headline rate

  • Yen rebounds after two-day slide
  • US inflation expected to drop to 3.0%

The Japanese yen has ended a two-day slide, in which it dropped 1.4% against the US dollar. In Tuesday’s European session, USD/JPY is trading at 145.21, down 0.66%.

Yen volatility continues

The yen has been showing sharp swings since last Thursday, when signals from the Bank of Japan of a possible tightening in policy sent the yen soaring over 2% on Thursday. The yen then reversed directions and gave up much of those gains but has bounced back on Tuesday.

The BoJ meets on December 18-19 in what has become a hotly anticipated event due to recent comments from Governor Kazuo Ueda and BoJ Deputy Governor Ryozo Himino. Ueda spoke of “an even more challenging situation” coming up for the BoJ and Himino mused about the consequences if rates were to rise into positive territory. On Monday, a report that Ueda was not referring to possible changes in rate policy sent the yen sharply lower. The takeaway is that

German Inflation and US Q1 GDP Awaited: Market Focus Shifts

Australia: May Inflation Drop Supports Expectation of Unchanged Policy Rates in July

ING Economics ING Economics 28.06.2023 08:07
Australia: May inflation drop should be enough to keep policy rates unchanged in July If the June Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) rate decision was a finely balanced one, pushed over the edge by a spike in April's inflation to 6.8% YoY, then by the same logic, the plunge in inflation in May should result in a "hold" decision in July.   May inflation plunges With only retail sales and home loan data due before the next RBA decision on 4 July, it looks extremely unlikely that Governor Lowe and his colleagues will be able to do anything other than hold rates steady at that meeting.  We had expected a decent pullback in the inflation rate in May due to base effects from last year, as well as lower retail gasoline prices. But the adjustment was much more dramatic than we or the consensus had envisioned. At -0.26% MoM (our calculations), the CPI index fell considerably more than seemed likely, even with transport costs dropping 2% thanks to a 6.7% MoM decline in motor fuel. What we had not bargained on, was a 0.2% MoM fall in tobacco prices, a 1.9% MoM reversal in last month's clothing price gains, and a 4.4% MoM reduction in recreation costs, driven by an 11.1% fall in holidays (hotel room rates and airline tickets most likely).  That resulted in not only a fall in the headline rate of inflation but also pulled the measure excluding volatile items down to 6.1%YoY from 6.8% - a very healthy fall.        
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Inflation Numbers Take Center Stage as Quarter Comes to a Close

Michael Hewson Michael Hewson 30.06.2023 09:50
Inflation numbers a key focus as we round off the quarter       European markets continued their recent patchy performance, as we come to the end of the week, month, quarter, and half year, with the FTSE100 sliding back while the likes of the DAX and CAC40 were slightly more resilient, after German inflation came in slightly higher than expected in June.   US markets were slightly more positive, but even here the Nasdaq 100 struggled after a sizeable upward revision to Q1 GDP to 2%, and better than expected weekly jobless claims numbers sent US yields sharply higher to their highest levels since March, while the US dollar also hit a 2-week high.   The surprising resilience of US economic data this week has made it an absolute certainty that we will see another rate increase in July, but also raised the possibility that we might see another 2 more rate increases after that.   The resilience of the labour market, along with the fact that core inflation remains sticky also means that it makes the Federal Reserve's job of timing another pause much more difficult to time. Today's core PCE Deflator and personal spending numbers for May could go some way to making that job somewhat easier.   Core PCE Deflator is forecast to remain unchanged at 4.7%, while personal spending is expected to slow from 0.8% to 0.2%. While the Federal Reserve isn't the only central bank facing a sticky inflation problem, there is evidence that it is having slightly more success in dealing with it, unlike the European Central Bank which is seeing much more elevated levels of headline and core prices. Yesterday, we saw CPI in Germany edge higher from 6.3% in May to 6.8%, while in Spain core prices rose more than expected by 5.9%, even as headline CPI fell below 2% for the first time in over 2 years.   Today's French CPI numbers are expected to show similar slowdowns on the headline rate, from 5.1% to 4.6%, but it is on the core measure that the ECB is increasingly focussing its attention. Today's EU flash CPI for June is forecast to see a fall to 5.6% from 6.1%, however core prices are expected to edge back up to 5.5% after dropping to 5.3% in May. Compounding the ECB's and other central banks dilemma when it comes to raising rates is that PPI price pressures are falling like a stone and have been since the start of the year, in Germany and Italy. In April French PPI plunged -5.1% on a monthly basis, even as the year-on-year rate slowed to 7% from 12.8%.   If this trend continues today then it might suggest that a wave of deflation is heading our way and could hit sometime towards the end of the year, however while core prices remain so resilient central banks are faced with the problem of having to look in two different directions, while at the same time managing a soft landing. The Bank of England has an even bigger problem in getting inflation back to target, although it really only has itself to blame for that, having consistently ignored regular warnings over the past 18 months that it was behind the curve. The risk now is over tightening just as prices start to fall sharply.   Today's Q1 GDP numbers are set to confirm that the UK economy managed to avoid a contraction after posting Q1 growth of 0.1%, although it was a little touch and go after a disappointing economic performance in March, which saw a monthly contraction of -0.3% which acted as a drag on the quarter overall.   The reason for the poor performance in March was due to various public sector strike action from healthcare and transport, which weighed heavily on the services sector which saw a contraction of -0.5%. The performance would have been worse but for a significant rebound in construction and manufacturing activity which saw strong rebounds of 0.7%.   There is a risk that this modest expansion could get revised away this morning, however recent PMI numbers have shown that, despite rising costs, business is holding up, even if economic confidence remains quite fragile.     One thing we do know is that with the recent increase in gilt yields is that the second half of this year is likely to be even more challenging than the first half, and that the UK will do well to avoid a recession over the next two quarters.       EUR/USD – slid back towards and below the 50-day SMA, with a break below the 1.0850 area, potentially opening up a move towards 1.0780. Still have resistance just above the 1.1000 area.     GBP/USD – continues to come under pressure as we slip towards the 50-day SMA at 1.2540. If this holds, the bias remains for a move back to the 1.3000 area. Currently have resistance at 1.2770.       EUR/GBP – currently being capped by resistance at the 50-day SMA at 0.8673, which is the next resistance area. Behind that we have 0.8720. Support comes in at the 0.8580 area.     USD/JPY – briefly pushed above 145.00 with the November highs of 147.50 beyond that.  Support remains at the 142.50 area, which was the 61.8% retracement of the 151.95/127.20 down move. A fall below this support area could see a deeper fall towards 140.20/30.    FTSE100 is expected to open 18 points higher at 7,489     DAX is expected to open 12 points higher at 15,958   CAC40 is expected to open 8 points higher at 7,320      
UK Inflation Data Boosts Chances of August Rate Hike

Key Economic Updates: Inflation, PMIs, and Monetary Policy Decisions Across Switzerland, China, India, Australia, and New Zealand

Ed Moya Ed Moya 03.07.2023 10:25
Switzerland CPI inflation data on Monday is expected to show the headline rate falling back below 2% to 1.8% in June. Markets are still pricing in a 25 basis point hike in September at the moment but that may change if the data matches expectations and, importantly, remains below 2%. Unemployment is also released on Friday.   China Another set of lackluster data seen on the official NBS manufacturing and non-manufacturing PMIs for June released on Friday. Manufacturing activities continued to contract for the third consecutive month at 49 and growth in the services sector decelerated to a 5-month low at 53.2 from 54.5 in May. The focus will now turn to the Caixin manufacturing PMI which consists of small and medium enterprises out on Monday. Markets are expecting almost an unchanged condition of 50.2 for June versus 50.9 recorded in May. The Caixin services PMI will be released on Wednesday with a forecasted slowdown in growth to 56.5 for June from 57.1 in May. Time is running out for the implementation of fresh fiscal stimulus measures.   India The manufacturing PMI is released on Monday, where the consensus is expecting a slight growth slowdown to 58 for June from 58.7 in May, its strongest reading since October 2020. A similar trajectory is anticipated for the services PMI on Wednesday where growth is expected to dip to 60.2 in June from 61.2 recorded in May, a continuation of consolidation from April’s near 13-year high of 62.   Australia The key highlight for this week will be RBA’s monetary policy decision on Tuesday. The consensus is calling for another 25 basis points hike on the cash rate, bringing it to 4.35% after recent hawkish guidance inferred from the minutes of the prior meeting. However, the interest rates futures market has implied a reduction in the odds of a 25 bps hike due to the recent softer-than-expected annualized monthly CPI data for May; 5.6% from 6.8% in April and below expectations of 6.1%. As of 29 June, the ASX 30-day interbank cash rate futures has priced in a 28% chance of 25 basis points (bps) hike on the cash rate, down from a 53% chance priced two weeks ago on 16 June. On Thursday, we will have the balance of trade for May where April’s surplus of A$11.16 billion is expected to narrow to A$10.5 billion. If it turns out as expected, it will be the narrowest trade surplus since August 2022.   New Zealand No key data.  
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BoE's Waning Confidence in Surveys: Shifting Focus to CPI and Average Earnings

ING Economics ING Economics 06.07.2023 14:03
The BoE is losing confidence in these surveys But June’s decision to lift rates by 50 basis points, having been hiking more gradually over recent months, showed that the wider BoE committee is losing patience and confidence in these forward-looking measures. The hawks would point to the survey question on "price growth", which shows firms consistently predicting inflation to be lower than what is actually realised, as the chart below demonstrates. The Bank has also produced interesting research showing that firms are resetting prices more regularly than in the past, which the hawks could argue shows that inflation is more ingrained than it once was. The reality is that the Bank is likely to pay less attention than usual to these surveys, and we think the next few policy decisions will be guided by CPI inflation, and to some extent average earnings, and not a lot else. We’ll get fresh data on the latter next week, and it looks like regular pay growth (which excluded volatile bonuses) will stay either flat or a touch lower on a year-on-year basis. The key question is whether the recent re-acceleration in pay growth is largely a function of the higher National Living Wage, or whether it reflects renewed underlying momentum in wage setting.   Realised price growth has typically been higher than what firms had expected   When it comes to CPI, we expect to see the headline rate dip to 8% in June’s numbers from 8.7% currently, and down again to 6.5-7% in July. But that’s mainly a function of lower electricity/gas prices and a reflection of the sharp rise in petrol prices we saw at the same time last year. We’d expect services inflation to notch slightly lower over the summer, but probably not enough to prompt another change in strategy among committee members. We therefore expect a 25 basis point rate hike in August and another in September – and we certainly wouldn’t rule out more. But ultimately we think the surveys, including the Decision Maker Panel, do contain some useful signals. And by November, we think the committee will have more confidence that inflation is indeed easing, to enable it to pause its rate hike cycle.
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EUR/USD Undergoing Third Significant Correction of the Year amid Dovish ECB Expectations

ING Economics ING Economics 03.08.2023 10:19
EUR: An episodic correction EUR/USD is currently going through its third significant correction of the year. The corrections in February and May were worth 5% and 4%, respectively. The current correction is around 3%. These corrections largely come on the back of heavy one-way positioning, given that most expect EUR/USD to be higher by year-end - the current consensus is for 1.12. We would warn against getting too pessimistic on EUR/USD because of the European Central Bank. True, the market has taken 15bp out of the expected ECB tightening cycle over recent weeks, but as our colleague Peter Vanden Houte outlined yesterday, core inflation is still high and the September ECB meeting should still be considered 'live' for a 25bp rate hike.  For today, the eurozone calendar is light and EUR/USD will again be driven by US inputs. Unless US activity data surprisingly softens today, expect EUR/USD to continue to press the 100-day moving average near 1.0930, below which there is an outside risk to the 1.0850 area. We do, however, believe this dip should be temporary and continue to forecast 1.12 by the end of September on further signs of US disinflation and finally some softer US activity data, too. Elsewhere we see Swiss July CPI data today. The headline rate is expected to fall further to 1.7% year-on-year and the core to remain at 1.8%. Despite this, the Swiss National Bank (SNB) is expected to remain hawkish and hike 25bp at its September meeting. The SNB also continues to guide the nominal Swiss franc higher. Given that USD/CHF is now rallying, the SNB may need more of that trade-weighted Swiss franc appreciation to come via EUR/CHF. That could mean that 0.9650 now proves the top of a new - and lower - 0.9500-0.9650 range.
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Dollar's Strength: A Consequence of Limited Alternatives

ING Economics ING Economics 11.08.2023 10:44
FX Daily: Dollar benefits from a lack of alternatives The US remains on an encouraging disinflation track, but the dollar is not turning lower. This is, in our view, due to a lack of attractive alternatives given warning growth signals in other parts of the world (such as the eurozone and China). Evidence of a US economic slowdown is needed to bring USD substantially lower.   USD: Disinflation not enough for the bears July’s US inflation numbers released yesterday were largely in line with expectations, reassuring markets that there are no setbacks in the disinflationary process for now. Core inflation inched lower from 4.8% to 4.7%, while the headline rate suffered a rebound (from 3.0% to 3.2%) due to a reduced base effect compared to previous months, which was still smaller than the consensus of 3.3%. With the exception of resilience in housing prices, price pressures clearly abated across all components. All in all, the US report offered reasons for the Fed and for risk assets to cheer, as the chance of another rate hike declined further. Equities rallied and the US yield curve re-steepened: the dollar should have dropped across the board in this scenario. However, the post-CPI picture in FX was actually more mixed. This was a testament to how currencies are not uniquely driven by US news at the moment. The Japanese yen drop was not a surprise, given abating bond and FX volatility, equity outperformance and carry-trade revamp, but FX markets seemed lightly impacted by CPI figures and the subsequent risk-on environment, as many high-beta currencies failed to hang on to gains. From a dollar point of view, we think the recent price action denotes a reluctance to rotate away from the greenback given the emergence of concerning stories in other parts of the world. This is not to say that the activity outlook in the US is particularly bright – jobless claims touched a one-month high yesterday, and the outlook remains very vulnerable to deteriorated credit dynamics – but if economic slowdown alarms are flashing yellow in Washington, they are flashing amber in Frankfurt and Beijing. Chinese real estate developer Garden reported a record net loss of up to $7.6bn during the first half of the year yesterday, at a time when China’s officials are trying to calm investors’ nerves about another potential property crisis. Back to the US, PPI and the University of Michigan inflation expectation figures out today will clarify how far the disinflation story has gone in July, but we still sense a substantial dollar decline is not on the cards for the moment, or at least until compelling evidence of slowing US activity makes the prospect of Fed cuts less remote. DXY may consolidate above 102.00 over the next few days.
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Yen Rebounds After Two-Day Slide as US Inflation Expected to Drop to 3.0%

Kenny Fisher Kenny Fisher 12.12.2023 14:57
Yen rebounds after two-day slide US inflation expected to drop to 3.0% The Japanese yen has ended a two-day slide, in which it dropped 1.4% against the US dollar. In Tuesday’s European session, USD/JPY is trading at 145.21, down 0.66%. Yen volatility continues The yen has been showing sharp swings since last Thursday, when signals from the Bank of Japan of a possible tightening in policy sent the yen soaring over 2% on Thursday. The yen then reversed directions and gave up much of those gains but has bounced back on Tuesday. The BoJ meets on December 18-19 in what has become a hotly anticipated event due to recent comments from Governor Kazuo Ueda and BoJ Deputy Governor Ryozo Himino. Ueda spoke of “an even more challenging situation” coming up for the BoJ and Himino mused about the consequences if rates were to rise into positive territory. On Monday, a report that Ueda was not referring to possible changes in rate policy sent the yen sharply lower. The takeaway is that the yen is very sensitive to talk about rate tightening and public comments from BoJ policy makers about rate policy ahead of the December meeting could have a strong impact on the yen’s movement. US inflation expected to decline to 3.0% The US releases November CPI later today, with a consensus estimate of 3.0% y/y, down from 3.2% in October. Monthly, CPI is expected to remain flat, unchanged from October. Core CPI, which has been running higher than the headline rate, is projected to remain unchanged at 4.0% y/y. Monthly, the core rate is expected to inch higher to 0.3%, up from 0.2% in October.   It’s a virtual certainty that the Fed will hold rates at a range of 5%-5.25% on Wednesday, but today’s inflation release could be a key factor as to what the Fed does in the upcoming months. There is a major disconnect between the markets, which have priced in four rate cuts in 2024, and the Fed, which is insisting that the door remains open to further hikes. A strong inflation report could temper market expectations for rate hikes next year, while a soft inflation release will provide support for the market stance and could force the Fed to reconsider its hawkish position. . USD/JPY Technical USD/JPY is putting pressure on support at 145.12. Below, there is support at 144.68 There is resistance at 145.85 and 146.89

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