised exchange rates for the Dollar globally. Since the data do not indicate that the themes of previous months are likely to abruptly change, the Dollar's decline could instead be the result of profit-taking after Wednesday's gains. EUR/USD Price Chart BoE predict a UK economic slump The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. As investors respond to the Bank of England's most recent gloomy economic forecasts, the British Pound may be headed for significant losses this November against the Dollar, the Euro, and a variety of other major currencies. The Bank hinted that the UK economic slump, which it has been anticipating for some time, may now be considerably severe than initially anticipated in its November Monetary Policy Report. EUR/GBP Price Chart The wedge between the USD & JPY The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Due to recent currency interventions, USD/JPY has been an interesting pair, with downmoves unable to gather significant organic impetus. However, a dollar bid continues to put the majority of currencies under pressure, making it challenging to dismiss gains as durable given the wider technical context. The rising wedge that had developed over the previous few months indicated that at some point we would either have a breakdown that would lead to an unwinding that would cause USD/JPY to plummet by a significant amount or a shot higher that would conclude the run upward. EUR/GBP Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
According to ING, US Producer Price Index may mean that inflation could decrease earlier

The US dollar index decreased on Monday, BoE November interest rate decision caused significant losses for the GBP

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 07.11.2022 17:48
Summary: The US data released on Friday was mostly encouraging as job growth exceeded expectations. Friday's release of UK GDP statistics, it might go even further and return to lows from early October. EU economy produced 0.2% growth The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. In Q3, the EU economy demonstrated that it could produce growth of 0.2% Q/Q. The tiny gain in Q3 depicts the same larger picture, which is that growth has slowed and a recession is still in effect, despite the fact that it appears to be rather hopeful. One of the key indications from a nationwide survey demonstrates how manufacturing has been under tremendous strain as a result of the crisis of rising energy prices. The US data released on Friday was mostly encouraging as job growth exceeded expectations. The decrease in the dollar index, which has persisted into today's European session, was not justified by the minor increase in unemployment statistics. The market's forecast of a 50 bp increase from the Federal Reserve's December meeting is the only thing that has changed. EUR/USD Price Chart BoE November interest rate decision resulted in losses for the GBP The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Bank of England (BoE) interest rate decision in November resulted in significant losses for the Pound to Euro exchange rate, but if the market is still wary of Sterling going into Friday's release of UK GDP statistics, it might go even further and return to lows from early October. After the BoE stated, based on its most recent forecasts, that it believes it has likely already done enough with interest rates to ensure that inflation returns to the 2% target in the coming years, sterling suffered significant losses against most major currencies last week and fell almost 2% against the Euro. In an open conflict with market bets that borrowing costs could climb to 4.7% or more in the coming months, the BoE additionally stated that investors would be foolish to anticipate Bank Rate to rise from November's recently boosted level of 3%. EUR/GBP Price Chart AUD is weaker on monday The Australian Dollar is weaker at the beginning of a new week that may focus on events in China, where officials are showing a willingness to fight rumors that they are likely to reevaluate their zero-Covid policy. The National Health Commission (NHC) of China reaffirmed its commitment to eradicating Covid-19 during a news conference on Saturday, cautioning that the situation was likely to worsen and become "more complex" as the nation entered the winter flu season. The Australian lagged behind. The GBP/AUD currency rate experienced its biggest weekly decrease since the week of February 28 as investors bet on a Chinese economic revival, falling 2.83% for the week. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
InstaForex expects risky assets to regain demand if the US CPI declines

US Dollar rally seems to be coming to an end, GBP rebounded on Monday

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 08.11.2022 18:18
Summary: Many ECB policymakers have reiterated the central bank's stance on interest rates and inflation. The British Pound is weaker on Tuesday after making a good rebound on Monday. ECB remaining hawkish The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Many ECB policymakers have reiterated the central bank's stance on interest rates and inflation, contending that higher rates must be maintained for a longer period of time in order to contain double-digit price pressures. The financial wires are awash in hawkish ECB language in what appears to be a coordinated effort to reassert the central bank's authority and will on the rates market. At the end of October, the ECB raised interest rates by 75 basis points to 1.50%, its third straight increase and the highest level since 2009. At its meeting on December 15, the central bank is anticipated to increase rates by an additional 50 basis points. The US dollar is under pressure as speculators start to look past rising US rate predictions and instead focus on when the Fed may pause its tightening cycle, while the Euro has benefited from expectations of higher rates. The fact that the markets are already anticipating a turnaround, even though this may be months away, is putting pressure on the dollar. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP supported by general market uptrend The market is expecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The British Pound is weaker on Tuesday after making a good rebound on Monday, and price movement suggests that the UK currency is following global trends during a week with few domestic events. Analysts note that the UK's domestic situation is still difficult and that any gains are likely to be fleeting. Despite this, the Pound had the best performance among the major currencies on Monday as global markets continued their recent uptrend, helping the UK currency to somewhat recoup its losses following last Thursday's Bank of England report. The Pound's recovery may continue over the next several days if the mood music is generally cheerful. GBP/USD Price Chart US dollar is believed to be nearing the end of its uptrend The market is expecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Capital Economics experts believe that the Dollar may be nearing the end of a multi-month uptrend, but they caution that it is still too early to start preparing for a rollover and trend change. The Federal Reserve is reaching the conclusion of its tightening cycle, according to analysis by the independent financial and economics research source, and as a result, there is little room for a further widening of predicted interest rate differentials in favor of the Dollar. The war in Ukraine, anticipation of Fed interest rate increases, and a post-pandemic decline in equity markets have all worked together to strengthen the Dollar. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
UK recession could deteriorate with tighter monetary and fiscal policy, the US dollar suffered another setback

UK recession could deteriorate with tighter monetary and fiscal policy, the US dollar suffered another setback

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 09.11.2022 17:00
Summary: Experts foresee more short-term weakness for the Canadian Dollar against the Pound The bullish trend in the USD suffered yet another setback on Tuesday. The UK recession will deteriorate with tighter monetary and fiscal policy. Euro recovery may be strong The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. After a support bounce failed, the bullish trend in the USD suffered yet another setback yesterday. The currency was driven lower by sellers to make a new monthly bottom, but support quickly appeared around the same level that had been in play a few weeks before and served as a target for a double top formation at 109.62. There are a number of levels close below that swing as well, which may allow for a support bounce before the release of the CPI data tomorrow. From some perspectives, the major question is whether a stronger recovery can be seen in the Euro. Over the past nine months, the euro has been battered and bruised, but as of my initial inspection in October, the pain was beginning to subside and a deeper downturn was beginning. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP down against its peers The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The UK recession will deteriorate with tighter monetary and fiscal policy, according to Derek Halpenny, Head of Research Global Markets for EMEA at MUFG. The recent Bank of England policy update has strengthened the foreign exchange strategists' belief in this trade, according to a new note. They are selling pound sterling against the euro. On Thursday, November 3, the Bank of England raised interest rates by 75 basis points, but warned that if it followed market expectations and pushed through even more increases, the UK economy would enter a recession that would last eight quarters. As a result, the Pound dropped against all of its peers. The market interpreted this as a message from the Bank that it would not hike rates as much as anticipated going into the policy update, which caused expectations to be reassessed and caused the Pound to fall on the day. EUR/GBP Price Chart CAD weakness foreseen National Bank of Canada (NBC) experts foresee more short-term weakness for the Canadian Dollar against the Pound, Dollar, and Euro but a robust recovery through 2023. Up until the second half of the year, when oil prices began to decline from their post-invasion levels and the Bank of Canada slowed down its rate-hiking acceleration, the Canadian Dollar was one of the best-performing currencies in 2022. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
The World's Leading Economies Not Doing Well And This Is Keeping High Demand For USD

US dollar index touching new monthly lows, pound sterling is reacting well to increase in market sentiment

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 10.11.2022 18:54
Summary: Prices in DXY are currently driving down to new monthly lows. The British pound is responding to an overall increase in risk sentiment. The New Zealand Dollar is proving to be an apparent bet for a Chinese economic resurgence. USD feeling the effect of the CPI inflation data release The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Prices in DXY are currently driving down to new monthly lows after posing a support rebound yesterday. Along the way, they are passing a significant area of confluent support. Sellers have struck. The daily candle for today will be crucial because it is presently forming a bearish engulfing pattern. And if that holds true, with price closing below those supports, then bearish continuation possibilities will still be possible. The daily bar close today will be crucial because, at this point, we're still feeling the effects of the CPI print, and how market players react today will reveal how they'll assimilate this new information. As market investors altered their expectations for higher policy rates, as shown by increased sovereign debt yields in the euro area, euro assets remained volatile across the review period. Since then, rates have somewhat decreased as the economic implications of aggressive tightening start to accumulate and systemic risk originating in the UK has largely been isolated as a result of the Bank of England's retaliatory actions and UK government policy reversals. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP supported by positive investor sentiment The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The British pound is responding to an overall increase in risk sentiment, so Thursday's moves will likely be influenced by how the global equity markets perform, which are now suffering losses after a series of occurrences midweek. After suffering significant losses the day before, market morale has since improved, and the value of the pound is rising at the start of the day. In sync with the upbeat investor sentiment evident in global equities markets on Monday, the pound rose. However, these gains were erased on Wednesday amid a wider market selloff focused on China and disruptions in the cryptocurrency area. EUR/GBP Price Chart Chinese economic resurgence allows NZD to be an apparent bet Markets are adjusting to the possibility that China won't abandon its zero-Covid policy until the spring, which will result in a change in fortunes for the New Zealand Dollar and other like "commodity currencies." Analysts caution that the recent enthusiasm seen over the previous ten days is unwarranted and that the Chinese economy's reopening is likely to be a gradual and rocky process. Nevertheless, the New Zealand Dollar is proving to be an apparent bet for a Chinese economic resurgence. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
EUR/USD Pair May Have A Potential For The Further Rally

Eurozone’s entry into a recession may be delayed, the GBP and NZD - high beta currencies

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 14.11.2022 17:20
Summary: Analysts predict that the EUR/USD exchange rate will continue to improve. Eurozone entry into a recession may be delayed. Neither the British pound nor the New Zealand dollar seem to be winning out. Fed still determined to bring down inflation The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Analysts predict that the EUR/USD exchange rate will continue to improve over the course of the upcoming week, however many still believe that the market is merely clearing out technical positions rather than the beginning of a long-term recovery. The Federal Reserve Governor Christopher Waller's remarks that the Fed was not yet prepared to cease its cycle of rate hikes helped the Dollar at the beginning of the new week. Investors' reactions to an unexpected drop in U.S. inflation caused the Dollar index, a gauge of the dollar's performance more broadly, to plummet by 4% last week. The statistics indicated that the U.S. inflation peak is near, and the Federal Reserve should therefore think about reducing the rate of raises. Most investors are now expecting a downshift to a 50 basis point boost in December. But Waller said investors risk getting carried away with a belief the end of rate hikes is close. EUR/USD Price Chart Eurozones entry into a recession expected to be delayed The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Following a 0.9% month-over-month and 4.9% year-over-year increase in September industrial production for the Eurozone, the currency received a lift on Monday. The numbers are far better than the anticipated +0.1% m/m and 2.8% y/y, indicating that the European Union's entry into recession may be postponed. The current recovery could turn out to be mostly technical in character, which would increase the dollar's strength as investors pay attention to the Fed's warnings that the cycle of interest rate hikes is far from over. This would be a risk for those looking for a stronger Euro. The British pound is a "high beta" currency, which means that it tends to rise along with rising stock markets around the world, as was undoubtedly the case after the inflation figure. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/NZD currency pair A busy UK calendar could mean that this pair finally offers up some excitement this week. The Pound to New Zealand Dollar exchange rate (GBP/NZD) has been consolidating around 1.93 for nearly seven days now, and the near-term price activity is beginning to resemble the coiling of a spring. With two "high beta" currencies that are responsive to global conditions, the GBP/NZD pair has seen its price action in November mostly driven by world events. As a result, both currencies have benefited from the U.S. inflation surprise from last week. But when compared with one another, neither the British pound nor the New Zealand dollar seem to be winning out. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The GBP/USD Pair Was Trading Calmly But The Volatility Still Remained Very High

The US dollars surrender to the Euro continues, GBP/USD touching 3-month highs, BoJ may continue its loose monetary policy

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 15.11.2022 18:54
Summary: The USD continues its surrender to the Euro. The Pound has risen to a new three-month high versus the Dollar. The figures from today may indicate that the BoJ will keep its monetary policy loose. Euro performs well against the USD The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Euro to Dollar exchange rate (EUR/USD) hit a high of 1.0477 on Tuesday as a result of the continued dollar surrender that was brought on by the publication of weaker-than-anticipated U.S. inflation data last Thursday. The advances have already brought the pair close to the 1.05 level, which was predicted to be a potential objective in the near future by our week ahead projection. Investors' assumption that the Federal Reserve will slow down its interest rate hike cycle as U.S. inflation shows symptoms of peaking has sent the EUR/USD up 3.7% last week and another 1.10% this week. The sudden increase in the Euro's value relative to the Dollar is most likely due to a sizable liquidation of "long" dollar positions taken by investors hoping to profit from the Dollar's multi-month advance. EUR/USD Price Chart US dollars downfall in the wake of economic data The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The Pound has risen to a new three-month high versus the Dollar as another inflation report fueled the U.S. currency's significant devaluation that was initially started by last week's U.S. inflation data. At 13:30 GMT, the Dollar's drop increased with the announcement of the U.S. The PPI inflation data was less than anticipated, confirming the CPI inflation from last week that the trend of rising prices has peaked. The strong market response to last week's U.S. inflation reading, which saw CPI come in below market expectations and indicated a turning point for both inflation and the Federal Reserve rate hike cycle might have been reached, is extended by the GBP/three-month USD's high. GBP/USD Price Chart USD/JPY currency pair The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Japanese Yen initially ignored the dismal GDP numbers because the USD/JPY was comfortably over 140.00. After 30 minutes, it surged past 140.50. The Japanese seasonally adjusted 3Q quarter-to-quarter GDP was down 0.3% from the previous quarter's 0.9%, falling short of predictions of 0.3%. In contrast to expectations of 1.2% and 3.5%, seasonally adjusted annualized quarter-to-quarter GDP as of the end of September was -1.2%. Prior to the release of today's data, the USD/JPY had been lagging in the wake of last Thursday's release of the US CPI, which the market had deemed to be rather benign. This sparked suspicion that the Federal Reserve would not need to raise rates as aggressively as previously believed. The graphic below illustrates the connection between Treasury yields, Japan-US bond spreads, and USD/JPY. With the Bank of Japan's yield curve control program, changes in Treasury yield mostly dictate the bond spread. The figures from today may indicate that the central bank will keep its monetary policy loose. USD/JPY Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Growth Of The USD/JPY Pair Is Hampered By Resistance

Euro has remained resilient to currency counterparts despite Tuesdays events in Poland, Yen supported by USD decline

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 16.11.2022 17:29
Summary: The EUR/USD has displayed remarkable resilience to trade higher. The British Pound plummeted against the Euro. The JPY has clearly benefited from the decline in the value of the USD. Financial markets are on high alert The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. According to the most recent 30-day Fed Fund futures price information, the Federal Reserve is anticipated to increase interest rates by a further 100 basis points over the upcoming months, to 475–500bps, and then suspend their tightening cycle. Despite yesterday's concern following reports of a missile landing in Poland, the EUR/USD has displayed remarkable resilience to trade higher this morning. According to Joe Biden's remarks, it seems improbable that Russia fired the missile based on its trajectory. Due to the possibility of a wider conflict now that a NATO ally has been negatively impacted by the Russia/Ukraine crisis, the missile has put Europe, NATO, and financial markets on high alert. At 9:00 GMT, NATO has called an emergency meeting to review yesterday's events and the alliance's response. EUR/USD price chart UK inflation figures caused GBP to decline The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Following some hotter-than-expected UK inflation figures that suggested the Bank of England could not yet afford to stop its interest rate hike cycle, the British Pound plummeted against the Euro, the Dollar, and other major currencies. However, we cautioned in our week-ahead forecast that the market might now consider stronger-than-expected inflation as a negative, as rising prices and interest rates would snuff out the UK's prospects for economic development. Normally, such a result would help the Pound. EUR/GBP price chart JPY supported by weak USD The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Japanese Yen has clearly benefited from the decline in the value of the US dollar in November, outperforming all other major currencies. However, analysts at MUFG believe the Japanese Yen could rise even more in the future, especially against the British pound. They advise clients to bet against the GBP/JPY pair and look for a fall to 158. After official data revealed that U.S. inflation softened in October, the Yen surged substantially against all equivalents in the G10 group of major currencies, but analysts at Japan's largest banking MUFG claim that this was just the start of a longer-lasting rebound. GBP/JPY price chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
The Swiss National Bank (SNB) Has Shown That It Is Not Shy About Intervening In The Currency Markets

Eurozone headline inflation reached a record high in October, The UK’s future prospects for future economic development, CHF is the second best performing currency for 2022

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 17.11.2022 16:10
Summary: Final headline inflation in the Euro Area reached a record high. Tax increases and spending reductions in the UK. CHF becomes the second best performer of 2022. EUR/USD constrained by interest rate disparity The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Final headline inflation in the Euro Area reached a record high of 10.6% in October, just under the earlier estimate of 10.7%. Data from Eurostat show that the highest annual rate in October was for energy, which was at 41.5 percent (up from 40.7 percent in September), followed by food, alcohol, and tobacco, which had a rate of 13.1 percent (down from 11.8 percent in September), and non-energy industrial goods, which had a rate of 6.1 percent (compared to 5.5 percent in September). As the post-CPI surge slows, the current gain in the EUR/USD has come to an end. The prices in the ultra-short end of the US bond market are stable even as market forecasts of a reduction in rate increases rise. The yield on a one-year US Treasury bill is approximately 4.66 percent, which is more than 250 basis points higher than the yield on a one-year German bond. Any short-term increase in the EUR/USD currency will continue to be constrained by this interest rate disparity. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP relying on Hunts credibility The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The UK's prospects for future economic development will be diminished by the tax increases and spending reductions, but a convincing autumn statement from Chancellor Jeremy Hunt might boost the value of the pound sterling. This is due to the fact that reputation will determine how the market responds to the fiscal event on Thursday. Hunt is expected to present a budget that will hinder development; however, the Pound's response will ultimately depend on how the market reacts to the credibility issue. Some analysts caution that while the Pound might gain from renewed confidence, its value could still drop if Hunt is overly bold and his recommended level of austerity becomes overwhelming. EUR/GBP Price Chart CHF could continue to strengthen According to analysts at Nomura, the Swiss Franc has flipped the major currency league table on its head to become the second best performer of 2022. However, it could rise even further against the Pound and even have the potential to bring the GBP/CHF rate back to 1.0555 in the coming months. In the early months of the year, the Swiss Franc had given the Japanese Yen a tough fight for the bottom spot in the performance rankings of the major currencies, but a hawkish stance by the Swiss National Bank (SNB) and a supportive foreign exchange policy have reversed the previous order of performances. The SNB has become open to buying back its own currency whenever market circumstances cause the Franc to weaken, even though it is still prepared to suppress the Franc if it appreciates too much for its tastes. This is because doing otherwise would raise Switzerland's inflation rate further. GBP/CHF Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Hungary: Budget deficit jumps above full-year cash flow target by ca. 10%

Hungary And Turkey Monetary Policy Decision Ahead

ING Economics ING Economics 18.11.2022 13:26
We do not expect any movement from the National Bank of Hungary at next week's meeting, as the latest data were in line with expectations. The labour market is expected to be a mixed picture, with the unemployment rate moving up and wage growth remaining strong. We also expect the Central bank of Turkey to conclude its easing cycle In this article Poland: Wage growth is no longer keeping up with rising prices Turkey: Easing cycle to be concluded with a 9% policy rate Hungary: Base rate set to remain unchanged Poland: Wage growth is no longer keeping up with rising prices Industrial output (October forecast: 8.8% year-on-year): Industrial production is benefiting from an improvement in supply chain functioning, which supports exports-oriented industries, including automotive and electric products. When the backlog of work is unloaded and re-stocking is finished, domestic manufacturing is expected to slow over the medium term.   Retail sales (October forecast: 3.8% YoY): Retail sales growth has slowed to low single-digit growth as wages are no longer keeping up with rising prices. We forecast growth of 3.8% YoY as high inflation is undermining consumers' purchasing power to such an extent that they are more cautious in their purchasing decisions. Household consumption growth is slowing. Unemployment rate (October forecast: 5.1%): A recent data revision lifted the registered unemployment rate toward a higher level, but the number of unemployed remains unchanged (lower denominator). Nevertheless, the trend remains positive and we forecast that in October the number of unemployed and the unemployment rate were broadly unchanged vs. in September. The Polish labour market remains resilient to softer economic conditions. Turkey: Easing cycle to be concluded with a 9% policy rate While inflationary pressures remained broad-based in October as all 12 main CPI categories contributed positively to the increase in inflation, the Central Bank of Turkey has signalled that it intends to conclude the easing cycle with another 150bp rate cut in November. This will bring the policy rate to 9.0%. Hungary: Base rate set to remain unchanged We do not expect any fireworks from the National Bank of Hungary at its November rate-setting meeting. The latest data regarding inflation and GDP were broadly in line with the central bank’s expectations and the next staff projection update is only due in December. Against this backdrop, we don't see any game-changing moves. When it comes to the risk environment, we haven’t seen a material improvement in domestic or external risk factors, which were flagged by the central bank as triggers to consider changes in its monetary stance. By the time the National Bank of Hungary's (NBH's) rate-setting meeting takes place, we might see some positive headlines coming from the European Commission regarding the Rule-of-Law procedure. With a green(ish) light, Hungary will be able to secure the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) plan signature just in time to not lose €4.6bn of the €5.8bn RRF grant which is at stake should Hungary miss the year-end deadline to have an accepted plan. But no matter how green this light is, we don’t expect the central bank to make a policy change so quickly and we see the NBH underscoring its hawkish “whatever it takes” approach again. Though the EU fund story and the monetary policy decision will give plenty to talk about, we are going to see the latest labour market data as well. Here we expect wage growth to remain strong, reflecting the fact that companies made mid-year wage increases and one-off payments as inflation bit workers’ disposable income. Regarding the unemployment rate, we expect it to continue its gradual rise, as other employers are unable to remain in business without a reduction in their labour costs. In general, it will be quite a mixed picture of the state of the Hungarian labour market. Key events in EMEA next week Source: Refinitiv, ING TagsTurkey Poland wages Hungary EMEA Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more
Technical Outlook: The EUR/USD Bear Trend Will Be Confirmed And The GBP/USD Has Not Managed To Close Above

The Fed may begin slowing their interest rate hiking cycle, UK promising to return to fiscal credibility

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 18.11.2022 16:34
Summary: EUR/USD currency pair has risen 4% over the past 2 weeks. GBPs response to investor sentiment globally to determine near term credibility. The CAD was outperforming many other major currencies this year, but recently started to lag behind them. EUR/USD has risen by 4% over the past 2 weeks The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. The Euro will decline against the Dollar in the coming months, comfortably falling below parity, according to Danske Bank's unwavering forecast. The rate of exchange between the Euro and the Dollar (EUR/USD) has increased by 4.0 percent over the last two weeks as a result of signs that U.S. inflation is slowing down as well as market analysts' conviction that the Federal Reserve will reduce the pace of its rate hikes, giving investors more confidence to price the peak in interest rates. Data released on Wednesday showed that American consumers were still in good shape, with retail sales increasing by 1.3 percent in October, an acceleration from the 0 percent recorded in September and higher than the market's forecast of 1.0 percent growth. Therefore, the Fed may slow down its rate rise cycle but lengthen it, providing a series of 25 basis point rate adjustments over the ensuing months that may still provide support for the Dollar. EUR/USD Price Chart EUR/GBP on track to end the week slightly higher The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The UK's Autumn Statement, which promised a return to fiscal credibility, was well received by the financial markets, but the direction of the near term should be determined by how the British Pound responds to investor sentiment globally. As part of his effort to tighten fiscal policy and ensure that the nation's finances remained on a sustainable footing, Chancellor Jeremy Hunt proposed savings totaling £55BN, or roughly 2.0 percent of GDP. The Pound-Euro rate appears to be on track to conclude the week slightly higher, and the Pound-Dollar rate is also slightly higher than it was at this time last week, consolidating the huge gains from the previous week. EUR/GBP Price Chart CAD emerging as a top option for speculative short-selling The Canadian Dollar has outperformed many other major currencies this year, but recently started to lag behind them. As a result, the Canadian Dollar is quickly emerging as a top candidate for speculative short-selling by Spectra Markets in advance of an anticipated economic slowdown caused by rising mortgage rates. By Friday, Canada's Dollar had dropped to third place in the ranking of the G10 currencies for the year after suffering significant losses against all significant rivals other than the US. Over the period of November, the dollar has generally corrected lower. The main thesis is that a large rise in Bank of Canada (BoC) interest rates this year will eventually affect Canadian homeowners' monthly mortgage payments. Higher borrowing costs are anticipated to reduce household earnings and have negative second-round impacts on a number of economic sectors. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Movement Of The NZD/USD Pair On The 4-hour Chart

China’s COVID-19 regulations causing U.S Stocks to decline, Inflation in the UK could be pushed up by 1% in April

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 21.11.2022 18:44
Summary: The Dollar was bid and stocks declined on Monday. The most recent budget from HM Treasury will push up inflation by a percentage point. AUD gave ground to most of its major currency counterparts to start the new week. Investor confidence improved in China The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. In spite of indications, the Dollar was bid and stocks declined. China is enforcing stricter regulations to combat a Covid-19 outbreak that is spreading. Three Covid deaths were reported by authorities over the weekend in Beijing, the first in more than six months. Just days after the nation said it was loosening some restrictions, there are reportedly early signs that some authorities are returning to a zero-Covid policy. In recent weeks, speculation that China would be willing to abandon its zero-Covid policy has intensified, boosting investor confidence amid speculation that the world's second-largest economy could spark a resurgence in global economic activity. This favorable environment proved to be a barrier for the dollar, which often gains when market anxieties are mounting and forecasts for global growth are weakening. EUR/USD Price Chart UK inflation expected to increase The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Without changing the Bank of England (BoE) interest rate policy, own goals in c starting in April and force taxpayers to fork over an additional £5 billion or more to cover the increase in debt interest costs that results. The decision to reduce the household energy price guarantee and increase fuel taxes starting in April 2023 will result in higher inflation as measured by the consumer and retail price indices, which will automatically affect future government spending, particularly costs associated with debt servicing. Sterling pounds Live calculations indicate that these two factors will cause consumer price inflation to increase by an additional 1% in April and retail price index inflation to increase by 1.3%, both of which will raise the cost of servicing borrowings with inflation-linked interest rates by approximately £5BN. EUR/GBP Price Chart AUD gave ground to most of its major currency counterparts The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA), the Federal Reserve (Fed), and the Bank of England will all be providing monetary policy commentary this week, so the Pound to Australian Dollar exchange rate has benefited from a corrective setback in AUD/USD that may keep Sterling buoyant above 1.7750 this week. The risk of new coronavirus-related economic closures in China weighed on asset prices throughout the Asia Pacific region as well as on the currencies of those countries exporting into the second-largest economy in the world, and Australia's dollar gave ground to most of its major currency counterparts to start the new week. AUD/GBP Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The EUR/USD Pair Maintains The Bullish Sentiment

Rising NGAS costs may pose downside danger to the Euro, UK economic outlook looks bleak

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 22.11.2022 17:04
Summary: Euro held steady throughout Asian trading. Energy Bills Support Scheme's concurrent expiration, may have a greater negative impact on household earnings. NZD has had the best performance among major currencies over the past month. Euro faces downside risk The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Following the turbulent start to the week on Monday, when the EUR/USD fell, the Euro held steady throughout Asian trading. The Fed speakers' continued hawkish posture, which also hurt markets, helped the US dollar increase. Risk assets were also hurt by a rise of Covid-19 cases in China because of concerns that harsh lock downs would continue there. Even while experts at one European bank claim there is "less pain in the pipeline" for the region and its single currency, rising natural gas costs in the Eurozone are recognized by foreign exchange strategists as a downside danger to the Euro. According to analysts, the little increase in gas prices coincides with a drop in temperatures across Europe after an abnormally warm autumn that allowed nations to stockpile gas supplies and use less gas than is customary at this time of year. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP under pressure from poor UK economic outlook The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Early in the new week, the Pound to Euro exchange rate continued to rise after last Friday's advance, but after three straight days of gains, Sterling is now rapidly approaching a crowded area of technical resistances near and above the 1.16 level on the charts, suggesting that the rally may soon come to an end. The problem for families, the economy, and the pound is that, as a result of reforms outlined by Chancellor Jeremy Hunt in last Thursday's budget, energy costs are expected to grow dramatically once more starting in April 2023, when the average annual tariff would rise by another 20% to £3,000. Due to the Energy Bills Support Scheme's concurrent expiration, this will have a greater negative impact on household earnings. However, it will also have a positive impact on UK inflation rates and have additional effects on the state finances. EUR/GBP Price Chart NZD supported by improved investor sentiment Although the New Zealand Dollar has had the best performance among major currencies over the past month, one analyst claims that it is beginning to seem "stretched" in front of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand's upcoming interest rate announcement. The Kiwi has risen against all of its G10 counterparts over the past four weeks, helped by a noticeable improvement in investor sentiment worldwide and as investors raised their expectations for the amount of interest rate hiking to come from the RBNZ in response to a series of domestic data releases that exceeded expectations. Following New Zealand's October Q3 CPI inflation announcement, which exceeded estimates and bolstered expectations for a 75bp hike, the market increased its expectations. Data on the labor market and quarterly wages also confirmed these predictions. However, an analyst questions if the RBNZ will want to speed up rate increases given that it was among the first to act and has consistently moved rates by 50 basis points, and has no need to play catch-up given that it is one of the G10 rate leaders. GBP/NZD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The EUR/USD Price Failed To Exhibit A Strong Trending Movement

Eurozone economy seems to be falling into a recession, UK economic outlook seems poor

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 23.11.2022 18:08
Summary: The Eurozone PMIs showed that the bloc's economy contracted in November. Despite the UK economy contracting in November, the GBP extended a short-term recovery. CAD fared better than Sterling during the first sessions of the week Eurozone PMI data didn’t beat expectations by enough The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The Eurozone PMIs showed that the bloc's economy contracted in November, but the magnitude of the decline was less severe than anticipated by the markets. The S&P Global Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) for manufacturing registered at 47.3, exceeding the consensus estimate of 46.0 and up from the previous month's reading of 46.4. Unfortunately for the euro, the positive data was insufficient to quell the bearish sentiment surrounding the currency, including recessionary risks and the ECB hawks' unwillingness to support a 75 basis point interest rate hike at the upcoming meeting. The day ahead should see increased volatility for the EUR/USD due to the prominence of US data. EUR/USD Price Chart UK economic outlook looks bleak The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. Following the release of statistics showing that, despite the UK economy contracting in November, corporate forecasts for the coming year increased from a 30-month low, the British pound extended a short-term recovery. The most recent S&P Global PMI readings indicated that economic activity continued to decline for another month, but the data was better than anticipated, so this would be a generally favorable development for markets. However, this downturn was predicted, and as economist at Berenberg Kallum Pickering puts it, "the recession is terrible, but not becoming worse." This remark is critical for the Pound given the dire economic prognosis for the UK. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP/CAD outlook improved According to technical analysis from Scotiabank, the outlook for the Pound to Canadian Dollar exchange rate has improved further in recent trading. Sterling may now be able to hit some of its best levels since the end of the first quarter after gaining ground over the 1.57 mark last week. Although some believe this is likely merely a temporary setback for the Pound, the Canadian Dollar fared better than Sterling during the first sessions of the week after an over two month surge in GBP/CAD stopped following a run-in with technical support on the charts late last week. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The Bank Of England Has Warned That Negative Growth Will Extend All The Way

Eurozone recession may not be as bad as previously anticipated, demand for UK government bonds driving the GBP

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 24.11.2022 15:34
Summary: Eurozone flash PMIs remain in the contractionary range. The GBP has just moved higher thanks to demand for UK government bonds. The value of the CAD has fallen as a result of falling oil prices. Eurozone economy still remains in contractionary range The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The most recent flash PMIs for the Euro Area outperformed expectations this morning, but they are still firmly in the contractionary range. Although November's numbers were better than anticipated, the data point to the Euro Area's economy contracting by about 0.2% in Q4. A recession appears probable, but, as data provider S&P notes, the latest data provide hope that the severity of the slump may not be as severe as originally feared. The US dollar data and the most recent FOMC minutes will likely drive the pair into the weekend due to holidays in the rest of the day. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP supported by UK government bond demand The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The British pound has just moved considerably higher thanks to demand for UK government bonds, and since the rest of the week will be quiet due to the U.S. Thanksgiving holiday, gains may hold. In tandem with a strong increase in the price of UK government debt, the Pound rose sharply versus the Euro, the Dollar, and other major currencies through Wednesday and into Thursday. The cost of funding mortgages and other financial products in the UK has decreased as a result of the increase in bond prices and the associated decline in their yields across different time tenors in the bond market. Bond yields are declining, which indicates a loosening of UK financial conditions and is positive for future economic growth. EUR/GBP Price Chart CAD weighed down by falling oil prices The value of the Canadian Dollar has fallen as a result of falling oil prices, and one industry analyst has predicted that a planned cap on Russian oil could have a disproportionately large effect on Canada. In the last 24 hours, the Canadian Dollar has fallen 1.5% against the British Pound due to a decline in oil prices. Canadian benchmarks are impacted by the decline in global oil prices, which reduces the possibility for the country to generate foreign money. Since the Canadian Dollar and oil market dynamics frequently correlate, the GBP/CAD exchange rate may soon be dependent on changes in the energy market. This linkage previously appeared to have disappeared. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
The GBP/USD Pair Did Not Reach The Nearest Target Level Of 1.2259

Eurozone’s future is clouded by economic unrest in China, GBP’s future for the week lies in the hands of external variables

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 28.11.2022 17:10
Summary: The EUR/USD exchange rate has benefited from the final quarter's risk asset rally. The GBP made gains this week in a market that was favorable to riskier assets. Euro opened weaker on Monday, weighed down by the Chinese economy The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Although technical resistances near 1.04 on the charts have recently held back the recovery of the Euro to Dollar exchange rate, it could succumb to losses this week that push the single currency back toward 1.0303 or lower in the coming days. The Euro to Dollar exchange rate has benefited significantly from the final quarter's risk asset rally. Since financial markets adopted an upbeat perspective on the outlook for China in its ongoing fight against the coronavirus and for the U.S. as the Federal Reserve (Fed) attempts to get the better of inflation, the single currency of Europe has almost completely reversed this year's losses against the Dollar. The world's second-largest economy is currently experiencing restrictions due to the coronavirus, and there have been public demonstrations against these limits in several parts of China. This has put the euro on the back foot on Monday. The Chinese economy is also, in some respects, Europe's second-largest export market, which contributed to the weak start for the Euro on Monday, and the ongoing economic unrest in China further clouds the future for the Eurozone. EUR/USD Price Chart GBP’s future depends on external variables The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The technical resistance for the Pound to Euro exchange rate is placed near 1.1667, and it started the new week close to November highs. The pound made some gains this week in a market that was favorable to riskier assets and unfavorable to the dollar, but it was unable to go over 1.1667 versus the euro, which is quite close to the 78.6% Fibonacci retracement of the late-August downturn in GBP/EUR. Technical resistance at that level previously prevented the Pound's October recovery from the lows it reached after the budget event in September, and it may do so again this week as a light UK economic calendar puts external variables in charge of Sterling's direction. EUR/GBP Price Chart GBP may struggle to move forward in the coming days The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. The GBP/USD exchange rate has more than partially recovered this year's decline, but it now faces the possibility of a corrective setback that could push it back around 1.20 or possibly below it during the next several days. Last week, sterling increased in a market that was favorable for riskier assets and unfavorable for the U.S. dollar, but it was unable to overcome a double-barreled layer of technical resistance and may now find it difficult to move forward in the coming days. This is partially due to events that occurred over the weekend in China, where new discontent over the most recent round of restrictions connected to the coronavirus is likely to keep financial markets focused on the significant financial consequences of the government's ongoing efforts to contain COVID. That might reduce risk appetite on the global markets and put the pound to dollar exchange rate on the defensive from the start of this week. GBP/USD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, poundsterlinglive.com, dailyfx.com
The Latest UK CPI Figure Is Below October’s 11.1% Peak

German CPI inflation missed market expectations, CAD down around 2% on Tuesday

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 29.11.2022 19:10
Summary: Signs of an industrial slowdown in the Eurozone emerged. Eurozone inflation could have taken a larger step toward its peak. Renminbi weighing on the CAD Worries of a global recession continue The market is reflecting bullish signals for this currency pair. Consumer confidence in the Eurozone for November came in at the expected level, but after actual data came in below expectations, signs of an industrial slowdown emerged. This may be related to concerns about a global recession as well as the effect of China on demand-side issues. After China is said to have deescalated tensions and given the euro a boost, yesterday's hawkish commentary from Fed officials and China's ongoing COVID crisis did not hold. The Eurozone has strong ties to China, which can expose the euro to weakness in the event of negative Chinese news. Yesterday, Christine Lagarde of the ECB noted that interest rates still have a ways to go. EUR/USD Price Chart German CPI inflation missed market expectations. The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The Eurozone has strong ties to China, which can expose the euro to weakness in the event of negative Chinese news. Yesterday's hawkish commentary from Fed officials as well as China's ongoing COVID crisis did not hold true today. Interest rates still have a long way to go, according to Christine Lagarde of the ECB, who said that yesterday. According to Destatis, Germany's annual inflation rate for the year ending in November was 10%, down from 10.4% in October and below the consensus estimate of 10.4%. The information was released ahead of Wednesday's CPI inflation report, which currently appears to be on track to fall short of expectations. GBP/CAD Price Chart CAD lost around 2% on Tuesday Early in the new week, the Canadian Dollar dropped significantly against all major currencies due to a rolling underperformance that increased USD/CAD and GBP/CAD despite widespread declines in U.S. Dollar exchange rates, giving the Loonie the appearance that it might be about to roll over. On Tuesday, the Canadian Dollar experienced losses of over two percent against the rising Chinese Renminbi and Korean Won, but what was considerably more dramatic than this price action was the one percent rise in the USD/CAD, which surged swiftly and even as most other U.S. exchange rates sank. GBP/CAD Price Chart Sources: finance.yahoo.com, dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com
Plenty Of Things To Discuss In The Market Insights Podcast By Oanda

Inflation in the Eurozone fell for the first time since July, AUD one of the best performing currencies in the G10

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 30.11.2022 19:03
Summary: On Wednesday, the dollar gained support as Bureau of Labor Statistics data. The ECB is expected to pause the pace of interest rate hikes. AUD benefited from the Renminbi's latest rally. U.S labor statistics offer USD support The market is reflecting bearish signals for this currency pair. The annual inflation rate for the Euro Area is 10% in November, down from 10.6% in October and marking the first decrease since July 2021. Energy, food, alcohol, and tobacco are not included in core inflation figures, which remained stable and had a 5% reading that was in line with expectations. The figures, together with weaker readings from Belgium, Germany, and Spain, will undoubtedly give the European Central Bank much to think about before its meeting on December 15. The market's concern is if they are prepared for the Fed to slow the pace down to 50bp after raising interest rates by 75bp at its last two sessions (Markets currently pricing in 54bp). A slowdown may not be in the cards, according to recent remarks from ECB President Christine Lagarde, who claimed that inflation has not yet peaked. On Wednesday, the dollar gained support as Bureau of Labor Statistics data suggested that the U.S. economy's recovery from the depths of a previous technical recession in the third quarter was more robust than previously thought. EUR/USD Price Chart ECB expected to slow interest rate hiking cycle The market is reflecting mixed signals for this currency pair. Following the announcement of Eurozone inflation statistics that arrived at a lower-than-anticipated rate, the European Central Bank (ECB) is expected to pause the pace of interest rate hikes with a 50 basis point move the following month. However, considering that core inflation is set at 5%, substantially over the ECB's preferred level of 2.0%, the ECB cannot afford to relax just yet. With prices still relatively high, the British pound is still in a phase of consolidation. EUR/GBP Price Chart AUD one of the best performing G10 currencies Midweek trading saw a further decline in the Pound to Australian Dollar exchange rate from recent highs around 1.80. Going forward, it is probable that the pair will fluctuate between 1.7660 and 1.8046 as a tug-of-war between the strong U.S. Dollar and the strengthening Chinese Renminbi takes place. Australia's Dollar was one of the best-performing currencies in the G10 on Wednesday as the Asian region's currencies benefited from the Renminbi's latest rally and the antipodean currency itself seemed to benefit from official data that revealed a surprising drop in Australian inflation rates for October. Australian inflation decreased in October from an annual rate of 7.3% to 6.9%, whereas the majority of economists had predicted a rise to 7.6%. This downward surprise was caused by lower price increases for the majority of items included in the consumer price index. GBP/AUD Price Chart Sources: dailyfx.com, poundsterlinglive.com, finance.yahoo.com
Hungary: The Fuel Trade Was The Only Sector That Did Not Have A Poor Trading Record

Hungary: Despite unchanged rate, Monetary Council added a bit of hawkishness

ING Economics ING Economics 21.12.2022 10:11
The National Bank of Hungary repeated its “whatever it takes” stance at its last rate setting meeting in 2022. Moreover, it added a bit more hawkish flavour to its forward guidance, possibly due to the upgraded 2023 inflation outlook. The reinforced hawkishness might help EUR/HUF to visit sub-400 area in 2023 The National Bank of Hungary in Budapest "Whatever it takes" stance remains with a hawkish twist The National Bank of Hungary decided to maintain the monetary setup as it is when it gathered for the last time in 2022. This means no change in the regular overnight deposit rate at 12.50%, the base rate at 13% and the overnight repo rate at 25%. According to the Monetary Council’s assessment, maintaining the current level of the base rate for a prolonged period is consistent with the achievement of the price stability objective over the monetary policy horizon. Although the policy setup behind the central bank’s “whatever it takes” hawkish approach did not change, the Monetary Council was able to add a little bit more hawkish flavour to its communication. The most important change in the forward guidance that “the Council is constantly assessing incoming data and developments in the outlook for inflation and is ready to take appropriate actions if risks increase”. Despite the central bank identified a balanced risk sentiment, it gives more probability to risks which might push inflation higher than expected. Mainly this type of uncertainty led the central bank and its staff to present an unusually wide range for its inflation forecast in 2023. After a significant upward revision to its short-term inflation outlook, the NBH sees inflation somewhere between 15.0-19.5% year-on-year on average next year. If incoming price pressure data during next year will prove that the full-year reading might be closer to the upper band, we think the NBH will need to reinforce its hawkish stance with some measures mainly affecting (e.g., tighten further) the forint liquidity in the banking sector. The Monetary Council remains hopeful that the Hungarian economy will be able to muddle through next year with a positive real economic activity thanks to the export sector. We are a bit less optimistic as we expect a 0.1% GDP growth vs the NBH’s 0.5-1.5% forecast in 2023. Despite the improved export outlook and the expected narrowing of the current account deficit, the NBH decided to continue to meet foreign currency liquidity needs to reach a market balance related to the energy account, and protect HUF against volatility from this source. The central bank also pointed out that recent developments in the current account balance or in the EU funds or global inflation are not nearly enough to think about changing tight monetary conditions. The Monetary Council wants to see a trend improvement in risk perceptions, thus it adopts a patient approach. This strengthens our view that temporary, targeted measures and the 18% marginal rate will remain with us through the first quarter of next year. By then, we might see the much-needed trend improvement in local and global risks, reducing risk aversion and improving market sentiment adequately to start approaching the 18% marginal rate to the 13% base rate with gradual steps. FX and rates markets reaction The market reaction after the end of the press conference suggested that the market took the NBH's commitment to keep rates high for longer seriously. The entire IRS curve went up with a steepening bias. However, the already high levels at the short end of the curve, in our view, will not allow a significant upward movement, while record inflation in the coming months will also not allow a significant normalisation. Higher inflation caused by the lifting of fuel caps should already be priced in. Thus, market focus should shift to NBH rate normalisation later in the first quarter of 2023 and we should see a significant move down in the short end of the IRS curve. Our steepening view thus remains unchanged after the December rate setting meeting. The recent meeting strengthened the positive direction of the forint in our view. NBH managed to maintain or even strengthen the hawkish market sentiment, which should at least keep the current momentum of the forint. In addition, the NBH extended the programme of providing hard currency to energy importers for the next months, which is another positive news for the forint, delaying some of the selling pressure on the domestic currency. Beyond the NBH meeting, conditions are also positive for the forint at the global level. Gas prices, which have been driving CEE FX again in recent days, are heading lower and implied rates in Hungary, on the other hand, are again near record high levels providing a shield for potential selling pressures. Overall, we thus remain bullish on the forint and expect further appreciation towards 400 EUR/HUF by year-end and below this level next year. Read this article on THINK TagsReview NBH Monetary policy Interest rates Hungary Disclaimer This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more

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