investors

Since its inception in 2019, Wexo has been a trailblazer in merging traditional finance with the dynamic realm of digital currencies. Boasting a robust community exceeding 200,000 users, Wexo distinguishes itself with a user-friendly platform, making cryptocurrencies comprehensible and accessible to everyone, from newcomers to seasoned investors.

Exploring Wexo's Features

Wexo's primary goal is to showcase that in today's innovative world, cryptocurrencies can function just like regular money. The app facilitates secure cryptocurrency purchases through various methods, including credit cards, Apple Pay/Google Pay, or bank account transfers. Notably, sending crypto on the platform is as simple as inputting a phone number, underscoring Wexo's commitment to a user-friendly experience.

 


Additional Features

Wexo goes beyond standard crypto apps by offering unique features such as standing orders, bulk payments, and transaction history exports, providing a comprehensive suite of ser

GBPUSD Testing Key Support at 1.2175: Will Oversold Conditions Trigger a Correction?

It's Like A Blockbuster! Crude Oil Price (BRENT/WTI) Electrify Markets As Elon Musk And Twitter (TWTR) Do The Same!

Walid Koudmani Walid Koudmani 26.04.2022 10:46
Oil along with other risk assets is trading higher today as sentiment towards energy commodities and industrial metals improved slightly after declining over the last several days. However, it is important to note that the outlook for oil is still unclear as there are a number of contradicting factors impacting the price of the commodity. On one hand, there is still the risk of a total embargo on Russian oil by the West which is likely to exert an upward pressure on prices. Read next: What Is Chia Coin? - (XCH) - First New Nakamoto Coin Since Bitcoin Launch (2009) | FXMAG.COM Taking a look at the Brent oil chart, we can see that the price bounced off the $100.00 per barrel mark yesterday evening and... On the other hand, the pandemic situation in China and the country's response to it is creating the risk of an economic slowdown in the world's second largest economy. As China is a major consumer and importer of oil and industrial metals, lower demand from this country could have a visible impact on oil prices as well as other commodities and lead to a domino effect across global markets. Taking a look at the Brent oil chart, we can see that the price bounced off the $100.00 per barrel mark yesterday evening and managed to climb to the $103 resistance zone before pulling back slightly today and heading once again towards the $100. A similar situation can be noticed when looking at the Oil.WTI chart with a pullback from the $100 area and a current test of the $97,77 reaction zone. Read next: A Reward For A Transaction!? What Is Kishu Inu Coin? ($KISHU) Let's Take A Look At This New Altcoin  Investors focus on today’s mega cap earnings after Twitter accepts Elon Musk takeover offer After a tense round of negotiations, Twitter accepted Elon Musk's offer and will be bought for $54.20 per share. The company will become private once the deal is completed after he initially became the largest shareholder by buying around 9% of shares. The market reacted favorably to this news with the stock price gaining 5.6% yesterday despite much controversy surrounding the issue. While the situation remains uncertain, it is likely that the effects of this news will have ripple effects across stock markets. However, investors will also be switching their attention to today's mega cap earnings reports in what will be a week filled with high level earnings. Microsoft and Alphabet are due to report their earnings today after market close which could have a noticeable impact on stock markets, particularly the S&P 500 and Nasdaq 100, both of which have been trying to halt a series of losses.  
Stock Market Showing Signs Of Slight Recovery Amidst U.S CPI Report Release

Stock Market Showing Signs Of Slight Recovery Amidst U.S CPI Report Release

Rebecca Duthie Rebecca Duthie 11.05.2022 18:05
Summary: S&P 500 has seen 0.72% growth today. The value of (XAUUSD) gold has shown bullish signals in the market today. Read next: Tech Stocks Plunging!? Trade Desk Earnings Announcement Pushes Tech Giant Stock Down, Russian Ruble Strengthening and Ford Motor Co.  S&P 500 is rising during trading today The U.S CPI report which offered an update on price increases across U.S for April was released by the U.S labour department on Wednesday. The report reflected there was some deceleration of inflation figures compared to March, however, the rate of price increases exceeded analyst expectations. The CPI for April decelerated marginally compared to the March figures. The figures represent how far the Fed will have to go in the future regarding tightening monetary policy to fight the rising prices. S&P 500 Price Chart Will Gold rally in the wake of the CPI report? Gold futures have increased in value today, the initial increase came before the CPI report was released by the U.S labor department, and the increase has continued after the release. The lower than expected CPI figures bode well in the favour of the gold prices as uncertainty arises amongst investors on the Fed's next move. With volatility in the stock markets likely to continue, perhaps investors are trying to hedge their bets, driving the price of gold upwards. Gold Futures Jun’22 Read next: (BTC) Bitcoin’s Price Tanks Along With Equities. U.S. Stock Market Awaits CPI Report, Poor Performance From The FTSE 100.  Sources: Finance.yahoo.com
Crypto Focus: Market meltdown continues as Terra (Luna) collapses

Crypto Focus: Market meltdown continues as Terra (Luna) collapses

8 eightcap 8 eightcap 13.05.2022 07:19
Well, what can we say about this last week? It was a horrific week on the crypto boards, with most coins plunging. The selling got going last weekend and peaked with a real market crash on Thursday. 200 billion of value was wiped off just on Thursday’s session alone. Bitcoin hit 25,338 USD at its lowest point on Thursday, and Ethereum touched $1702, setting new year lows. The rout wasn’t just about those two. The top 25 index coin index we quote cashed by 45.18% to its low on Thursday. Why did this happen? As the week went on, a few stories started to emerge. UST was the main influence, and it had a catastrophic effect on Terra Luna, which we will get to later. UST is a stable coin; these coins are meant to be pegged in value to the USD and, in theory, should be at the 1:1 value. UST is a little different as it’s an algorithmic stable coin under-pinned by code rather than cash held in reserve. This is where the trouble began. As UST fell under $1 the cracks opened and fear set in. Selling accelerated, and its value slipped down to .41 cents. This had disastrous consequences for its sister currency Terra Luna which has a floating price and was designed to absorb UST price shocks. Terra crashed on UST failure to hold value and ended Thursday’s session under 1 US cent. We’re talking at 99% plunge! This was catastrophic for traders and investors that owned LUNA as many exchanges slowed to craw trying to deal with the mass of sell orders hitting the exchanges. Pressure on bitcoin, the Luna Foundation owned a mass of bitcoin used to shore up terra in times of crisis. Talk suggested large amounts had been sold to deal with the terra issue and this compounded/added to the panic selling that session. The story continues, tether the world’s largest stable coin, also dipped below $1 US, sending a shock through the markets of a contagion. This added to the panic. It’s difficult to tell what may happen next, but from watching the events this week, it’s important you remain vigilant as this volatility continues. I’m not an industry expert, but from watching the events this week, it’s something that came to my mind.This week’s focus is a sad one, but we can’t skip over Terra Luna. I’m not going to say much more on it as the meat is above. It’s a terrible event as, yes, some might think it’s cool to see markets destroyed, but there’s a personal loss in there as many investors believed in terra and now may face very unfortunate situations. The post Crypto Focus: Market meltdown continues as Terra (Luna) collapses appeared first on Eightcap.
The Swing Overview - Week 18 2022

The Swing Overview - Week 18 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 16.05.2022 10:51
The Swing Overview - Week 18 In the war against rising inflation, central banks in the US, the UK and Australia raised interest rates this week. Britain, meanwhile, warned of the risk of a recession. The CNB also raised rates. They have thus reached their highest levels since 1999. The key interest rate in the Czech Republic is now 5.75%.   The main stock indices have weakened strongly in response to the monetary tightening policies of the major economies and are at significant support levels. The negative sentiment on the indices is confirmed by the VIX fear indicator, which is above 30. The US dollar, on the other hand, continues to ride on the winning wave. The Fed raised interest rates by 0.5% The Fed raised rates by 0.5% points on Wednesday as expected, the highest jump in 22 years. This took the interest rate to 1%. The Fed chief announced that further half a percentage point rate hikes will continue at the next meetings in June and July. Powell also stated that the US economy is doing well and that it can withstand interest rate hikes without the risk of a recession and a significant increase in unemployment.   In addition to the rate hike, the Fed announced that in June it would begin reducing the assets on the bank's balance sheet that the central bank had accumulated during the pandemic. In June, July and August, the Fed will sell $45 billion of assets a month, and starting in September it will sell $95 billion a month.   Although Powell ruled out a 0.75% rate hike at the next meetings, interest rate futures markets continue to expect that possibility with about an 80% probability. Figure 1: The CME Fed Watch tool projections of the target interest rate for the next Fed meeting on June 15, 2022 Based on these expectations, US 10-year Treasury yields continue to strengthen and have surpassed the 3% mark. The US dollar is also strengthening and it is at the highest level since January 2017 and approaching 104.  Figure 2: The US 10-year bond yields and the USD index on the daily chart   Equity indices remain under pressure The SP 500 index initially rallied strongly following the announcement of the rate hike, after Powell ruled out a 0.75% rate hike in subsequent meetings. However, markets gave back all the gains the following day as interest rate futures continue to estimate an 80% probability that the next rate hike, which will take place in June 2022, will be 0.75%.   Figure 3: SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart Thus, in terms of technical analysis, the US SP 500 index continues to move in a downtrend below both the SMA 100 and EMA 50 moving averages with resistance, according to the 4 H chart, at 4,308 - 4,313. The next resistance, according to the H4 chart, is 4,360 - 4,365.  Strong resistance is at 4,500. The current support is 4 070 - 4 100.   German DAX index German industrial orders fell by 4.7% in March, which is more than expected. A major contributor to this negative result was a reduction in orders from abroad as the war in Ukraine hit demand in the manufacturing sector. The outlook is negative and some analysts suggest that the German economy is heading into recession. The reasons are the war in Ukraine, problems in supply chains and high inflation. The Dax index confirms these negative outlooks with a downward trend. Figure 4: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The index continues to move below the SMA 100 on the daily chart and on the H4 chart, confirming the bearish sentiment. The nearest support according to the H4 is 13,600 - 13,650. Resistance is 14,300 - 14,330. The next resistance is 14,592 - 14,632.   The outlook for the euro remains negative HSBC bank on Thursday significantly cut its forecast for the euro, saying it expects the euro to weaken to parity against the US dollar this year, the first major investment bank to make such a prediction.   The post-pandemic economic environment, which has been damaged by the ongoing war in Ukraine, looks challenging for the European economy, potentially forcing the European Central Bank to tighten policy slowly compared to the U.S. Federal Reserve, which has begun an aggressive rate-hiking cycle.  This has raised the prospect of the single currency falling to levels not seen in two decades. HSBC said it expects the move to happen by the fourth quarter of 2022.   ECB board member Isabel Schnabel said this week that rates may need to be raised as early as July. The precursor to any rate hike must be an end to bond purchases and that could come in late June. Markets are pricing in a 90 basis point tightening in rates this year.   Figure 5: The EURUSD on H4 and daily chart The EUR/USD pair is in a clear downtrend with resistance at 1.0650 - 1.071. The important support is 1.05, but it has already been tested several times and could be broken soon. The next support is from January 2017 at around 1.0350 - 1.040.   The Czech koruna got another injection in the form of an interest rate hike The CNB raised the interest rate by 0.75%, which exceeded analysts' expectations who projected a 0.50% rise. The current rate now stands at 5.75%, the highest since 1999. Consumer price growth continues to rise and by raising the interest rate the central bank is trying to dampen this growth by raising the interest rate. Inflation is expected to reach 15% by mid-year. The CNB has an inflation target of 2% and inflation is expected to reach these levels in 2024.   The problem is economic growth, which is slowing significantly.  But maintaining price stability is clearly more important than the negative effects of higher rates on the real economy.  Figure 6: The USD/CZK and the EUR/CZK on the daily chart The Czech koruna has so far done best on the pair with the euro, as interest rates are zero on the euro. The koruna has been weakening significantly on the USD pair in recent days. The current significant resistance on the USD/CZK is CZK 23.50 per dollar and on the EUR/CZK it is 24.70.    Bank of England warned of recession and more than 10% inflation The Bank of England sent out a strong warning that Britain faces the twin dangers of recession and inflation above 10% when it raised interest rates by a quarter percentage point to 1% on Thursday. The pound fell more than a cent against the US dollar and hit its lowest level since mid-2020, below $1.24, as the gloominess of the BoE's new forecasts for the world's fifth-largest economy caught investors off guard.    The BoE also said it was also concerned about the impact of renewed COVID-19 lockdowns in China, which threaten to hit supply chains again and increase inflationary pressures.    The BoE's rate hike was the fourth since December, the fastest pace of policy tightening in 25 years. The central bank also revised up its price growth forecasts, which suggest it will peak above 10% in the final three months of this year. Previously, it had expected it to peak at around 8% in April. Markets expect interest rates to reach 2-2.25% by the end of 2022.  Figure 7: The GBP/USD on weekly and daily charts In terms of technical analysis, the GBP/USD is in a downtrend. The pound is trading at levels below 1.24 pounds per dollar and has reached to the support of 1.225-1.2330. The nearest resistance according to the weekly chart is at 1.2700-1.2750.   
The Swing Overview – Week 20 2022

The Swing Overview – Week 20 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 02.06.2022 16:36
The Swing Overview – Week 20 The markets remain volatile and fragile, as shown by the VIX fear index, which has again surpassed the level 30 points. However, equity indices are at interesting supports and there could be some short-term recovery. The euro has bounced off its support in anticipation of tighter monetary policy and the gold is holding its price tag above $1,800 per troy ounce. Is the gold back in investors' favor again? Macroeconomic data The week started with a set of worse data from the Chinese economy, which showed that industrial production contracted by 2.9% year-on-year basis and the retail sales fell by 11.1%. The data shows the latest measures for the country's current COVID-19 outbreak are taking a toll on the economy. To support the slowing economy, China cut its benchmark interest rate by 0.15% on Friday morning, more than analysts expected. While this will not be enough to stave off current downside risks, markets may respond to expectation of more easing in the future. On a positive note, data from the US showed retail sales rose by 0.9% in April and industrial production rose by 1.1% in April. Inflation data in Europe was important. It showed that inflation in the euro area slowed down a little, reaching 7.4% in April compared to 7.5% in March. In Canada, on the other hand, the inflation continued to rise, reaching 6.8% (6.7% in March) and in the UK inflation was 9% in April (7% in the previous month). Several factors are contributing to the higher inflation figures: the ongoing war in Ukraine, problems in logistics chains and the effects of the lockdown in China. Concerns about the impact of higher inflation are showing up in the bond market. The benchmark 10-year US Treasury yield has come down from the 3.2% it reached on 9 May and is currently at 2.8%. This means that demand for bonds is rising and they are once again becoming an asset for times of uncertainty.  Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on a daily chart   Equity indices on supports Global equities fell significantly in the past week, reaching significant price supports. Thus, there could be some form of short-term bounce. Although a cautious rally began on Thursday, which was then boosted by China's decision to cut interest rates in the early hours of Friday, there is still plenty of fear among investors and according to Louis Dudley of Federated Hermes, cash holdings have reached its highest level since September 2001, suggesting strong bearish sentiment. Supply chain problems have been highlighted by companies such as Cisco Systems, which has warned of persistent parts shortages. That knocked its shares down by 13.7%. The drop made it the latest big-stock company to post its biggest decline in more than a decade last week. The main risks that continue to cause volatility and great uncertainty are thus leading investors to buy "safe" assets such as the US bonds and the Swiss franc. Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart From a technical analysis perspective, the US SP 500 index continues to move in a downtrend as the market has formed a lower low while being below both the SMA 100 and EMA 50 moving averages on the H4 and daily charts. The nearest resistance is 4,080 - 4,100. The next resistance is at 4,140 and especially 4,293 - 4,300. Support is at 3,860 - 3,900 level. German DAX index The index continues to move in a downtrend along with the major world indices. The price has reached the support which is at 13,680 – 13,700 and the moving average EMA 50 on the H4 chart is above the SMA 100. This could indicate a short-term signal for some upward correction. However, the main trend according to the daily chart is still downwards. The nearest resistance is at 14,260 - 14,330 level. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The euro has bounced off its support The EUR/USD currency pair benefited last week from the US dollar moving away from its 20-year highs while on the euro, investors are expecting a tightening economy and a rise in interest rates, which the ECB has not risen yet as one of the few banks. Figure 4: The EURUSD on H4 and daily chart   Significant support is at the price around 1.0350 - 1.040. Current resistance is at 1.650 - 1.700.   The Gold in investors' attention again The gold has underperformed over the past month, falling by 10% since April when the price reached USD 2,000 per ounce. But there is now strong risk aversion in the markets, as indicated by the stock markets, which have fallen. The gold, on the other hand, has started to rise. Inflation fears are a possible reason, and investors have begun to accumulate the gold for protection against rising prices. The second reason is that the gold is inversely correlated with the US dollar. The dollar has come down from its 20-year highs, which has allowed the gold to bounce off its support.  Figure 5: The gold on H4 and daily chart The first resistance is at $1,860 per ounce. The support is at $1,830 - $1,840 per ounce. The next support is then at $1,805 - $1,807 and especially at $1,800 per ounce.
Why do we voluntarily disclose our clients' loss ratios?

Why do we voluntarily disclose our clients' loss ratios?

Purple Trading Purple Trading 03.06.2022 09:12
Why do we voluntarily disclose our clients' loss ratios? Why rather click on an ad from a brokerage firm that states that 70% of their clients' accounts are loss-making than an ad from a broker that does not disclose this statistic at all? Come with us to delve into the ins and outs of broker licensing and learn what protections you are legally entitled to as a client. Broker's licence The operation of a brokerage company involves many minor acts anchored in legislation. From the operation of the broker as a firm with employees; arranging the opening of client accounts to handling client deposits and managing the online platform through which clients trade. For all of this, a broker needs a license. While this can be issued by almost any state authority, licences of some states are more desirable than that of others. And that is due to variety of reasons. Licenses issued in so-called offshore states allow brokers to provide their clients with very attractive trading conditions. For example, the financial leverage that allows a client to multiply his or her trading position and with it also potential earnings (as well as losses) can often go as high as 1:1000 for offshore licenses. However, when it comes to client protection, offshore licenses fall somewhat short. Client protection takes many forms and one of them is the wording of the mentioned disclaimer. Thus, if you see a disclaimer below the image of an advertisement that does not state the percentage of loss but only somewhat vaguely warns of the potential risk, it is very likely that the broker to whom the advertisement belongs has an offshore license. Image: Purple Trading banner ad (see disclaimer below the button) What is a disclaimer The short phrase "XY% of client accounts lose money" and its other small permutations, which you can see for example under our online advertisements, are part of the so-called disclaimer. The disclaimer takes many forms, from a single sentence under a banner ad on Facebook to a multi-paragraph colossus in the footer of the broker's website. The purpose of the disclaimer is simple - to highlight, to those interested in trading on financial markets, the potential risks of this activity and to disclaim broker’s responsibility for their client’s eventual failure. However, the overall message of the disclaimer might be written differently. Because sometimes we see loss percentages under the advertisement of Broker A, while Broker B's disclaimer merely tells us that trading is risky. No percentage, nothing more. Image: Sample of a shorter disclaimer on the broker's page Offshore vs EU license The European Union's legal environment is characterized by a much stricter regulatory approach. This applies to the control of pharmaceuticals, and foodstuffs, but also, for example, to the control of brokerage companies. This sector is dealt with by ESMA (European Securities and Markets Authority), to which the regulators of all countries within the EU have to answer (including the regulator of Purple Trading, the Cypriot CySEC). It is ESMA that takes it upon itself to protect consumers (in this case, investors and retail traders in the financial markets). And it does so in all sorts of ways. The aforementioned client account loss ratios on brokers' marketing materials are one of them.   Other ESMA protections include:   Reduced financial leverage Financial leverage is the ratio of the amount of capital a trader puts into an account to the funds provided by the broker. In simple terms, it is essentially borrowed capital from the broker, which is not reflected in the balance of money in your account, but allows you to trade a greater volume of transactions than you could with your own money. More experienced traders can use leverage to increase their profits many times over. However, as well as profits, leverage also multiplies losses, so less-experienced traders should be wary of using leverage generously. That's also why ESMA capped leverage limit for retail clients at 1:30 in 2018, and higher leverage (up to 1:400) can only be provided by brokers to clients who have met a number of strict criteria to qualify as a so-called Professional Client.   Protection against negative balance A key aspect of client protection. If a client's trade that he had "leveraged" fails and the multiplied loss puts him in the red, the broker will pay the entire amount that is "in the red" from his pocket. Thus, the client can never lose more money than he has deposited in his account and consequently become a debtor. Negative balance protection is compulsory for all brokers operating in the EU. It is not compulsory for offshore brokers, which, combined with the high leverage offered there, can lead to very unfortunate situations.   Segregation of client deposits Forex and online trading, in general, has come a long way since its beginning in 2008. Especially in the early days, the online trading environment was highly unregulated and it was not uncommon for brokers to use capital from client deposits to fund their operations. More than that, there were also cases where the client’s capital was outright misused to enrich a select few. Brokers operating in the EU are obliged to secure clients’ funds in many ways. One is depositing client capital in accounts segregated from the capital brokers use to finance their operations. What if the broker fails to provide his clients with these guarantees? Brokers subject to such strict regulatory authorities as CySEC (cypriot based regulator under ESMA) must undergo regular audits. As part of these audits, the regulator monitors whether all the measures resulting from the licence granted by the regulator are being complied with. Should this not be the case, the broker is usually subject to a hefty fine and often even the suspension of its licence. This means that broker cannot really afford not to comply with the client protection principles of the EU regulatory environment. Conclusion Voluntary disclosure of client account loss rates under broker advertisements may seem odd. However, it is a positive signal that lets you know that the broker in question is highly regulated. Therefore, if you choose to trade with them, you are protected by a number of legislative regulations that the broker will not dare to violate. See which EU broker has the best disclaimer number
Now with Purple Trading: VIX volatility index as a tradable CFD futures symbol

Now with Purple Trading: VIX volatility index as a tradable CFD futures symbol

Purple Trading Purple Trading 06.06.2022 08:55
Now with Purple Trading: VIX volatility index as a tradable CFD futures symbol The volatility or market uncertainty index (VIX) is an invaluable tool used by many when analyzing markets. However, its trading also holds great potential. That's why we have decided to include it alongside our CFD futures symbols. Read this article and find out how and when to trade VIX as an CFD futures symbol. What is the VIX index and what does it indicate The Volatility Index (VIX), as the name suggests, is an index that is used to measure the level of market nervousness, uncertainty, and volatility. For these reasons, it is also sometimes called a fear gauge or fear index. The higher the VIX index values get, the greater the uncertainty in the markets and vice versa. However, it is very important to remember that the VIX index is a forward-looking index, so it shows the expected, not actual, market uncertainty.   How the VIX index is calculated VIX index measures 30 days of expected volatility of S&P 500 index, it does so by using S&P 500 options (SPX) listed on CBOE exchange as an input. VIX takes together all SPX call and put options and compares the changing demand and price between them.   Relationship between the VIX index and the markets The VIX index generally tracks the S&P 500 index in an inverse manner. That is, if the stock markets (S&P 500) are turbulent and investor nervousness/fear increases, the same can be observed for the VIX index. On the other hand, if stock prices are on the rise, the VIX index generally declines or advances sideways.   Meet: VIX.f - tradable CFD futures instrument Similar to other indices, the VIX is not tradable on its own and needs an investment vehicle to go with it. And that is what VIX.f is - a tradable continuous CFD futures instrument that behaves just like our other continuous CFD futures products. Its price is based on the underlying asset, which in this case is a specific VIX futures contract. Continuous in this case means that before each futures contract expires, there is an automatic rollover of the position. This will result in selling of old contracts and the buying of additional nearest futures contracts. It is also important to note that since this is a CFD instrument, you don’t become the owner of VIX.f when trading it. You only speculate on its price. How to trade VIX.f futures symbol VIX.f CFD futures is a very versatile symbol that can help traders and investors in several different situations:   Buy/long in case of an expected increase in volatility or turbulence in the markets Risk management or hedging vehicle for investors - through the inverse relationship of the VIX and the S&P 500 Option to open a short position in case of expecting a positive economic development in markets Overall, it should be noted that VIX.f futures is not recommended to be traded in a buy and hold manner, but rather as a short-term investment.Symbol specification: Symbol specification Name in Platform VIX.f Leverage ESMA 1:10 Leverage PRO 1:10 Trade hours (GMT+3) Monday to Friday 1:00 – 24:00  i Check out the current trading hours and hours changes Commission 10 USD/lot Currency USD Tick size 0.01 Tick value 0.1 Volume step 1 Min trade 1 Max trade 50
Hedging as an effective form of protection from loss

Hedging as an effective form of protection from loss

Purple Trading Purple Trading 09.06.2022 12:19
Hedging as an effective form of protection from loss On the markets, it is used by both professional traders and big players such as banks, investment funds, and others. No wonder, because if you master hedging, it can help you to significantly reduce potential losses and keep you profitable. In this article, we'll show you how to hedge and which instruments are suitable for that. What is hedging? It is a kind of insurance in the form of a trading strategy. It is designed to mitigate potential risks. In hedging, traders (and also financial institutions) hold positions on assets/contracts that have an inverse relationship to each other and thus develop inversely. When one instrument falls, the other rises and vice versa.   Benefits There is one significant advantage to being "hedged". Namely, traders, with this form of insurance, are able to reduce the risks on their opened trading positions and thus better respond to adverse market developments that threaten these positions. At the same time, they have the comfort of being able to guess in advance the value of the maximum potential loss in the event that something goes wrong in the markets. Hedging is thus a really important tool in risk management.   Disadvantages Hedging is essentially a form of insurance. And as it happens, you have to pay for insurance. The same is true for investing in opposing instruments. By having one investment grow while the other declines, you lose a certain amount of potential profit. A theoretical example of hedging We have a trader who buys stock XY for $1000. He decides to hedge and to do so he chooses to buy a six-month put option for $100 with a strike price of $850. This means that our trader has half a year until the option expires to sell his stock at 850USD in case the market is unfavorable for him).   If the share price rises A six-month put option is about to expire and the share price is higher than 850 USD (e.g. 1150 USD). The trader will therefore logically not exercise his option, thus losing 100 USD (the original price of his option). However, by keeping XY stock, which is now worth 1150 USD, his net profit is 1050 USD (1150 - 100). As we wrote above, the hedging in this case reduced the trader’s overall profit, but that is a tax he needs to pay for being “insured”. The following example will show you what would have happened if the trader had not hedged.   The share price plunges In an alternate universe, our trader did not do well and the market gave him a slap in the face in the form of a drop in XY's share price to $600. However, our trader has hedged and exercises his still unexpired option. He can then sell his stock at the option price of the announced 850 USD. In this case, his total loss is 250 USD (850 - 600). If we would take a look at our trader in yet another alternative universe where he has not hedged, his loss would be 400 USD (1000 - 600). CFD hedging: the S&P500 and VIX index The current market developments, influenced by high inflation and the war in Ukraine, are not good for the markets. According to the VIX index, nervousness in the markets will continue to rise and stock indices like the SP500 are currently heading in exactly the opposite direction. However, did you know that these 2 mentioned indices can now be traded in Purple Trading to get a rather effective hedging tool? At Purple Trading, traders now have a unique opportunity to hedge using CFD futures contracts. Namely, we are now launching CFD futures symbols in the form of the VIX index and S&P500, which traders can find in their Purple Trading MT4 platforms. Both symbols have a highly inverse relationship with each other, which is why they are widely sought after when it comes to hedging. Chart 1: Six-month S&P500 price trend (note the apparent inverse relationship with the VIX chart below; source: Googlefinance.com) Chart 2: Six-month VIX price trend (note the apparent inverse relationship with the SP500 chart above) Relationship between VIX and S&P500 The VIX index is often called the fear or nervousness index. Its chart indicates the estimated future nervousness in the markets. This manifests itself in the form of volatility, i.e. sharp and seemingly random price fluctuations caused by nervous investors who are buying/selling more than usual. Thus, if the VIX index shows an increase, volatility/nervousness in the markets can be expected to increase. The exact opposite is true for the S&P500. It outright hates volatility and nervousness in the markets and if it is announced, the S&P500 usually starts to fall. This is due to nervous investors withdrawing from the stock markets to seemingly safer havens, which is gold for example. Thus, if the VIX index (hence volatility) rises, the S&P500 falls and vice versa. Effective hedging is one of the reasons why Purple Trading clients are among the most profitable in the EU FAQ
The Swing Overview – Week 24 2022

The Swing Overview – Week 24 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 17.06.2022 16:54
The Swing Overview - Week 24 We've had a week in which the world's major stock indices took a bloodbath in response to rising inflation, which is advancing faster than expected. Central banks have played a major part in this drama. As expected, the US, the UK and, surprisingly, Switzerland raised interest rates. Japan, on the other hand, is still one of the few countries that decided to keep interest rates at their original level of - 0.10%. Macroeconomic data The 0.75% interest rate hike to 1.75%, which was 0.25% higher than the Fed announced at the last meeting, might not have come as a surprise to the markets given that inflation for May was 8.6% on year-on-year basis (8.3% for April). The market reacted strongly in response to the inflation data, and a sell-off in equity indices and a strengthening US dollar followed.   The 0.75% rate hike is the highest since 1994 and the next Fed meeting is expected to see another rate hike again in the range of 0.50% to 0.75%. The Fed is trying to stop rising inflation with this aggressive approach. The problem is that economic projections point to slowing economic growth. Retail data for May fell by 0.3%, which was a surprise to the markets. This is the first drop in consumer spending in 2022. The Fed also lowered GDP growth projections and unemployment is expected to rise as well. All of this points to the risk of stagflation.     But the labour market data is still good. The number of initial claims in unemployment reached 229k last week, down from 232k the previous week. The US dollar hit a new high for the year at 105.86 in response to high inflation and a faster tightening economy. The US 10-year bond yields also rose, reaching 3.479%. Figure 1: The US 10-year bond yields and the USD index on the daily chart   The SP 500 Index The SP 500 index, like other global indices, was in a bloodbath last week as data on rising US inflation in particular surprised. Major supports according to the H4 chart were very quickly broken and the market is showing that it is still in a bearish mood. According to the daily chart, another lower low has formed which together with the lower highs confirms this bearish trend.   Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart   A support according to the H4 chart is in the 3,645 - 3,675 range. The nearest resistance is at 3,820 - 3,835. A broken support in the 3,710 - 3,732 area can also be considered as resistance. The most important news is behind us and the market could take a breath for a while. The low levels could also be noticed by long-term investors who will be buying dip. But for speculators, it is very risky to speculate on a market reversal in a downtrend.   German DAX index The German DAX index offers a very similar picture to the SP 500. The ZEW economic sentiment indicator in Germany for the month of June showed a deterioration in sentiment among institutional investors and analysts, with the index reading coming in at -28.0. The ongoing war in Ukraine is undoubtedly influencing this pessimism. The end of this tragic event is still not in sight. What is clear, however, is that the longer the conflict continues, the stronger the impact on the European economy will be.    Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The DAX is in a clear downtrend and broke through significant support at 13,300 last week. The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is 13,250 - 13,300. Significant resistance is at 13,650 - 13,700. A new support according to the H4 chart is at 12,950 - 12,980.   The euro has rejected lower readings  Information about higher inflation in the US and a rate hike sent the EUR/USD pair to support levels at 1.0370. However, the level was not broken and the euro then took a strong move from this area. Investors seem to assume that the ECB will have to respond with a higher than 0.25% rate hike announced at the last meeting. Figure 4: The EUR/USD on H4 and daily chart According to the H4 chart, the nearest resistance is at 1.0560 - 1.0600. The next resistance is then at 1.0760-1.0770. Current support is at 1.0340 - 1.0370 according to the daily chart.   The Bank of England raised rates as expected Rising inflation did not leave the Bank of England in dovish mood as it raised its key rate by 0.25% as expected. The current rate is 1.25%. Inflation may be approaching double digits, but the bank could not afford to be more aggressive. In Britain, economic activity has already fallen and the GDP is falling at its fastest pace in a year. On a month-on-month basis, the GDP in Britain fell by 0.3%.  Manufacturing production fell by 1% in April. Figure 5: The GBP/USD on H4 and daily chart The GBP/USD currency pair had a very dramatic week, first breaking below 1.20, only to stage an unprecedented rally later. Anyway, according to the H4 chart and also the daily chart, the pound is below the SMA 100 moving average, which indicates a bearish sentiment. There are also clear lower lows and lower highs on the daily chart, confirming the downtrend.   The UK interest rate hike did send the GBP/USD currency pair to 1.24, but the price did not stay there for long time as the pound descended from higher values, underlining the overall downtrend. The nearest resistance is at 1.24. A support is then at 1.1930 - 1.2000.   Central Bank of Japan still dovish   In the early hours of Friday morning, the Bank of Japan was also deciding on rates. There, as expected, everything remains as it was, i.e. the rate remains negative at - 0.10%. This situation means a favourable interest rate differential between the US dollar and the Japanese yen in favour of the dollar. It is therefore no surprise that the USD/JPY pair has reached its highest level since 2002. However, the weak yen is a big problem for the Japanese economy, as it makes imports of basic manufacturing raw materials more expensive and thus contributes to inflation. Figure 6: The USD/JPY on H4 and monthly charts The USD/JPY pair has reached the resistance level at 134.5 - 135.0, the highest level since 2002. A support according to the H4 chart is at 131.50 - 131.80.  
The Swing Overview – Week 25 2022

The Swing Overview – Week 25 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 27.06.2022 13:52
The Swing Overview – Week 25 There was a rather quiet week in which the major world stock indices shook off previous losses and have been slowly rising since Monday. However, this is probably only a temporary correction of the current bearish trend.  The CNB Bank Board met for the last time in its old composition and raised the interest rate to 7%, the highest level since 1999. However, the koruna barely reacted to this increase. The reason is that the main risks are still in place and fear of a recession keeps the markets in a risk-off sentiment that benefits the US dollar. Macroeconomic data We had a bit of a quiet week when it comes to macroeconomic data in the US. Industrial production data was reported, which grew by 0.2% month-on-month in May, which is less than the growth seen in April, when production grew by 1.4%. While the growth is slower than expected, it is still growth, which is a positive thing.   In terms of labor market data, the number of jobless claims held steady last week, reaching 229k. Thus, compared to the previous week, the number of claims fell by 2 thousand.   The US Dollar took a break in this quiet week and came down from its peak which is at 106, 86. Overall, however, the dollar is still in an uptrend. The US 10-year bond yields also fell last week and are currently hovering around 3%. The fall in bond yields was then a positive boost for equity indices. Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on the daily chart   The SP 500 Index The SP 500 index has been gaining since Monday, June 20, 2022. However, this is probably not a signal of a major bullish reversal. Fundamental reasons still rather speak for a weakening and so it could be a short-term correction of the current bearish trend. The rise is probably caused by long-term investors who were buying the dip. Next week the US will report the GDP data which could be the catalyst for further movement.  Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart   The index has currently reached the resistance level according to the H4 chart, which is in the region of 3,820 - 3,836. The next strong resistance is then in the area of 3,870 - 3,900 where the previous support was broken and turned into the resistance. The current nearest support is 3 640 - 3 670.    German DAX index The manufacturing PMI for June came in at 52.0. The previous month's PMI was 54.8. While a value above 50 indicates an expected expansion, it must be said that the PMI has essentially been declining since February 2022. This, together with other data coming out of Germany, suggests a certain pessimism, which is also reflected in the DAX index. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The DAX broke support according to the H4 chart at 12,950 - 12,980 but then broke back above that level, so we don't have a valid breakout. Overall, however, the DAX is in a downtrend and the technical analysis does not show a stronger sign of a reversal of this trend yet. The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is 13,130 - 13,190. The next resistance is then at 13 420 - 13 440. Strong support according to the daily chart is 12,443 - 12,600.   Eurozone inflation at a new record Consumer inflation in the Eurozone for May rose by 8.1% year-on-year as expected by analysts. On a month-on-month basis, inflation added 0.8% compared to April. The rise in inflation could support the ECB's decision to raise rates possibly by more than the 0.25% expected so far, which is expected to happen at the July meeting.  Figure 4: EUR/USD on H4 and daily chart From a technical perspective, the euro has bounced off support on the pair with the US dollar according to the daily chart, which is in the 1.0340 - 1.0370 range and continues to strengthen. Overall, however, the pair is still in a downtrend. The US Fed has been much more aggressive in fighting inflation than the ECB and this continues to put pressure on the bearish trend in the euro. The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is at 1.058 - 1.0600. Strong resistance according to the daily chart is at 1.0780 - 1.0800.   The Czech National Bank raised the interest rate again Rising inflation, which has already reached 16% in the Czech Republic, forced the CNB's board to raise interest rates again. The key interest rate is now at 7%. The last time the interest rate was this high was in 1999. This is the last decision of the old Bank Board. In August, the new board, which is not clearly hawkish, will decide on monetary policy. Therefore, it will be very interesting to see how they approach the rising inflation.   The current risks, according to the CNB, are higher price growth at home and abroad, the risk of a halt in energy supplies from Russia and generally rising inflation expectations. The lingering risk is, of course, the war in Ukraine. The CNB has also decided to continue intervening in the market to keep the Czech koruna exchange rate within acceptable limits and prevent it from depreciating, which would increase import inflation pressures. Figure 5: The USD/CZK and The EUR/CZK on the daily chart Looking at the charts, the koruna hardly reacted at all to the CNB's decision to raise rates sharply. Against the dollar, the koruna is weakening somewhat, while against the euro the koruna is holding its value around 24.60 - 24.80. The appreciation of the koruna after the interest rate hike was probably prevented by uncertainty about how the new board will treat inflation, and also by the fact that there is a risk-off sentiment in global markets and investors prefer so-called safe havens in such cases, which include the US dollar.  
The Swing Overview - Week 26 2022

The Swing Overview - Week 26 2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 04.07.2022 10:50
The Swing Overview - Week 26 2022 After ashort-term upward correction, the indices resumed their bearish trend and closed the week in the red. Along with this risk-off sentiment, commodity currencies weakened, as did the British pound and the euro. Gold is losing ground as a means of inflation protection and has fallen back below the USD 1,800 per ounce. The US dollar, on the other hand, is still the strongest currency amid the looming recession. Macroeconomic data The number of new home sales in the US for May reached 696,000, beating expectations of 588,000. This is positive news.   On the other hand, the negative news is the drop in consumer confidence, which reached 98.7 for May (103.2 the previous month). The drop in consumer confidence is expected to affect consumer spendings. It is evident that American consumers are reluctant to spend in times of rising prices and are accumulating savings for the future. This is of course contributing to the economic slowdown and the risk of a recession in the US is thus becoming stronger. This was confirmed by the GDP data, which fell for the third month in a row.   The fall in GDP last month was 1.6%. GDP was therefore negative in 1Q 2022. If it is also negative in 2Q2022, it will be an official confirmation of the recession defined by two negative quarters in a row. Jerome Powell suggested this week that the risk of the economy being damaged by higher rates is less important than restoring price stability. This heightens fears that a slowdown in the US economy will take the whole world down with it. So in times when central banks are tackling inflation, this risk will set the tone for some time.    This situation is positive for the US dollar, which is seen by investors as a safe haven asset in times of uncertainty. The dollar therefore remains close to this year's highs.  Although the yield on 10-year US Treasuries has fallen below 3%, the overall trend in bond yields is still upwards. Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on the daily chart   The SP 500 Index The strengthening on the SP 500 Index that we have seen in the week of June 20 was really just a short-term correction to the overall downtrend, as we have previously suggested. Last week saw another sell-off and so the overall downtrend on the index continues.   Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart   The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is in the range of 3,810 - 3,820. The next resistance is 3,930 - 3,950. A support is 3 640 - 3 670.    German DAX index  The German Ifo Business Climate Index which measures the expectations of manufacturers, builders and sellers for the next 6 months continued to show a value of 92.3, which is worse than the previous month when the index value was 93.0. The fall in the reading suggests some pessimism, accentuated by current market uncertainties, which include the impact of the war in Ukraine and high inflation, which in Germany for the month of June was 7.6% year-on-year. However, inflation fell by 0.1% month-on-month.   The labour market has also indicated problems. The number of unemployed in Germany rose by 133 000, while the market had expected a fall of 6 000. This was very negative news, which triggered a strong sell-off on the Dax on Thursday. On the other hand, retail sales were positive, rising by 0.6% in May, while a 5.4% decline was recorded in April. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The DAX has broken support according to the H4 chart at 12,850, which has now become the new resistance, which is in the 12,820 - 12,850 range. The next resistance according to the H4 chart is then at 13,280 - 13,375. The strong support according to the daily chart is 12,443 - 12,620, which price is currently approaching.    Eurozone inflation at a new record Eurozone consumer inflation reached another record high in June, rising by 8.6% year-on-year. This is higher than analysts' expectations, who predicted a rise of 8.4%. Inflation is therefore continuing to rise, so the expectation that the ECB could raise rates by more than 0.25% in July is on target and this could support the euro's growth. On the other hand, there is a strong dollar which could continue to slow down bulls on the euro.   Figure 4: EUR/USD on H4 and daily chart The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is at 1.048 - 1.0500. The next resistance is at 1.0600 - 1.0610. Support is at 1.0360 - 1.0380.   Gold broke the $1,800 price tag The development in gold has once again confirmed that investors prefer US bonds instead of gold, which, in addition to being considered a "safe haven" along with the US dollar, also brings a small but still certain return. The strong dollar is not good news for gold, which has fallen below the key support of USD 1,800 per ounce.  Figure 5: Gold on H4 and daily chart The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is therefore in the zone of USD 1,800 - 1,807 per ounce. Below this resistance we have several supports. The closest one is 1 780 - 1 787 USD per ounce.  
The Swing Overview - Week 26 2022 - 08.07.2022

The Swing Overview - Week 26 2022 - 08.07.2022

Purple Trading Purple Trading 08.07.2022 09:47
The Swing Overview - Week 26 2022 After ashort-term upward correction, the indices resumed their bearish trend and closed the week in the red. Along with this risk-off sentiment, commodity currencies weakened, as did the British pound and the euro. Gold is losing ground as a means of inflation protection and has fallen back below the USD 1,800 per ounce. The US dollar, on the other hand, is still the strongest currency amid the looming recession. Macroeconomic data The number of new home sales in the US for May reached 696,000, beating expectations of 588,000. This is positive news.   On the other hand, the negative news is the drop in consumer confidence, which reached 98.7 for May (103.2 the previous month). The drop in consumer confidence is expected to affect consumer spendings. It is evident that American consumers are reluctant to spend in times of rising prices and are accumulating savings for the future. This is of course contributing to the economic slowdown and the risk of a recession in the US is thus becoming stronger. This was confirmed by the GDP data, which fell for the third month in a row.   The fall in GDP last month was 1.6%. GDP was therefore negative in 1Q 2022. If it is also negative in 2Q2022, it will be an official confirmation of the recession defined by two negative quarters in a row. Jerome Powell suggested this week that the risk of the economy being damaged by higher rates is less important than restoring price stability. This heightens fears that a slowdown in the US economy will take the whole world down with it. So in times when central banks are tackling inflation, this risk will set the tone for some time.    This situation is positive for the US dollar, which is seen by investors as a safe haven asset in times of uncertainty. The dollar therefore remains close to this year's highs.  Although the yield on 10-year US Treasuries has fallen below 3%, the overall trend in bond yields is still upwards. Figure 1: US 10-year bond yields and USD index on the daily chart   The SP 500 Index The strengthening on the SP 500 Index that we have seen in the week of June 20 was really just a short-term correction to the overall downtrend, as we have previously suggested. Last week saw another sell-off and so the overall downtrend on the index continues.   Figure 2: The SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart   The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is in the range of 3,810 - 3,820. The next resistance is 3,930 - 3,950. A support is 3 640 - 3 670.    German DAX index  The German Ifo Business Climate Index which measures the expectations of manufacturers, builders and sellers for the next 6 months continued to show a value of 92.3, which is worse than the previous month when the index value was 93.0. The fall in the reading suggests some pessimism, accentuated by current market uncertainties, which include the impact of the war in Ukraine and high inflation, which in Germany for the month of June was 7.6% year-on-year. However, inflation fell by 0.1% month-on-month.   The labour market has also indicated problems. The number of unemployed in Germany rose by 133 000, while the market had expected a fall of 6 000. This was very negative news, which triggered a strong sell-off on the Dax on Thursday. On the other hand, retail sales were positive, rising by 0.6% in May, while a 5.4% decline was recorded in April. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart The DAX has broken support according to the H4 chart at 12,850, which has now become the new resistance, which is in the 12,820 - 12,850 range. The next resistance according to the H4 chart is then at 13,280 - 13,375. The strong support according to the daily chart is 12,443 - 12,620, which price is currently approaching.    Eurozone inflation at a new record Eurozone consumer inflation reached another record high in June, rising by 8.6% year-on-year. This is higher than analysts' expectations, who predicted a rise of 8.4%. Inflation is therefore continuing to rise, so the expectation that the ECB could raise rates by more than 0.25% in July is on target and this could support the euro's growth. On the other hand, there is a strong dollar which could continue to slow down bulls on the euro.   Figure 4: EUR/USD on H4 and daily chart The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is at 1.048 - 1.0500. The next resistance is at 1.0600 - 1.0610. Support is at 1.0360 - 1.0380.   Gold broke the $1,800 price tag The development in gold has once again confirmed that investors prefer US bonds instead of gold, which, in addition to being considered a "safe haven" along with the US dollar, also brings a small but still certain return. The strong dollar is not good news for gold, which has fallen below the key support of USD 1,800 per ounce.  Figure 5: Gold on H4 and daily chart The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is therefore in the zone of USD 1,800 - 1,807 per ounce. Below this resistance we have several supports. The closest one is 1 780 - 1 787 USD per ounce.  
Investors? Bulls? Bears? These Series Are Linked To Finances

Investors? Bulls? Bears? These Series Are Linked To Finances

Purple Trading Purple Trading 15.07.2022 14:23
5 must-watch series from the world of finance With the boom of streaming services, investors are presented with often exciting opportunities. But today, we'll try to move away from looking at the world through the eyes of an investor and focus more on the content that streaming services offer. More accurately, we will take a look at the series that can be found on these platforms. But don’t worry, we won’t get too far from our beloved world of finance either. Financial world has always been an attractive subject not only for Hollywood screenwriters. Classics such as Wall Street (1986) and Wolf of Wall Street (2013) have not only grossed millions of dollars world-wide but even managed to convince many viewers into starting their own careers in finance. However, with the rise of streaming services, finance has also taken centre stage for a number of series. Some of the most well-known are the HBO-produced series Billions (2016) and Succession (2018). Today, let's take a look at a few lesser-known, but definitely not inferior series from the world of finance that are simply a must-watch. Devils (Sky, 2020) - a probe into investment bank’s speculation during global crises Produced by Italian broadcaster Sky, Devils is one of the most interesting European series in years. The plot follows Massimo Ruggero, who has risen from rags to riches as a head of the trading desk of the New York London Investment Bank (strikingly reminiscent of Goldman Sachs).   Massimo and his team speculate on the financial markets during the biggest events of the last 12 years. This gives viewers an insight into the behaviour of investment banks during the mortgage crisis, the Greek debt crisis and the Brexit vote, for example. The series is enriched with real time footage of international financial institutions meeting, mixing fiction with reality.   The second season premiered a few months ago and is of equal quality. With the main roles being masterfully played by Alessandro Borghi (known from the Suburra series and the film) and Patrick Dempsey (known from the Surgeons series).     Industry (HBO, 2020) - a series written by the bankers themselves Industry provides a grim and realistic look at what it's like to start a professional career in the financial sector in the heart of London. Here we follow a group of young bankers as they are trying to work their way up to a full-time position at one of London's investment banks, having to navigate this cutthroat and competitive environment as quick as possible.   The series captures well how depressing a given career can be and partially subverts any standards that may have been ingrained by titles such as Wall Street or Billions, taking off the rose-colored glasses of the viewer. Industry simply shows how challenging and competitive a career in finance can be.   As we watch the story of two main protagonists, experiencing their first successes and failures we simply have to wonder - will the desire for success and money prevail, or will the young bankers realise that there is more to life than the pursuit of money? The series, created by two former bankers, has completed its first season, with a second to follow later this year (2022).     Black Monday (Showtime, 2019) - when crisis meets satire   Welcome to the 1980s! A decade full of extravagant hairstyles, clothes and one of the biggest stock market crises in history. We're talking about "Black Monday", a single day in October 1987 during which world stock indices fell by tens of percent. As bleak as it might sound, Black Monday is the most light-hearted series on this list.   The series follows a group of traders from a second-rate Wall Street firm called the Jammer Group and uses satire and fiction to reveal the events that led to the aforementioned stock market crash. Don Cheadle, known from the Avengers franchise, stars in the lead role. The series ended after three seasons, all of which are currently available on HBO.   The Dropout (Hulu, 2022) - based on true events Enron, Worldcom and Theranos. Three of the biggest investor scams in decades. The Dropout series follows the story of Theranos - a company that promised to revolutionize blood testing. Founder Elizabeth Holmes managed to create an aura of success around herself and Theranos, fooling the biggest investment banks and the most famous investors. The company's market capitalization gradually climbed to $9 billion, which was almost unbelievable given the lack of a fully functional product.   The series reveals the rise and fall of the company and its founder, who went from being a female copy of Steve Jobs to an outlaw. However, If you're not too keen on dramatization of real events, we recommend watching the HBO documentary The Inventor: Out for blood in Silicon Valley. It also deals with this topic.   WeCrashed (Apple TV+, 2022) - when the marketing strategy goes too far   Investors who have followed the events of the US stock markets in recent years will immediately know that behind the title of this series lies the story of WeWork, a company that operates a network of co-working offices around the world. However, comparing WeWork to Theranos would be rather harsh, but there are several similarities.   The company's founder, Adam Neumann, has used a great marketing strategy to attract several major investors, most notably Softbank founder Masayoshi Son. Investors then valued the company at a hard-to-believe $47 billion ahead of its planned IPO. As the title of the series suggests, things did not go quite as planned. You can look forward to seeing well-known actors Jared Leto and Anne Hathaway in the lead roles.   Are you tempted by the world of stocks and even more so by shorting them?   At Purple Trading, you now have the opportunity to speculate on the rise and fall of more than 100 of the world's most famous companies and ride the current trend. And if you don’t feel like risking your own money, you can try it with virtual ones on our free demo account.  
What Does Inflation Rates We Got To Know Mean To Central Banks?

What Does Inflation Rates We Got To Know Mean To Central Banks?

Purple Trading Purple Trading 15.07.2022 13:36
The Swing Overview – Week 28 2022 This week's new record inflation readings sent a clear message to central bankers. Further interest rate hikes must be faster than before. The first of the big banks to take this challenge seriously was the Bank of Canada, which literally shocked the markets with an unprecedented rate hike of a full 1%. This is obviously not good for stocks, which weakened again in the past week. The euro also stumbled and has already fallen below parity with the usd. Uncertainty, on the other hand, favours the US dollar, which has reached new record highs.   Macroeconomic data The data from the US labour market, the so-called NFP, beat expectations, as the US economy created 372 thousand new jobs in June (the expectation was 268 thousand) and the unemployment rate remained at 3.6%. But on the other hand, unemployment claims continued to rise, reaching 244k last week, the 7th week in a row of increase.   But the crucial news was the inflation data for June. It exceeded expectations and reached a new record of 9.1% on year-on-year basis, the highest value since 1981. Inflation rose by 1.3% on month-on-month basis. Energy prices, which rose by 41.6%, had a major impact on inflation. Declines in commodity prices, such as oil, have not yet influenced June inflation, which may be some positive news. Core inflation excluding food and energy prices rose by 5.9%, down from 6% in May.   The value of inflation was a shock to the markets and the dollar strengthened sharply. We can see this in the dollar index, which has already surpassed 109. We will see how the Fed, which will be deciding on interest rates in less than two weeks, will react to this development. A rate hike of 0.75% is very likely and the question is whether even such an increase will be enough for the markets. Meanwhile, there has been an inversion on the yield curve on US bonds. This means that yields on 2-year bonds are higher than those on 10-year bonds. This is one of the signals of a recession. Figure 1: The US Treasury yield curve on the monthly chart and the USD index on the daily chart   The SP 500 Index Apart from macroeconomic indicators, the ongoing earnings season will also influence the performance of the indices this month. Among the major banks, JP Morgan and Morgan Stanley reported results this week. Both banks reported earnings, but they were below investor expectations. The impact of more expensive funding sources that banks need to finance their activities is probably starting to show.   We must also be interested in the data in China, which, due to the size of the Chinese economy, has an impact on the movement of global indices. 2Q GDP in China was 0.4% on year-on-year basis, a significant drop from the previous quarter (4.8%). Strict lockdowns against new COVID-19 outbreaks had an impact on economic situation in the country. Figure 2: SP 500 on H4 and D1 chart The threat of a recession is seeping into the SP 500 index with another decline, which stalled last week at the support level, which according to the H4 is in the 3,740-3,750 range. The next support is 3,640 - 3,670.  The nearest resistance is 3,930 - 3,950. German DAX index The German ZEW sentiment, which shows expectations for the next 6 months, reached - 53.8. This is the lowest reading since 2011. Inflation in Germany reached 7.6% in June. This is lower than the previous month when inflation was 7.9%. Concerns about the global recession continue to affect the DAX index, which has tested significant supports. Figure 3: German DAX index on H4 and daily chart Strong support according to the daily chart is 12,443 - 12,500, which was tested again last week. We can take the moving averages EMA 50 and SMA 100 as a resistance. The nearest horizontal resistance is 12,950 - 13,000.   The euro broke parity with the dollar The euro fell below 1.00 on the pair with the dollar for the first time in 20 years, reaching a low of 0.9950 last week. Although the euro eventually closed above parity, so from a technical perspective it is not a valid break yet, the euro's weakening points to the headwinds the eurozone is facing: high inflation, weak growth, the threat in energy commodity supplies, the war in Ukraine. Figure 4: EUR/USD on H4 and daily chart Next week the ECB will be deciding on interest rates and it is obvious that there will be some rate hike. A modest increase of 0.25% has been announced. Taking into account the issues mentioned above, the motivation for the ECB to raise rates by a more significant step will not be very strong. The euro therefore remains under pressure and it is not impossible that a fall below parity will occur again in the near future.   The nearest resistance according to the H4 chart is at 1.008 - 1.012. A support is the last low, which is at 0.9950 - 0.9960.   Bank of Canada has pulled out the anti-inflation bazooka Analysts had expected the Bank of Canada to raise rates by 0.75%. Instead, the central bank shocked markets with an unprecedented increase by a full 1%, the highest rate hike in 24 years. The central bank did so in response to inflation, which is the highest in Canada in 40 years. With this jump in rates, the bank is trying to prevent uncontrolled price increases.   The reaction of the Canadian dollar has been interesting. It strengthened significantly immediately after the announcement. However, then it began to weaken sharply. This may be because investors now expect the US Fed to resort to a similarly sharp rate hike. Figure 5: USD/CAD on H4 and daily chart Another reason may be the decline in oil prices, which the Canadian dollar is correlated with, as Canada is a major oil producer. The oil is weakening due to fears of a drop in demand that would accompany an economic recession. Figure 6: Oil on the H4 and daily charts Oil is currently in a downtrend. However, it has reached a support value, which is in the area near $94 per barrel. The support has already been broken, but on the daily chart oil closed above this value. Therefore, it is not a valid break yet.  
Stock Market: Uber, Palantir And Moderna In Top 3...

Stock Market: Uber, Palantir And Moderna In Top 3...

Purple Trading Purple Trading 15.07.2022 13:08
TOP 3 most traded CFD stocks of this week Information is one of the most valuable commodities. No one can tell you with absolute certainty where any stock is headed. But sometimes you just need to know where, at what point, and why are investors taking the most positions to try to take advantage of the volume and volatility yourselves. We bring you a summary of this week’s top 3 most traded CFD stocks at Purple Trading. What is behind their popularity and what is the outlook for the future? You can find answers to these questions in today’s article. Uber Shares of the notoricaly loss-making taxi service are under a lot of pressure this year. They have lost more than half their value since January. Uber is now selling more than 50% below the price it was when it entered the stock markets in 2019. Comparing it to its all-time high of $63.18 in early January 2021 is even more dismal. The big drop in Uber stock isn't too surprising in the context of the company's financial results from the first quarter of the year. While Uber's revenue grew 136% year-over-year to $6.9 billion, its net loss came in at $5.9 billion due to failed investments in Grab, Aurora, and DiDi. Chart 1: Uber shares on the MT4 platform on the M15 timeframe along with the 100 and 200 day moving averages Uber has become the focus of investor attention in recent days due to leaked information about lobbying high-profile politicians such as French President Emmanuel Macron. The revelations of the scandal have made Uber shares very volatile, which traders have taken advantage of.   The outlook for the coming months is not very positive for the company - high fuel prices are making Uber's services more expensive and a possible recession could significantly affect the company's revenues. Uber's business can be described as rather cyclical and in times of recession the company could suffer as a result. Nor should we underestimate the impact of the growing coronavirus, which is once again beginning to plague the entire world.   However, Uber’s relatively low valuation (it is now trading near an all-time low) and its positive cash flow outlook for 2022 is what’s playing into Uber’s hands. The company will publish its 2Q earnings in early August, and no matter the outcome, Uber shares are likely to remain popular among traders.   Palantir Uber has become the focus of investor attention in recent days due to leaked information about lobbying high-profile politicians such as French President Emmanuel Macron. The revelations of the scandal have made Uber shares very volatile, which traders have taken advantage of.   The outlook for the coming months is not very positive for the company - high fuel prices are making Uber's services more expensive and a possible recession could significantly affect the company's revenues. Uber's business can be described as rather cyclical and in times of recession the company could suffer as a result. Nor should we underestimate the impact of the growing coronavirus, which is once again beginning to plague the entire world.   However, Uber’s relatively low valuation (it is now trading near an all-time low) and its positive cash flow outlook for 2022 is what’s playing into Uber’s hands. The company will publish its 2Q earnings in early August, and no matter the outcome, Uber shares are likely to remain popular among traders. Chart 2: Palantir shares on the MT4 platform on the M15 timeframe along with the 100 and 200 day moving averages Investors still have no idea where to classify Palantir - is it an army contractor or an IT company? The stock's performance so far this year would point more towards an IT company. Military contractors like Lockheed Martin and Raytheon Technologies have had a great year so far, outperforming the S&P 500 index significantly. Palantir's CEO visited Ukraine in June in an effort to expand the company's operations. This obviously pleased investors, but potential expansion is difficult to quantify.   Moreover, the company's capitalization is still more than 10 times its annual revenue, a giant number compared to its competitors. Competitor Booz Allen Hamilton is currently selling for about 1.5 times annual sales, and the company's stock is near this year’s low. The company has a long track record of growing sales and, unlike Palantir, is profitable. Palantir's 2Q earnings are due in the first half of August. The company is expecting 25% year-on-year revenue growth. However, in the same period a year ago, the company grew revenue by 49%. Thus, any surprise in the earnings could cause high volatility. Palantir is definitely a stock to watch.    Moderna Seeing the famous vaccine producer among this week’s most traded companies in our CFD stock offering is not much of a surprise. Yet, back in mid-June, things were not looking good for Moderna shares - as this company was about 50% below the price we could see at the beginning of the year. However, the last month has been great for Moderna and its shares have soared almost by 50%. The reasons for this steep rise are clear - the coronavirus is once again on the rise globally. Since the beginning of June, the number of daily covid cases have practically doubled globally. The World Health Organisation has warned that the pandemic is far from over. This is just more water on the mill for companies such as Moderna and BioNTech. In addition, Moderna's actions were also helped by the June approval of a vaccine for American children and adolescents aged 6 months to 17 years. Chart 3: Shares of Moderna in the MT4 platform on the M15 timeframe along with the 100 and 200 day moving averages After the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic, Moderna was the darling of investors for obvious reasons. Shares thus reached an all-time high of almost USD 500. Since last September, however, it has gone south sharply. Looking at the P/E ratio (the ratio of share price to earnings per share), Moderna looks very attractive - the ratio is now around 5, which is a great number for a pharmaceutical company. In addition, Moderna is well funded - the selling of coronavirus vaccines have given it very interesting liquidity.   The biggest concern for investors, however, is the future of the company and its earnings once the coronavirus has passed. Apart from the vaccines mentioned above, at this moment the company does not sell any other products to the public. It has several other products in the testing phase, but their final approval and sales are uncertain. Thus, Moderna's stock may continue to thrive in the coming months thanks to further covid waves. In the long term, however, the company will need more products if it is to prosper.  
Which stock market sector is currently interesting due to its volatility?

Which stock market sector is currently interesting due to its volatility?

Purple Trading Purple Trading 18.07.2022 07:57
Which stock market sector is currently interesting due to its volatility While long-term investors in physical shares are not too interested in volatility, CFD traders can make potentially very nice profits from it. However, equity markets are vast and it can happen that an interesting title slips through one’s fingers. This article will make sure that it doesn't happen. What is volatility and how is it created If you were to equate the words volatility and nervousness (or moodiness) you would not be far off the mark. Indeed, volatility is really a measure of nervousness in the markets and where there is nervousness, there is also uncertainty. Uncertainty in the markets can arise for many different reasons, but it usually happens before the release of important macroeconomic news (on our economic calendar), you can identify those by the three bulls' heads symbols) or during unexpected events with a major impact on a particular market sector or the geopolitical order of the world (natural disasters, wars).   On the charts of trading platforms, you can recognize a highly volatile market by the dynamically changing price of the instrument, the market is said to be going up or down, and if you switch to a candle chart, you may notice large candles. Conversely, non-volatile, calm markets move sideways without any significant dips or rises. Volatility can also be historical or implied, but we'll write about that another time. Now, let’s talk about how can one potentially profit from volatility and where to find suitable markets to do so.   How to potentially profit from volatility For intraday and swing traders, volatility is the key to their potential success. For traders, often the worst situation is the so-called "sideways" market movement, where the asset in question goes "sideways" without significant movements either up or down. With small and larger price fluctuations, traders can potentially generate interesting profits. One of the most volatile markets is the stock market, where some news can trigger very significant price movements. Events such as important economic reports, a stock split, or an acquisition announcement, for example, can move the price of a given stock. In addition, traders using CFDs for share trading can also use leverage to multiply any gains (and losses) in a given volatility.   The key to potential success is choosing the right stock titles. Some stocks and sectors can be considered more volatile, while others can go longer periods of time without significant fluctuations. So how do you look for volatility? Several indicators measure price movements in stocks, perhaps the most well-known is beta, which measures the volatility of a given stock compared to a benchmark stock index (typically the S&P 500 for US stocks). The beta indicator is listed on most well-known stock sites, but we can calculate it using the following formula: Beta = 1 In this case, the stock is highly correlated with the market and we can expect very similar movements to the benchmark index.   Beta < 1 If the beta is less than 1, we can consider the stock to be potentially less volatile than the stock market.   Beta > 1 Stocks with a beta greater than 1 are theoretically more volatile than the benchmark index. So, for example, if a stock's beta is 1.1, we think of it as 10% more volatile. It is stock titles with a beta above 1 that should be of most interest to investors looking to take advantage of volatility. However, it is not enough to monitor the beta alone, traders should not forget to monitor important news and fundamentals related to the company and the market in general. Thus, it is advisable to choose a few companies whose stocks have been significantly volatile in the past and where we expect strong movements due to positive and negative news to continue. So which sectors may be worth following? In which sectors can you potentially benefit from high volatility? Energy sector The energy companies sector has historically been one of the most volatile, as confirmed by the course of 2022 so far. The price development of energy companies is of course strongly linked to the price of energy commodities. These have had a great year - both natural gas and oil have appreciated by several tens of percent since the beginning of the year. However, this growth has not been without significant fluctuations, often by higher units of percent per day. The current geopolitical situation and growing talk of recession promise to continue the volatility in the sector. In the chart below, you can see the movement of Exxon Mobil Corp shares in recent weeks. Chart 1: Exxon Mobil shares on the MT4 platform on the H1 timeframe along with the 50 and 100-day moving averages Travel industry Shares of companies related to the travel industry have always been very volatile. According to data from the beginning of the year (NYU Stern), even the companies classified as hotels and casinos were the most volatile when measured by beta. Given the coronavirus pandemic, this is not surprising. However, the threat of coronavirus still persists and there is currently the talk of another wave. However, global demand for travel is once again strong. Airlines and hotels are beginning to recover from the previous two dry years. As a result, both positive and negative news promises potential volatility going forward. In the chart below, you can see the movement of Hilton Hotels Corp shares in recent weeks. Chart 2: Hilton Hotels shares on the MT4 platform on the H1 timeframe along with the 50 and 100-day moving averages Technology Technology is a very broad term - some companies in a given sector can be considered "blue chip" stocks, which can generally be less volatile and have the potential to appreciate nicely over time. These include Apple or Microsoft, for example. However, even these will not escape relatively high volatility in 2022. Traders looking for even stronger moves, however, will be more interested in smaller companies such as Uber, Zoom Technologies, Palantir, or PayPal. In the chart below, we can see the evolution of Twitter stock, which has undergone significant volatility in recent weeks. This was linked to the announcement of the acquisition (April gap) and its recent recall by Elon Musk. With both opposing parties facing a court battle, similarly wild news is just more water on the volatility mill. Chart 3: Twitter shares on the MT4 platform on the H1 timeframe along with the 50 and 100-day moving averages There are, of course, more sectors that are significantly volatile. Traders can follow companies in the healthcare sector, for example, where coronavirus vaccine companies are among the most interesting ones. Restaurants or aerospace and chemical companies can also be worth looking at. But few things can move stock markets as significantly as the economic cycle. We'll look at the impact of expansion and recession on stocks in our next article.  
Industrial Metals Outlook: Assessing the Impact of China's Stimulus Measures

Podcast: Forex Market Is Focus On The Yen, Power Prices In EU

Saxo Bank Saxo Bank 08.09.2022 11:45
Summary:  Today we ponder whether yesterday's bounce in sentiment after technical support once again survived offers room for at least tactical optimism. Certainly, investor sentiment in the US is in the dumps, nearly matching record low levels according to at least one survey. Elsewhere, we breakdown the impact of EU proposals to cap power prices, particularly on alternative energy equities, the latest on crude oil and Putin boosting wheat prices with threats to revisit Ukraine export deal. In FX, the focus is on the JPY as officialdom there is getting religion on the need to do something soon and on the EUR as the ECB is likely set to hike 75 basis points today. Today's pod features Peter Garnry on equities, Ole Hansen on commodities and John J. Hardy hosting and on FX. Listen to today’s podcast - slides are found via the link. Follow Saxo Market Call on your favorite podcast app: Apple  Spotify PodBean Sticher If you are not able to find the podcast on your favourite podcast app when searching for Saxo Market Call, please drop us an email at marketcall@saxobank.com and we'll look into it.   Questions and comments, please! We invite you to send any questions and comments you might have for the podcast team. Whether feedback on the show's content, questions about specific topics, or requests for more focus on a given market area in an upcoming podcast, please get in touch at marketcall@saxobank.com. Share       Source: https://www.home.saxo/content/articles/podcast/podcast-sep-8-2022-08092022
The German Purchasing Managers' Index, ZEW Economic Sentiment  And More Ahead

The Economic Outlook In Euroland And Germany Is Getting Worse

Kamila Szypuła Kamila Szypuła 18.10.2022 10:21
Today the market will be calmer as I do not have very important data that could be confusing. Mainly, the eyes of traders will be focused on the results of the ZEW Economic Sentiment in Germany and in Euroland as well as the statements of bank criminals in these regions. From the American economy, we are only waiting for the report on Industrial Production. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) events As the day started, events from Australia arrived. The first event took place at 2:05 CET, and it was a speech. The speaker was Michele Bullock, who is an Assistant Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia. Her public engagements are often used to drop subtle clues regarding future monetary policy. The RBA minutes provide a detailed record of the discussions held between the RBA’s board members on monetary policy and economic conditions that influenced their decision on adjusting interest rates and/or bond buys, significantly impacting the Australian Dollar (AUD). ZEW Economic Sentiment German ZEW Economic Sentiment According to the report on the six-month economic outlook, the mood is currently pessimistic. Another decline is projected from -61.9 to -65.7. Since March, the indicator has been below 0, which means negative results. In June it looked like the situation could improve, but the next results quickly showed that it was a temporary change and that the downward trend has been consistently maintained since then. Source: investing.com Eurozone ZEW Economic Sentiment In the euro zone, the outlook is also negative. It is expected to drop from -60.7 to -61.2. Contrary to Germany, the situation in the euro zone deteriorated only in May. The downward trend has continued since then. The higher results than the German index are due to the fact that 19 Member States have an influence on the European one. Source: investing.com Speeches Also today, representatives of the central banks of Europe and Germany will take the floor. The speeches will be held in the evening. The first one at 18:00 CET and the speaker will be a member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank, Isabel Schnabel. One hour later at 19:00 CET, Joachim Nagel, who is Deutsche Bundesbank President and voting member of the ECB Governing Council, will speak. Canada Housing Starts The annualized number of new residential buildings that began construction during the reported month will published today. It is expected to drop to 263K from 267.4K. At the beginning of the year, the trend was exemplary, with the highest level recorded in May (287.3K). After this reading, the trend changed to a downward trend. The positive fact is that since the April reading the result was higher than expected. Source: investing.com Canada Foreign Securities Purchases The overall value of domestic stocks, bonds, and money-market assets purchased by foreign investors in Canada is expected to increase compared to the previous month. Canada Foreign Securities Purchases is expected to reach 17.32B. Purchase by foreign investors will provide new money to the Canadian economy and will also demonstrate its attractiveness. During the year, the appearance of the indicator varied considerably. At the beginning of the year it was in a downward trend, then the readings for January and February were downward. After these negative results, the highest reading was recorded at 46.94B. This very positive result was followed by a shift to a downward trend. A rebound after a negative reading in June could mean an improvement. US Industrial Production There are no forecasts for the change in the total inflation-adjusted value of output produced by manufacturers, mines, and utilities. Observing the last result, the trend is downward, and the last reading was 0.13% lower than the previous reading (3.81%). We can only expect it to decline slightly. Summary 2:05 CET RBA Assist Gov Bullock Speaks 2:30 CET RBA Meeting Minutes 11:00 CET German ZEW Economic Sentiment (Oct) 11:00 CET ZEW Economic Sentiment (Oct) 14:15 CET Housing Starts (Sep) 14:30 CET Foreign Securities Purchases (Aug) 15:15 CET US Industrial Production 18:00 CET ECB's Schnabel Speaks 19:00 CET German Buba President Nagel Speaks Source: https://www.investing.com/economic-calendar/
Bulls Stumble as GBP/JPY Nears Key Resistance at 187.30

European Markets React to US Debt Ceiling Deal! A Mixed Open Expected. US Dollar Dominates CEE Markets: Concerns Over Economic Recovery Linger

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 30.05.2023 09:11
Europe set for a mixed open, as debt ceiling deal heads towards a vote. By Michael Hewson (Chief Market Analyst at CMC Markets UK) With both the US and UK markets closed yesterday, there was a rather tepid response to the weekend news that the White House and Republican leaders had agreed a deal to raise the debt ceiling, as European markets finished a quiet session slightly lower. The deal, which lays out a plan to suspend the debt ceiling beyond the date of the next US election until January 1st 2025, will now need to get agreement from lawmakers on both sides of the political divide to pass into law. That could well be the hardest part given that on the margins every vote is needed which means partisan interests on either side could well derail or delay a positive outcome. A vote on the deal could come as soon as tomorrow with a new deadline of 5th June cited by US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen. US markets, which had been rising into the weekend on the premise that a deal was in the making look set to open higher when they open later today, however markets in Europe appear to be less than enthused. That's probably due to concerns over how the economic recovery in China is doing, with recent economic data suggesting that confidence there is slowing, and economic activity is declining. Nonetheless while European stocks have struggled in recent weeks, they are still within touching distance of their recent record highs, although recent increases in yields and persistent inflation are starting to act as a drag. This is likely to be the next major concern for investors in the event we get a speedy resolution to the US debt ceiling headwind. We've already seen the US dollar gain ground over the last 3 weeks as markets start to price in another rate hike by the Federal Reserve next month, and more importantly start to price out the prospect of rate cuts this year. Last week's US and UK economic data both pointed to an inflationary outlook that is much stickier than was being priced a few weeks ago, with core prices showing little sign of slowing. In the UK core prices surged to a 33 year high of 6.8% while US core PCE edged up to 4.7% in April, meaning pushing back any possible thoughts that we might see rate cuts as soon as Q3. At this rate we'll be lucky to see rate cuts much before the middle of 2024, with the focus now set to shift to this week's US May jobs report on Friday, although we also have a host of other labour market and services data between now and then to chew over. The last few weeks have seen quite a shift, from the certainty that the Federal Reserve was almost done when it comes to rate hikes to the prospect that we may well see a few more unless inflation starts to exhibit signs of slowing markedly in the coming months. In the EU we are also seeing similar trends when it comes to sticky inflation with tomorrow's flash CPI numbers for May expected to show some signs of slowing on the headline number, but not so much on the core measure. On the data front today we have the latest US consumer confidence numbers for May which are expected to see a modest slowdown from 101.30 in April to 99, and the lowest levels since July last year. EUR/USD – has so far managed to hold above the 1.0700 level, with a break below arguing to a move back towards 1.0610. We need to see a rebound above 1.0820 to stabilise. GBP/USD – holding above the 1.2300 area for now with further support at the April lows at 1.2270. We need to recover back above 1.2380 to stabilise. EUR/GBP – currently struggling to move above the 0.8720 area, with main resistance at the 0.870 area. A move below current support at 0.8650 could see a move towards 0.8620. USD/JPY – having broken above the 139.60 area this now becomes support for a move towards 142.50 which is the 61.8% retracement of the down move from the recent highs at 151.95 and lows at 127.20. Further support remains back at the 137.00 area and 200-day SMA. FTSE100 is expected to open unchanged at 7,627 DAX is expected to open 17 points higher at 15,967 CAC40 is expected to open 30 points lower at 7,273
Rates on the Move: Dollar Rates Set to Rise, Sterling Rates Poised to Fall - US Labour Market Data Holds the Key!

Rates on the Move: Dollar Rates Set to Rise, Sterling Rates Poised to Fall - US Labour Market Data Holds the Key!

ING Economics ING Economics 31.05.2023 08:33
Rates Spark: Sterling rates most likely to fall, dollar rates more likely to rise US labour market data could trigger another leg higher in dollar rates but we doubt their euro peers will follow, barring a much stronger inflation print today. Hawkish BoE pricing is vulnerable to a pushback.   US labour market indicators take centre stage The start of the week is proving a constructive one for bonds. It seems the feel-good factor felt by markets, after the White House and House leader McCarthy reached a deal to raise the debt ceiling over the weekend, was short-lived. The deal is due to be voted on today by the lower chamber and later this week by the Senate. We think expectations are for the bill to pass, which also means the market-moving potential of a successful vote is limited. The same cannot be said of any delay on procedural grounds, although more would be needed to shake the market’s optimism.   Instead, the focus should now focus on more fundamental matters for interest rates valuations, namely this week’s two labour market releases. Today sees the publication of the ‘JOLTS’ job openings report, followed on Friday by the non-farm payroll report (which also includes wages). Rate cut expectations last month received a shot in the arm when job openings unexpectedly dropped but payroll data continues to go from strength to strength and we expect investors will be wary of chasing bond yields lower into the report as a result.   We expect investors will be wary of chasing bond yields lower into Friday's job report  
Surging Oil Prices: Central Banks' New Challenge Amid Trilemma

US Debt Deal Advances: Investors Eye Fed Hike and Inflation Concerns

ING Economics ING Economics 30.05.2023 08:46
FX Daily: Markets steady ahead of final push on the debt deal After a long weekend in many parts of the world, FX markets are returning to mull progress on a US debt ceiling deal. This now has to pass the committee stage in the House and will probably go to a House vote tomorrow. Progress on the deal will allow investors to focus on sticky US inflation – likely seeing the dollar hold onto recent gains.   USD: Progress on debt deal allows markets to focus on another Fed hike After long weekends in many parts of the world, FX markets are returning to some progress on the US debt ceiling. President Joe Biden and House Speaker Kevin McCarthy have reached a two-year deal. That deal will be assessed by the House Rules Committee today and, if approved, will likely go to a vote in the House tomorrow. Both Democrat and Republican leaders feel they have the votes to get the deal through Congress – although at times like these, there may be a few holdout politicians who like their day in the sun.   Progress on the debt deal has seen some declines in yields for US Treasury Bills maturing in June, although it has had little impact on FX markets. We said last week that FX markets had already been trading in a de-stressed fashion on the assumption a deal would go through. Assuming there are no hiccups in the deal's passage, FX markets can return to the most pressing issue of sticky inflation and what central bankers plan to do about it.   Last Friday's US data set made the firm case for one additional 25bp Fed hike – now fully priced by the time of the 26 July meeting. Money markets price a 63% chance of that hike coming earlier at the 14 June meeting – a meeting which will likely see the Fed have to raise its inflation forecasts. The default view, therefore, seems to be that the dollar can hold its recent gains at least into that June meeting. That is unless US price and activity data start to fall away sharply.   On that front, this week sees US JOLTS job opening data (Wed), ADP (Thurs.), and the May NFP (Friday). Barring any major downside miss in these releases, it looks like the market will support another 25bp hike from the Fed, continued inversion in the US yield curve, and a strong/stronger dollar.   DXY looks comfortable above 104.00 and could extend recent gains to 104.65 or even 105.30 this week.    
FX and Fixed Income Strategy: Navigating the Forint's Strength and Monetary Policy Normalization

FX and Fixed Income Strategy: Navigating the Forint's Strength and Monetary Policy Normalization

ING Economics ING Economics 15.06.2023 07:37
FX strategy (with Frantisek Taborsky, EMEA FX & FI Strategist) HUF has been the clear winner YTD in the CEE region thanks to the subsiding energy crisis and very attractive carry due to the extreme high interest rate environment. Despite the first rate cut, HUF did not weaken thanks to the NBH’s transparent communication, which we expect will continue to remain as transparent as it has been so far this year.   We expect that the market will continue to favour the forint, which will continue to maintain a significantly higher carry within the region in the second half of the year. In our view, the playing field for the forint will be in the range of EUR/HUF 368-378 in the coming months and we target 372 for the end of the year.   Thus, we do not see much room for a move lower from current levels, which is supported by the very long positioning of the market. This will prevent further gains in the forint. We can still expect the NBH monetary policy and EU money story to be the main drivers. Higher volatility will remain in the market in the second half of the year and we may see some seasonal FX weakness especially during the summer months. However, market expectations for EU money are rather cautious and so we do not see room for a big sell-off, similar to that at the end of last year over this issue. Moreover, we should see a deal ultimately being agreed between the EC and the Hungarian government. Overall, we continue to like the forint and the NBH normalisation story. We expect investors might use any EUR/HUF spike to build new positions in forint and benefit from the significant carry.   FX – spot and INGF   Evolution of gross external debt (% of GDP)   Fixed income strategy (with Frantisek Taborsky, EMEA FX & FI Strategist and James Wilson, EM Sovereign Strategist)   The market is pricing in a large portion of NBH monetary policy normalisation, but we believe that the region's fastest disinflation and a record strong forint will support further market bets on policy easing. Our bias remains for a lower and steeper curve.. On the bond side, despite fiscal risks, we see this year's funding fully under AKK's control. HGBs post the highest gains within the region YTD, supported by the NBH's successful normalisation story and government measures.   On the other hand, HGBs are getting expensive after the recent rally. In the hard currency space, current valuations look about fair for REPHUN, with spread levels towards the wider end of the BBB tier.   Headline risk remains high amid the ongoing EU fund negotiations and geopolitical noise, which mean there are potential upside and downside catalysts, and volatility will remain elevated. Meanwhile, fundamentals are recovering from last year’s energy shock, in particular on the external accounts. Further FX issuance is likely later in the year, with the AKK guiding for a potential benchmark size EUR issue, in part to prefinance for 2024.   Local curve (%)   Public debt redemption profile (end-Mar 2023, HUFbn)
Rising Trend: Redevelopment and Conversions Shape Poland's Real Estate Landscape

Rising Trend: Redevelopment and Conversions Shape Poland's Real Estate Landscape

Finance Press Release Finance Press Release 15.06.2023 09:30
Older buildings are making way for new ones, and the trend of redeveloping plots in the centers of large cities in Poland is intensifying. Furthermore, the plans include not only new development projects that arise after demolitions but also transforming existing office buildings into residential projects, including those in PRS (Private Rented Sector) formula. The huge demand in the rental housing market in Poland, coupled with a gradual increase in rental rates amidst a significant housing shortage, is encouraging investors to undertake further projects in the PRS formula. Paradoxically, the geopolitical and macroeconomic situation, including war in Ukraine, is also conducive to the development of such investments, as it generates additional potential tenants. Above all, the Polish market still offers the opportunity to achieve higher investment returns than the Western European market. According to Avison Young experts, the value of transactions closed in 2022 could be estimated at 150 million euros, and cumulatively from 2014, it reached 325 million euros. However, the true dynamics of the sector is reflected in volume of forward funding transactions. Only in the years 2021-2022, according to Avison Young's analysis, it amounted to 700 million euros. Investors' announcements indicate that the plans for the upcoming years include the construction of another ~ 25,000 apartments for rent in Poland. PRS investments are mainly taking place in the largest cities in the country, with 40% of the currently active PRS stock, totaling 12,500 apartments, located in Warsaw. Over 13,000 units are currently under construction, with approximately 4,500 expected to be delivered this year. However, it is still not enough considering the demand.   Land at a premium A serious obstacle to the development of residential investments is the shortage of available land in attractive areas of the largest Polish cities. As a result, investors are seeking alternative solutions, such as acquiring parcels with older buildings that can be adapted to new functions or demolished. The trend of real estate conversions is intensifying on the market. The advantage of investments based on demolition or modernization of existing facilities is shorter administrative procedures, which do not require road approvals or participation in the construction of the surrounding infrastructure. - The number of inquiries regarding analyses of the possibility of adapting existing commercial properties for new purposes is increasing. In such cases, our team evaluates, among other things, the profitability of the investment, considering options of demolishing older office buildings or transforming them into PRSs. When planning such actions, investors seek well-located, easy accessible office buildings, with a rich offering of gastronomy and services in the vicinity. The profitability analysis of the investment indicates the direction for further investor’s actions. Functionally and technically worn-out office buildings generate lower income and are less attractive to tenants compared to modern office buildings that additionally meet ESG requirements. Therefore, it is often more cost-effective to consider a new function for the building, demolish or convert it into a product tailored to the current market's needs. – says Monika Bronicka, Head of Valuation and Advisory at Avison Young.   More and more demolitions in Warsaw One can see with the naked eye an increasing number of demolitions of commercial buildings in Poland. The value of older structures situated on attractive urban land is often lower than that of undeveloped plots. Investors are especially eager to buy such properties, when it is possible to obtain a permit for the construction of a modern facility with a larger usable floor space. Strict ESG standards and the need to adapt decades-old buildings to current environmental norms associated with sustainable development, as well as the desire to reduce maintenance and operating costs, also motivate changes and modernization of properties. Market participants are wondering how many more demolitions will occur in the near future, since even twenty-something-year-old buildings are disappearing from the landscape of Warsaw, such as: - Atrium International from 1995 will be replaced by the over 130-meter Upper One skyscraper and a 55-meter hotel - Empark Mokotów Business Park is being redeveloped by Echo Investment and will be partially replaced with new residential buildings - the unfinished EuRoPol Gaz office building is already being demolished, Dom Development will develop residential buildings in this area - Multikino Ursynów (building from 1999) was acquired by GH Development from Belgium; the new owner has announced the construction of a mixed-use building with about 300 apartments   Regional cities are not falling behind either Echo Investment is also preparing a project using demolition in Lodz. At 127 KiliÅ„skiego Street, in the place of an old tenement house, the investor is currently constructing a residential-hotel building. There will be about 290 residential units for short-term or subscription rental. Strabag Real Estate, in turn, has obtained permission to build 40,000 square meters of space on the site of the Plaza Gallery in Kraków, which is earmarked for demolition. The company is planning to develop a mixed-use project on the plot. Meanwhile, the former Impel office building, which stood at Åšlężna Street, disappeared from the map of WrocÅ‚aw. In its place, Develia started the construction of a residential complex with commercial premises. These are just a few examples of demolition and new development projects in Polish regional cities.   No-demolition option An alternative to demolitions is converting the existing buildings and changing their functions. Such actions are undoubtedly more environmentally friendly, as the carbon footprint associated with demolitions and constructing new structures is significantly higher. Avison Young's team of technical advisors has had the opportunity to analyze office buildings several times in terms of converting them into residential buildings, without the need for demolition. It turns out that it is not that difficult as it may seem, given the existing technical conditions. It is certainly much easier to change the functional use of office buildings to residential than the other way around.   Live loads Based on the proposed structure and assumed service loads, according to the PN-EN 1991-1-1 standard for residential buildings, it is recommended to assume a load of 2 kN/m², while for office buildings, a load of 3 kN/m² is typically considered. Therefore, when changing the use of a building, there is a load capacity reserve for the floor slabs that can be utilized as needed.   Higher ceilings According to the current technical conditions, the minimum ceiling height for workspaces intended for more than 4 people is 3 meters, while the minimum height for residential rooms is 2.5 meters. Planned apartments can, therefore, have higher ceilings, which is desirable in the market and also allows for more space for the sub-ceiling installations.   The question of daylight - One technical challenge that can be observed is related to the dimensions of office buildings. Most office spaces are designed as open space areas and rely on extensive glazing to provide daylighting throughout the space. However, when converting such buildings into residential units, it is necessary to consider the architectural possibilities to ensure compliance with technical requirements, including adequate daylighting. This typically involves maintaining a ratio of window area to floor area of 1:8. Any changes in the layout require a careful and thoughtful approach to ensure that the residential units are both functional and well-lit. – says PrzemysÅ‚aw KÅ‚opocki, Project Manager (Building Aspects), Technical Advisory & Project Management at Avison Young. The current regulations for transmission coefficients of the building envelope have been tightened significantly over the past years. When planning a change in the functional use of an existing office building with extensive glazing, consideration must be given to potential modifications or upgrades to minimize the building's energy consumption due to heat losses through the external walls and windows.   Closed windows When planning a change of use from office to residential, it is important to consider that many existing office buildings have non-operable windows, which necessitates the use of mechanical ventilation. Ventilation issues can be addressed by partially adapting the existing systems to meet the needs of future residents, taking into account the anticipated lower occupancy density of the building.   The biggest challenges - Adapting to the remaining sanitary needs becomes the most challenging. – says Karolina HytroÅ›, Project Manager (Sanitary Installations), Technical Advisory & Project Management at Avison Young. – Office buildings often have a single sanitary riser located in the core of the building, and it is necessary to expand the installation with numerous new supply pipes for bathrooms and kitchens in residential units. Additionally, the heating and cooling system is typically based on freon or glycol systems utilizing fan coil units, which may pose challenges in reusing them within the new functional layout of the floors.   - The electrical installation also requires adaptation; it is necessary to expand telecommunication installations enabling television reception, Internet access, and efficient access control. - adds Kamil Olechniewicz, Project Manager (Electrical Installations), Technical Advisory & Project Management at Avison Young.   Due to fire safety regulations in residential buildings, it is usually necessary to implement an extended fire alarm system. However, these challenges do not prevent the building from being adapted for residential use.   Summary Changing the use from office to residential in terms of technical aspects should not be problematic in many cases. However, it is important to consider that maintaining the desired level of Usable Floor Area (UFA) can be challenging. This may result in a lower profitability compared to a typical multifamily residential building, where every square meter is utilized almost 100% efficiently in the planning process.   - However, it is worth considering that older office buildings often differ significantly in terms of standards from modern and energy-efficient Class A office buildings. In this respect, converting them to a residential function may be more profitable than continuing to maintain increasingly less attractive and difficult-to-lease office space. - says Tomasz Daniecki, Director, Head of Technical Advisory at Avison Young. Especially since older office buildings are usually located in well-connected areas, which is often a key aspect for residents when choosing a place to live. Such locations often fit into the concept of the "15-minute city," which is gaining increasing popularity lately.
Why the Bank of England is Cautious about Endorsing a 6% Bank Rate: Assessing the Impact on Homeowners and the Mortgage Market

Analyzing the Fed's Decision. Gold Market in Turmoil!

Marco Turatti Marco Turatti 15.06.2023 13:29
In the wake of the recent Federal Reserve (Fed) decision and its implications for the financial markets, we reached out to experts, analysts, and economists from HF markets to gain their insights on the current situation. Our focus revolves around two key areas: the Fed's decision and its impact on the gold market. With these topics in mind, we explore the potential outlook for gold prices in the coming weeks and discuss the market's response to the FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) decision.   Gold Market Analysis When considering the trajectory of gold prices in the near future, experts express skepticism regarding the likelihood of reaching a new all-time high for XAU. While certain central banks, including Turkey, China, and India (which added 2 tonnes to its reserves in May), have increased their gold purchases to diversify their reserves away from the US dollar, investors, speculators, and hedge funds focus on other factors. Notably, gold is currently trading at a premium compared to its valuation against the US 10-year real interest rate. Recent price movements indicate a potential further decline, with a possible target range of $1860 or even lower to $1785. FXMAG.COM: Could you give as your point of view about how the gold prices would behave in next weeks? Is there a chance that there will be new ATH? Marco Turatti – HFM Market Analyst: It seems unlikely that we will see a new all-time high for XAU soon. Its price has so far been supported by increased purchases by certain central banks, such as Turkey, China and others (India added 2 tonnes to its reserves in May). The aim is to differentiate its reserves from the USD.  But investors, speculators and hedge funds look at other fundamentals and gold is very expensive compared to where it should trade against, for example, the US 10-year real interest rate. Just today it broke $1940, and could continue to the $1860 zone, if not lower to $1785.    Fed's Decision and Market Reaction Regarding the FOMC decision, experts highlight the surprise factor. Many anticipated that the Fed would approach the peak and initiate rate cuts in the coming months. However, the Fed's stance indicates that the official rate could reach 5.75% in 2023, with Chairman Jerome Powell stating that no cuts are expected for approximately two years. This stands in contrast to the Dot Plot projections. The Fed also expressed optimism regarding the new growth and job outlook.     FXMAG.COM: Could you please comment on the FOMC decision? Marco Turatti – HFM Market Analyst: The Fed really surprised: a lot of people thought we were close to the peak and ready to cut rates this year, but this is not the case. The official rate will probably reach 5.75% in 2023 and Jerome Powell says there will be no cuts for about 2 years (which is different from what the Dot Plot says).  They were also quite optimistic about the new growth/jobs outlook. The market didn't really go anywhere: yes, there was a lot of up and down movement in both indices and the USD, but at the end the day it ended with the US500 flat and the USDIndex having recovered 103.  Now there will be time in the coming hours to better process the central bank's message. Today (15/06) we are seeing declines in the stock market futures and this makes sense for equities (also given the emphasis on labour market monitoring, the Fed wants it weaker).  One direct and clear reaction we are noticing, however, has obviously been the rise in rates along the whole curve, which is weighing on gold.
Eurozone Services PMI Contracts, Global Bond Declines, Yen Rallies: Market Insights

RBA Minutes Reveal Close Rate Hike Decision, China's Central Bank Trims Key Lending Rates: Impact on AUD/USD

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 20.06.2023 13:02
RBA minutes state that the rate hike decision was close China’s central bank trims key lending rates The Australian dollar has hit a bump in the road and is down 1% this week. In the European session, AUD/USD is trading at 0.6795, down 0.80% on the day.   RBA minutes – rate decision was close The Reserve Bank of Australia has a habit of surprising the markets. The RBA’s rate hike earlier this month was a shocker, as the markets had expected rates to remain unchanged. The minutes of the meeting, released today, indicated that the decision was “finely balanced” between a pause and a hike. In support of a pause, members noted that the sharp increases in rates raised the possibility of the economy stalling. In the end, however, concerns over persistent inflation won the day as the Bank voted to hike rates by 0.25%. The takeaway from the dovish minutes is that the RBA was very close to taking a pause and will be open to holding rates at the July meeting, depending on the data, especially inflation. The Australian dollar has fallen sharply today as investors have lowered their expectations over future rate hikes. The RBA has backed up hawkish words with action, raising rates to 4.1%, the highest level since 2011. Still, inflation has been stickier than expected, and headline inflation jumped in April from 6.3% to 6.8%. The core rate fell from 6.9% to 6.5%, but that is incompatible with the target of 2%. The RBA has projected that inflation will not fall to 2% until mid-2025, which means more hikes are likely, barring a sharp drop in inflation. China’s central bank announced on Tuesday that it was cutting key lending rates, in a move to boost investment and consumption. The post-pandemic recovery has been slow, and soft demand for exports has been bad news for Australia, as China is a key trading partner. China posted 4.5% growth in the first quarter, which was better than expected, but key indicators such as retail spending and industrial output missed expectations in May. . AUD/USD Technical 0.6772 is under pressure in support. Below, there is support at 0.6668 0.6836 and 0.6940 are the next resistance lines        
GBP/USD Options Market Anticipates 70 Pip Range on BoE Day

Unibail's hybrid bond swap highlights extension risk in distressed sectors

ING Economics ING Economics 21.06.2023 10:07
Unibail’s new hybrid and debt swap illustrates the large extension risk Real estate firm Unibail has decided to take an uncommon approach by offering hybrid bondholders a debt swap. We see this as somewhat positive for hybrid markets and shows issuers' willingness to adapt to market conditions and please investors, but it also illustrates the large extension risk for some issuers, particularly in distressed sectors.   The hybrid market has been under some pressure in recent months with much higher interest rates causing a large amount of uncertainty around extension risk for hybrids. But we see significant value in hybrids, namely from frequent (non-real estate) issuers. There is decent tightening potential in hybrids when compared to BB spreads and equity. The news yesterday from Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield, the commercial real estate firm that operates the Westfield brand, that it is offering its hybrid bondholders a debt swap, is somewhat positive for the hybrid space, in our opinion.   It is of course not as positive as an outright call and does illustrate the large extension risk for some issuers, particularly in distressed sectors, but it does compensate more than not calling. We initially saw three options for Unibail with the upcoming call on its hybrid bond (ULFP2.125 PERP); call the bond, not call the bond, and call and tender the rest of the curve and remove itself from the hybrid market. The company instead decided to take an uncommon approach of offering hybrid bondholders a debt swap, exchanging the current bond paying a coupon of 2.125% with a new standard structure corporate hybrid bond (Deeply Subordinated Perpetual Fixed Rate Resettable Perp-NC 5.25) with a coupon of 7.25%. There is also a small tender of the rest of the bond that is not getting exchanged, totalling no more than €200m. The firm will exchange 84% (€1.05bn) of the original size and tender up to 16% (max €200m).   We think this is somewhat positive for the hybrid market as it shows issuers' willingness to adapt to market conditions and please investors, instead of resorting to simply not calling the bond. This could be another option for a very selective hybrid refinancing. There was a similar exchange seen by Banco Comercial Portuguese back in November, which decided to not call a T2 bond but exchange fully instead. The market reaction has been positive for the Unibail curve, but the corporate hybrid index did widen by 4bp while the senior index remained unchanged yesterday. However, hybrids still sit 3bp tighter on the week. The other outstanding hybrid on the Unibail curve (ULFP2.875 PERP) tightened by 182bp yesterday.  
Turbulent Times Ahead: ECB's Tough Decision Amid Soaring Oil Prices

The Bank of England Hikes Rates Amid Concerns of Inflation, MPC Split, and Pound's Volatility

Craig Erlam Craig Erlam 22.06.2023 13:46
The Bank of England accelerated its tightening efforts after meeting this week, hiking rates by 0.5% in response to another raft of worrying inflation data.  And it's not just yesterday's CPI data that will have caused considerable discomfort for the MPC, the April figures were also far too high and wage numbers we've had in the interim suggest its becoming increasingly embedded. That had to have caused serious alarm within the BoE, within seven members of the committee anyway. Two policymakers voted to hold rates steady for the fourth meeting highlighting the widening gulf between the views on the MPC which may make finding a consensus going forward that much more challenging.  There's every chance that those backing 50 basis points did so in the hope that doing more now may necessitate the need to do less later on and for a shorter period of time. That's not how markets are initially perceiving it though, with the odds of Bank Rate rising above 6% increasing. It could get rather painful in inflation doesn't improve soon. The pound appears to be weighing up both of these considerations, as is evident in the very volatile response we've seen in the currency. Rate hikes are generally good for a currency but when they're rising to levels that could seriously threaten the economy, there's certainly an argument for the opposite to happen.     Turkish interest rates finally heading in the right direction  Another interest rate decision was announced alongside the BoE, with the CBRT reverting back to hiking interest rates aggressively in order to put a lid on inflation and steady the currency which has fallen another 15% in recent weeks.   President Erdogan won the election promising to defend lower interest rates having led a campaign of aggressive rate cuts under Governor Åžahap KavcıoÄŸlu, before immediately replacing him and the finance minister after the vote. A rate hike today was widely expected but the range of forecasts was vast and if anything, the 6.5% hike was at the lower end of the range.  Turkey faces many problems going forward as a result of the misguided policies over the last couple of years and that will likely warrant more aggressive tightening in the future. For now, investors may be mildly relieved that rates are heading in the right direction, if not fast enough. The risk is that Erdogan hasn't really hesitated to sack Governors that raise rates in the past so investors will never feel fully at ease as long as he's President.
Oil Prices Find Stability within New Range Amid Market Factors

Bitcoin Surges 24% in 6 Days: Deutsche Bank's Crypto-License Search and Race for Bitcoin ETF Fuel the Rally

InstaForex Analysis InstaForex Analysis 22.06.2023 13:58
Bitcoin's over 24% increase in just 6 days is due to several significant events. Deutsche Bank's search for a crypto-license and the race to create a Bitcoin ETF fund are the main reasons why BTC began to climb again towards 30,000. USD. On June 15, BlackRock filed a Bitcoin Spot ETF application with the SEC, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Yes, to the same SEC that is pursuing cryptocurrency exchanges such as Binance or Coinbase.   It is worth noting that the SEC has definitively rejected such applications in the past, however, the latest attempt was made by the largest player in the asset management market. In reaction to these events, Invesco applied for the creation of such a fund many times in the past. The third applicant turned out to be WisdomTree, which also intends to apply for the creation of a cryptocurrency exchange fund ETF in the United States. An interesting event in the context of the increase in the value of Bitcoin is also WallStreet's support for new digital asset platforms - EDX Markets. Although there is still a long way to ATH, interest in the oldest cryptocurrency is still very high. The actions of the SEC did not scare off investors, which could have been suggested by the record transfer of BTC from crypto-miners.   Technical Market Outlook: The BTC/USD pair has been seen rallying over 24% from the low made at the level of $24,753, so the last local high made at the level of $30,777. The bulls had broken above the technical resistance located at $28,446 and now this level will work as the technical support. The market conditions are extremely overbought on the H4 time frame chart and on a Daily time frame chart. The next target for bulls is still seen at the level of $32,350.  
USD/JPY Weekly Review: Strong Dollar and Yen's Resilience in G10 Currencies

Fed rate cuts fade, stock markets slide: A closer look at market reactions

Ipek Ozkardeskaya Ipek Ozkardeskaya 27.06.2023 10:44
Investors finally believe the Fed Financial markets kicked off the week on a weak note, but not because of the Wagner's mini, failed, or fake coup over the weekend, but because of the diminishing rate cut bets for the Federal Reserve (Fed) for this year - and the beginning of next year.   Activity on Fed funds futures gives more than 75% chance for another 25bp hike in July, and there is expectation for one more rate hike after that. A set of soft data could do the magic of bad news is good news, and that investors could gently return to longer-term quality bonds, as despite what the Fed says, the end of tightening is certainly near. We saw a heavy slump in open interest in US government bonds as a result of waning dovish bets, but we also see the US 2-year yield slump below a two-month rising trend this morning, as the 10-year yield remains paralyzed a touch below the 3.75% level. The dollar index hardly challenges the 50-100-DMA area, and the stock markets are down, with the S&P500 steadily giving back gains, while MAMAA stocks are seen most vulnerable to a further downside correction due to the recent AI-led rally. Nvidia for example lost almost 4% yesterday, while Tesla fell more than 6%. Small caps, on the other hand, were better bid this Monday, as a sign of a portfolio rebalancing effect before the quarter ends. In this respect, the Russell 2000 index saw support and traded above its 100-DMA despite a broad-basedselloff in big caps, and especially in Big Techs.      The softer US dollar maintains the EURUSD above the 50-DMA, near 1.0875. News from Germany were less than ideal yesterday. The German business climate and expectations deteriorated faster than expected in June, but the Spanish producer prices fell nearly 7% versus a steady deceleration of 4.5% expected by analysts. Slower inflation is the only way to soften the European Central Bank (ECB) rate hike expectations. The Italian PPI, due Wednesday, is expected to print a nearly 10% slump y-o-y in May, and more than 6% slump just in May.   Today, US durable goods orders and house prices will be under close watch while Canada will release the latest set of CPI data. Both headline and core inflation are expected to slow, as a result of continued policy efforts to bring price pressures lower. The dollar-CAD drifts lower, due to a hawkish Bank of Canada (BoC) stance and despite selling pressure in crude oil. The pair is now at the lowest levels since September and is preparing to test the 1.30 support shortly.   Speaking of oil, the barrel of US crude remains steady at around the $70pb level, bulls don't want to join in given the hawkish central bank stances and rising recession odds, while bears are not willing to push hard, as the geopolitical uncertainties maintain a high level of upside risks.   OPEC lately claimed that the global oil demand would rise to 110 mio barrels per day, with a 23% rise in overall energy demand expected by 2045. That goes perpendicularly against the IEA forecast of higher short-term demand but waning long term demand for oil because of energy transition to greener sources. You believe who you want to believe but the higher the traditional, dirty energy prices, the faster the transition will be.     By Ipek Ozkardeskaya, Senior Analyst | Swissquote Bank  
Central Bankers and Key Data Awaited: Implications for Equity Markets and Economic Confidence

Central Bankers and Key Data Awaited: Implications for Equity Markets and Economic Confidence

Craig Erlam Craig Erlam 28.06.2023 09:00
It’s been a relatively slow start to the week so far but things are likely to pick up with more appearances from prominent central bankers and key data due for release in the coming days. Equity markets are a little higher early in the European session after what has been a tough couple of weeks. Stubborn inflation has investors concerned that there may be a much heavier economic price to pay for restoring price stability which appears to have shaken confidence a little. Not only are more rate hikes being priced in but the prospect of rate cuts this year has become more fantasy than reality. Obviously, some are faring much worse than others, the UK being a prime example, but progress has also been much slower than hoped elsewhere and the likelihood is that getting from 4% to 2%, for example, may prove more challenging again. We need to see some concrete signs of progress or sentiment could suffer much further.   Can bitcoin be propelled higher on ETF excitement? We’ve seen some consolidation in bitcoin in recent days after it hit fresh highs for the year late last week. There’s been no shortage of crypto newsflow but the excitement around an ETF may well be what’s pulled traders back in. Either way, it promises to be an intriguing and potentially volatile second half to the year as we await the outcome of that and the action brought against various exchanges from the SEC. ​  
Stocks to keep an eye on in the second half of 2023

Stocks to keep an eye on in the second half of 2023

Maxim Manturov Maxim Manturov 29.06.2023 14:08
Analysts at Freedom Finance Europe have highlighted several companies that investors should look out for in the second half of this year. One of them is Amazon (AMZN), which continues to grow revenues in key segments. "The company has too many positive catalysts to ignore, and the recent weakness provides an opportunity to enter into an attractive asset", says the speaker. In addition, despite the challenging macroeconomic environment, AMZN's revenues in the latest quarter exceeded the forecast range to $127.4 billion and operating profit was $4.8 billion. These results are due to growth in e-commerce. North American region, for example, saw double-digit sales increases and a return to profitability, while the international segment also saw strong growth. On top of that, company's cloud business revenues, Amazon Web Services were up 16% year-on-year.  "Management forecasts sales growth of 10%, to $133 billion in the next quarter, with operating profit expected to remain stable, at between $2 billion and $5.5 billion. These results and forecasts look quite compelling. The company has also built an unrivalled logistics network for parcel delivery, sometimes with same-day delivery", said the speaker. These factors take Amazon’s potential to a maximum target price of $220.  Next up is the well-known coffee chain Starbucks (SBUX). As the speaker explained, the company is considered an attractive and long-term investment due to its commitment to shareholder value, revenue growth and higher earnings per stock. SBUX had a solid quarter. In Q2 2023, Starbucks had revenue of $8.7 billion, up 14% year-on-year. EPS increased by 36% compared to the same period in 2022. Even more impressively, Starbucks quarterly sales and EPS were 38% and 49% higher than the same period in 2019 (before the pandemic). The company also has a rewards programme that rewards customers for repeat purchases. For example, there are currently 30.8 million active loyalty programme members in the US. That's an increase of 15% over last year.   "Coffee is an integral part of society and it is hard to imagine a scenario where Starbucks ever disappears. The company has almost 37,000 shops and the goal is to have 55,000 outlets worldwide by 2030", the speaker added. The fundamental potential for an average target price is at $114. Another company that may be worth taking a closer look at is Booking Holdings (BKNG), which operates in the online travel industry. In particular, it offers services through its Booking.com, KAYAK, Priceline, Agoda, Rentalcars.com and OpenTable brands. Data from the Economist Intelligence Unit shows that the segment is expected to grow by 30% in 2023 as the number of Chinese tourists abroad may increase. "In previous years, the 'zero COVID' policy has held back tourism from China, which has recently been a major source of growth. As the situation changes this year, Booking Holdings could benefit from this. In addition, the number of trips remains below 2019 levels, which leaves room for growth and continues a solid recovery", explained the speaker. BKNG's revenue increased by $4 billion in the last quarter, and it continues to benefit from a network advantage that has allowed it to maintain its agency model rather than move to a vendor model where the online travel agency would be responsible for paying the fees. Fundamental potential for an average target price of $2800.  
Gold Market Sentiment and Analyst Forecasts: Bond Yields and China's Impact

European Stocks Surge on Positive Inflation Report, Bitcoin Stabilizes After ETF Boost

Ed Moya Ed Moya 03.07.2023 10:29
European stocks are ending the week on a high, buoyed by another encouraging inflation report that will soon support the end of the ECBs tightening cycle. Not only did the headline HICP rate fall further than expected, but the slight rebound at the core level – driven largely by unfavourable base effects, largely attributed to German transport subsidies last year – was lower than expected.   ECB policymakers will not get complacent on the back of today’s data but with inflation expected to fall further in the months ahead, core included later in the third quarter, we could well see a pause in rate hikes before the fourth quarter. This may enable the soft landing policymakers have been hoping for, with very shallow recessions a small cost to pay for price stability. ​ The unemployment rate staying at 6.5% as the number of unemployed fell slightly will keep ECB hawks on edge for signs of labour market tightness driving sustained excessive wage growth, but those fears should also subside over the coming months. A rate hike in July looks highly likely on the back of recent ECB comments, particularly those after the meeting this month, but beyond that investors aren’t convinced thinking another is more likely than not but by no means guaranteed.   Bitcoin steady after ETF surge Bitcoin is back in the green today but remains in the $30,000-$31,000 range it’s traded largely within over the last week. The ETF filings have given it some very positive momentum even with SEC lawsuits hanging over the industry. A break above $31,000 could see it accelerate higher once more with $32,500 potentially offering the next test.  
Market Reaction to Eurozone Inflation Report: Euro Steady as Data Leaves Impact Limited

RBA's Policy Dilemma: Uncertainty Surrounding Future Moves as Markets Anticipate One More Hike

Craig Erlam Craig Erlam 19.07.2023 08:18
RBA undecided on future policy moves Markets expect one more hike but not sure when AUDUSD facing significant resistance despite a weaker dollar   It’s safe to say there’s quite a balanced debate taking place at the Reserve Bank of Australia right now, with policymakers torn on whether conditions have become restrictive enough and if a little more will do more harm or good. While markets appear confident that the RBA will hike once more this year, when that will come is far less clear. And as we’ve seen so much this year, expectations have a knack of changing quite considerably over a matter of weeks, let alone months. In other words, investors are no more certain than the policymakers themselves.   Can AUDUSD break higher amid greenback weakness? The mixed messages aren’t helping to deliver much direction for the Australian dollar, with recent moves against the greenback being more driven by the latter’s weakness more so than the strength of the former.     AUDUSD Daily It ran into resistance recently around 0.6850-0.69 which has historically been a major barrier of support and resistance, most recently in mid-June. If it can break above here, 0.70 could be one to watch being a big round figure as well as a key level earlier this year when it made up both shoulders in a head and shoulders pattern. If the price continues to pull back as it has in recent days, 0.67 could be very interesting with it being the level that the 55/89 and 200/233-day simple moving average bands merge. It would also fall around the rising trend line from the May lows.        
UK Public Sector Borrowing Sees Decline in July: Market Insights - August 22, 2023

Retail Sales Fail to Dampen Wall Street as Bank Earnings Inspire Investor Confidence; Dow Faces Major Obstacle at 35,000

Craig Erlam Craig Erlam 19.07.2023 08:20
Retail sales numbers don’t hold Wall Street back Bank earnings give investors hope 35,000 a big obstacle to overcome for the Dow   Stock markets have turned positive on Tuesday after falling earlier, with US retail sales data initially weighing slightly. The numbers were much weaker than expected for June but then the May figures were revised up so it wasn’t all bad. I’m not convinced today’s data really changes things as far as the consumer or economy is concerned, all things considered, nor has it really changed anything on interest rate expectations, with markets almost fully pricing in a hike next week and probably no more after that. Wall Street was also buoyed by Morgan Stanley and Bank of America results which gave investors some further cause for optimism early in earnings season. Of course, this is just one hurdle cleared but investors will be hoping it’s a sign of things to come.   35,000 the next big obstacle for the Dow US30 Daily   The US30 has rallied almost 1% today but it quickly ran into resistance around 35,000. This level has previously been a key area of support and resistance, most recently in December, and it’s proving to be the case again. A break above here would be significant as the US30 hasn’t traded above here since April last year when it peaked around 35,500. This would be the next notable resistance level if it can overcome 35,000.  
Rising Star: Investing in Turkey

Rising Star: Investing in Turkey

FXMAG Team FXMAG Team 24.07.2023 07:58
Globally, the real estate market is undergoing a profound transformation. Investors are flocking to a country that straddles two continents, drawing interest from both Europe and Asia. That country is Turkey, which has quickly become a global powerhouse in the construction sector. Turkey provides a richness that very few other countries can equal, from the historic grandeur of Istanbul to the magnificent Mediterranean beauty of Antalya.   Globally, the real estate market is undergoing a profound transformation. Investors are flocking to a country that straddles two continents, drawing interest from both Europe and Asia. That country is Turkey, which has quickly become a global powerhouse in the construction sector. Turkey provides a richness that very few other countries can equal, from the historic grandeur of Istanbul to the magnificent Mediterranean beauty of Antalya. Turkey's development benefits greatly from the dynamic interplay between its ancient and modern aspects. There are both old and new high-end homes in the area. Property for sale in Turkey reveals the country's unique blend of ancient and contemporary cultures. Luxurious beachfront mansions sit alongside hip urban apartments, demonstrating the breadth of the country's real estate market and its ability to meet the needs of investors. Property Turkey also provides enticing financial advantages. The Turkish government has made a number of moves to lure international investors. Attractive tax breaks and a path to citizenship are offered to entice foreign investors to put money into the country. Turkey's welcoming investment climate sets it apart from many other countries, making it more appealing to investors. Åžerif Nadi Varlı's Vartur Real Estate has been instrumental in promoting Turkey's real estate opportunities abroad. The company provides a full suite of services to help foreign investors navigate the complex Turkish real estate market. Comparatively, property prices in Turkey are much more affordable than they are in Western Europe or North America. Combined with the prospect of high rental returns and a rise in value, investing in Turkey is a tempting option. For example, the country's main metropolis, Istanbul (a desirable place to own property because of its flourishing economy, diverse culture, and long history), is a prime location for investors. Meanwhile, seaside areas like Antalya and Bodrum are trendy, particularly for second homes and retirement communities, thanks to their laid-back lifestyle and stunning natural beauty. Property for sale in Turkey is an enticing prospect, but savvy investors would not be foolish to overlook the country's warm Mediterranean climate, friendly locals, and fascinating history and culture. As a result of its rare combination of cultural wealth, state-of-the-art infrastructure, business-friendly environment, and abundance of available properties, Turkey is quickly becoming a global real estate powerhouse. The Turkish market is appealing to both seasoned investors and those thinking about investing in real estate for the first time. By working with experts like those at Vartur Real Estate, you can make smart investments in Turkish real estate that could bring about significant financial gains and an entirely new and exciting way of life. For many reasons, Turkey's real estate market is a shining example of success. The country's remarkable development in infrastructure stands out as one of its most distinctive features. The Turkish government has repeatedly shown its dedication to encouraging progress in vital areas like transportation, healthcare, and social infrastructure. By strategically investing in these areas, Turkey has strengthened its appeal and become an increasingly enticing destination for domestic and international investors. Improvements to the quality of life and property values brought forth by these projects are mutually beneficial. Turkey's strategic location is an additional positive factor. Because of its attractive location and special flavor that combines Eastern mysticism and Western modernity, property in Turkey is experiencing a surge in popularity. From an economic standpoint, Turkey is an exciting emerging market with robust domestic demand and a rapidly expanding middle class. Home prices have followed the general inflation trend by rising steadily over the past decade, reflecting the real estate market's response to the improving economy. Vartur Real Estate, led by the visionary Varlı family, has consistently shown the way in highlighting these exceptional benefits to investors worldwide. The skilled personnel at Vartur can help investors with everything from finding the right property to managing the necessary legal processes. Turkey is truly a rising star in the global real estate market, thanks to its exceptional blend of cultural opulence, cutting-edge infrastructure, and alluring property choices. Discover the enticing world of property investment with Vartur Real Estate, your trusted partner in navigating the thriving Turkish real estate market. Whether you're just starting out or a seasoned investor, our expert guide will ease the way for your successful venture into this lucrative industry. Take the leap and explore the endless possibilities that await you in the Turkish real estate market. With its many benefits, purchasing property in Turkey isn't the only thing you're getting; you're also getting a piece of a dynamic, developing globe that's brimming with opportunity. //
FX Daily: Eurozone Inflation Impact on ECB Expectations and USD

Insights on U.S. Inflation: Michael Stark's Perspective on the Third Quarter Trends

Michael Stark Michael Stark 01.08.2023 14:20
In a recent interview with FXMAG.COM, we had the privilege of discussing the current state of inflation in the United States with Michael Stark, an experienced analyst from Exness. As inflation has been a hot topic of discussion and concern for both investors and policymakers, we sought Stark's insights on whether the downward trend in inflation will continue in the third quarter. According to Stark, unless there are any significant unforeseen events, it is likely that inflation will continue to fall in the U.S., albeit not by a substantial margin. He points out that American non-core inflation has been steadily slowing since the previous summer, with monthly fluctuations showing some variability. One of the primary factors contributing to the deceleration in inflation is the strong cycle of monetary tightening, which has been one of the most robust in history. Coupled with the relatively steady price of oil compared to the previous year and supply chains returning to a semblance of normalcy for most products, the pressures on inflation have become less evident. Additionally, weaker job data in the USA, traditionally considered a significant driver of inflation, have also played a role in the moderation of price increases. FXMAG.COM: Will inflation continue to fall in the U.S. in the third quarter? Barring some exceptional event, yes, but maybe not by very much. American non-core inflation has slowed consistently since last summer although the monthly declines in the rate have been somewhat variable. This has been one of the strongest cycles of monetary tightening in history and, combined with the price of oil remaining relatively steady compared to last year and supply chains back to normal or something resembling normal for most products, the biggest pressures on inflation are much less clear now. Job data in the USA – traditionally cited as being a key driver of inflation – have also been weaker overall since the second quarter. However, it’s probably too early to start expecting a return to 2% inflation even by the end of the year. Now that the Fed is likely to pause hikes and possibly start cutting in the second quarter of 2024, we might see inflation stick above the old target. Inflation is quite unpredictable more than a few months ahead, but holding PMIs might suggest that it could remain above target for longer.  
Market Reaction to Eurozone Inflation Report: Euro Steady as Data Leaves Impact Limited

Navigating Trends and Challenges: Sustainable Finance in the Midst of 2023's Market Volatility

ING Economics ING Economics 10.08.2023 08:26
Big swings in 2023, but global sustainable finance remains in rude health Sustainable finance product has seen some remarkable trends so far in 2023 – exceptional growth in green issuance contrasts with big falls in US and Asian issuance for example. We find good reasons to get more upbeat ahead, including a bounce in US issuance. Enhanced standardisation and reporting dominate positives ahead.   This year has been one of change for the global sustainable finance market. After several years of rapid growth fueled by the first waves of net-zero announcements and Covid-related sustainability financing, the market was disrupted in 2022 on the back of geopolitical tensions, uncertain economic outlooks, and higher financing costs. From that re-basing, 2023 has been a testing year for sustainable finance, partly due to caution from regional anti-ESG movements and greater Environmental, Social, and Governance scrutiny. Ahead we expect investors to continue to demand higher-quality issuance, with policies mandating sustainability data disclosure serving as an important tool to benchmark against. Despite these headwinds, issuance volumes through 2023 have been decent, and there have in fact been some quite dramatic changes within the breakdown.   Global issuance volume of 2023 possibly to exceed that of 2022 Global sustainable finance product issuance totaled $717bn in the first half of 2023. Although this volume registered a 7% year-on-year decrease, it is higher than the second half of 2022 and the whole year’s volume for 2023 still has the potential to exceed 2022’s volume. The cautious optimism is caused by multiple factors. A higher ESG data disclosure outlook can create a more easily workable environment for issuance, clean energy policies such as the US Inflation Reduction Act can continue to spur sustainability efforts, increasingly extreme weather events could motivate issuers to finance long-term climate mitigation, and sustained government efforts can increase the issuance of sovereign ESG debt.   Global issuance of sustainable finance products   EMEA remains the most resilient while Americas face headwinds We are seeing some regional differences in terms of volume growth. The region of Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) has been the most resilient market, with issuance in the first half of 2023 recovering from the second half of 2022, back a level comparable to the first half of 2022 and second half of 2021. This is largely driven by a consistently developing sustainable finance policy environment in Europe (more on this below).   The Americas, in contrast, experienced a 21% decrease in issuance in the first half of 2023 compared to the second half of 2022, an extension of consecutive half-year drops since the second half of 2021. While likely not a determinative factor, the backdrop of anti-ESG voices has introduced disruption, uncertainty, and risks for both investors and issuers. There has in consequence been, understandably, an extra layer of questioning when it comes to issuing sustainable finance products.   One ongoing positive underpinning for the US is the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). With $370 billion planned on energy security and climate change, the IRA has shaken up the clean energy space in the US. The tax credits under the IRA are expected to support not only relatively more established technologies such as wind, solar, electric vehicles, and nuclear, but also emerging technologies such as hydrogen and CCS. Meanwhile, there is also significant direct funding available through government agencies in grants (c.$82bn) and loans (c.$40bn). Such funding will be crucial in readying the technologies for private investment and widespread adoption.   The Asia Pacific (APAC) region has also seen a decline in the first half of 2023 compared to the previous half. Such a drop might have stemmed from a more cautious global market generally, but there can still be hope for APAC to catch up on issuance in the second half of 2023. Green products are looking to be a key growth force for the APAC market with a considerable need to finance decarbonisation as well as government support for clean energy adoption.   Global sustainable finance issuance by region    
Navigating Disclosure and Standardisation: Policy Amidst Turbulence in Sustainable Finance Market

Navigating Disclosure and Standardisation: Policy Amidst Turbulence in Sustainable Finance Market

ING Economics ING Economics 10.08.2023 08:35
Policy is still pointing at greater disclosure transparency and standardisation despite turbulence As mentioned above, transparent and standardised sustainability reporting is essential in assuring the credibility of an issuer’s ESG products, helping to boost investor confidence, and to drive the healthy growth of the global sustainable finance market. Policies and initiatives need to play a role here, and we are seeing more efforts ramped up in this area. In late June, the International Financial Reporting Standards Foundation’s International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) launched its sustainability and climate disclosure standards. The ISSB signals an important convergence of different reporting standards and frameworks such as the Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosure (TCFD), offering companies an overarching framework. Already having support from G7 and G20 countries, the ISSB is expecting wide adoption over time.   The EU has a relatively more unified ESG policy environment, where disclosure requirements (Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive, or CSRD), the sustainable activity classification system (Taxonomy) and the Green Bond Standard reinforce each other. Admittedly, complying with all the regulatory requirements can meet difficulties around necessary data and interpretation. And many of the bloc’s policies are still evolving, with the newly adopted European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS) introducing more flexibility around ESG materiality and Scope 3 emissions disclosure. Still, the EU’s more established and complex ESG system can support smoother growth in sustainable finance issuance. In the US, although more than 30 states have passed or proposed anti-ESG investment bills, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is slowly advancing in mandating climate-related disclosure and aims to release the final proposed rules this October. The final rules will likely allow more flexibility – for instance, Scope 3 emissions data may no longer be required. Even if less strict relative to original plans, these rules will be revolutionary for the US market, facilitating a large step closer to European and other peers. In Asia, several economies already have their own guidelines and taxonomies, such as Japan’s green, social, and climate transition finance guidelines, China’s Green Bond Principles, South Korea’s Korea Green Taxonomy, etc. Yet Asia is more of a follower rather than a trend setter, and several jurisdictions have adopted the EU’s system, or the widely accepted international frameworks. The ISSB is likely to have a considerable impact on APAC – Singapore, for instance, has already proposed ISSB-aligned disclosure from listed companies starting in 2025. Nevertheless, we would expect more lenient local specifications in policy setting. For example, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN’s) taxonomy considers certain types of coal phase-out activities to be aligned.   What does this mean for investors and issuers? Quality issuance is the best strategy against uncertainty. As the sustainable finance market moves from the initial period of rapid growth to a maturing phase with more ESG disclosure mandates and scrutiny, it has become important for issuers to navigate through greenwashing risks by actively leveling up their sustainability credibility. Investors have started to and will increasingly favor quality issuers with ambitious long-term ESG targets, clear interim targets, rigorous progress reporting, as well as detailed disclosure of capital allocation from their sustainable finance products. Environmental, Social, and Governance aspects will all progress, but the urgency to reduce emissions and mitigate climate risks will remain a strong source of demand for sustainable financing. This can help promote innovation and facilitate the commercialization of nascent decarbonization technologies. We are in an era of adjustment and normalisation, but sustainable finance remains a crucial tool to provide financial support for sustainable activities. Therefore, we do see the market continuing to grow in the future.
European Markets Face Headwinds Amid Rising Yields and Inflation Concerns

Navigating Change: Implementation and Impact of America's Inflation Reduction Act on the Clean Energy Industry

ING Economics ING Economics 17.08.2023 11:52
Implementation guidelines continue to arrive, though uncertainties remain The key to the smooth implementation of the IRA is clear rules on who is eligible to get what amount of tax credits or other types of funding. To address uncertainties, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the Treasury Department have been working to publish detailed guidance throughout the past year. Some of the guidelines include   RA guidance examples   These rules – despite the need for more refining – are useful for project developers and investors to determine tax credit eligibility, estimate revenue streams, evaluate project outlook, and advance investment decisions and project development. They are also reshaping the structure and components of the US clean energy supply chain, which will be discussed further below. Nevertheless, the guideline setting remains a work in progress, and market players in certain clean energy areas are still waiting tentatively for new guidelines. For instance, the IRS and Treasury have not yet released guidance on hydrogen tax credits. For now, two major uncertainties remain: how renewable electricity (used to produce green hydrogen) is measured and how the carbon intensity of hydrogen delivery is calculated. This determines how clean a hydrogen project is and consequently how many tax credits the project can get. The more quickly guidance rules are out, the faster the projects will be expected to move to their next stages.   Clean energy supply chain set for drastic changes With decade-long tax credits and funding, the IRA is set to have a profound, long-term impact on the US. This means more clean energy will be produced, and supply chains will look significantly different than they do now. Through strict eligibility rules for the highest levels of tax credits, the IRA aims to strengthen the US domestic supply chain of raw materials used for low-carbon technologies, with EV and renewable energy tax credit guidelines incentivising at least parts of the supply chain to reside in North America (originated, manufactured, assembled, or recycled). This move is to counter China’s dominance in the clean energy industry, as the country now accounts for 77% of the global battery cell manufacturing capacity, 88% of solar PV manufacturing capacity, and an average of 50% of wind and electrolyser manufacturing capacity. These requirements are already leading EV manufacturers to explore vertically along the EV value chain. In January this year, General Motors (GM) announced a joint venture with mining company Lithium Americas to gain exclusive access to lithium from a mining site in Nevada, US. Ford will receive a $9.2bn loan from the DoE, the largest single loan in the DoE Loan Programs Office history, to develop battery plants in Tennessee and Kentucky in collaboration with battery company SK Innovations. Tesla, BMW, VW, Hyundai, Honda, and others are also investing in battery manufacturing. The renewable power industry is not yet officially affected by the domestic component Notice of Intent, but partnerships are nevertheless emerging to build assembly capacity in the US. In May, US solar company Invenergy and Chinese solar panel manufacturer Longi collectively announced the plan to build the US’s largest solar factory in Ohio, at a capacity of 5 GW. Similar moves are also being made by other international companies like Hanwha Q Cells, Vikram Solar, Jinko Solar, etc. One risk to note is the additional cost of geopolitical complexities. The US has restrictive tariffs in place against Chinese solar cells and might impose tariffs on Southeast Asian countries to discourage China from rerouting exports. In the long term, these provisions will create a more mature domestic clean energy supply chain. However, it would take time and be expensive. It is estimated that the US will need to invest almost $120bn in lithium-ion, solar PV, electrolysers, and metal refining to meet domestic demand by 2030.   Upfront investment needed in the US to meet domestic clean energy manufacturing demand in 2030 $bn
ARM's US IPO Amidst Challenging Landscape: Will Investors Pay an ARM and a Leg?

ARM's US IPO Amidst Challenging Landscape: Will Investors Pay an ARM and a Leg?

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 22.08.2023 14:42
13:00BST Tuesday 22nd August 2023 Paying an ARM and a leg? By Michael Hewson (Chief Market Analyst at CMC Markets UK)   UK chipmaker ARM, which is owned by SoftBank has finally pulled the trigger on its US IPO, snubbing London, and testing the appetite of the market for new issues at a time when sentiment remains cautious as well as a little fragile given current trends of rising interest rates.   Having originally been listed here in the UK as well as on the Nasdaq back in 1998, ARM Holdings was delisted in 2016, when SoftBank acquired it for $32bn. Now looking to list the business for a price tag which could be as high as $70bn, SoftBank hopes to draw a line under an acquisition that has undergone mixed fortunes over the past few years, as well as trying to raise cash at a time when a lot of the value of its recent investments has declined sharply, prompting a loss of $29.5bn in last year's accounts.    Softbank still needs to buy back the 25% of the business it doesn't own to push the IPO through, and having posted such a huge loss, appears to be looking to free up some cash, after 5 quarters of losses. SoftBank initially tried to sell the business to Nvidia for about $40bn back in 2020, but that deal faced regulatory issues particularly when it came to national security, as well as fears it could give Nvidia too much of an advantage when it came to controlling the IP for chip designs in everything from mobile phones to data centres.    The UK based chipmaker could certainly do with a greater degree of autonomy, its performance under the stewardship of SoftBank has been mixed, swinging to a $65.5m loss in Q1. Total net sales declined 10.8% in the quarter ended 30th June, coming in at $641m, with most of the fall being down to a 19.3% fall in royalty revenues.    ARM generates a lot of its revenues from licensing its IP and the slowdown in mobile phone and other electronic device sales impacted its revenues in the most recent quarter. As the chip sector becomes even more strategically important with the development of AI, ARM is looking to develop new chipsets targeted at machine learning.   Earlier this year it introduced two new products, a CPU called Cortex-4, and a GPU called G720, which uses 22% less memory bandwidth than the chip it is replacing as well as better performance. There are risks and these were outlined in the proposal document including its China business which it has little control over.   As a fully functioning business there appears little risk that the company won't do well when it comes to generating cashflow, with the roadshow set to get underway in early September. The bigger question is what appetite there is for a company that is coming to market at a time when revenues have declined, and stock markets look toppy.   Investors will certainly want a piece of a business that could see its revenues grow quickly, as the enthusiasm for AI increases. The key factor will be getting the price right, as new investors may not want to pay an ARM and a leg for it.           
The AI Impact: Markets and the Inflation Surprise - 12.09.2023

From Burning Man to Wall Street: A Week of Unpredictable Twists and Turns

FXMAG Education FXMAG Education 05.09.2023 13:26
In a world where the unpredictable often takes center stage, last week provided no exception. From the surreal landscapes of the Burning Man festival to the bustling stock markets, events unfolded that left people both exhilarated and perplexed. This rollercoaster ride of a week saw stranded festival-goers, restless investors, and soaring airline rankings, all while diamond prices took a dramatic plunge and another Binance executive bid farewell. Let's embark on a journey through the past week's fascinating headlines. Burning Man's Mud-Filled Exodus Thousands of adventurous souls set out for the annual Burning Man festival, eager to immerse themselves in a unique blend of art, music, and self-expression in the arid Nevada desert. However, nature had other plans. A fierce storm swept through the festival grounds, transforming the desert into a mucky quagmire. Festival-goers found themselves stranded in a surreal landscape, battling the elements in a quest to return to civilization. As the desert turned to mud, it was a stark reminder that even the most carefully planned adventures can take an unexpected turn.   Wall Street's Unease Meanwhile, on the bustling streets of Wall Street, investors were grappling with their own set of uncertainties. After a summer rally that saw markets surging to new heights, the fall season brought with it a sense of unease. The latest US jobs report became a focal point, with investors closely analyzing the data for clues about the economy's direction. The Dow led the indices with a 0.33% gain, showcasing its resilience amidst the fluctuations. Asian markets also experienced surges, particularly Hong Kong's HSI, proving that the global financial landscape remains as unpredictable as ever.   Delta's Soaring Success Amidst the turbulence, there was a beacon of success for Delta Airlines. The airline secured its place as the No. 1 domestic carrier in several categories, including on-time arrivals, service quality, and passenger comfort. In an industry often fraught with challenges, Delta's achievement serves as a testament to its dedication to passenger satisfaction and operational excellence.   Xi's G20 Summit Decision On the global stage, Chinese President Xi Jinping made a surprising decision. He opted to skip the upcoming G20 summit in India, instead sending Premier Li Keqiang as the country's representative. This move raised questions and sparked discussions about China's diplomatic strategy and priorities. As the world watches, it's clear that even international politics is not immune to unexpected twists.   Diamonds Lose Their Sparkle In the realm of luxury and glamour, there was a stark contrast as diamond prices experienced a significant and unexpected decline. While diamonds have long been a symbol of wealth and beauty, one key segment of the market saw prices plummet. This shift left industry experts and enthusiasts pondering the reasons behind this sudden change and its potential repercussions.   A Farewell at Binance To add to the week's intrigue, another executive bid farewell to the cryptocurrency exchange giant Binance. This departure is part of a larger trend of key figures leaving the company. Such transitions in the world of cryptocurrency can have far-reaching implications, leaving stakeholders and enthusiasts wondering about the future direction of the industry. In a world filled with surprises, last week's events served as a compelling reminder of the unpredictable nature of life, whether one is reveling in the desert at Burning Man, navigating the turbulent waters of financial markets, or witnessing shifts in global politics and industry dynamics. As we move forward, one thing remains clear: the only constant is change, and embracing the unexpected is the key to navigating the twists and turns that lie ahead.    
The Impact of Generative AI on China's Economy and Investment Landscape

The Impact of Generative AI on China's Economy and Investment Landscape

Saxo Bank Saxo Bank 12.09.2023 11:11
Implications for China's economy and investors' perspectives China aims to foster a virtuous circle of economic growth through technology innovation, technology application, business model innovation, productivity enhancement, economic growth, and further investment in technology. In a globalised world, this circle could be sustained even if certain critical technologies were lacking. However, in the fragmentation game that increasingly dominates the world’s order, falling behind in technology innovation could disrupt the virtuous circle and result in declining productivity, ultimately hindering economic development. Investors take this risk into account when considering investments in China, along with factors like the slower-than-expected economic recovery and various constraints. These constraints include a highly leveraged economy, particularly among local governments and the property sector, which somewhat restricts the Chinese authorities' ability to implement stimulus measures without potentially causing future financial turmoil. The extent of the impact on productivity in the Chinese internet sector, manufacturing sector and the broader economy, as well as how it will unfold, remains uncertain. Some investors positioning themselves for these changes are looking at companies capable of developing generative AI applications, manufacturing AI-related hardware, or producing AI-relevant microchips, semiconductor materials or equipment. Some Chinese companies actively sought after by investors include Baidu, 360 Security, Lenovo, Shanghai Boasight Software, Iflytek, Unisplendour, ZTE and Foxconn Industrial Internet, which are listed on the mainland and Hong Kong stock exchanges.[i] While major Chinese internet and technology companies are aware of the need to adapt their business models to potential disruptions, their generative AI products and new applications have yet to demonstrate promising prospects and significant impacts on their revenues. Baidu has shown some progress with its early focus on AI and the launch of ERNIE, an AI model capable of search, dialogue and content generation. Xiaomi continues to pursue an AI and Internet of Things development path, utilising deep learning to connect mobile and IoT devices. Tencent has developed its own AI models, including HunYuan and WeLM, facilitating text generation, dialogue, translation and gaming. Alibaba has created the Multi-Modality to Multi-Modality Multitask Mega-transformer (M6) model, while JD.COM has come up with pre-trained language models for natural language understanding and generation. Bytedance contributes a multilingual machine translation model, and NetEase offers the YuYan language model. These efforts are commendable but yet to have meaningful impact on their business models and much more needs to be done. Some of these stocks which trade at reasonable valuations based on their existing businesses may present interesting investment opportunities, but investors should take into consideration that high growth could be something of the past for these companies. As technology innovation and productivity growth hold the key to success, companies that advance in intelligent manufacturing which employs generative AI may be the next “new-new thing” to watch in China in the coming years. Investors can potentially benefit from following developments in this area. Concluding remarks China's drive towards a virtuous circle of economic growth, fuelled by technology innovation and productivity enhancement, is of utmost importance. Investors evaluating China should acknowledge the challenges posed by generative AI, while also recognising potential investment prospects in companies poised to leverage these transformative changes.
Analyst Favorites: Sunrun, Block, and Nvidia Lead the Pack Among Saxo's Top Traded Stocks with 17% Upside Potential

Commodities or AI: Which Will Take the Spotlight in Finance?

Saxo Bank Saxo Bank 12.09.2023 11:22
Are commodities on the verge of becoming the hottest topic in finance again, or will AI remain in focus? A year-long commodity sector correction showing signs of reversing The commodity sector looks set to start the third quarter on a firmer footing after months of weakness saw a partial reversal during June. Multiple developments, some based on expectations and some on actual developments, have all contributed to the strong gains, the most important being renewed dollar weakness as interest rate gaps narrow, OPEC’s active management of oil production and prices, the not-yet-realised prospect for the Chinese government stepping up its support for the economy and, not least, the risk of higher food prices into the autumn, as several key growing regions battle with hot and dry weather conditions.  Despite continued demand worries led by recession concerns in the US and Europe, the energy sector is holding up – supported by Saudi Arabia’s unilateral production cut, rising refinery margins into the peak summer demand season and speculative traders’ and investors’ belief in higher prices being near the weakest in more than ten years, thereby reducing the risk of additional aggressive macroeconomic-related selling. Elsewhere, we are seeing hot and dry weather raising concerns across the agriculture sector, while also raising demand for natural gas around the world from power generators towards cooling. The precious metal rally ran out of steam during the second quarter, as surging stock markets reduced the need for alternative investments while central banks continued to hike rates in order get inflation under control. Inflation may fall further but we increasingly see the risk of long-term inflation staying well above the 2% to 2.5% target area, and together with a growing bubble risk in stocks, continued strong demand from central banks, and the eventual peak in short-term rates as the FOMC shifts its focus, we see further upside for precious metals into the second half of the year. From the recent price performance across the different sectors, we could be seeing the first signs of markets bottoming out, with current levels already pricing in some of the worst-case growth scenarios. Data on the US economy is still showing economic activity below trend growth but is also not showing recession dynamics, and earnings estimates have increased substantially, especially in Europe, since the Q1 earnings season started in mid-April. The potential for additional gains from here, however, will primarily depend on whether China can deliver additional stimulus, thereby supporting demand for key commodities from crude oil to copper and iron ore. Weather developments across the coming weeks across the Northern Hemisphere and their impact on crop production will also be key. Gold pausing but a fresh record high remains the target Following a strong run-up in prices since November, gold spent most of the second quarter consolidating after briefly reaching a fresh record high. Sentiment is currently challenged by the recent stock market rally and the prospect for additional US rate hikes, thereby delaying the timing of a gold supportive peak in rates. So while the short-term outlook points to further consolidation below 2,000 dollars per ounce as we await incoming economic data, we keep an overall bullish outlook for gold and silver, driven among others by: continued dollar weakness; an economic slowdown, making current stock market gains untenable, leading to fresh safe-haven demand for precious metals; continued central bank demand providing a floor under the market; sticky US inflation struggling to reach the 2.5% long-term target set out by the US Federal Reserve (and if realised, it will likely to trigger a gold-supportive repricing of real yields lower), and a multipolar world raising the geopolitical temperature. In addition, silver may benefit from additional industrial metal strength, which could see it outperform gold. Overall, and based on the expectations and assumptions mentioned, we see the potential for gold reaching a fresh record high above $2100 before year-end.  
Trend Reversal: West Texas Oil's Recent Minor Pull-Back Likely Ended

Apple's iPhone 15 and Apple Watch Series 9 Unveil Disappoints Investors, Nasdaq 100 Falls 1.1%, Adobe's Stock Declines 4% Ahead of Earnings Report, and OPEC Predicts Tight Oil Market: Market Recap

Saxo Bank Saxo Bank 13.09.2023 08:32
Investors were not impressed by the iPhone 15 and Apple Watch Series 9 reveal, causing Apple's shares to drop 1.8% and affecting the Nasdaq 100, which fell 1.1%. Adobe's stock also declined by 4% ahead of its upcoming earnings report. Meanwhile, OPEC's forecast of a tight oil market led to crude oil prices surging to 10-month highs. OPEC anticipates a significant 3.3mb/d supply deficit in Q4, one of the largest in over a decade. CAD outperformed in the G-10, while EUR made gains following an ECB leak about potential inflation forecast increases. Today's focus is on the US CPI report.     US Equities: Investors were not impressed by the iPhone 15 and Apple Watch Series 9 unveiled on Tuesday, seeing the shares of Apple drop by 1.8%. The Apple decline weighed on the Nasdaq 100 which slid 1.1%. Adding to the selling was a 4% decline in Adobe ahead of reporting on Thursday. Another focus in the tech space was Oracle, which plummeted 13.5% on weak cloud sales. The S&P500 shed 0.6%. Fixed income: The curve flattened as the 2-year yield rose 3bps to 5.02% while the 10-year yield slid 1bp to 4.28%. The short end was under some pressure ahead of today’s CPI data while the long ends held firm and absorbed the USD35 billion 10-year auction and around USD20 billion corporate bond issuance well. China/HK Equities: The Hang Seng Index ended a lackluster session with a thin trading volume session, down 0.4%. Energy and pharmaceutical names weighed on the benchmark. The Hang Seng Tech Index shed 0.5% as gains in Xiaomi and EV makers were offset by losses in Internet stocks. FX: Higher crude oil prices made CAD the G-10 outperformer with USDCAD down to 1.3550 from 1.3590 but EUR attempted to catch up in late NY/early Asian hours on ECB leak that inflation forecasts may be raised higher which are seen to be raising the prospect of a hike this week. EURUSD jumped higher to 1.0760 with EURGBP above the 0.86 hurdle as GBPUSD dipped below 1.25 on not-so-hawkish labor market. USDCNH sticking close to 7.30 and AUDUSD around 0.6425. Commodities: Crude oil prices rallied to fresh 10-month highs after OPEC forecast a significantly tight market. In its latest monthly outlook, the oil group said the market may experience a shortfall of 3.3mb/d in the fourth quarter of the year. This would make it one of the largest deficits in more than a decade. OPEC’s estimate was at odds with EIA’s predicted deficit of 230kb/d, and the IEA’s monthly report will be on watch today. Prices eased from the peaks as API reported a crude inventory build after four straight weekly draws although Cushing hub stockpiles declined, and official data will be reported today. Gold dropped below 200DMA as inflation concerns returned, bringing more fear of rate hikes and US CPI will be on watch today.    
Financial World in a Turbulent Dance: Lego, Gold, and Market Mysteries

Financial World in a Turbulent Dance: Lego, Gold, and Market Mysteries

FXMAG Education FXMAG Education 25.09.2023 15:58
The global financial markets have witnessed significant turbulence in recent times, with a confluence of factors contributing to this uncertainty. As we delve into the intricate web of market dynamics, we'll explore the implications of events such as Lego's surprising decision to abandon oil-free bricks, China's gold buying spree affecting bullion pricing, and Morgan Stanley's prediction that the Federal Reserve has paused its interest rate hikes. These developments, among others, have sent shockwaves through various sectors, leaving investors and analysts grappling with what lies ahead.   A Rollercoaster Week for US Stocks The past week saw US stocks experiencing their most challenging period since March, triggered by the Federal Reserve's update. Both the S&P and Nasdaq indexes retreated by 2.9% and 3.6%, respectively. This downturn in the market was mirrored globally, with the MSCI World Index recording a 2.67% slide, its sharpest decline since March. The MSCI Asia ex-Japan Index also suffered a substantial setback, losing 2.3%, positioning it for a 3% loss in the third quarter. These declines have sent shockwaves through the investment world, raising concerns about the overall health of the global economy.   Bond Yields and the Fed's Stance One of the key indicators of this market turbulence is the surge in 10-year US yields, marking their most substantial weekly rise since July. Over the last ten weeks, yields have risen in eight, and 10-year real yields have surpassed 2%. Morgan Stanley's Ellen Zenter has stated that the Federal Reserve is likely done with its rate hikes for the time being. These developments have left investors wondering about the impact on various asset classes and the broader economic landscape.   Earnings Reports to Watch As we navigate these turbulent financial waters, several earnings reports are on the horizon. Companies such as Costco, Cintas, Micron Technology, Jefferies, Nike, Accenture, BlackBerry, and Carnival Corporation are set to release their financial results. These reports will shed light on the performance and outlook of various sectors, providing critical insights into market trends.   Paradigm Shift in Bullion The bullion market is experiencing a paradigm shift driven by Chinese gold buying. This shift is having a profound impact on the pricing and demand for gold. Understanding this shift is crucial for investors and central banks alike, as gold has historically been a safe-haven asset during times of economic uncertainty.   Thailand's Tech Investment Expectations Thailand is gearing up for substantial investments from tech giants like Tesla, Google, and Microsoft, with expectations totaling $5 billion, according to the Prime Minister. This influx of tech investment could transform the country's tech landscape and create opportunities for growth in the Southeast Asian region.   Lego's Surprising Decision In a surprising turn of events, Lego has decided to abandon its efforts to produce oil-free bricks. This move has garnered attention due to the increasing focus on sustainability and environmental responsibility in the corporate world. The implications of this decision go beyond just the toy industry, as it reflects broader concerns about the use of fossil fuels.   The recent market turbulence, influenced by various global factors, highlights the interconnectedness of the financial landscape. As we navigate these uncertain waters, staying informed about developments such as central bank policies, corporate decisions, and geopolitical events becomes increasingly critical. Investors and financial analysts must remain vigilant and adapt to changing market conditions to make informed decisions in these challenging times.
The Uranium Spot Price Soars Amidst Supply Concerns, Nuclear Power's Rise, and Bubble Stocks' Decline

The Uranium Spot Price Soars Amidst Supply Concerns, Nuclear Power's Rise, and Bubble Stocks' Decline

Saxo Bank Saxo Bank 26.09.2023 15:14
The uranium spot price is continuing higher due to supply concerns and improving demand outlook for nuclear power plants driven by construction pipeline in Asia. Our nuclear power theme basket is getting closer to overtake semiconductors as the best performing theme basket in 2023. On the flip side, our bubble stocks basket is under pressure from rising US bond yields and waning risk sentiment in AI-related stocks.   Key points in this equity note: Offshore wind and green transformation technology have had a bad year due to rising bond yields and high energy costs making steel and concrete expensive leading to waning appetite from investors. Nuclear power is getting closer to overtake semiconductors as the best performing theme in 2023 as governments are realizing that nuclear power is critical to achieve zero-carbon emission goals. Bubble stocks are under pressure from higher US bond yields and risk sentiment in generative AI stocks declining. Nuclear theme is steadily advancing as best theme in 2023 This year has been a catastrophe for wind turbine manufacturers such as Siemens Energy and Vestas. On the development side, Orsted’s massive write-down on its US offshore wind farms and UK offshore wind auctions attracting zero bidders underscore the problem for green transformation technologies amid rising long-term bond yields and still elevated spot prices on industrial metals. Higher energy costs also make steel and concrete more expensive. As green transformation and renewable energy theme baskets have had a terrible year another zero-carbon electricity source such as nuclear power is having a field day.     Our nuclear power theme basket is the only basket with a positive return the past week and is now up 24% zooming in on semiconductors which is currently the best performing basket. With the fallout of wind turbines and the acknowledgement of the need for a clean and reliant baseload nuclear power is fast becoming a critical option for governments among developed countries to expand clean electricity. Another driving force has been the steadily higher uranium prices which are a function of a squeeze in the physical uranium market as industry players are scrambling to deal with a potential ban of Russian nuclear fuel which would severely constrain the industry’s access to fuel. The Uranium spot weekly price (Ux U308) has risen well above its 2022 high. Physical uranium is difficult to get access to as an ordinary investor. The only viable option is investing in uranium miners which naturally have direct exposure to the uranium spot price. The chart below shows the Sprott Uranium Miners UCITS ETF.   There are currently 60 nuclear power reactors under construction and the pipeline is steadily expanding with the majority of planned reactors still in Asia. Poland announced back in July another new nuclear power plant extending the country’s plans for nuclear power to takeover from coal power plants. In addition to new nuclear power plants, many upgrades are being done on existing power plants to expand capacity. In 2021, there were 440 operating nuclear power plants producing roughly 10% of the world’s electricity. As mentioned in one of recent equity notes, Sam Altman, the co-founder of OpenAI, is planning to IPO a small modular nuclear reactor company called Oklo in a sign that investor appetite has risen dramatically for this energy source. Most of the companies in our nuclear power theme basket are either utilities with a lot of exposure to nuclear power production or uranium miners. Cameco is one of the world’s largest uranium miners and providers of nuclear power fuel for reactors and has recently acquired (deal is not completed) a 49% stake in Westinghouse Electric in order to divest away from the volatile market in uranium. Westinghouse Electric is one for the world’s largest suppliers of technology to nuclear power plants and thus the move by Cameco will create the most vertically integrated company in the nuclear power industry.   Bubble stocks have the highest beta and highest sensitivity to cost of capital On the flipside of the strong performance in nuclear power stocks and commodity related stock we find bubble stocks. These companies have high equity valuations and still not profitable which naturally make them more sensitive to higher cost of capital. In addition, these stocks have a very high downside beta of 2 or more, which means that they more twice as much or more when the general equity market declines. If US longer end bond yields continue higher then this group of stocks are extremely vulnerable. Another potential risk is the ending of the hype cycle around generative AI which has helped inflate equity valuations in bubble stocks.    
Market Echoes: USD Gains Momentum Amid ECB Presser, PCE Numbers Awaited

Fed Chair Powell's Inflation Concerns and Their Impact on Stock Markets

Walid Koudmani Walid Koudmani 10.11.2023 12:50
Fed Chair Powell gives investors reasons to cash in profits  European stocks lost some ground on Friday to end what has otherwise been a positive week for stocks after Fed Chair Powell stated that policymakers were not confident interest rates are high enough to cool inflation. If investors were looking for a reason to lock in some profits after a week and half of strong stock gains across European and US stock markets, Powell handed it to them on a silver plate. I don't believe what Powell said was a shock but I do feel the general consensus amongst investors is that interest rates are at or close to their peaks and their focus is turning to the timing of rate cuts. The fact the Fed has sent a clear signal that the conversation for rate cuts is far too premature, this has given some investors a bit of a reality check today with the FTSE losing more than 1% with European indices such as the DAX following a similar pattern.    Crypto recovery continues as Ethereum price takes flight We're seeing a continuation of the positive price sentiment seen in Cryptocurrencies over the past week. After news broke that Blackrock had registered its iShares Ethereum Trust corporate entity in Delaware and then proceeded to file a 19b-4 form with Nasdaq for its much speculated Ethereum ETF, this has gotten ETH buyers very excited today. The result in the markets has been clear, with Ethereum enjoying strong buying momentum helping to lift prices by more than 9% on the day to trade at its highest levels for 19 months above $2000. With Bitcoin also trading around $37,000 - despite some minor falls in the past few hours - the famous 'crypto buzz' certainly feels to be returning.  
Market Digests Optimistic Fed Outlook: Soft Economic Data Supports 'Soft Landing' Scenario

Market Digests Optimistic Fed Outlook: Soft Economic Data Supports 'Soft Landing' Scenario

ING Economics ING Economics 16.11.2023 12:00
Happily digesting By Ipek Ozkardeskaya, Senior Analyst | Swissquote Bank   Yesterday was about digesting Tuesday's softer-than-expected US CPI data, feeling relieved that the US Senate passed a stopgap spending bill to avert a government shutdown and welcoming a softer-than-expected producer price inflation, and a softer-than-expected decline in US retail sales – which came to support the idea that, yes, the US economy is probably slowing but it is slowing slowly, while inflation is easing at a satisfactory pace.   The sweet mix of the recent economic data backs the idea that the Federal Reserve (Fed) could achieve what they call a 'soft landing' following an aggressive monetary policy tightening – and more importantly stop hiking the interest rates.   At this point, investors are 100% sure that the Fed won't hike rates in December. They are 100% sure that the Fed won't hike rates in January. There is more than a quarter of a chance for a rate cut to be announced by March. And the pricing suggests that there is a higher chance for a rate cut in the Fed's May meeting, than not.   Conclusion: investors threw the Fed's 'higher for longer' mantra out of the window this week.   BUT this is certainly as good as it gets in terms of Fed optimism. If the markets go faster than the music, the Fed must calm down the game by a tough talk, and if needed, by more action. The Fed's Mary Daly expressed her concerns about the Fed's credibility if it declared victory over inflation prematurely. And credibility is the most important tool that a central bank has. When the credibility is broken, there is nothing to break.    
Poland on the Global Investment Map:  Analyzing EBRD’s Record €1.3 Billion  Investment

Prolonged Softness in Services PMIs Amid Unchanged RBA Rates: Insights by Michael Hewson

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 06.12.2023 12:08
Services PMIs expected to remain soft, as RBA leaves rates unchanged By Michael Hewson (Chief Market Analyst at CMC Markets UK)   European markets got off to a rather lacklustre start to the week, weighed down by a rebound in the US dollar as well as weakness in basic resources and energy prices, as investors took a pause after the gains of the past couple of weeks.  US markets fared little better, sliding back in the face of a modest rebound in yields as investors hit the pause button ahead of this week's jobs data, which is due at the end of the week, with markets in Europe set to open slightly weaker this morning.   Earlier this morning the RBA left rates on hold at 4.35% after last month's decision to raise rates by another 25bps. Despite last month's surprise decision to raise rates today's decision acknowledged that inflation was now starting to moderate in goods even as concerns remained about services inflation. Nonetheless, despite this acknowledgement that inflation appears to be slowing there was little indication that the central bank was considering another rate move in the near term. Last month's decision to raise rates was driven by concern about domestic price pressures and while today's decision to hold was a relief there was little sign that a policy change in either direction was being considered with Governor Bullock acknowledging significant uncertainties around the outlook.   Nonetheless today's decision to hold came against a backdrop of a month which has seen 2-year yields decline almost 40bps from their 4.52% peaks on the 1st November, as markets surmised the central bank is now done, with the Australian dollar falling sharply.   The recovery in US yields yesterday appeared to be because of the possibility that the declines seen over the past few days may have been a little too much too quickly, given Powell's comments on Friday last week when he pushed back on the idea that rate cuts were on the cards for the first half of 2024.   There is certainly an element of the market getting ahead of itself when you look at a US economy that grew at 5.1% in Q3 and still has an unemployment rate of 3.9%. The same sadly cannot be said for Europe where the French and German economies could well already be in recession.   While recent manufacturing PMI data in Europe suggests that economic activity might be bottoming out, the same can't be said for the services sector which on the basis of recent inflation data is experiencing sticky levels of inflation. This in turn is prompting a continued hawkish narrative from the ECB despite rising evidence that the bloc is already in contraction and possible recession as well. Recent data from the French economy showed economic activity contracted in Q3 and there has been little evidence of an improvement in Q4.   The recent flash PMIs showed that services activity remained stuck in the low 45's, although economic activity does appear to be improving, edging higher to 48.7. The main concern is that the resilience shown by the likes of Spain and Italy as their tourism season winds down appears to have declined after Italy fell sharply in October to 47.7, while Spain was steady at 51.1, although both are expected to show slight improvements in today's November numbers with a rise to 48.3 and 51.6 respectively.   The UK economy also appears to be showing slightly more resilience where there was saw a recovery into expansion territory in the recent flash numbers to 50.5, while earlier this morning the latest British Retail Consortium retail sales numbers for November, which showed that consumers remained cautious despite the increasing number of Black Friday deals ahead of the Christmas period as retailers looked to tempt shoppers into opening their wallets. Like for like sales in November rose 2.6%, the same as the previous month, with sales of high value goods remaining soft, with consumers preferring to go with lower ticket and essential items spend of food and drink, health and personal care.      In the US we also have the latest October JOLTS job opening numbers which are expected to show vacancies slow from 9.5m to 9.3m, while the latest ISM services survey forecast to show a resilient economy.   The headline is expected to show an improvement to 52.3, with prices paid at 58 and employment improving to 51.4 from 50.2 due to additional holiday period hiring. Gold prices are also in focus after yesterday's new record high saw a sharp reversal with prices closing lower in what looks like a bull trap and could see prices pause for a period of time and retest the $2,000 an ounce in the absence of a rebound.     EUR/USD – continues to look soft dropping below the 200-day SMA at 1.0825, with a break of the 1.0800 having the potential to retest the 1.0670 area. Resistance now at the 1.0940 area, and behind that at last week's highs at 1.1015/20.   GBP/USD – the failure to move above the 1.2720/30 area has seen the pound slip back with support at the 1.2590 area currently holding. A break below 1.2570 signals a deeper pullback towards the 1.2460 area and 200-day SMA. A move through the 1.2740 area signals a move towards 1.2820.    EUR/GBP – found support at the 0.8555 area for the moment, but while below the 0.8615/20 area, the risk remains for a move towards the September lows at 0.8520, and potentially further towards the August lows at 0.8490.   USD/JPY – found some support at the 146.20 area in the short term, with resistance now at the 148.10 area. Looks vulnerable to further losses while below this cloud resistance with the next support at the 144.50 area.   FTSE100 is expected to open 15 points lower at 7,498   DAX is expected to open 9 points higher at 16,413   CAC40 is expected to open 3 points lower at 7,329
EUR: Lagarde Balances Data Dependency Amidst Rate Cut Speculations

Poland's 2024 Budget: High Deficit Despite Trimmed Pledges by New Government

ING Economics ING Economics 27.12.2023 15:17
Poland's deficit will be high in 2024 but new government trims elections pledges Poland's government has pencilled into the budget new pledges worth just 0.5% of GDP, below our 0.7% estimate. Both external and domestic conditions should allow the large fiscal gap and borrowing needs to be adequately funded.   New budget based on legacy draft One of the most urgent tasks of the new Donald Tusk government, which took power after Mateusz Morawiecki failed to secure a vote of confidence in early December, was to prepare and legislatively process the 2024 budget. Given the limited time frame, the new draft heavily relies on Morawiecki's proposal from September. The original plan pointed to a general government deficit in 2024 of 4.5% of GDP. Having analysed the September document and election pledges of the new ruling coalitions that are deliverable in the short term, we estimate that next year’s fiscal gap could be up to 1.5% of GDP higher i.e. around 6% of GDP. We estimate additional revenues of 0.7% of GDP. But also, we have seen a revenue shortfall of 0.7% of GDP, as the forecasts were overly optimistic (particularly with respect to VAT collections) and may, in fact, turn out to be 0.7% of GDP below official forecasts. The proposal put forward by the Tusk administration delivers substantially less than pledged during the election campaign, but close to our estimates assuming additional costs amounting to 0.7% of GDP. The new spending in 2024 is mostly linked to the 30% wage hike for teachers and 20% higher wages for public administration. As a result, the proposed 2024 state budget deficit (cash basis) is nearly PLN20bn (0.5% of GDP) higher than initially proposed. Revenue forecasts remained broadly unchanged, so the 2024 general government deficit may still amount to nearly 6% of GDP. Also important to note is that the highest spending bid, i.e. higher tax-free allowance (1.3% of GDP) was just postponed or not mentioned in both the speech delivered to parliament before the vote of confidence and the 2024 budget draft.   Increase in planned 2024 net borrowing needs even higher than in case of headline deficit The September draft budget bill estimated the 2024 net borrowing needs at a record-high PLN225bn (6% of GDP). The amended draft by new finance minister Andrzej Domański boosted new borrowing by nearly PLN27bn (0.7% of GDP) to PLN252bn (6.7% of GDP) but took some steps to reduce the supply of PLN and hard currency treasury securities. A move facilitated by access to new loans from the RePower EU programme, including pre-payments that may take place this year. The finance ministry will be challenged to place such sizeable debt supply into the market, but we believe both the external and internal environment are favourable to successfully covering the borrowing needs. We see a few options that MinFin could use to diversify funding and surprise investors, who have been quite cautious about bidding for Polish government bonds given the expectation that higher supply could lift yields. Firstly, domestic funding of borrowing needs may be higher than we have assumed so far - in the third quarter of 2023, deposits in the banking sector were higher than loans by PLN 67 billion. The net savings growth in the banking sector in the second half of 2023 is very high so local banks can buy a lot of government bonds next year. Secondly, the Ministry of Finance could use its current cash buffer and/or advances from EU funds, which are coming in faster than expected, to cover 2024 borrowing needs. Thirdly, the MinFin may increase bond issuance in FX, as the market absorption there is high. Also since the 15 October general election, the new coalition has received substantial credit of trust from foreign investors. Since mid-October the PLN has gained nearly 20 figures vs. the euro. The bottom line is that 2024 will be a year of loose fiscal policy and record-high borrowing needs, but investors are eager to accept it, assuming the credible consolidation path that will be put forward in coming years.  
Insider Selling at MCI Capital: Analysis and Neutral Impact

Seco Warwick: Q4'23 Results Preview Indicates Positive Year-End Performance

GPW’s Analytical Coverage Support Programme 3.0 GPW’s Analytical Coverage Support Programme 3.0 24.01.2024 15:04
Q4'23 results preview According to our forecasts, Seco Warwick's consolidated sales revenue in Q4'23 may be comparable y/y. We assume clear sales increases in the vacuum furnace and Aftersales segments. Weaker y/y sales, in our opinion, will take place in the CAB AP and melting furnace segments.   In Q4'23, we anticipate a clear y/y improvement in profitability on vacumm furnace production and a large contribution from the high-margin Aftersales segment. This, in turn, translates into a marked improvement in Q4'23 results at the EBITDA level (+16% y/y). The projected lower y/y net result is due to negative foreign exchange differences booked in Q4'23.   In our view, Seco Warwick will report a marked improvement in cash flow from operations in Q4'23 and, as a result, a decline in net debt relative to Q3'23. In our view, Seco Warwick may record a marked improvement in new order contracting in Q4'23 (the highest quarterly in 2023), which in turn will lead to a record order backlog in the Company's history (PLN 576mn).   OPINION: SLIGHTLY POSITIVE Seco Warwick will, in our view, positively surprise with a successful yearend with improved y/y results and strong cash flow from operations. In our view, the high inflow of new orders will pay off with a record order backlog in the Company's history. As a result, the high backlog may also boost investors' confidence in the Management Board's 2024 incentive program target (PLN 31.4mn -> implies 9x P/E'14). In this document we are not changing our recommendation, forecasts, or price target for Seco Warwick.
Unveiling the Wexo Crypto App. A Seamless Journey into Digital Currencies

Unveiling the Wexo Crypto App. A Seamless Journey into Digital Currencies

FXMAG Team FXMAG Team 25.01.2024 08:56
Since its inception in 2019, Wexo has been a trailblazer in merging traditional finance with the dynamic realm of digital currencies. Boasting a robust community exceeding 200,000 users, Wexo distinguishes itself with a user-friendly platform, making cryptocurrencies comprehensible and accessible to everyone, from newcomers to seasoned investors. Exploring Wexo's Features Wexo's primary goal is to showcase that in today's innovative world, cryptocurrencies can function just like regular money. The app facilitates secure cryptocurrency purchases through various methods, including credit cards, Apple Pay/Google Pay, or bank account transfers. Notably, sending crypto on the platform is as simple as inputting a phone number, underscoring Wexo's commitment to a user-friendly experience.   Additional Features Wexo goes beyond standard crypto apps by offering unique features such as standing orders, bulk payments, and transaction history exports, providing a comprehensive suite of services catering to modern crypto enthusiasts and forward-thinking entrepreneurs.   EURO Wallet: Bridging the Fiat-Crypto Gap A standout feature appreciated by users is the EURO Wallet. This addition fulfills a critical need in the crypto space, enabling seamless exchanges between crypto and fiat currencies. With a straightforward mechanism for euro deposits, withdrawals, and exchanges, Wexo's EURO Wallet serves as a vital bridge for users navigating both financial realms.   Bitcoin Lightning: Speed and Efficiency Harnessing the power of the Bitcoin Lightning Network, Wexo ensures lightning-fast transactions that are not only efficient but also cost-effective. This integration aligns with Wexo's commitment to staying at the forefront of blockchain technology, meeting the demands of today's fast-paced digital economy. Empowering Businesses: Business App and wPOS Terminals Recognizing the significance of corporate clients and small business owners, Wexo introduces the Business app. This interface offers comprehensive functions for businesses, complemented by the wPOS crypto terminal, enabling cryptocurrency payments in boutiques and shops.   Martin Kuchár, Chief Product Officer, states, "Building payment systems for the finance of the future is our long-term vision. We offer the business sector an easy way to use cryptocurrencies in their business, not only for payment acceptance but also for marketing, significantly contributing to the global adoption of cryptocurrencies.”    REGISTER Bitcoin Cashback: A Unique Loyalty Program Wexo plans to roll out Bitcoin Cashback in Q1 2024, enhancing cooperation between entrepreneurs and their customers. This unique feature in the loyalty program rewards regular paying customers with cashback to their Bitcoin Lightning wallet, irrespective of the payment method used. In addition to the features highlighted, Wexo caters to the crypto community's demands by offering notifications, a blog with the latest updates, and clear and informative charts. The inviting and intuitive interface makes Wexo an ideal tool for entrepreneurs incorporating cryptocurrencies into their business assets.   Moreover, trying out the Wexo app is entirely free, with a quick registration process and straightforward identity verification akin to platforms like Binance. Whether you're a crypto novice, an experienced professional, or an entrepreneur seeking a clear and simple crypto app, Wexo emerges as the preferred choice. Experience the seamless journey into the world of digital currencies with Wexo.   Download App  

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