dollar negative

FX Daily: Fed brings tidings of comfort and joy

In a somewhat surprising move, the Fed has acknowledged recent disinflation trends and poured gasoline on the fire of easing expectations for 2024. The news has understandably been greeted by global asset markets, where stagflationary bets are being replaced by reflationary ones. This is broadly dollar negative. Look out for the ECB, BoE and SNB today.

 

USD: Fed softens stance earlier than we thought

Last night's FOMC release, dot plots and press conference surprised us and the markets. Instead of the Federal Reserve pushing back against the 100-125bp of rate cuts priced by the market for 2024, the overall message was a softer one. In effect, it welcomed disinflation trends and fed into the narrative that if inflation is under control, why does the US economy need very restrictive monetary policy in the form of a real policy rate above 2%? 

Asset markets responded very well to the prospect of the Fed releasing the handbrake o

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FX Daily: Dollar Bears Urged to Be Patient as Dollar Reconnects with Rate Differentials

ING Economics ING Economics 24.07.2023 09:26
FX Daily: Dollar bears being asked for patience Quiet summer markets are seeing dollar pairs consolidate in new, slightly lower ranges. It will be another quiet session today ahead of a big week for G3 central bank meetings. Dollar bears may find some reassurance from emerging markets, where the PBoC is trying to limit USD/CNY gains and the South African rand is holding up despite the lack of a rate hike.   USD: Dollar reconnects with short-term rate differentials As my colleague Francesco Pesole has been writing this week, the dollar has made a modest comeback as both US yields adjust higher and short-term rate spreads stay in the dollar's favour. In fact, one could argue that the dollar should even be a little higher given that two-year US yields have retraced about 50% of their drop in the first half of July and the DXY has only retraced one-third of its losses. Price action over the past week probably shows that a switch to the disinflation trade will not be easy and will require a constant drip feed of supporting evidence – be it softer price or weaker activity data. Yesterday's drop in US initial claims clearly did not help here. Casting around the world in quiet FX markets we see the People's Bank of China (PBoC) continuing to fight a weaker renminbi by printing lower USD/CNY fixings than model-based estimates suggest. Despite credible calls for a lower renminbi to support growth and battle deflation, it seems Chinese policymakers prefer to keep renminbi losses contained and prevent a 'sell China' mentality building. The PBoC's battle against a stronger USD/CNY is a slight dollar negative in quiet summer markets – especially should it extend to outright dollar sales. Today's session should be a quiet one as the market prepares for US Federal Reserve, European Central Bank and Bank of Japan (BoJ) meetings next week. Regarding the BoJ, expectations of any Yield Curve Control policy tweak seem very low (perhaps too low) given that the 30-year Japanese government bond (JGB) yield is drifting lower and the forward market prices 10-year JGB yields at 50bp in three months and at only 55bp in six months. These 10-year yields should be priced a lot higher were the market expecting a policy change. USD/JPY may well drift to the 141.15/142.00 area before next Friday's BoJ meeting.
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FX Daily: Dollar Bears Urged to Be Patient as Dollar Reconnects with Rate Differentials - 24.07.2023

ING Economics ING Economics 24.07.2023 09:26
FX Daily: Dollar bears being asked for patience Quiet summer markets are seeing dollar pairs consolidate in new, slightly lower ranges. It will be another quiet session today ahead of a big week for G3 central bank meetings. Dollar bears may find some reassurance from emerging markets, where the PBoC is trying to limit USD/CNY gains and the South African rand is holding up despite the lack of a rate hike.   USD: Dollar reconnects with short-term rate differentials As my colleague Francesco Pesole has been writing this week, the dollar has made a modest comeback as both US yields adjust higher and short-term rate spreads stay in the dollar's favour. In fact, one could argue that the dollar should even be a little higher given that two-year US yields have retraced about 50% of their drop in the first half of July and the DXY has only retraced one-third of its losses. Price action over the past week probably shows that a switch to the disinflation trade will not be easy and will require a constant drip feed of supporting evidence – be it softer price or weaker activity data. Yesterday's drop in US initial claims clearly did not help here. Casting around the world in quiet FX markets we see the People's Bank of China (PBoC) continuing to fight a weaker renminbi by printing lower USD/CNY fixings than model-based estimates suggest. Despite credible calls for a lower renminbi to support growth and battle deflation, it seems Chinese policymakers prefer to keep renminbi losses contained and prevent a 'sell China' mentality building. The PBoC's battle against a stronger USD/CNY is a slight dollar negative in quiet summer markets – especially should it extend to outright dollar sales. Today's session should be a quiet one as the market prepares for US Federal Reserve, European Central Bank and Bank of Japan (BoJ) meetings next week. Regarding the BoJ, expectations of any Yield Curve Control policy tweak seem very low (perhaps too low) given that the 30-year Japanese government bond (JGB) yield is drifting lower and the forward market prices 10-year JGB yields at 50bp in three months and at only 55bp in six months. These 10-year yields should be priced a lot higher were the market expecting a policy change. USD/JPY may well drift to the 141.15/142.00 area before next Friday's BoJ meeting.
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FX Daily: Carry Trade Remains Popular Amidst Global Monetary Policy Changes

ING Economics ING Economics 31.07.2023 15:51
FX Daily: Carry trade en vogue despite monetary hikes, pauses and cuts Monetary policy tightening cycles are close to their peak in the G10 space, although this week should see a 25bp hike in the UK and possibly Australia too. Policy changes are more advanced in parts of the EM world, where Chile cut rates 100bp on Friday and Brazil should start easing this week too. However, low volatility looks set to remain a key driver of FX.   USD: Overnight rates at 5.30% make the dollar an expensive sell The dollar is proving quite resilient. Overnight USD rates at 5.30% are probably playing a role here. Also, evidence of a 'Goldilocks' scenario in the US is helping too, where there are further signs of disinflation even though US consumption is holding up quite well. This compares to Europe and China where business surveys remain soft and the concern is that stagnation deteriorates into contraction. Testing the US soft-landing thesis this week will be the release of ISM surveys and Friday's nonfarm jobs report. Later today we will also see the Federal Reserve's Senior Loan Officer Survey, where we'll receive insights on lending volumes and how much credit conditions have tightened. Recall that the equivalent survey from the European Central Bank last week undermined the euro. Some last vestiges of tightening cycles in G10 economies can be offset against developments in emerging markets. Here, Latin America saw some of the earliest and most aggressive tightening cycles during the pandemic and, on Friday, Chile kicked off easing cycles with a 100bp rate cut. Money markets seem to imply expectations of a 700bp rate cut over the next 12 months. And Brazil is expected to start easing on Wednesday with a 25bp cut. In theory, this should be good for emerging market growth prospects (and EM portfolio flows) and a slight dollar negative. The risk, however, is that rates are cut too far too fast - let's see. Also, look out today at 0900CET for any new measures from China's State Council to boost consumption (and EM growth prospects). Despite this diverging global growth and monetary policy story, cross-market volatility remains low - perhaps as investors are now expecting prolonged pauses in core interest rate markets. This remains a negative for the Japanese yen and a positive for the high yielders including the Mexican peso and the Hungarian forint. The dollar is probably trapped somewhere in the middle here and unless we see some sharp deterioration in US activity that would favour the Fed not just pausing, but easing - the dollar can probably trade out ranges over coming weeks. DXY to trade 101.00-102.00 near term.
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EMFX Rides the Green Wave: Impact of Fed's Shifting Tone on Currency Positions

ING Economics ING Economics 03.11.2023 14:42
FX Daily: EMFX surfs in a sea of green It seems investors are starting to think that the Fed is done with rate hikes and are now starting to reduce underweight positions in risk assets, including emerging market currencies. This is dollar negative. Today's US jobs data will be a key determinate of whether this week's new trend has legs or will be quashed by strong hiring or wage numbers.   USD: Will NFP can feed into the Fed pause narrative? European investors face a sea of green as they survey global equity markets this morning. Decent 1-2% rallies in global equity benchmarks have been seen right through Europe, the US and Asia. Underpinning that move undoubtedly has been the drop in US rates, where investors are shifting away from the higher-for-longer Fed narrative which dominated in September and October. They now seem to be exploring the Fed pause/Fed peak story. For reference, pricing of 1m OIS USD rates in two years' time rose from just above 3% in June to a peak of 4.75% last month and has since dropped back to 4.17%. The move in rates has surely seen investors scale back some paid USD rates/long dollar positions and prompted an unwind of some favourite short currency positions in the EM and commodity space. That is why we think the Australian dollar is doing so well and we continue to see upside for a relative value trade in the region, long AUD/CNH. We also note with interest a big drop in USD/KRW overnight. The Korean won typically has a high beta on global equities (but not an attractive yield) and its sharp rally is a good barometer for the mood in the market. With Korean FX reserves falling for a third month in a row it seems Korean FX authorities have been supplying the market with FX liquidity, as have the likes of China and India – presumably along with Japan shortly too. We think the drop in USD/KRW helps define a broadly risk-on, soft dollar environment today. Whether this environment has further to run will be determined by today's October US jobs data. Despite the ridiculous inverse correlation with ADP (which might point to a +350k NFP number today) consensus is around +170/180k. Investors will also want to see whether last month's +336k figure gets revised lower. Consensus also sees a 0.3% month-on-month average earnings figure, but that should still bring the year-on-year down to 4.0%, the lowest since June 2021. Assuming no upside surprises today, we favour the dollar handing back a little further of its gains, especially against the high yielders (e.g., Mexico and Hungary) given the renewed interest in the carry trade.  DXY could drop to the 105.50/55 area today as long as the US jobs data is not too strong.  
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Tidings of Comfort and Joy: Fed's Surprising Move Spurs Reflationary Sentiment in FX Markets

ING Economics ING Economics 14.12.2023 14:15
FX Daily: Fed brings tidings of comfort and joy In a somewhat surprising move, the Fed has acknowledged recent disinflation trends and poured gasoline on the fire of easing expectations for 2024. The news has understandably been greeted by global asset markets, where stagflationary bets are being replaced by reflationary ones. This is broadly dollar negative. Look out for the ECB, BoE and SNB today.   USD: Fed softens stance earlier than we thought Last night's FOMC release, dot plots and press conference surprised us and the markets. Instead of the Federal Reserve pushing back against the 100-125bp of rate cuts priced by the market for 2024, the overall message was a softer one. In effect, it welcomed disinflation trends and fed into the narrative that if inflation is under control, why does the US economy need very restrictive monetary policy in the form of a real policy rate above 2%?  Asset markets responded very well to the prospect of the Fed releasing the handbrake on the US and global economy, with both bond and equity markets rallying broadly. For us in FX, we had not expected it this early but last night's dovish Fed shift triggered a massive bull steepening in the US curve – a move that is the centre piece of our call for a broadly lower dollar next year. US two-year Treasury yields fell 30bp and the 2-10 year Treasury curve bull-steepened by 12bp. As discussed in our 2024 FX Outlook, we think this shift towards a more reflationary policy setting stands to see outperformance of the undervalued commodity currencies, and again, overnight the under-valued Australian and New Zealand dollars led the pack. We are also pleased to see EUR/AUD 3% lower over the last month, a move we highlighted in our outlook. Looking ahead, the focus switches to four rate meetings in Europe and to what degree the likes of the European Central Bank or the Bank of England do a better job than the Fed in pushing back against easing expectations for next year. If indeed they do a better job, it will only add to rallies in EUR/USD and GBP/USD. And the Fed's dovish turn last night continues to trigger an unwind in yen short positions as USD/JPY falls further. Next Tuesday's Bank of Japan policy meeting is eagerly awaited. Even though we do not look for any material adjustment in BoJ policy next week, USD/JPY may still well drop to 140 beforehand. Away from policy rate meetings in Europe, today sees US November retail sales and the weekly initial claims. Given the market firmly has the easing bit between the teeth, any signs of weakness in this data could trigger another leg lower in the dollar.  DXY has support at 102.50/65 below which the 100.80/101.00 area looms large.
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Tidings of Comfort and Joy: Fed's Surprising Move Spurs Reflationary Sentiment in FX Markets - 14.12.2023

ING Economics ING Economics 14.12.2023 14:15
FX Daily: Fed brings tidings of comfort and joy In a somewhat surprising move, the Fed has acknowledged recent disinflation trends and poured gasoline on the fire of easing expectations for 2024. The news has understandably been greeted by global asset markets, where stagflationary bets are being replaced by reflationary ones. This is broadly dollar negative. Look out for the ECB, BoE and SNB today.   USD: Fed softens stance earlier than we thought Last night's FOMC release, dot plots and press conference surprised us and the markets. Instead of the Federal Reserve pushing back against the 100-125bp of rate cuts priced by the market for 2024, the overall message was a softer one. In effect, it welcomed disinflation trends and fed into the narrative that if inflation is under control, why does the US economy need very restrictive monetary policy in the form of a real policy rate above 2%?  Asset markets responded very well to the prospect of the Fed releasing the handbrake on the US and global economy, with both bond and equity markets rallying broadly. For us in FX, we had not expected it this early but last night's dovish Fed shift triggered a massive bull steepening in the US curve – a move that is the centre piece of our call for a broadly lower dollar next year. US two-year Treasury yields fell 30bp and the 2-10 year Treasury curve bull-steepened by 12bp. As discussed in our 2024 FX Outlook, we think this shift towards a more reflationary policy setting stands to see outperformance of the undervalued commodity currencies, and again, overnight the under-valued Australian and New Zealand dollars led the pack. We are also pleased to see EUR/AUD 3% lower over the last month, a move we highlighted in our outlook. Looking ahead, the focus switches to four rate meetings in Europe and to what degree the likes of the European Central Bank or the Bank of England do a better job than the Fed in pushing back against easing expectations for next year. If indeed they do a better job, it will only add to rallies in EUR/USD and GBP/USD. And the Fed's dovish turn last night continues to trigger an unwind in yen short positions as USD/JPY falls further. Next Tuesday's Bank of Japan policy meeting is eagerly awaited. Even though we do not look for any material adjustment in BoJ policy next week, USD/JPY may still well drop to 140 beforehand. Away from policy rate meetings in Europe, today sees US November retail sales and the weekly initial claims. Given the market firmly has the easing bit between the teeth, any signs of weakness in this data could trigger another leg lower in the dollar.  DXY has support at 102.50/65 below which the 100.80/101.00 area looms large.

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