mexican peso

FX Daily: Unwinding the spurious dollar rally

The dollar strengthened across the board yesterday with no clear catalyst. We suspect that in an environment that keeps pricing large Fed cuts, USD rallies aren’t very sustainable. We’ll be awaiting the next leap higher in short-term USD rates to endorse a dollar rebound. Today, the focus is on PMIs and the Bank of Canada, which may disappoint dovish bets.

 

USD: Sticky Fed cut bets hinder USD rebound

The dollar rebounded sharply yesterday as the risk-on mood generated by Beijing’s reported stock support package evaporated during London trading hours. The Hang Seng is having another good day today, even though Beijing’s measures appear an emergency and temporary solution, more a symptomatic treatment rather than addressing fundamental economic concerns.

European and US equities failed to follow the Hang Seng's gains yesterday but also showed broad resilience. The rise in US rates did not look large enough to justify the rota

COT Currency Speculator Sentiment rising for Euro & British Pound Sterling

COT Currency Speculator Sentiment rising for Euro & British Pound Sterling

Invest Macro Invest Macro 24.01.2022 11:36
By InvestMacro | COT | Data Tables | COT Leaders | Downloads | COT Newsletter Here are the latest charts and statistics for the Commitment of Traders (COT) data published by the Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). The latest COT data is updated through Tuesday January 18th and shows a quick view of how large traders (for-profit speculators and commercial entities) were positioned in the futures markets. All currency positions are in direct relation to the US dollar where, for example, a bet for the euro is a bet that the euro will rise versus the dollar while a bet against the euro will be a bet that the euro will decline versus the dollar. Highlighting the COT currency data is the trend changes in speculator sentiment we are seeing in the Euro and the British pound sterling. Speculators have been boosting their bets for the Euro and pound sterling over the past weeks and have now pushed their bets in both currencies to their best levels since September. Euro positions have gained for five consecutive weeks (a 5-week total rise of +36,463 contracts) and have now been in bullish territory for two straight weeks after spending thirteen out of the past fourteen weeks in bearish territory. This week’s net position of +24,584 contracts marks the best position since September 14th when positions were in a downtrend and on their way into negative territory. British pound speculator bets, meanwhile, have risen sharply with four straight weeks of gains (a 4-week rise by +57,439 contracts) and have now settled into a current position of just -247 net contracts. The net position had been at a multi-year bearish high of -57,686 contracts as recently as December 21st before a turnaround in sentiment. Free Reports: Top 5 Companies Added to Our Stock Watch List this Quarter - Here are the Stock Symbols that stood out so far in the fourth quarter of 2021. Get our Weekly Commitment of Traders Reports - See where the biggest traders (Hedge Funds and Commercial Hedgers) are positioned in the futures markets on a weekly basis. Joining the Euro (18,579 contracts) and British pound sterling (28,919 contracts) with positive changes this week were the yen (6,646 contracts), New Zealand dollar (273 contracts), Canadian dollar (14,868 contracts), Australian dollar (3,032 contracts) and the Mexican peso (9,371 contracts). The currencies with declining bets were the US Dollar Index (-1,458 contracts), Brazil real (-557 contracts), Swiss franc (-3,150 contracts), Russian ruble (-3,195 contracts) and Bitcoin (-172 contracts) Data Snapshot of Forex Market Traders | Columns Legend Jan-18-2022 OI OI-Index Spec-Net Spec-Index Com-Net COM-Index Smalls-Net Smalls-Index EUR 691,882 80 24,584 43 -50,464 61 25,880 17 JPY 201,820 56 -80,879 17 99,740 86 -18,861 9 GBP 183,234 28 -247 74 2,848 31 -2,601 50 AUD 181,136 68 -88,454 3 98,519 92 -10,065 28 MXN 151,778 27 4,920 29 -7,490 70 2,570 54 CAD 143,371 26 7,492 58 -13,723 47 6,231 42 USD Index 53,283 74 36,434 89 -42,397 4 5,963 82 RUB 45,413 46 6,422 29 -7,251 69 829 57 NZD 44,727 33 -8,331 57 10,622 47 -2,291 26 CHF 39,871 14 -10,810 51 13,799 46 -2,989 54 BRL 32,098 30 -11,369 53 10,759 48 610 74 Bitcoin 11,468 62 -549 91 -22 0 571 26   US Dollar Index Futures: The US Dollar Index large speculator standing this week was a net position of 36,434 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly lowering of -1,458 contracts from the previous week which had a total of 37,892 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bullish-Extreme with a score of 88.6 percent. The commercials are Bearish-Extreme with a score of 4.1 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bullish-Extreme with a score of 81.8 percent. US DOLLAR INDEX Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 79.5 3.2 15.4 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 11.1 82.7 4.2 – Net Position: 36,434 -42,397 5,963 – Gross Longs: 42,369 1,684 8,180 – Gross Shorts: 5,935 44,081 2,217 – Long to Short Ratio: 7.1 to 1 0.0 to 1 3.7 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 88.6 4.1 81.8 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bullish-Extreme Bearish-Extreme Bullish-Extreme NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: 2.7 -3.6 6.8   Euro Currency Futures: The Euro Currency large speculator standing this week was a net position of 24,584 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly gain of 18,579 contracts from the previous week which had a total of 6,005 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bearish with a score of 42.5 percent. The commercials are Bullish with a score of 61.5 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bearish-Extreme with a score of 17.3 percent. EURO Currency Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 30.6 56.3 11.5 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 27.1 63.6 7.8 – Net Position: 24,584 -50,464 25,880 – Gross Longs: 211,901 389,617 79,656 – Gross Shorts: 187,317 440,081 53,776 – Long to Short Ratio: 1.1 to 1 0.9 to 1 1.5 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 42.5 61.5 17.3 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bearish Bullish Bearish-Extreme NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: 10.1 -8.6 -4.3   British Pound Sterling Futures: The British Pound Sterling large speculator standing this week was a net position of -247 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly gain of 28,919 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -29,166 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bullish with a score of 73.8 percent. The commercials are Bearish with a score of 31.4 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bullish with a score of 50.3 percent. BRITISH POUND Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 21.7 62.5 14.3 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 21.8 60.9 15.8 – Net Position: -247 2,848 -2,601 – Gross Longs: 39,760 114,486 26,267 – Gross Shorts: 40,007 111,638 28,868 – Long to Short Ratio: 1.0 to 1 1.0 to 1 0.9 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 73.8 31.4 50.3 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bullish Bearish Bullish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: 27.4 -30.6 28.5   Japanese Yen Futures: The Japanese Yen large speculator standing this week was a net position of -80,879 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly boost of 6,646 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -87,525 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bearish-Extreme with a score of 16.9 percent. The commercials are Bullish-Extreme with a score of 85.7 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bearish-Extreme with a score of 9.0 percent. JAPANESE YEN Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 4.0 86.1 8.7 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 44.0 36.6 18.0 – Net Position: -80,879 99,740 -18,861 – Gross Longs: 8,002 173,701 17,475 – Gross Shorts: 88,881 73,961 36,336 – Long to Short Ratio: 0.1 to 1 2.3 to 1 0.5 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 16.9 85.7 9.0 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bearish-Extreme Bullish-Extreme Bearish-Extreme NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: -11.3 9.5 -3.1   Swiss Franc Futures: The Swiss Franc large speculator standing this week was a net position of -10,810 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly reduction of -3,150 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -7,660 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bullish with a score of 51.1 percent. The commercials are Bearish with a score of 46.4 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bullish with a score of 54.5 percent. SWISS FRANC Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 2.3 67.3 30.0 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 29.4 32.7 37.5 – Net Position: -10,810 13,799 -2,989 – Gross Longs: 925 26,828 11,951 – Gross Shorts: 11,735 13,029 14,940 – Long to Short Ratio: 0.1 to 1 2.1 to 1 0.8 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 51.1 46.4 54.5 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bullish Bearish Bullish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: 2.2 -7.4 15.5   Canadian Dollar Futures: The Canadian Dollar large speculator standing this week was a net position of 7,492 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly advance of 14,868 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -7,376 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bullish with a score of 57.9 percent. The commercials are Bearish with a score of 46.9 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bearish with a score of 42.2 percent. CANADIAN DOLLAR Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 34.7 41.1 21.8 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 29.5 50.7 17.5 – Net Position: 7,492 -13,723 6,231 – Gross Longs: 49,792 58,921 31,270 – Gross Shorts: 42,300 72,644 25,039 – Long to Short Ratio: 1.2 to 1 0.8 to 1 1.2 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 57.9 46.9 42.2 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bullish Bearish Bearish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: 15.3 -13.5 6.0   Australian Dollar Futures: The Australian Dollar large speculator standing this week was a net position of -88,454 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly increase of 3,032 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -91,486 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bearish-Extreme with a score of 2.8 percent. The commercials are Bullish-Extreme with a score of 92.4 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bearish with a score of 27.9 percent. AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 5.0 82.2 10.5 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 53.8 27.9 16.1 – Net Position: -88,454 98,519 -10,065 – Gross Longs: 9,051 148,978 19,008 – Gross Shorts: 97,505 50,459 29,073 – Long to Short Ratio: 0.1 to 1 3.0 to 1 0.7 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 2.8 92.4 27.9 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bearish-Extreme Bullish-Extreme Bearish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: -6.2 -0.3 17.1   New Zealand Dollar Futures: The New Zealand Dollar large speculator standing this week was a net position of -8,331 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly advance of 273 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -8,604 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bullish with a score of 57.3 percent. The commercials are Bearish with a score of 46.8 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bearish with a score of 25.6 percent. NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 26.0 66.8 6.4 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 44.6 43.0 11.5 – Net Position: -8,331 10,622 -2,291 – Gross Longs: 11,612 29,876 2,851 – Gross Shorts: 19,943 19,254 5,142 – Long to Short Ratio: 0.6 to 1 1.6 to 1 0.6 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 57.3 46.8 25.6 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bullish Bearish Bearish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: -31.9 30.0 -5.2   Mexican Peso Futures: The Mexican Peso large speculator standing this week was a net position of 4,920 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly increase of 9,371 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -4,451 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bearish with a score of 29.4 percent. The commercials are Bullish with a score of 69.7 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bullish with a score of 53.9 percent. MEXICAN PESO Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 49.7 46.1 3.9 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 46.5 51.0 2.2 – Net Position: 4,920 -7,490 2,570 – Gross Longs: 75,461 69,942 5,901 – Gross Shorts: 70,541 77,432 3,331 – Long to Short Ratio: 1.1 to 1 0.9 to 1 1.8 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 29.4 69.7 53.9 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bearish Bullish Bullish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: 29.4 -30.3 15.6   Brazilian Real Futures: The Brazilian Real large speculator standing this week was a net position of -11,369 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly fall of -557 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -10,812 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bullish with a score of 53.4 percent. The commercials are Bearish with a score of 47.8 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bullish with a score of 74.2 percent. BRAZIL REAL Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 34.1 56.6 8.9 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 69.6 23.1 7.0 – Net Position: -11,369 10,759 610 – Gross Longs: 10,958 18,179 2,841 – Gross Shorts: 22,327 7,420 2,231 – Long to Short Ratio: 0.5 to 1 2.5 to 1 1.3 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 53.4 47.8 74.2 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bullish Bearish Bullish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: -7.7 6.6 9.9   Russian Ruble Futures: The Russian Ruble large speculator standing this week was a net position of 6,422 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly decrease of -3,195 contracts from the previous week which had a total of 9,617 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bearish with a score of 28.6 percent. The commercials are Bullish with a score of 68.9 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bullish with a score of 57.1 percent. RUSSIAN RUBLE Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 35.3 60.0 4.6 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 21.2 75.9 2.8 – Net Position: 6,422 -7,251 829 – Gross Longs: 16,034 27,233 2,101 – Gross Shorts: 9,612 34,484 1,272 – Long to Short Ratio: 1.7 to 1 0.8 to 1 1.7 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 28.6 68.9 57.1 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bearish Bullish Bullish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: -17.5 19.1 -25.4   Bitcoin Futures: The Bitcoin large speculator standing this week was a net position of -549 contracts in the data reported through Tuesday. This was a weekly decline of -172 contracts from the previous week which had a total of -377 net contracts. This week’s current strength score (the trader positioning range over the past three years, measured from 0 to 100) shows the speculators are currently Bullish-Extreme with a score of 90.9 percent. The commercials are Bearish with a score of 28.5 percent and the small traders (not shown in chart) are Bearish with a score of 25.9 percent. BITCOIN Statistics SPECULATORS COMMERCIALS SMALL TRADERS – Percent of Open Interest Longs: 73.4 3.1 12.3 – Percent of Open Interest Shorts: 78.2 3.3 7.3 – Net Position: -549 -22 571 – Gross Longs: 8,417 355 1,407 – Gross Shorts: 8,966 377 836 – Long to Short Ratio: 0.9 to 1 0.9 to 1 1.7 to 1 NET POSITION TREND:       – Strength Index Score (3 Year Range Pct): 90.9 28.5 25.9 – Strength Index Reading (3 Year Range): Bullish-Extreme Bearish Bearish NET POSITION MOVEMENT INDEX:       – 6-Week Change in Strength Index: 8.4 -13.2 -5.0   Article By InvestMacro – Receive our weekly COT Reports by Email *COT Report: The COT data, released weekly to the public each Friday, is updated through the most recent Tuesday (data is 3 days old) and shows a quick view of how large speculators or non-commercials (for-profit traders) were positioned in the futures markets. The CFTC categorizes trader positions according to commercial hedgers (traders who use futures contracts for hedging as part of the business), non-commercials (large traders who speculate to realize trading profits) and nonreportable traders (usually small traders/speculators) as well as their open interest (contracts open in the market at time of reporting).See CFTC criteria here. CountingPips Forex Blog Forex and Currency News Opinions   COT Bonds Speculators sharply reduce 5-Year Treasury bearish bets for 2nd week →
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Navigating FX Markets: Late Cycle Dollar Strength Meets Carry Trade Amid Central Bank Battles and Volatility Decline

ING Economics ING Economics 09.06.2023 08:28
FX Daily: Late cycle dollar strength meets the carry trade We see two key themes driving FX markets near term. The first is central banks continuing to battle inflation, yield curves staying inverted, and the dollar continuing to hold gains. The second is cross-market volatility continuing to sink - generating greater interest in the carry trade. Expect these trends to hold into Fed, ECB and BoJ meetings next week.   USD: Late cycle dollar strength continues Yesterday's surprise rate hike by the Bank of Canada (BoC) triggered quite a clean reaction in FX markets. Of course, the Canadian dollar rallied on the view that the BoC had unfinished business when it came to tightening. But the broader reaction was for short-dated yields to rise around the world, for yield curves to invert further, and for the dollar to strengthen. USD/JPY rose about 0.8% after the BoC hiked. The view here was that if both Australia and Canada felt the need for further hikes, in all probability the Fed would too.   This endurance of this late cycle dollar strength is therefore the key story for this summer. For the near term, it looks like the dollar can hold the majority of its recent gains into next Wednesday's FOMC meeting - though the release of the US May CPI next Tuesday will be a big market driver too. Our bigger picture call remains that the dollar will embark on a cyclical bear trend in 2H23 - probably starting in 3Q - though the risk is that this gets delayed.   This brings us to our second key observation which is that declining levels of cross-market volatility continue to favour the FX carry trade. Somewhat amazingly the VIX index - implied volatility for the S&P 500 equity index - has fallen below not just the 22 February pre-invasion levels but also below the March 2020 pre-pandemic levels.   As is the case with low rates and FX volatility, presumably investors believe that policy rates will not be moving too much this year - perhaps a little higher and then a little lower. Lower volatility levels are favouring the carry trade which in the EM world favours the Mexican peso and the Hungarian forint and in the G10 space - as Francesco Pesole points out - favours the Canadian dollar. An investor selling USD/MXN six months forward at the start of the year would have made close to 16% by now.   Expect these core trends to continue for the near term. The data calendar is light today and we suspect a slight pick-up in initial claims will not be enough to move the needle on the dollar. Expect DXY to linger around 104.
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FX Daily: Carry Trade Remains Popular Amidst Global Monetary Policy Changes

ING Economics ING Economics 31.07.2023 15:51
FX Daily: Carry trade en vogue despite monetary hikes, pauses and cuts Monetary policy tightening cycles are close to their peak in the G10 space, although this week should see a 25bp hike in the UK and possibly Australia too. Policy changes are more advanced in parts of the EM world, where Chile cut rates 100bp on Friday and Brazil should start easing this week too. However, low volatility looks set to remain a key driver of FX.   USD: Overnight rates at 5.30% make the dollar an expensive sell The dollar is proving quite resilient. Overnight USD rates at 5.30% are probably playing a role here. Also, evidence of a 'Goldilocks' scenario in the US is helping too, where there are further signs of disinflation even though US consumption is holding up quite well. This compares to Europe and China where business surveys remain soft and the concern is that stagnation deteriorates into contraction. Testing the US soft-landing thesis this week will be the release of ISM surveys and Friday's nonfarm jobs report. Later today we will also see the Federal Reserve's Senior Loan Officer Survey, where we'll receive insights on lending volumes and how much credit conditions have tightened. Recall that the equivalent survey from the European Central Bank last week undermined the euro. Some last vestiges of tightening cycles in G10 economies can be offset against developments in emerging markets. Here, Latin America saw some of the earliest and most aggressive tightening cycles during the pandemic and, on Friday, Chile kicked off easing cycles with a 100bp rate cut. Money markets seem to imply expectations of a 700bp rate cut over the next 12 months. And Brazil is expected to start easing on Wednesday with a 25bp cut. In theory, this should be good for emerging market growth prospects (and EM portfolio flows) and a slight dollar negative. The risk, however, is that rates are cut too far too fast - let's see. Also, look out today at 0900CET for any new measures from China's State Council to boost consumption (and EM growth prospects). Despite this diverging global growth and monetary policy story, cross-market volatility remains low - perhaps as investors are now expecting prolonged pauses in core interest rate markets. This remains a negative for the Japanese yen and a positive for the high yielders including the Mexican peso and the Hungarian forint. The dollar is probably trapped somewhere in the middle here and unless we see some sharp deterioration in US activity that would favour the Fed not just pausing, but easing - the dollar can probably trade out ranges over coming weeks. DXY to trade 101.00-102.00 near term.
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FX Daily: Dollar Demand Persists Amidst Waiting Game

ING Economics ING Economics 07.08.2023 08:50
FX Daily: Waiting game keeps the dollar in demand Another mixed US jobs report on Friday has maintained choppy conditions in FX markets. While consensus expects the dollar to edge lower through the year, we are yet to see both the decline in inflation and activity (particularly jobs data) that would cement this trend. Key inputs to FX markets this week will be Thursday's CPI data and the Treasury refunding.   USD: CPI and quarterly refunding will be the highlights Friday's release of a mixed US July jobs report was enough to deliver some calm to the US bond market. Recall that the sharp sell-off at the long end of the curve had upset benign market conditions on Wednesday and Thursday last week. Lower headline employment in July saw 10-year Treasury yields drop nearly 15bp on Friday and investors jump back into their preferred high-yielding currencies such as the Mexican peso.  Looking ahead, we see two key US highlights this week. The main event will be Thursday's release of July CPI figures. Despite base effects nudging the YoY rate higher, MoM readings should deliver another benign 0.2% outcome at the core level and provide another piece of disinflation evidence for the Fed. The problem for FX markets is that it seems that disinflation is not enough to get the dollar lower. Instead, we also need to see signs of softening activity - especially in the labour markets. Unless initial claims spike on Thursday or consumer sentiment falls sharply on Friday, there are few real signs of softer activity coming through just yet. The second highlight of the week will be the US Treasury's quarterly refunding, where a collective $103bn of three, ten, and thirty-year US Treasuries are auctioned Tuesday through Thursday. It is very rare to have a bad Treasury refunding - e.g. consistently low bid to cover ratios or other such metrics. But the risk is that dealers build concessions into bond prices ahead of the auctions - keeping US yields firm and the investment environment mixed. On the face of it then, this week looks unlikely to trigger the kind of benign dollar decline around which the Rest of the World currencies can rally.  Additionally, events in the Black Sea and what they could mean for food and energy prices could keep investors nervous about embracing disinflation trends. For today, we doubt Fed speakers will have a meaningful impact on the dollar and can see DXY trading well within a 101.80-102.80 range.
FX Daily: Low Volatility Persists Amidst US Jobs Data Ripples

FX Daily: Low Volatility Persists Amidst US Jobs Data Ripples

ING Economics ING Economics 31.08.2023 10:30
FX Daily: Low vol environment continues US jobs numbers continue to cause ripples in a becalmed summer FX market. Expect more of the same today as the market focuses on the weekly initial claims ahead of tomorrow's big NFP report. In Europe, the focus will be on the eurozone's August CPI release. Expectations of a further hike from the ECB are firming up and justify EUR/USD trading at 1.09-1.10.   USD: Thrashing around in a low vol environment Second-tier US jobs data (JOLTS and ADP) have seen the dollar soften a little this week. However, the data have yet to prove the smoking gun that can mark the end of the Federal Reserve's hawkish stance. Stronger trends will only start to develop should we see a large downside miss on tomorrow's release of the August NFP jobs data or a sharp rise in the unemployment rate. That would undermine the thesis that strong employment consumption can keep the Fed in hawkish mode for a lot longer than most think.  For today, the focus will again be on some second and third-tier jobs data in the form of the weekly initial claims read. We will also see personal income, spending, and the core PCE deflator for July. Consensus actually sees the core PCE deflator rising to 4.2% year-on-year from 4.1% – so hardly a reason for markets to add to dollar short positions. In general, cross-asset market volatility remains low and there is not much to argue against the Japanese yen or Chinese renminbi-funded carry trade. As we have noted before, 5.30% overnight rates mean the dollar can hold gains in a carry trade environment. Currencies outperforming remain the EM high-yielders, such as those found in the CEE3 region and also Latam. Here, the Mexican peso continues to hold gains and offer near 12% implied yields. The peso should also be helped by the latest remarks from Banxico that, unlike Brazil and Chile, it is not considering rate cuts anytime soon. Unless we see a sharp spike in the weekly initial claims data today, we suspect DXY does not break too far from a 103.00-103.50 range.
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Don't Panic: Mexican Peso Correction Following Banxico's Move to Unwind Dollar Position

ING Economics ING Economics 04.09.2023 10:37
Mexican peso corrects: Don't panic! USD/MXN has spiked higher on news that Banxico wants to start unwinding its short dollar position acquired through FX intervention. While the market may be correct in thinking that Banxico does not want the peso to be a lot stronger, we think that after some temporary weakness in September, the peso will still outperform its steep forward curve. Unwinding the intervention Late yesterday, Mexico’s central bank, Banxico, announced its plans to unwind the outstanding balances of its FX hedging programme, a programme launched in February 2017 to support the beleaguered peso. During two intervention episodes - February 2017 and March 2020 - Banxico effectively acquired short USD/MXN positions in the FX forwards market when spot was trading over 20 and 24, respectively. In its press release, Banxico clarified that $5.5bn of its forward position was built during 2017 and another near $2bn during the March 2020 episode to leave the current outstanding balance near $7.5bn. Banxico has said that it will let these short USD/MXN positions in the forward market (held in the one to twelve-month tenors) roll off gradually. In practice, this means rolling only 50%, not 100%, of the shorter-dated positions and allowing the longer nine and twelve-month positions to mature on schedule.   There are probably three reasons why USD/MXN spiked so sharply on the news. The first is that the Mexican peso has been investors' EM darling this year and that long MXN positions are crowded. The second is that Banxico’s decision to unwind this hedge programme could mean Banxico’s tolerance of peso strength has reached some kind of limit. The third is the technical aspect that the biggest impact on the FX market could come this month. If, as Banxico says, only 50% of this month’s reported $4.8bn in maturing forwards is rolled, that means the FX market has to absorb the sizeable impact of a $2.4bn Banxico dollar offer disappearing. While all of the above concerns have merit, we are less concerned than some and take Banxico’s press release at face value. In it, Banxico said it was now unwinding these positions because market conditions are now orderly and liquidity conditions are good (they weren’t when the intervention took place). And that, by unwinding these positions now, Banxico allows banks on the other side of these trades to do so in an orderly manner.
US Bond Market Sell-Off Sets Tone for FX and Risk Assets

US Bond Market Sell-Off Sets Tone for FX and Risk Assets

ING Economics ING Economics 26.09.2023 14:48
FX Daily: US bond market sets the FX tone The ongoing sell-off in the US bond market continues to set the tone – not just for FX markets but for risk assets in general. A heavy slate of US Treasury auctions this week and rising concern over a US government shutdown on Saturday is sending implied volatility higher and may trigger some more profit-taking on carry trade strategies.   USD: Focus on Treasuries again The dollar continues its grind higher and probably the biggest market talking point is the ongoing bearish steepening of the US Treasury curve. Speaking to our bond strategists, they think this is currently being driven by two factors. The first is the ongoing upward revision to where the Fed Funds rate settles after the next Fed easing cycle. Looking at the forward curve for one-month USD OIS rates, investors now see the low point in any future Fed easing cycle at around 4.00% in three years's time. Rather incredibly, at the start of this year, the market had seen the low point for Fed Funds in three years' time down at 2.70%. The second factor weighing on Treasuries is this week's $134bn auction of two, five and seven-year notes – which takes place over the next three days. This comes ahead of a potential US government shutdown this Saturday, where hard-right Republicans in the House seem to be holding out against a stop-gap spending bill. In the background remains a threat of another downgrade of US sovereign rates on the back of an 'erosion of governance'. Apart from the rise in US yields, we have now started to see a rise in implied volatility in the US Treasury market. This will prove a headwind to carry trade strategies and could prompt the unwinding of some of the most heavily invested positions. We would worry about the Mexican peso here, which also faces Banxico unwinding its dollar forward book in less than benign conditions. Another popular target currency in the carry trade – the Hungarian forint – may actually find some support from the local central bank today (see below).  In general, however, the continued rise in US yields is making for a less benign environment and favours risk reduction. Whilst higher US yields may push USD/JPY close to 150, they also increase the risk of an equity setback. That is why we think an instrument like the one-month USD/JPY downside risk reversal may be too conservatively priced. And in general, we would say commodity currencies remain vulnerable, especially those like the South African rand and Latam currencies – this latter group were hit hard during the early August sell-off in Treasuries. DXY can probably stay bid through this if activity currencies come under pressure and technical analysts will be dusting off calls for a move to the 107.20 area.
Brazilian Central Bank (BCB) to Proceed with 50bp Interest Rate Cut Today Amidst Challenging External Environment

Brazilian Central Bank (BCB) to Proceed with 50bp Interest Rate Cut Today Amidst Challenging External Environment

ING Economics ING Economics 02.11.2023 12:31
BRL: BCB to push ahead with 50bp cut today Brazil’s central bank (BCB) meets to set rates today. Economists and investors are unanimous that, unlike Chile last week, the BCB will not be blown off course from its forward guidance. Here a 50bp cut has been well-telegraphed, which would take the selic policy rate to 12.25%. Since embarking on its easing cycle in August the BCB’s statement has consistently guided for 50bp cuts at future meetings. We would expect that phrasing to re-appear today. However, market pricing now only looks for a 44bp cut at the December meeting and the depth of the 2024 easing cycle has been re-priced 125bp higher over recent months. This has largely been down to higher US yields and the strong dollar, but more recently has been a function of President Lula late last week questioning his government’s commitment to a zero budget deficit next year. The fiscal side has long been Brazil’s Achilles heel and the BCB has not been shy about emphasising fiscal risks in its statements. We think the BCB will have to acknowledge the more difficult external environment. And that could see the BCB easing cycle priced a little shallower still. That could be seen as a mild Brazil real positive. Yet, fiscal risks look set to hold the real back and we much prefer exposure to the Mexican peso. Look for BRL/MXN to drop back to 3.50 later this year.
Unraveling the Dollar Rally: Assessing the Factors Behind the Surprising Rebound and Market Dynamics

Unraveling the Dollar Rally: Assessing the Factors Behind the Surprising Rebound and Market Dynamics

ING Economics ING Economics 25.01.2024 15:02
FX Daily: Unwinding the spurious dollar rally The dollar strengthened across the board yesterday with no clear catalyst. We suspect that in an environment that keeps pricing large Fed cuts, USD rallies aren’t very sustainable. We’ll be awaiting the next leap higher in short-term USD rates to endorse a dollar rebound. Today, the focus is on PMIs and the Bank of Canada, which may disappoint dovish bets.   USD: Sticky Fed cut bets hinder USD rebound The dollar rebounded sharply yesterday as the risk-on mood generated by Beijing’s reported stock support package evaporated during London trading hours. The Hang Seng is having another good day today, even though Beijing’s measures appear an emergency and temporary solution, more a symptomatic treatment rather than addressing fundamental economic concerns. European and US equities failed to follow the Hang Seng's gains yesterday but also showed broad resilience. The rise in US rates did not look large enough to justify the rotation from European FX (EUR and GBP) back into the dollar. In all, we admit the dollar jump was quite surprising, and without a clear catalyst, and therefore see room for the dollar correction initiated overnight to extend today. One dynamic to keep an eye on – however – is the impact on markets of US Republican Primaries. The underperformance of the Mexican peso since the start of the week may be indicating markets are pricing in a larger chance of Donald Trump winning the presidency after Ron DeSantis endorsed him. Trump won the New Hampshire primary yesterday, securing 55% of votes and casting serious doubt on the future of Nikki Haley’s campaign. It all seems rather premature, but Banxico is also on the brink of a rate cutting cycle – as discussed here by our rates team – which can compound to keeping the peso soft. This should not translate into a one-way direction for the peso though, we still expect to see high demand in the dips, not least due to the preserved carry attractiveness and our view of a US dollar decline. Today, the focus will be on S&P Global PMIs across developed countries. Markets have become gradually more sensitive to this US survey, even though the ISM remains the main reference. Expectations are for a tiny decline in manufacturing PMIs (already in contraction area) and a stabilisation in services. We don’t have a strong bearish view on the dollar in the short-term, but yesterday’s moves did appear overdone in an environment where Fed funds futures still price in 130/140bp of cuts this year. We’ll be more convinced of the sustainability of a near-term dollar rebound once short-term Treasury yields take another leap higher (two-year rates are down nearly 10bp since yesterday). Revamped rate hike bets in Japan are pushing USD/JPY lower this morning, favouring a broader dollar correction which could have legs today. Francesco

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